Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
SAILING OF THE GREAT NAVAL
THE great naval and military
expedition which has been for some time preparing and assembling from different
points, and of which we have published several illustration, sailed from Hampton
Roads on 27th for its destination. The squadron is composed of no less than a
hundred vessels. The naval portion is under the command of
Commodore Samuel F.
Dupont, and the military portion is commanded by
General Thomas W.
Sherman. The appearance of this fleet as it left Fortress Monroe is described as
one of the most magnificent scenes in the annals of American history.
Springfield was again occupied by
the National troops on Saturday evening, and the retreat of the
rebel Price, with his army, is thus cut off,
and he will be forced either to give battle, with the certainty of defeat, or to
surrender. The occupation of Springfield was preceded by one of the most
brilliant achievements which have yet marked the progress of the war. Major
Segoyne, at the head of
General Fremont's body-guard, made a charge
upon a body of the enemy, upward of two thousand strong, drawn up in line of
battle at their camp near the town. He completely routed them, and cleared them
from the vicinity, after which he hoisted the National flag on the court-house,
and then retired temporarily, to await a reinforcement which soon joined him.
AFFAIR AT ROMNEY.
General Kelly, the hero of
Philippi, having sufficiently recovered from
the serious wound received there to resume active operations, has again made his
mark against the rebels. He marched from New Creek, in Hampshire County, on
Friday night last, and attacked the enemy at Romney on Saturday afternoon,
routing them and capturing many prisoners, together with three pieces of cannon
and all their wagons and camp equipage. The rebels, in their precipitate
retreat, took the road toward Winchester. The National loss was but trifling.
EXTENSION OF OUR LINES.
General Heintzelman, whose
Division constitutes the extreme left, resting on the Potomac, is gradually
extending his pickets further toward the rebel positions down the river, while
the Excelsior Brigade, on the other side of the river, is making a corresponding
CLOSING OF THE POTOMAC.
The rebels have now a continuous
line of batteries from Matthias Point to Freestone Point, and the navigation of
the Potomac has ceased for the present. Emboldened by the success of the rebel
batteries in interrupting the navigation of the Potomac for national vessels,
the rebel steamer George Page, which has for months been lying up Aquia Creek
awaiting her opportunity, has now ventured out upon the Potomac. She was
cruising between Shipping Point and Evansport on Wednesday afternoon, crowded
with men, and ran over to the Maryland shore once, throwing a couple of shell
toward the position of the Excelsior Brigade. All the Government transports, it
is understood, have gone round to
Annapolis, and supplies are now forwarded to
Washington from that point.
It is asserted, as we close this
record, that the rebels have no batteries at Matthias Point.
THE HABEAS CORPUS SUSPENDED IN
THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
On 23d the
President instructed the Marshal for the
District of Columbia not to serve writs on the Provost Marshal, but return them
to the Court with the explanation that the President has, for the present,
suspended the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus in cases relating to the
military for reasons of public necessity.
On 20th October the
rebel Zollicoffer made an attack on Camp Wild Cat, about forty miles below Camp Dick
Robinson, in Kentucky. Zollicoffer's force numbered 6000 infantry, 1500 cavalry,
and one battery of artillery. The first attack was made about 11 o'clock in the
forenoon, at two points, and was gallantly repulsed by the National troops under
Colonels Garrard and Schaft. Another attack was made about 1 o'clock in the
afternoon which was also repulsed, and a scattering fire was kept up until 3,
when Zollicoffer drew off. The National forces numbered only 3000, but they had
a decided advantage in the position.
BATTLE NEAR PILOT KNOB.
A rather important battle took
place last week at Frederickton, near Pilot Knob, in Missouri. Colonel Plummer,
with detachments of infantry, cavalry, and artillery, attacked and completely
routed 5000 rebels under Generals Jeff Thompson and Lowe. The latter was killed,
together with a large number of the enemy—how many it is not stated. The loss on
our side was five killed, five severely wounded, and twenty slightly wounded.
The National troops behaved splendidly, each detachment striving to excel the
others in acts of bravery.
CONVICTION OF A PRIVATEER.
The trial in Philadelphia of
Walter W. Smith, one of the crew of the late privateer Jeff Davis, captured on
board the Enchantress, was concluded on 25th, and resulted in his conviction of
the crime of piracy. The Jury was out but half an hour.
REGULARS COMING FROM THE PACIFIC.
The Alta Californian of October
2, notices the receipt of orders by
General Sumner to dispatch at once to the
East the entire force of regulars on the Pacific coast. This force numbers 3200
men. It will take a month to collect it from its scattered posts. Volunteer
forces are to garrison the forts from which they are withdrawn.
THE ELLSWORTH AVENGERS.
The People's Ellsworth Regiment,
Colonel Stryker, arrived in Washington on 25th from Albany. The regiment numbers
1060 rank and file, and is fully armed, equipped, and uniformed. None of the men
are over thirty years of age, and all of them are unmarried.
STRENGTH OF THE UNION ARMY.
From reliable sources the Herald
has compiled a table showing the number of troops each loyal State has now in
the field or on their way to the seat of war;
States. Infantry. Cavalry. Artillery. Total.
Connecticut 4,188 100 — 4,288
41,000 8,000 — 49,000
30,000 2,000 500 32,500
16,100 3,600 — 19,700
Kansas 4,000 1,000 200 5,200
Massachusetts 29,000 — 350 29,350
8,000 1,200 — 9,200
... 18,784 5,800 300 24,884
3,000 - — 3,000
85,000 5,000 500 90,500
Jersey 9,000 — — 9,000
Hampshire 5,000 — 200 5,200
63,000 3,500 600 67,100
Pennsylvania 51,000 4,000 800 55,800
2,628 — 750 3,378
5,000 100 — 5,100
10,000 1,200 1100 12,300
Total 384,700 35,500
In addition to the above there
are the State and Government troops in Kentucky and Missouri, which may be
estimated as follows:
Missouri 10,000 25,000
Kentucky 8,000 20,000
Total 18,000 45,000
There are also five thousand
volunteers raised in California, five thousand in Maryland, one thousand six
hundred in Delaware, and two thousand in the District of Columbia, besides ten
thousand regulars, which, added together, will show the Union land forces to
number five hundred and twelve thousand men.
THE NEW STATE OF KANAWHA.
The people of Northwestern
Virginia (the 39 counties now openly adhering to the Union) voted last week on
question of being set off from the Old Dominion and formed into the new State of
Kanawha. So far as we have returns, a large majority voted for the new State.
COMPLETION OF THE PACIFIC
The Pacific Telegraph was completed to San Francisco on 24th, and messages
now pass freely between New York and that distant point on the Pacific coast.
The first dispatch sent over the line was from Stephen J. Field, Chief-Justice of California, to
UNION FEELING IN
Rev. Mr. Conway, Chaplain of the Ninth New York Volunteers, arrived at
Washington on 25th, from
Hatteras Inlet, whence he was dispatched by General
Williams to the President, informing him of the loyal feeling of the citizens of
Hyde County, North Carolina, and bringing with him a
declaration of independence
of the people of that county, announcing themselves forever free and independent
of the Rebel Confederacy, together with a request for arms for their defense.
They are represented as suffering terribly—almost to the point of
starvation—from the despotism of the rebel army.
REBELS GOING HOME.
Reports from Kentucky, by way of
Cairo, inform us that a large portion of the
rebel forces lately at Columbus, under General Polk, have been sent to
Orleans and Mobile, in anticipation, probably, of a descent upon those places by
the great naval expedition which has already sailed, or is about to sail.
THE DEFENSES OF NEW ORLEANS.
A Doctor Bradley, a Southern refugee, just arrived at Washington, reports that
great preparations are making at New Orleans to resist invasion by the National
forces. Four 32-pounders had been planted on the Custom-house, which commands
the river for some distance, and guns of smaller calibre had been placed upon
the roofs of other buildings not so strongly constructed. Light draft boats had
been assigned to duty on Lake Pontchartrain. Dr. Bradley states that Confederate
currency in many parts of the South has already depreciated thirty per cent.
WHEREABOUTS OF MESSRS. SLIDELL AND
A vessel just arrived front the West Indies brings intelligence that the rebel
arrived at Cardenas, Cuba, direct from
Mason and Slidell on
for Europe. The French Consul and family were alto in the
The King of Prussia enjoyed a very agreeable reception from Napoleon at
Compeigne. King Francis the Second (ex), of Naples, will not be represented at
the coronation of the King of Prussia. The Queen of Madagascar is dead. Her son
has been proclaimed King, and he has formally demanded a French protectorate.
Ladies — Try it.
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A New Cartridge Revolver,
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MERWIN & BRAY, Agents, 245
This Day Published,
Army of the United States.
WITH A FULL INDEX.
WASHINGTON, August 10, 1861. WHEREAS, it has been found expedient to revise the
Regulations for the Army, and the same having been approved by the President of
the United States, he commands that they be published for the information and
government of the military service, and that, from and after the date hereof,
they shall be strictly observed as the sole and standing authority upon the
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Nothing contrary to the tenor of these Regulations will be enjoined in any part
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Secretary of War.
One Volume Octavo. 559 pp. Price $2.00.
Important changes and additions have been made to this REVISED Edition of the
ARMY REGULATIONS, and it should at once be in the hands of all who have the
J. B. LIPPINCOTT & CO.,
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Commercial Agents wanted. Large commission, honorable business. Circular sent.
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A 25 Cent Sewing Machine!
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