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and outrage could not be entertained by any citizens of the United States."
Is it surprising that thoughtful men at home and abroad wondered whether we were
not so utterly rotten that nothing but death could be expected ?
PUT NOT YOUR TRUST IN "RELIABLE INFORMATION."
IT is impossible to advise too strongly that nobody should put his peace of mind
into the keeping of the newspapers. If you are pained and alarmed by any thing
you see "reported," or "surmised," or "stated," or " inferred," or by what is "
under-stood," or " highly probable," or " beyond doubt," or "of course," the
only way is to push on far enough and you will find the antidote in the same
For instance, in a Morning paper the Lounger reads :
" In those sections, such as Middle and Southern Georgia, and similar portions
of Alabama, where the large slaveholders are in the ascendency, many, very many,
would wish to see a reconstruction of the old Government, but no one dares
openly to utter a Union sentiment."
This is given upon the authority of a gentleman who left Savannah on the day of
battle at Bull Run.
And immediately below it, in the same column, is the " statement of a Union man
of Georgia." He says :
" The war is really carried on by the large slave-owning planters, and they have
thrown life and all into the conflict."
These gentlemen are both unquestionably veracious, but their impressions totally
differ. The true way to comfort of mind is to grant the enemy equal earnestness
of conviction and resolution and bravery with ourselves ; to believe that the
rebel forces are larger at any particular point than we are told, and that they
are well led ; that they must fight soon, and fight desperately. It is foolish
to be swayed by the statements of this reliable gentleman and that perfectly
trust-worthy person, each of which has the amplest means of information. Believe
the worst of the enemy, and we shall be sure to do the best ourselves. The men
in arms against us are not to be coaxed ; they are to be conquered if we would
save the country.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A MORNING'S REFLECTION.
BY A VERY YOUNG GENTLEMAN WHO HAD BEEN "MAKING
A NIGHT OF IT,"
THIS truth I've learned, alas! a day too late, That dissipation
makes a dizzy pate,
LIGHT, CHEERFUL, COMPLIMENTARY, AND LITERARY!—At the review of
the Curragh the other day, there were a large number of Irish beauties present,
which interesting fact led H. R. H. to exclaim, with that happiness and
gallantry for which his family has long been distinguished, that he was
delighted to find the race of CURRER BELLE(S) was far from extinct.
THE FALSEST OF FALSE UTTERERS.—One who coins lies.
EGGING HIM ON.
KNOWING OLD GENTLEMAN. "Now, Sir, talking of eggs, can you tell
me where a ship lays to?"
SMART YOUTH (not in the least disconcerted). "Don't
know, Sir, unless it is in the hatchway."
Spriggins says he always travels with his wife, who contrives to
be obstinate and out of humor from the time they leave home till they get where
they are going to. The only time she ever smiled, he says, was when he broke his
All that most young women need to inflame their hearts is a
A surgical journal tells of a man who lived five years with a
ball in his head. We have known ladies live twice as long with nothing but balls
in their heads.
THE HIGHWAYMAN WORSTED.
"I've been rifled in Mexico, robbed by banditti." "Poor Caleb!
your case I most heartily pity."
"Yes; they stole all my coats, and my manuscript
"Then, Caleb, I pity not you, but the thieves!"
"I say, William," said the wife of an English laborer, breathing her last
wishes, "you'll see the old sow don't kill her young ones?" "Ay, ay, wife, set
thee good." " And I say, William, you'll see Lizzie goes to school regular?"
"Ay, ay, wife, set thee good." "And I say, William, you'll see that Tommy's
breeches is mended against he goes to school again?" "Ay, ay, wife, set thee
good." "And I say, William, you'll see that I am laid proper in the yard?"
William grew impatient. "Now never thee mind then things, wife; I'll see to them
all ; you just go on with your dying."
Why are well-fed chickens like successful farmers? They are blessed with full
"Is there much water in the cistern, Biddy?" inquired a gentleman of his
servant-girl as she came up from the kitchen. " It is full on the bottom, Sir,
but there's none at all on the top," was the reply.
KEEPING LATE HOURS.—In the city resides William S—, a teamster, who is noted for
his jollity, and also for keeping late hours, as he usually goes home at two
o'clock in the morning. Well, one stormy night, about a year ago, William
concluded to go home early, and accordingly he arrived at his house at just
midnight. In answer to his knock, his mother opened a window and inquired, " Who
is there?" " William," was the reply. "No," said she, "you can't come that over
me; my William won't be home for two hours yet." Poor Bill had to wait till his
Dog cheap" is now defined as meaning the keeping of a canine without paying the
TEACHER. " Toby, what did the Israelites do when they crossed the Red Sea?"
Tony. "I don't know, ma'am, but I guess they dried themselves."
An ignorant tailor, zealous overmuch, waited upon Dean Swift to express his
fears that, for a clergyman, he was too convivial, and not sufficiently
conversant with the Scriptures, concerning passages of which he had come, he
said, to examine him. Swift answered his few stupid questions with great
good-nature ; and when he had concluded, expressed a wish to consult him, as he
should needs be up in the matter, in relation to a doubtful point contained in
an important chapter of the Bible. " We read," said the Dean, "in Revelations,
that the Angel of the Lord stood with one foot on the land, the other on the
sea. Now what I wish you to inform me, with the same freedom that I have
answered your queries, is, How much cloth would it take to make the angel
alluded to a pair of pantaloons that should fit him as he stood?" The tailor, of
course, was nonplused.
Some one says that the music of the Chinese is deliciously horrible—" like cats
trying to sing base with sore throats."
"How many deaths?" asked the hospital physician, while going his rounds."
"Nine." "Why, I ordered medicine for ten." "Yes, but one wouldn't take it."
AN INFANT LOGICIAN.—A grandchild of Dr. Emmons, when not more than six years of
age, came to him with a trouble weighing on her mind. " A B says that the moon
is made of green cheese, and I don't believe it." " Don't you believe it ? Why
not?" "I know it isn't." " But how do you know?" Is it, grandpa?" "Don't ask me
that question; you must find it out for yourself." "How can I find it out?" "You
must study into it." She knew enough to resort to the first chapter of Genesis
for information, and after a truly Emmonslike search she ran into the study,
exclaiming, "I've found it out; the moon is not made of green cheese, for the
moon was made before the cows were."
This is the warmest weather I ever knew," observed Lord Langdale to Lord
Lyndhurst; "it is enough to dissolve any thing." "Yes," said the Chancellor, "
even an injunction without any argument."
Great Poet says that the mountains stand fixed forever." We know, however, that
it is no uncommon thing for them to slope.
MOCK AUCTIONS.—The places where the buyer is sold.
The heirs of Robinson Crusoe have instituted a suit to recover the island of
Juan Fernandez, founding their claim upon the ground that he was "monarch of all
The immortal Raphael painted his own face, and made, no doubt, an excellent
likeness. Many a lady paints her own face, and makes no likeness at all.
ON Monday, August 5, in the Senate, the bill confiscating the
property of rebels, with the House amendment confiscating all slaves found
engaged in the military and naval service of the rebels, was taken up, on motion
of Senator Breckinridge, and the amendment was agreed to by a vote of 24 to 11.
A bill providing for additional enlistments in the navy was passed. The House
bill to promote the efficiency of the Engineer corps was passed. A bill
increasing the pay of privates and non-commissioned officers of the army, and
also that of marines and sailors, two dollars a month, was passed.-In the House
the Judiciary Committee reported a bill fixing the number of the members of the
House under the late census, after March 3, at two hundred and thirty-nine, to
be apportioned among the several States in accordance with the act of 1850. The
bill was passed. The Senate amendment to the bill authorizing additional
enlistments for the navy was amended by striking out the word "marines," and the
bill passed. The bill to increase the Engineer corps and the corps of
Topographical Engineers was passed. The Senate bill increasing the pay of the
army and navy was passed. The Senate bill requiring an oath of allegiance and to
support the Constitution from those in the civil service of the United States,
and declaring that a refusal to take the oath shall be considered cause for
dismissal, and the breaking of the oath to subject the offender to indictment
for perjury, was passed. A bill was introduced repealing so much of the law as
exempts a witness who testifies before an investigating committee from
prosecution in a court of justice. Mr. Wickliffe said that he would vote for it,
as under that clause the contractors and the company who stole the Indian bonds
got clear. Without disposing of the bill the house adjourned.
On Tuesday, August 6, the Senate spent a considerable portion of
the time previous to the adjournment in Executive Session, acting upon
appointments and communications sent in by the President, who, with several
members of the Cabinet, was at the Capitol, attending to the approval of bills.
All the important measures which passed both Houses were approved by him—the
only one at which he hesitated being the one providing for the confiscation of
rebel property. Among the last bills passed by the Senate was the one to punish
certain crimes against the United States. Senator Powell, of Kentucky, offered a
resolution relating to the imprisonment of time Baltimore Police Commissioners,
but the Senate refused to consider it. The joint resolution approving the acts
of the President was not acted upon, but goes over to the regular session, for a
more extended debate.-In the House very little business of public importance was
done. A resolution was adopted calling upon the President to communicate at the
next session copies of all correspondence with foreign nations, since 1853,
relative to maritime rights. A bill, increasing the pay of soldiers $2 a month,
passed the House, and is now a law. This will make an increase in the expense of
the army of at least $10,000,000. The hour for adjournment having arrived, the
President was waited upon by a Committee in the usual way, and through them
informed the House that he had no further communication to make, whereupon the
Speaker declared the House adjourned sine die.
MOVEMENTS OF GENERAL McCLELLAN'S ARMY.
The division of General McClellan's army
into brigades occupies the entire attention of the commanding General, and
demands the constant movement of all corps of the service on the line of the
On Friday, of last week, General Magruder, with a force of 7000 men, including
200 cavalry and eight pieces of
cannon, left Yorktown and advanced toward
Hampton, reaching the outskirts of that place on Wednesday at noon. On the same
evening, after firing on our pickets on this side of the river, Magruder, with
500 rebels, entered the town of Hampton, and giving to the few inhabitants
remaining there only fifteen minutes in which to leave, set fire to the houses
and destroyed the village. The flames raged throughout the night, and by noon of
Thursday only seven or eight houses were standing. The rebels retired before the
morning of Thursday. Meanwhile, Colonel Weber's regiment was guarding the
bridge, the passage of which a company of rebels attempted to force, being
repulsed with the loss of three killed and six wounded.
AS TO FUGITIVE SLAVES.
The Secretary of War has replied to
General Butler respecting the disposition of
fugitive slaves seeking protection at his hands. He states that it is the desire
of the President that all existing rights in all the States be fully respected
and maintained. The war now prosecuted on the part of the Federal Government is
a war for the Union, for the preservation of all constitutional rights of
States, and the citizens of the States in the Union. Hence no question can arise
as to fugitives from service within the States and Territories in which the
authorities of the Union is fully acknowledged. But he says that in the States
wholly or in part under insurrectionary control, where the laws of the United
States are so far opposed and resisted that they can not be effectually
enforced, it is obvious that the rights dependent upon the execution of those
laws must temporarily fail, and it is equally obvious that the rights dependent
on the laws of the State within which military operations are conducted must be
necessarily subordinate to the exigencies created by the insurrection, if not
wholly forfeited by the treasonable conduct of parties claiming them. To this
the general rule of right to services forms an exception. The act of Congress
approved August 6, 1861, declares that if persons held to service shall be
employed in hostility to the United States, the right to their services shall be
forfeited, and such persons shall be discharged therefrom. It follows, he adds,
of necessity, that no claim can be recognized by the military authority of the
Union for the services of such persons when fugitives. With respect to the
slaves of loyal masters, Mr. Cameron says that a careful record should be kept
of the name and description of such fugitives, in order that Congress may
provide for a just compensation for their services when peace is restored.
General Butler is instructed not to permit any interference by his troops with
the slaves of peaceful citizens, nor encourage them to leave the service of
their masters, nor prevent the voluntary return of any fugitives to those from
whom they may have escaped.
PRINCE NAPOLEON AMONG THE REBELS.
Prince Napoleon and his suite returned to Washington on Friday night, after a
Manassas Junction, where they were received by Generals Beauregard and
Johnston, and the Prince, after passing the night of Thursday in the bed of
General Beauregard, reviewed about six thousand of the rebel troops on Friday
morning. He was very cordially received both by men and officers. He was pressed
by Generals Beauregard and Johnston to proceed to Richmond, but he declined to
go any farther South. On his visit to Manassas he was accompanied by General M'Dowell, and a body-guard of cavalry. General M'Dowell left him at Clark's
Mills, but the cavalry escort, bearing a flag of truce, proceeded with the
Prince to the rebel pickets stationed near Fairfax Court House, where the
commanding officer, Captain Irvin, of the Virginia cavalry, met the officer in
command of the Union troops, shook hands with him and took the Imperial visitor
under his charge. Colonel Stuart, the commandant at Fairfax Court House,
entertained the party hospitably and forwarded them to Manassas, where General
Beauregard received the Prince with great courtesy, gave him a frugal supper, a
soldier's bed, and an equally frugal breakfast next morning. On the return of
the party to Alexandria, Generals M'Clellan and M'Dowell met them, and returned
by steamer with them to Washington. With regard to the defenses at Manassas the
suite of the Prince remain silent, but they describe the soldiers, whom they
suppose to number sixty thousand, as ragged, dirty, and half starved.
THE TRAITORS IN BALTIMORE.
Baltimore was the scene of considerable excitement, and
almost a riot, on Thursday night of last week, on the occasion of Senator
Breckinridge's visit there. A number of
prominent secessionists of Baltimore entertained Messrs.
Breckinridge and Vallandigham with a dinner at the Eutaw House, and at the
close of the entertainment Mr. Breckinridge undertook to make a speech to a considerable
crowd collected outside. His appearance was the signal for a scene of the utmost
confusion, in which he found it impossible to make himself heard, and he was
finally compelled to retire without concluding his remarks. Several fights took
place in the course of the evening, and some of the secessionists were rather
roughly handled. Mr. Vallandigham was subsequently called for, but did not
consider it advisable, under the circumstances, to make his appearance.
OUR LOSS AT BULL RUN.
We have full details of the losses in killed, wounded, and missing at the
of Bull Run, furnished by the official reports of the commanders of divisions
and brigades. The aggregate purports to be as follows:
Total killed 481
Total wounded 1011
Total missing 1216
Grand total 2708
The loss of artillery amounts to seventeen rifled cannon and eight small
bore guns. In ammunition the loss amounted to 150 boxes of small-arm cartridges
and eighty-seven boxes of rifled cannon cartridges. Thirty boxes of old
fire-arms, thirteen wagons of provisions, 2500
muskets, and 8000 knapsacks and
blankets were also lost in the retreat and during the battle.
UNION PRISONERS IN THE ENEMY'S HANDS.
General M'Dowell, in his
official report, places the figures of missing at 1216. The total number of
prisoners in the hands of the rebels is ascertained to be 640—leaving a balance
of 576 to be accounted for, Many of these are supposed to have returned to their
homes; some may be working on farms in Virginia or Maryland, and many of them
may yet turn up, or will be shortly published as deserters.
A TRAITOROUS PAPER PUNISHED.
The office of The Democratic Standard, in Concord, New
Hampshire, was last week destroyed by a crowd composed
of returned volunteers and citizens of the place. The paper, which had been
notorious for its disunion tone, published an article reflecting on the
soldiers; the crowd referred to demanded a retraction; the editors threatened to
fire upon their visitors; thereupon the office was demolished. During this
proceeding four pistol-shots were fired from the building, and two of the
soldiers were wounded.
ARREST OF C. J. FAULKNER.
very important arrest, on a charge of treason, was made by the Provost-Marshal
in Washington on 12th, the prisoner being our late Minister to the Court of
France, Charles J. Faulkner, of Virginia. It is alleged that the principal
charges against him are based on acts committed in Paris—in purchasing arms for
the rebel States while representing the United States Government, and
endeavoring to procure the recognition of the rebel Confederacy by the
Government of France. Mr. Faulkner was conveyed to jail by order of the
Secretary of War, and was forbidden to hold correspondence with any one. A
formal examination into his case will take place immediately. He declares that
he is not cognizant of having done any thing to warrant his arrest.
WESTERN VIRGINIA TO HAVE MAILS AGAIN.
Brigadier-General Rosencranz has
dispatched to the Post-office Department the following from Clarksburg,
Virginia, dated August 7: "The rebels have been expelled from Kanawha. Can the
mail service be resumed there?" The Department informed him that the immediate
resumption of the mail service was authorized whenever it was safe, and where it
could be intrusted to proper hands.
REBEL OUTRAGES IN VIRGINIA.
Accounts have reached Washington that the rebels are committing terrible
outrages in that portion of Virginia around Fairfax and
Centreville, which they
have obtained possession of since the battle of Bull Run. Neither age, nor sex,
nor infirmity is spared from insult and abuse. All those capable of bearing arms
and refusing to do so are sent as prisoners to Manassas or Richmond.
A RIGHTEOUS DISPENSATION.
Nearly all of the Southern newspapers that are yet in existence have reduced
their proportions and raised their price. The Charleston News has recently given
up the ghost, and the
Mobile News, Advertiser, and Register, are all three now
merged into one concern.
David R. Atchison, formerly United States Senator from Missouri, and
subsequently the great border-ruffian leader in Kansas, has been on a visit to
Jeff Davis, in Richmond, and when last heard of was in Memphis.
Captain Fox, the new Assistant Secretary of the Navy, is on a visit to the New
England ports on matters connected with preparations for a more efficient
blockade of the ports of the
The Albany Evening Journal understands, on the most undoubted authority, that
Major-General John E. Wool has received orders to report himself for duty
immediately at Fortress Monroe, for the purpose, undoubtedly, of assuming
command of that important position.
little piece of news has come along that suspends interest in more serious
matters, and makes each man more thoughtful than usual. It is only that Patti,
"little Patti," is married to a Rothschild, nephew of one of the bankers. Such a
fact is occasion enough for poetry. Young bards could scarcely anticipate many
such chances in a lifetime. The news comes tolerably straight, but we are not
told how the new relation will affect Miss Adelina's dawning artistic career. A
man who would marry off a young and charming prima donna, and seclude her in
domestic shades, however respectable, is an enemy of the whole race, and to be
resented by all spirited men.
CHANGES IN THE MINISTRY.
THE contemplated changes in the British ministry were accomplished on the 25th
ult., viz. : Sir G. C. Lewis to the War Department; Sir George Grey, Secretary
for Home Affairs; Mr. Cardwell, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster; Mr, Layard,
Secretary of Foreign Affairs.
SLAVERY AND THE COTTON SUPPLY.
The British Parliament has been engaged in discussing the slavery and cotton
culture questions. In the House of Commons, on the 25th, Sir C. Wood made some
financial explanations relative to India, and asked for discretionary power to
borrow £5,000,000 for railway purposes. He said the Government had evinced great
anxiety to develop the resources of India as a cotton-producing country. He
believed that the result would be that ultimately England would be rendered
independent of America for cotton. This year the supply of cotton front India
would be about 300,000 bales more than ever before.
FRENCH SYMPATHIZERS WITH THE REBELS.
The recognition of the
Southern Confederacy by France is openly advocated by the Patrie, of Paris; and,
although that journal has just been divested of its semi-official character, its
arguments were looked on as foreshadowing some new Imperial movement on the
THE END OF THE WAR.
From St. Domingo we have advices to the 25th ult., stating that the war between
Hayti and Spain is at an end, the difficulties between the two countries being
amicably adjusted. The Spanish authorities declare slavery forever abolished in
the Island, and threaten with severe penalties any person endeavoring to
reinstate the system.
A HINT FOR GENERAL M'CLELLAN.
"After we had hanged a few contractors, I am bound to say that the quality of
beef served out to the troops improved amazingly."—SIR C. NAPIER'S Dispatches.