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Page) appreciation, because it seemed only the beginning of a good
thing which was not completed, and because of the
capture of the Fanny, which seemed to indicate
something like treachery. But the affair of Saturday week was an ample
vindication of the pluck and skill of our naval officers. It was managed by a
Lieutenant, and was a disastrous blow for the rebels.
Coming in force to recapture the
forts, supported by sloops and steamers, they land and are marching over the
sands, driving a regiment of loyal men before them. Suddenly the
Cape Hatteras, and approaching the low shore
opened a fatal fire. The stricken and appalled enemy turned and fled—but the
ship moved steadily along their flank, pouring in the deadly hail of shot and
shell. The fated traitors took refuge in a wood; but the fiery storm smote them
there, and they ran wildly to the beach. Their own ships tried to return the
fire ; but it fell among themselves, and they desisted. As they struggled at the
boats they were still within range, and two of the boats were sunk by the
terrible cannonade. The rout and slaughter are pitiful to hear of. But the
victory was complete, and the lesson most tragically solemn.
Will they learn it ? Will they
see in those sad four hours upon the fatal sand spit the work and the fate that
lie before them ? Do they suppose that the hand which fell upon them there so
heavily is likely to be weakened as months pass ? When the expeditions have
sailed — when the
American navy is nibbling at their shores and
the army is driving them back—when universal apprehension breeds a panic that no
law of any Confederate Congress can control—when the whole world, and even
reluctant England, turn their backs, and this people who have resolved upon a
certain result are more and more doggedly setting themselves to the work—then
Lieutenant Braine's performance at Cape
Hatteras will be seen to be but a promise and a symbol.
A FRIEND INDEED.
THERE is one newspaper which,
during the bitter difficulties of the last six months, has been no less forcible
and eloquent in stating and defending the cause of this nation than faithful to
the great principle of constitutional liberty. Its course has endeared it to
every patriotic American, and the name of the London News will be as much
honored by our children as that of the London Times will be despised.
Waywardness of opinion and profound ignorance are always to be expected of the
Times, as any attentive reader of the paper for the last dozen years knows ; but
such deliberate, reckless, and malignant slander as has marked its course toward
us was more than even that paper had prepared us to anticipate.
The London News has done us the
inestimable service of fighting our battle where it would tell. What might be
said in our journals in reply to the Times and kindred prints could only be
known to the English public through the representations which they might choose
to make. But the News has sturdily stood our friend. And as, in the older day,
Edmund Burke was never so eloquent as when he spoke for justice in America, so
the News, which is always able, was never so brilliant and powerful as in its
advocacy of American civil liberty, assailed by traitors at home and by the foes
of liberty every where.
The latest and most striking
illustration of the faithful friendship of the London News is the following. The
London Times, speaking of the Russian letter, says :
" We shall be curious to see how
this well-meant intervention will be received in the United States, for as yet
nothing can be gathered as to the substance of
Mr. Seward's short dispatch. Were we to argue
from the treatment to which England has been exposed, we should have been little
sanguine as to the result. Every thing we have done or omitted to do, every
thing we have said or not said, has been subjected to the same coarse
misrepresentation and the same unprovoked abuse. The press of the United States
has never been weary of attributing to us designs which we never entertained—the
recognition of the
Southern States, the harboring their
privateers, the breaking
the blockade, and then of announcing that,
terrified by their threats and insults, we had reluctantly given up our
nefarious projects. If the same measure be meted out to the Emperor as to us, he
will receive a very ungracious acknowledgment for his well meant intervention.
We are, however, sanguine enough to believe that this will not be the case, and
that we should be doing injustice to the people of the States if we should
assume that the treatment which England receives at their hands is a fair
measure of their courtesy to foreign nations. On the contrary, we have reason to
believe that we stand in the United States on the footing of the least favored
people of the earth."
To this the London News answers :
" If any European counsel could
have been of use to the United States, it would have been that of his Imperial
Majesty. Other sovereigns have doubtless ardently desired an opportunity of
expressing to the Government and people of America the concern with which they
are spectators of their trials. In the case of the English Government this was
manifestly impossible, if from no other cause from the mean and base passions
which found prominent expression in our newspapers from the beginning of the
American troubles, which have provided a malignant and unfailing commentary on
every phase of their development, and in the light of which every official
manifestation would be judged."
THE RETURN OF DR. HAYES.
DR. HAYES'S Arctic expedition has
returned, after an absence of fifteen months. The explorers were unable to
penetrate much beyond the eightieth degree of latitude, and the detailed results
of the voyage are yet to be known. Probably it has added little to our previous
knowledge ; for the course of the expedition was not unusual, nor did it reach
so remote a point as some others. But the romance and the heroism are always the
same, and every voyage does us the great service of destroying the terror which
invests the silent world of ice. The Hayes's expedition is saddened upon its
return by the death of two of its members. In Mr. August Sontag we lose an
artist and an enthusiast. His name was not unfamiliar to those who know any
thing of our artists ; and he entered with great ardor into the Arctic scheme in
which he has perished. Whether he has left many sketches of northern
scenery we have as yet no means
of knowing. But the Doctor will doubtless prepare a volume of his adventures,
and it will be naturally illustrated by such drawings as Sontag may have made.
The Arctic enthusiasm has
doubtless died away for the present, both here and in England. It is periodical
rather than persistent, like so many other great undertakings. Moreover, the
alienation of national feeling; which will be the inevitable result of the
conduct of England toward us in our dark day, will for many a year prevent any
hearty co-operation in arduous enterprises, as it will sadly chill the friendly
relations which ought always to exist between England and America, and which, by
our action, would never have been interrupted.
THE LAST STROKE OF THE BELL.
A GENTLEMAN who recently made his
way to the North from the South was stopped in
Nashville to procure a permit. He
was taken before a
Vigilance Committee of rebels, whose chairman
was John Bell, the late " Union" candidate, by distinction, for President of the
United States. Mr. Bell was desirous that the permit should be granted at once,
but the Committee were not so courteous, and it was only after a close
examination and due deliberation that it was granted.
There is something so pitiful in
the position of this man that charity would keep silence, but that true national
honor demands that the lesson of his example shall not be lost upon the young
and aspiring men of this country. By " Union" Mr. Bell meant precisely what
Mr. Stephens meant—the dominance of his
section. The Chairman of the Convention which nominated him called the great
question which was the real issue of the last election—namely, the extension and
confirmation of the power of
Slavery in the National Government—" a
miserable abstraction." The Chairman differed in his views from the ablest men
of all parties in the country. So little of a miserable abstraction was it, that
it was vital enough to imperil the very existence of the Government.
If by "Union" Mr. Bell had meant
the nation, the Government, the Constitution, and the enforcement of the laws at
every cost, against Jeff Davis, and Howell Cobb, and all the army and navy
officers who might be false to their flag, and were trying to ruin the
Government for the benefit of slavery, as well as against those who could not
conscientiously treat as criminals men whose only crime was the misfortune of
being born—if this had been the Union he meant, he would have stood upon ground
where he could stand just as firmly to-day.
But Mr. Bell's doctrine was Mr.
Buchanan's-that the Union existed by sufferance ; that it was very naughty to
break it up, but it could not lawfully help itself if the effort should be made.
Suppose he had been elected President—where would this nation be to-day?
The moral is, that every man
should clearly understand that there can be but two grounds: either the absolute
unity of the nation and the unconditional supremacy of its Government in all
national affairs, or the absolute independent supremacy of the State
governments. Between the two there is no halting. The position which Kentucky
hoped to hold was really Jeff Davis's position. He thought that it was better
Mississippi to go out, but absolutely by right
of her own will, not by any national permission. So the citizens of Kentucky
thought that it was better for her to stay in, not because she had no more right
to secede from the nation than the city of Louisville has the right to secede
from Kentucky, but by right of her own sovereign will. It is an error from which
they seem to have nobly recovered. There can not be two sovereignties. Some of
the attributes of sovereignty—such as the taking of life, for instance, are
retained by the States ; but the great, final, imperial powers of sovereignty
have been delegated by the people of the States to the national Government : and
when that Government is destroyed, they do not necessarily revert to the States,
but to any number of people any where who can succeed in organizing and
maintaining a new Government.
Mr. Bell has fallen as few public
men fall. Deserted by his old friends, despised by his new, the man who was
pointed to us as the special representative of patriotism, and, therefore,
worthiest to be President of the United States, hastens to traitors, who suspect
him, and disappears from the history of his country, the inefficient leader of a
gang who seek their country's dishonor and destruction.
MR. DICKENS'S admirable tale
"Great Expectations," which was introduced to the American public in the columns
of Harper's Weekly, has been dramatized by Mr. Aiken, and is now being played at
Barnum's Museum. It is an effective play, and is having a good run. Plays based
on Mr. Dickens's stories are sure to contain nothing which can offend the most
fastidious taste or the nicest sense of morality.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
VERY LIKE A WHALE.—They
had better have stuck to the name of Leviathan for the Great Eastern, for it
seems that the Shareholders are doomed to blubber.
A BRUTE.—Our cynical
friend Snodgrass, whose antipathy to learned ladies is only to be equaled by his
admiration for ignorant ones, declares that the preference which strong-minded
women show for blue stockings arises entirely from the fact of their requiring
less washing than white ones.
TO BE PARTED WITH, for the
veriest trifle, a LONG ESTABLISHED COLD, of a sonorous, deep-toned quality. The
advertiser can highly recommend it, as it has been in his possession now for the
last three years, and has never left him, either day or night, for a single
minute. The only motive for parting with it, is because the owner has recently
joined a Choral Society, and he finds that his fellow-students strongly object
to his practicing with them. Six dozen boxes of cough lozenges will be thrown
in, as a doueeur, with the above. Immediate possession can be had, and a month's
trial allowed for approval. Letters to be addressed to " A. BARKER, ESQ., care
of the Secretary of the Tonic Sol-Fallal-de-Riddle-ol Association."
ANECDOTES FROM PARIS.
BY OUR TRAVELING COLLECTOR.
The fascinating Miss ****, being
taken to the Hippodrome, inquired the meaning of the incessant cry, by the
riders, " Houp la !" She was informed that it merely meant " Come up." This
young lady is one of the few who never forget any thing, not even themselves.
Next day, the fille de chambre at the hotel *** was at least as much surprised
as delighted at hearing a sweet voice, from an upper landing, cry, " Julie,
Julie, s'il vous plait, houp la !"
A London artist passing the shop
of M. Hautcoeur, Rue de Rivoli, publisher of engravings, remarked that you would
naturally go there for High Art.
The same unfortunate Cockney,
having heard that horse-flesh is eaten at certain Parisian hotels, evinced the
utmost horror when, looking over a carte at Vefour's, he came to the hors
d'oeuvres. He says that a saddle of mutton is the nearest approach he can bear
to equestrian viands.
In all the Roman Catholic
churches are now put up trunks inscribed "Le Denier de S. Pierre." But as every
body passes them, Brown says that we are all deniers of St. Peter. Observe the
joke—"denier," one who denies.
"I see a paragraph, mon ami,"
said the spirituel Vicomte de ***** to an English friend, "I see a paragraph in
one of your papers about worms in the eyes of geese." " Yes," said his English
friend. "Well, mon ami, I do not know about that; but I think men who sit
dangling a line in a muddy river all day are geese in the eyes of worms." " Ha,
ha, not bad !" said his English friend.
L'Argent fait Peur is the title
of a new Parisian piece. Seeing the name on a bill, Jones remarked, "Ah! don't
it? When I saw my first white hair I thought I should a-dropped!" " Who cares?"
said his friend Robinson.
What fun dis here Sumcession am,
For ebbery niXXer, Pompey!—Yas,
Sar! Massar sumcede from
Uncle Sam :
'Pose you and me sumcede from
ADVANCE OF THE UNION ARMY.
THE Union army in front of
Washington is now in possession of all the
points lately occupied by the rebels—namely, Lewinsville, Munson's, Miner's,
Upton's, Mason's, Taylor's, and Maxwell's hills, from which positions the enemy
have retreated without showing fight. No rebels are visible within six miles of
our front. The late heavy rains have swollen the Upper Potomac to fifteen feet
above a fordable depth, thus rendering all movements of either army across the
THE GRAND ARMY TO BE DIVIDED INTO
It is now understood that the
army of the Potomac is to be at once divided into corps d'armee, each encamping
from 30,000 to 50,000 men. Some opposition has been made to this plan by the
older Generals, but the counsels of
McClellan, strenuously urged, have prevailed.
AFFAIRS IN KENTUCKY.
The accounts of Buckner's
strength are found to have been much exaggerated. Many of his men are understood
to be without arms and shoes, and but few of them are uniformed.
who recently invaded the State from Tennessee by way of the
Cumberland Gap, is known to have returned to
his position at the Gap—his original purpose probably being only the procurement
of supplies in the section of country invaded by him. On the other hand, the
National forces are rapidly increasing, not only by the accession of regiments
from Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, but by the enlistment of the Kentuckians
themselves, who, now that the occasion calls for prompt action, are flocking to
the National standard by thousands. An instance of the spirit which animates
them may be found in a skirmish briefly noticed in the papers, which took place
near Hillsborough, in Fleming County, ninety-one miles east of Frankfort, a day
or two ago. A body of three hundred rebels were attacked by fifty Home Guards,
who completely routed them, and captured a number of Enfield rifles, sabres,
pistols, and other articles of war.
RETIREMENT OF GENERAL ANDERSON.
Louisville journals publish the documents
referring to the retirement of
General Anderson from the command of the
Cumberland Department, and the appointment of
General Sherman in his place. General Anderson
deeply regrets that he is compelled to relinquish his post ; but his feeble
health renders it necessary for him to do so, and the selection of his
successor, made on his own recommendation, gives him great satisfaction.
AFFAIRS IN MISSOURI.
General Fremont has advanced from Jefferson
City toward Lexington. A scout has just arrived at
Jefferson City, from
Springfield, and reported
at head-quarters that there were only 1000 rebels at that place. He also learned
Ben McCulloch was at Camp Jackson, with only
150 men, waiting for reinforcements from Arkansas. A large party of McCulloch's
force, who were with him at the battle of Wilson's Creek, were with
General Price at Lexington, and the rest are
with General Hardee. Ben McCulloch expects to join General Price at Sac River
about the 20th instant, and the combined forces then expect to march on
Jefferson City. This information was credited at the Missouri capital.
AFFAIRS IN WESTERN VIRGINIA.
The position of
General Rosecrans in Western Virginia is
ascertained to be at Mountain Cave, twenty-five miles from Gauley, in a very
strong position. He had recently advanced ten miles further, as far as Little
Sewall, but subsequently fell back in order to draw out the rebels, who were
strongly posted at Big Sewall, and induce them to give battle, but they declined
the invitation. General Reynolds reports that the rebels under
General Lee, in front of his position, have
been driven back as far as Greenbrier Springs, twenty miles beyond their late
rendezvous. They had destroyed nearly all their camp equipage, and left their
wagons in the hands of our troops on the Huntersville Road upon their retreat.
ACTION ON SANTA ROSA ISLAND.
A New Orleans dispatch, contained
in a copy of the Norfolk Day Book, which has by some means reached Baltimore,
states that on the night of the 8th inst., detachments from several Mississippi,
Louisiana, and Alabama regiments, effected a landing on
Santa Rosa Island, drove
in Wilson's pickets, and shortly afterward engaged the entire regiment. The
Zouaves are credited with having fought with great bravery, and the rebels admit
a loss of forty killed and about double that number wounded. Indeed, the
dispatch indirectly indicates that the rebels eventually got the worst of the
fight, although they claim to have spiked the guns of the Zouaves, destroyed all
their camp equipage, and committed great slaughter among them.
THE SOUTHERN BLOCKADE.
Dispatches from the Gulf squadron
state that the whole line of coast, from Galveston to the Florida reefs, is in a
perfect state of blockade, and the garrison at
Fort Pickens is in a position to
attack Pensacola and the adjoining forts of M'Rea and Barrancas.
The Government has secured a
rendezvous on Ship Island, and one or two other points in the vicinity of the
city, where troops can be easily landed, and where depots for provisions and
ammunition can be securely placed; and besides the regular blockading force,
there are at the entrances to the
Mississippi River two United States sloops of
war, a large propeller gun-boat, the steamer Water Witch, an armed schooner, and
a pilot-boat, all of which are ready for active operations. It is reported that
the Government is erecting batteries on the sand spit which commands the mouth
of the Mississippi.
NO COTTON TO BE TAKEN TO NEW
The fear of a descent upon New
Orleans, and the desire to keep cotton out of the hands of the Yankees, have
induced Governor Moore, of Louisiana, to issue a proclamation prohibiting the
landing of any of the staple at that city after the 10th inst. He gives notice
that, after that date, no cotton must be brought within the lines embracing that
section of the State between the fortifications above Carrollton and those below
the city, and extending back to Lake Pontchartrain. All steamboats, or other
water-craft, arriving within the prescribed limits, will be escorted by an armed
force above the point indicated, whether the quantity of cotton carried by them
be large or small ; and measures will be taken to prevent a violation of the
rule by the railroads.
WHAT THE REBELS WANT.
The Richmond Examiner, an organ
of the Rebel Government, says:
"Southern independence is already
achieved; but the war can not be closed until we shall have reconquered the
Southern territory which was basely surrendered to the invader by Southern
traitors. Until we shall have planted our banners along the natural confines of
our country, the war must go on. Had this territory not been basely
relinquished, the war would have already been ended. All the life, and treasure,
and sickness, and suffering, which it shall henceforth cost our country, will be
upon the souls of the base men who betrayed their native soil, their homes, and
hearth-stones, to the invader.
"It is idle to think of peace
until we shall have reconquered the surrendered country lying south of the
boundary we have defined. Geographically, politically, and strategically,
Kentucky is a part of the South, which she can not afford to surrender to
Northern control and jurisdiction. We can not afford to have imaginary boundary
lines with the Yankee,. The line of Kentucky and Tennessee is too intangible to
mark the separation between North and South. Without a bold, natural line of
separation like the great Ohio River, the border population of the South would
be as completely demoralized through all future time as experience has proved it
to have been during the events of the last five months."
THE "BERMUDA" AT SAVANNAH.
We have important information by
way of Washington concerning the Bermuda, which so recently ran the blockade and
entered Savannah. She is an iron-clad vessel of fifteen hundred tons burden;
sailing from Liverpool on the 18th of August, she reached Savannah on the 16th
of September. Her cargo contained 18
rifled cannon of 32 and 42 pounds; 2
Lancaster guns of 168 pounds weight; powder, shot, and shells for this ordnance;
6500 Enfield rifles; from 200,000 to 300,000 cartriges; 6000 pairs of army
shoes; 20,000 blankets; 180 barrels of gunpowder; a large quantity of morphine,
quinine, and other medical stores. The cargo cost $1,000,000. The vessel is now
fitting out as a pirate, to prey on the returning California steamers. It is
said that Commander Totten is to have charge of her; also that two more
iron-clad steam frigates are expected at Savannah from England by the 15th of
the present month.
THE INDIANS FOR THE UNION.
Later intelligence from the
Cherokee Nation contradicts the former statements relative to John Ross, who
with 8000 Indians had declared himself for the Union. A skirmish had taken place
already between the revolted Indians and Ross's body-guard.
The Charleston Mercury of the
25th ult. says that, late on the evening of the 24th, the blockading steamer
Vandalia having ventured nearer than usual to the harbor, the batteries of both
forts opened upon her. For a time she replied with spirit, but the distance
being very great, the firing soon ceased, and the steamer retired beyond range.
RETURN OF THE LAST POLAR
A dispatch from Halifax announces
the arrival there of the Polar Expedition, under Dr. Hayes, which left the
United States some two years ago. Two of the party have died during their
absence, but the rest are well. The expedition spent last winter at Port Foulke,
near Alexander, and proceeded during the last summer with dogs and sledges as
high as lat. 81 35'.
ACTIVITY OF COMMERCE AT THIS
From September 1 to 9th inst. inclusive, there have been 520 sail of
vessels arrived from foreign ports at this port. During the same time there have
been 559 clearances, also for foreign ports, of which 32 were for Liverpool, 11
for London, and 62 for Havre. There are now 35 sail up and loading for the port
of Havre alone—all of which are loading breadstuffs.
A Washington correspondent writes
: "Secretary Cameron is anxious to reopen the Baltimore and Ohio road, as, being
a heavy owner in the Northern Central, he is charged with conniving at the
disability of the rival road. Although the charge is unjust, he is anxious to
avoid the semblance of any thing wrong or selfish, and will, it is said, insist
upon the opening of the western road it the earliest practicable moment for
government purposes. The moment the beef of Western Virginia and the salt
provisions of the great West can come here by the way of Wheeling and
Cumberland, prices will diminish. Every thing is obliged to pass over the
Northern Central road, and such is the competition upon that line among shippers
of goods, that not unfrequently a hundred dollars is paid for an immediate
chance to forward goods—not to the company, but to a shipper whose name stands
first on the books."
THE INTERVENTION IN MEXICO.
THE London Times having announced
that the three allied Powers contemplated an invasion of the soil of Mexico, the
Government organ—the London Post—contradicts the statement, and repeats the
assertion that a grand naval demonstration against the republic, and the
sequestration of the customs revenues to payment of the debts, is all that is
contemplated by England, France, and Spain. The treaty was not signed at the
latest moment, and the Paris Patrie states that Napoleon had some hesitation in
doing so. A French war ship had been, however, ordered from Brest to the Gulf of
Mexico. The London Times says that President Lincoln approves of the intended
AFFAIRS IN ITALY.
From Italy we again have rumors
regarding the precarious condition of the Pope's health. At Bologna turbulent
demonstrations had taken place, caused by the high price of provisions. Several
arrests had been made, and precautionary measures had been adopted. In a
circular, addressed by Count Ricasoli to the Italian Consular Agents, he states
that the national flag of Italy covers 800,000 tons of shipping, manned by
OUR SQUADRON COMING HOME.
The United States squadron on the
China coast is on its way home, with the exception of one small vessel, which
had gone to Shanghai to overhaul a schooner which was fitting out, it was said,
as a rebel privateer in that port.
ARREST OF COLONEL RANKIN.
Colonel Rankin, member of the
Provincial Parliament, has been arrested for enlisting recruits for the American
army. The offense urged against him in the complainant's affidavit is, that he
has agreed to accept a military commission to enter into the service of the
United States, and that he has induced divers of the Queen's lieges to enlist in
the same service. This offense is said to be in violation of the Canadian
statute known as "The Foreign Enlistment Act."