Union Losses at Bull Run


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, August 24, 1861

This 1861 newspaper has a cover illustration of President Abraham Lincoln. In addition the paper discusses important slavery issues of the day. It has a nice picture and article of Berdan's sharpshooters, and a dramatic illustration of the Battle of Dug Spring.

(Scroll Down to see the entire page, or Newspaper Thumbnails will take you to the page of interest)


Napoleon and Lincoln

Lincoln and Napoleon


Slavery and the Civil War

Bull Run Losses

Union Losses at Bull Run


Brooklyn Navy-Yard

Dug Springs

Battle of Dug Springs

Washington Chain Bridge

The Washington Chain Bridge

Colonel Berdan's Sharpshooters

Berdan's Sharpshooters

General Lee

Robert E. Lee

George McClellan

General McClellan and Staff

Dug Spring

The Battle of Dug Spring

Pirate Ship Battle

The St. Lawrence Pirate Battle

Soldier's Health

Soldier's Health

Cartoons and Advertisements

Cartoons and Advertisements



AUGUST 24, 1861.]



(Previous Page) and outrage could not be entertained by any citizens of the United States."

Is it surprising that thoughtful men at home and abroad wondered whether we were not so utterly rotten that nothing but death could be expected ?


IT is impossible to advise too strongly that nobody should put his peace of mind into the keeping of the newspapers. If you are pained and alarmed by any thing you see "reported," or "surmised," or "stated," or " inferred," or by what is " under-stood," or " highly probable," or " beyond doubt," or "of course," the only way is to push on far enough and you will find the antidote in the same paper.

For instance, in a Morning paper the Lounger reads :

" In those sections, such as Middle and Southern Georgia, and similar portions of Alabama, where the large slaveholders are in the ascendency, many, very many, would wish to see a reconstruction of the old Government, but no one dares openly to utter a Union sentiment."

This is given upon the authority of a gentleman who left Savannah on the day of the battle at Bull Run.

And immediately below it, in the same column, is the " statement of a Union man of Georgia." He says :

" The war is really carried on by the large slave-owning planters, and they have thrown life and all into the conflict."

These gentlemen are both unquestionably veracious, but their impressions totally differ. The true way to comfort of mind is to grant the enemy equal earnestness of conviction and resolution and bravery with ourselves ; to believe that the rebel forces are larger at any particular point than we are told, and that they are well led ; that they must fight soon, and fight desperately. It is foolish to be swayed by the statements of this reliable gentleman and that perfectly trust-worthy person, each of which has the amplest means of information. Believe the worst of the enemy, and we shall be sure to do the best ourselves. The men in arms against us are not to be coaxed ; they are to be conquered if we would save the country.




THIS truth I've learned, alas! a day too late, That dissipation makes a dizzy pate,

LIGHT, CHEERFUL, COMPLIMENTARY, AND LITERARY!—At the review of the Curragh the other day, there were a large number of Irish beauties present, which interesting fact led H. R. H. to exclaim, with that happiness and gallantry for which his family has long been distinguished, that he was delighted to find the race of CURRER BELLE(S) was far from extinct.



KNOWING OLD GENTLEMAN. "Now, Sir, talking of eggs, can you tell me where a ship lays to?"

SMART YOUTH (not in the least disconcerted). "Don't

know, Sir, unless it is in the hatchway."

Spriggins says he always travels with his wife, who contrives to be obstinate and out of humor from the time they leave home till they get where they are going to. The only time she ever smiled, he says, was when he broke his ankle.

All that most young women need to inflame their hearts is a spark.

A surgical journal tells of a man who lived five years with a ball in his head. We have known ladies live twice as long with nothing but balls in their heads.


"I've been rifled in Mexico, robbed by banditti." "Poor Caleb! your case I most heartily pity."

"Yes; they stole all my coats, and my manuscript


"Then, Caleb, I pity not you, but the thieves!"

"I say, William," said the wife of an English laborer, breathing her last wishes, "you'll see the old sow don't kill her young ones?" "Ay, ay, wife, set thee good." " And I say, William, you'll see Lizzie goes to school regular?" "Ay, ay, wife, set thee good." "And I say, William, you'll see that Tommy's breeches is mended against he goes to school again?" "Ay, ay, wife, set thee good." "And I say, William, you'll see that I am laid proper in the yard?" William grew impatient. "Now never thee mind then things, wife; I'll see to them all ; you just go on with your dying."

Why are well-fed chickens like successful farmers? They are blessed with full crops.

"Is there much water in the cistern, Biddy?" inquired a gentleman of his servant-girl as she came up from the kitchen. " It is full on the bottom, Sir, but there's none at all on the top," was the reply.

KEEPING LATE HOURS.—In the city resides William S—, a teamster, who is noted for his jollity, and also for keeping late hours, as he usually goes home at two o'clock in the morning. Well, one stormy night, about a year ago, William concluded to go home early, and accordingly he arrived at his house at just midnight. In answer to his knock, his mother opened a window and inquired, " Who is there?" " William," was the reply. "No," said she, "you can't come that over me; my William won't be home for two hours yet." Poor Bill had to wait till his usual time.

" Dog cheap" is now defined as meaning the keeping of a canine without paying the tax.

TEACHER. " Toby, what did the Israelites do when they crossed the Red Sea?"

Tony. "I don't know, ma'am, but I guess they dried themselves."

An ignorant tailor, zealous overmuch, waited upon Dean Swift to express his fears that, for a clergyman, he was too convivial, and not sufficiently conversant with the Scriptures, concerning passages of which he had come, he said, to examine him. Swift answered his few stupid questions with great good-nature ; and when he had concluded, expressed a wish to consult him, as he should needs be up in the matter, in relation to a doubtful point contained in an important chapter of the Bible. " We read," said the Dean, "in Revelations, that the Angel of the Lord stood with one foot on the land, the other on the sea. Now what I wish you to inform me, with the same freedom that I have answered your queries, is, How much cloth would it take to make the angel alluded to a pair of pantaloons that should fit him as he stood?" The tailor, of course, was nonplused.

Some one says that the music of the Chinese is deliciously horrible—" like cats trying to sing base with sore throats."

"How many deaths?" asked the hospital physician, while going his rounds." "Nine." "Why, I ordered medicine for ten." "Yes, but one wouldn't take it."

AN INFANT LOGICIAN.—A grandchild of Dr. Emmons, when not more than six years of age, came to him with a trouble weighing on her mind. " A B says that the moon is made of green cheese, and I don't believe it." " Don't you believe it ? Why not?" "I know it isn't." " But how do you know?" Is it, grandpa?" "Don't ask me that question; you must find it out for yourself." "How can I find it out?" "You must study into it." She knew enough to resort to the first chapter of Genesis for information, and after a truly Emmonslike search she ran into the study, exclaiming, "I've found it out; the moon is not made of green cheese, for the moon was made before the cows were."

This is the warmest weather I ever knew," observed Lord Langdale to Lord Lyndhurst; "it is enough to dissolve any thing." "Yes," said the Chancellor, " even an injunction without any argument."

A Great Poet says that the mountains stand fixed forever." We know, however, that it is no uncommon thing for them to slope.

MOCK AUCTIONS.—The places where the buyer is sold.

The heirs of Robinson Crusoe have instituted a suit to recover the island of Juan Fernandez, founding their claim upon the ground that he was "monarch of all he surveyed."

The immortal Raphael painted his own face, and made, no doubt, an excellent likeness. Many a lady paints her own face, and makes no likeness at all.



ON Monday, August 5, in the Senate, the bill confiscating the property of rebels, with the House amendment confiscating all slaves found engaged in the military and naval service of the rebels, was taken up, on motion of Senator Breckinridge, and the amendment was agreed to by a vote of 24 to 11. A bill providing for additional enlistments in the navy was passed. The House bill to promote the efficiency of the Engineer corps was passed. A bill increasing the pay of privates and non-commissioned officers of the army, and also that of marines and sailors, two dollars a month, was passed.-In the House the Judiciary Committee reported a bill fixing the number of the members of the House under the late census, after March 3, at two hundred and thirty-nine, to be apportioned among the several States in accordance with the act of 1850. The bill was passed. The Senate amendment to the bill authorizing additional enlistments for the navy was amended by striking out the word "marines," and the bill passed. The bill to increase the Engineer corps and the corps of Topographical Engineers was passed. The Senate bill increasing the pay of the army and navy was passed. The Senate bill requiring an oath of allegiance and to support the Constitution from those in the civil service of the United States, and declaring that a refusal to take the oath shall be considered cause for dismissal, and the breaking of the oath to subject the offender to indictment for perjury, was passed. A bill was introduced repealing so much of the law as exempts a witness who testifies before an investigating committee from prosecution in a court of justice. Mr. Wickliffe said that he would vote for it, as under that clause the contractors and the company who stole the Indian bonds got clear. Without disposing of the bill the house adjourned.

On Tuesday, August 6, the Senate spent a considerable portion of the time previous to the adjournment in Executive Session, acting upon appointments and communications sent in by the President, who, with several members of the Cabinet, was at the Capitol, attending to the approval of bills. All the important measures which passed both Houses were approved by him—the only one at which he hesitated being the one providing for the confiscation of rebel property. Among the last bills passed by the Senate was the one to punish certain crimes against the United States. Senator Powell, of Kentucky, offered a resolution relating to the imprisonment of time Baltimore Police Commissioners, but the Senate refused to consider it. The joint resolution approving the acts of the President was not acted upon, but goes over to the regular session, for a more extended debate.-In the House very little business of public importance was done. A resolution was adopted calling upon the President to communicate at the next session copies of all correspondence with foreign nations, since 1853, relative to maritime rights. A bill, increasing the pay of soldiers $2 a month, passed the House, and is now a law. This will make an increase in the expense of the army of at least $10,000,000. The hour for adjournment having arrived, the President was waited upon by a Committee in the usual way, and through them informed the House that he had no further communication to make, whereupon the Speaker declared the House adjourned sine die.


The division of General McClellan's army into brigades occupies the entire attention of the commanding General, and demands the constant movement of all corps of the service on the line of the Potomac.


On Friday, of last week, General Magruder, with a force of 7000 men, including 200 cavalry and eight pieces of cannon, left Yorktown and advanced toward Hampton, reaching the outskirts of that place on Wednesday at noon. On the same evening, after firing on our pickets on this side of the river, Magruder, with 500 rebels, entered the town of Hampton, and giving to the few inhabitants remaining there only fifteen minutes in which to leave, set fire to the houses and destroyed the village. The flames raged throughout the night, and by noon of Thursday only seven or eight houses were standing. The rebels retired before the morning of Thursday. Meanwhile, Colonel Weber's regiment was guarding the bridge, the passage of which a company of rebels attempted to force, being repulsed with the loss of three killed and six wounded.


The Secretary of War has replied to General Butler respecting the disposition of fugitive slaves seeking protection at his hands. He states that it is the desire of the President that all existing rights in all the States be fully respected and maintained. The war now prosecuted on the part of the Federal Government is a war for the Union, for the preservation of all constitutional rights of States, and the citizens of the States in the Union. Hence no question can arise as to fugitives from service within the States and Territories in which the authorities of the Union is fully acknowledged. But he says that in the States wholly or in part under insurrectionary control, where the laws of the United States are so far opposed and resisted that they can not be effectually enforced, it is obvious that the rights dependent upon the execution of those laws must temporarily fail, and it is equally obvious that the rights dependent on the laws of the State within which military operations are conducted must be necessarily subordinate to the exigencies created by the insurrection, if not wholly forfeited by the treasonable conduct of parties claiming them. To this the general rule of right to services forms an exception. The act of Congress approved August 6, 1861, declares that if persons held to service shall be employed in hostility to the United States, the right to their services shall be forfeited, and such persons shall be discharged therefrom. It follows, he adds, of necessity, that no claim can be recognized by the military authority of the Union for the services of such persons when fugitives. With respect to the slaves of loyal masters, Mr. Cameron says that a careful record should be kept of the name and description of such fugitives, in order that Congress may provide for a just compensation for their services when peace is restored. General Butler is instructed not to permit any interference by his troops with the slaves of peaceful citizens, nor encourage them to leave the service of their masters, nor prevent the voluntary return of any fugitives to those from whom they may have escaped.


Prince Napoleon and his suite returned to Washington on Friday night, after a visit to Manassas Junction, where they were received by Generals Beauregard and Johnston, and the Prince, after passing the night of Thursday in the bed of General Beauregard, reviewed about six thousand of the rebel troops on Friday morning. He was very cordially received both by men and officers. He was pressed by Generals Beauregard and Johnston to proceed to Richmond, but he declined to go any farther South. On his visit to Manassas he was accompanied by General M'Dowell, and a body-guard of cavalry. General M'Dowell left him at Clark's Mills, but the cavalry escort, bearing a flag of truce, proceeded with the Prince to the rebel pickets stationed near Fairfax Court House, where the commanding officer, Captain Irvin, of the Virginia cavalry, met the officer in command of the Union troops, shook hands with him and took the Imperial visitor under his charge. Colonel Stuart, the commandant at Fairfax Court House, entertained the party hospitably and forwarded them to Manassas, where General Beauregard received the Prince with great courtesy, gave him a frugal supper, a soldier's bed, and an equally frugal breakfast next morning. On the return of the party to Alexandria, Generals M'Clellan and M'Dowell met them, and returned by steamer with them to Washington. With regard to the defenses at Manassas the suite of the Prince remain silent, but they describe the soldiers, whom they suppose to number sixty thousand, as ragged, dirty, and half starved.


Baltimore was the scene of considerable excitement, and almost a riot, on Thursday night of last week, on the occasion of Senator Breckinridge's visit there. A number of prominent secessionists of Baltimore entertained Messrs. Breckinridge and Vallandigham with a dinner at the Eutaw House, and at the close of the entertainment Mr. Breckinridge undertook to make a speech to a considerable

crowd collected outside. His appearance was the signal for a scene of the utmost confusion, in which he found it impossible to make himself heard, and he was finally compelled to retire without concluding his remarks. Several fights took place in the course of the evening, and some of the secessionists were rather roughly handled. Mr. Vallandigham was subsequently called for, but did not consider it advisable, under the circumstances, to make his appearance.


We have full details of the losses in killed, wounded, and missing at the battle of Bull Run, furnished by the official reports of the commanders of divisions and brigades. The aggregate purports to be as follows:


Officers                    19

Men                        462

Total killed             481


Officers                    64

Men                        947

Total wounded    1011


Officers                     40

Men                      1176

Total missing      1216

Grand total          2708

The loss of artillery amounts to seventeen rifled cannon and eight small bore guns. In ammunition the loss amounted to 150 boxes of small-arm cartridges and eighty-seven boxes of rifled cannon cartridges. Thirty boxes of old fire-arms, thirteen wagons of provisions, 2500 muskets, and 8000 knapsacks and blankets were also lost in the retreat and during the battle.


General M'Dowell, in his official report, places the figures of missing at 1216. The total number of prisoners in the hands of the rebels is ascertained to be 640—leaving a balance of 576 to be accounted for, Many of these are supposed to have returned to their homes; some may be working on farms in Virginia or Maryland, and many of them may yet turn up, or will be shortly published as deserters.


The office of The Democratic Standard, in Concord, New Hampshire, was last week destroyed by a crowd composed of returned volunteers and citizens of the place. The paper, which had been notorious for its disunion tone, published an article reflecting on the soldiers; the crowd referred to demanded a retraction; the editors threatened to fire upon their visitors; thereupon the office was demolished. During this proceeding four pistol-shots were fired from the building, and two of the soldiers were wounded.


A very important arrest, on a charge of treason, was made by the Provost-Marshal in Washington on 12th, the prisoner being our late Minister to the Court of France, Charles J. Faulkner, of Virginia. It is alleged that the principal charges against him are based on acts committed in Paris—in purchasing arms for the rebel States while representing the United States Government, and endeavoring to procure the recognition of the rebel Confederacy by the Government of France. Mr. Faulkner was conveyed to jail by order of the Secretary of War, and was forbidden to hold correspondence with any one. A formal examination into his case will take place immediately. He declares that he is not cognizant of having done any thing to warrant his arrest.


Brigadier-General Rosencranz has dispatched to the Post-office Department the following from Clarksburg, Virginia, dated August 7: "The rebels have been expelled from Kanawha. Can the mail service be resumed there?" The Department informed him that the immediate resumption of the mail service was authorized whenever it was safe, and where it could be intrusted to proper hands.


Accounts have reached Washington that the rebels are committing terrible outrages in that portion of Virginia around Fairfax and Centreville, which they have obtained possession of since the battle of Bull Run. Neither age, nor sex, nor infirmity is spared from insult and abuse. All those capable of bearing arms and refusing to do so are sent as prisoners to Manassas or Richmond.


Nearly all of the Southern newspapers that are yet in existence have reduced their proportions and raised their price. The Charleston News has recently given up the ghost, and the Mobile News, Advertiser, and Register, are all three now merged into one concern.


David R. Atchison, formerly United States Senator from Missouri, and subsequently the great border-ruffian leader in Kansas, has been on a visit to Jeff Davis, in Richmond, and when last heard of was in Memphis.

Captain Fox, the new Assistant Secretary of the Navy, is on a visit to the New England ports on matters connected with preparations for a more efficient blockade of the ports of the Southern States.

The Albany Evening Journal understands, on the most undoubted authority, that Major-General John E. Wool has received orders to report himself for duty immediately at Fortress Monroe, for the purpose, undoubtedly, of assuming command of that important position.

A little piece of news has come along that suspends interest in more serious matters, and makes each man more thoughtful than usual. It is only that Patti, "little Patti," is married to a Rothschild, nephew of one of the bankers. Such a fact is occasion enough for poetry. Young bards could scarcely anticipate many such chances in a lifetime. The news comes tolerably straight, but we are not told how the new relation will affect Miss Adelina's dawning artistic career. A man who would marry off a young and charming prima donna, and seclude her in domestic shades, however respectable, is an enemy of the whole race, and to be resented by all spirited men.




THE contemplated changes in the British ministry were accomplished on the 25th ult., viz. : Sir G. C. Lewis to the War Department; Sir George Grey, Secretary for Home Affairs; Mr. Cardwell, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster; Mr, Layard, Secretary of Foreign Affairs.


The British Parliament has been engaged in discussing the slavery and cotton culture questions. In the House of Commons, on the 25th, Sir C. Wood made some financial explanations relative to India, and asked for discretionary power to borrow £5,000,000 for railway purposes. He said the Government had evinced great anxiety to develop the resources of India as a cotton-producing country. He believed that the result would be that ultimately England would be rendered independent of America for cotton. This year the supply of cotton front India would be about 300,000 bales more than ever before.



The recognition of the Southern Confederacy by France is openly advocated by the Patrie, of Paris; and, although that journal has just been divested of its semi-official character, its arguments were looked on as foreshadowing some new Imperial movement on the American question.



From St. Domingo we have advices to the 25th ult., stating that the war between Hayti and Spain is at an end, the difficulties between the two countries being amicably adjusted. The Spanish authorities declare slavery forever abolished in the Island, and threaten with severe penalties any person endeavoring to reinstate the system.


"After we had hanged a few contractors, I am bound to say that the quality of beef served out to the troops improved amazingly."—SIR C. NAPIER'S Dispatches.




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