Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
Civil War Harper's Weekly, October 19,
site features online, readable issues of Harper's Weekly Civil War
newspapers. These newspapers are full of incredible content including
stories and pictures of the defining moments of the Civil War. We are
hopeful that you found this resource of value in your studies and
research. These newspapers allow a more in depth understanding of the
issues associated with the war, and they are interesting reading.
(Scroll Down to see entire page, or Newspaper Thumbnails will take you to the page of interest.)
Red, White and Blue
Lebanon Junction, Missouri
Iron Clad Gun Boat
Kentucky Civil War News
Army of the Potomac Cannons
Capitol Square, Richmond VA
Kentucky Battle Map
Missouri Battle Map
The United States Treasury
Civil War Steamer
Page) organ, the London Post, says : " If the theory of the
Government is to be observed, Slavery has nothing whatever to do with the
question." Of course that statement is " meant to mean" that emancipation is not
the object of the war, which is strictly true. On the other hand, nothing is
truer than that emancipation may become an incident of the war.
The suspension of the habeas
corpus is not the object of the war; but it has legitimately become an incident
of it. So with the arrest of talkers of treason and the suppression of
treasonable papers. Emancipation may, in like manner, very easily become an
incident of the war.
This may happen in two ways. In
the first place, if the rebels are sorely pressed they may free the slaves to
save themselves ; because they know that the danger of servile insurrection is
not among free men but
slaves. In the second place, if the Government
is sorely pressed it may make it the interest of four millions of people in the
very heart of the rebellious section to be its active friends.
Does any body deny the right of
the Government to confiscate the property of the rebels ? The slaves are either
property or persons. If the Government may properly take the horse and the grain
which he is carrying, why may it not with equal propriety take the animal which
has sowed and raised the grain, and loaded and driven the horse ? Why take one
part of the property and leave the other ? Is there such special sacredness in
property in men that it is to be exempted from the liabilities of all other
property ? But if the slaves are persons, then they may be found to be lending
such active aid to the rebellion that necessity will compel the Government to
deprive the rebellion of their services. Why not? Why should the nation paralyze
the efforts of Pierce Butler to destroy the Government, and yet allow Pierce
Butler's slaves to do all the harm they can to the Government?
But will not a confiscation of
this property, or a release of their persons, lead to horrible massacres and
fearful outrages, it may be asked. It may be; but this rebellion which the
slaveholders are prosecuting has already led to massacre and outrage. The people
of this country have said pretty distinctly, " Slavery is dangerous to the
common peace ; keep your slaves at home." The slave-holders reply, "You think
slavery dangerous, do you, and you won't let us multiply and aggravate the
danger ?—very well, take that !" And forthwith, with fire and sword and theft
and treachery of every basest kind, they fall upon the justest and most equable
Government in the world, and try to smother it in the blood of its citizens. And
when those citizens, seeing more suddenly than they thought the danger of
slavery, declare that they will paralyze the sting by killing the wasp, the
slaveholders cry out, "Take care ; you'll hurt us if you do that !" In the name
of the God of Justice, who is responsible for the consequences? For every drop
of blood that might be shed—for every cry of outraged honor—the men who
compelled the Government to defend itself at all hazards would be strictly
If the rebellion chooses to ask
the simple question, Which is the more precious, the Government of the United
States or the system of Chattel Slavery ? it must abide by the answer.
JOHN BULL AS A PRACTICAL MAN.
JOHN BULL is a practical man. He has no
nonsense about him. He neither eats frogs nor wears wooden shoes, as Frenchmen
do ; nor drawls through his nose and wears long straps to his trowsers, as
Yankees do ; nor eats sauer-kraut and beer soup, as the Germans do; nor garlic,
as the Spaniards do; nor oil, as the Italians do. John Bull despises them all,
and eats roast beef and talks the English language, as all honest Christian
people do. His church is the best church—his manners are the best manners—his
ways of trade the best ways—his men the best men—his government the best
government—and his tea-pot the best tea-pot in the world. Nobody else knows any
thing. There are no soldiers, sailors, or states-men but John Bull's; and the
secret of his superiority is, that he is such an eminently practical person; he
has his eyes and ears open ; he knows what he is about ; he gets twenty
shillings to every pound ; and how can he help it if God has seen fit to make
him so much bigger and better than other people ? He acknowledges the divine
regard in the politest manner by making his church establishment as respectable
as any thing human can be. What more or better could heaven or earth desire than
Every now and then—as the nasal
Yankees say —John Bull illustrates his practical genius with peculiar splendor.
For instance, about a hundred and thirty years ago, Sir John Blount, one of John
Bull's gentlemen, persuaded John Bull's Chancellor of the Exchequer, that the
debt of England might be paid off by opening new branches of trade in the South
seas. The subscription to the stock was opened, but languished. Thereupon Blount
circulated rumors that Gibraltar and Port Mahon would be exchanged for some
places in Peru. John Bull, who has no nonsense about him, rushed to the books,
and the first subscription was more than two millions of pounds—ten millions of
dollars. In a few days the stock leaped up—such an eminently practical person is
John Bull—and sold for double the price of the first payment. Finally, by
cheating, lying, and swearing—such an ideal business man is John Bull—the stock
was raised to a thousand pounds per cent. ; and John Bull every where plunged
into stock-jobbing. One morning it turned out that Sir John Blount was Sir
Jeremy Diddler, and the eminently practical person was left sucking his thumb
It is not many years ago,
also—quite within the range of modern memories—that King Hudson chucked under
the chin our friend who always gets twenty shillings to the pound, and persuaded
him to subscribe to railways. The fine old English gentleman replied to King
you're a snob, aren't you ?" King
Hudson responded by clinking golden guineas in his pocket. " Ah ! in that case,"
rejoined the honest upholder of the Protestant succession, " your very humble
servant." So from the chin King Hudson raised his hand to the nose, and led
John, like other Bulls, by that member. And when he had cleaned out the pockets
of the gentleman who has his eyes and ears open, King Hudson, like Robert
A few years later, in testimony
of his eminently practical genius, John Bull laid several hundred thousand
pounds at the bottom of the sea in the shape of an Atlantic telegraph. But
sagaciously thinking that investment in sea-water not sufficient, he built a big
ship, that he might possess an adequate monument on the top of the ocean of his
enterprise at the bottom. In the ship the full force of his practical genius
came into play. It was big in idea; big upon the stocks ; much too big to launch
safely ; big in the stream ; big in the mud; too big to manage; sadly big in its
tragical trial trip ; big in its delays ; big in its voyage across the ocean ;
big in the mistakes of management ; big in its excursions ; with a big want of
water and comfort; big in its disappointment ; frightfully big in its total
failure and enormous expense. It is the last big thing of our eminently
practical genius, John Bull.
Happy the man who has no nonsense
about him : who does not eat frogs nor wear long straps : and of whom his
cleverest reviewer, himself a most eminent John Bull, could truly paint this
picture : "Taxes upon every article which enters into the mouth, or covers the
back, or is placed under the foot ; taxes upon every thing which it is pleasant
to see, hear, feel, smell, or taste ; taxes upon warmth, light, and locomotion;
taxes on every thing on earth and the waters under the earth—on every thing that
comes from abroad or is grown at home ; taxes on the raw material; taxes on
every fresh value that is added to it by the industry of man ; taxes on the
sauce which pampers man's appetite and the drug that restores him to health—on
the ermine which decorates the judge and the rope which hangs the criminal—on
the poor man's salt and the rich man's spice—on the brass nails of the coffin
and the ribbons of the bride—at bed or board, couchant or levant, we must pay.
The school-boy whips his taxed top ; the beardless youth manages his taxed horse
with a taxed bridle on a taxed road ; and the dying Englishman, pouring his
medicine which has paid ten per cent. into a spoon that has paid fifteen per
cent., flings himself back upon his chintz bed which has paid twenty-two per
cent., and expires in the arms of an apothecary who has paid a license of a
hundred pounds for the privilege of putting him to death. His whole property is
then immediately taxed from two to ten per cent. Besides the probate, large fees
are demanded for burying him in the chancel ; his virtues are handed down to
posterity upon taxed marble, and he is then gathered to his fathers to be taxed
Is it wonderful that with this
splendid result of his practical genius, John Bull should scornfully trample and
toss all other nations, provided always that they are weak or that calamity has
befallen them ?
THE NATIONAL HYMNS.
MR. WHITE, one of the members of
the National Hymn Committee, has written a note to the papers, which is
interesting to all who sent poems to the Committee. A volume has been advertised
entitled "The National Hymns, how they were written, and how not written :
edited by Richard Grant White." The object of Mr. White's note is to say " that
no such book is to be published, either with the consent of the National Hymn
Committee, or with either my knowledge or consent. Nor have I 'edited' any book
upon the subject. I have written a little book entitled 'National Hymns, how
they are written, and how they are not written ; a Lyric and National Study for
the Times,' which Messrs. Rudd & Carleton are to publish in a few days; and in
two sections of this a few of the hymns sent in to the Committee are quoted by
way of illustration ; but none are presented as 'the best' or as 'the worst.' I
should not trouble you with this note, but the announcement in question is in
direct contrariety with assurances which I have given to some of the gentlemen
who have permitted me to use their hymns."
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
MRS. ROCHEFOUCAULD'S MAXIMS.
WOMEN'S feelings are more intense
than those of men. We are happy or miserable : at a ball or at home. A woman
hates a question, but loves to ask one.
The female mind is too poetical
to be tamely methodical. Who would marry a woman who punctuated her
Cupid is blind to every
In society compliments are loans,
which the lenders expect to be repaid with heavy interest.
Praise a woman's taste, and you
may attack her sense with impunity.
Your candid friend has never any
thing pleasant to say to you. He reminds you of his pet virtue, by wounding you
If you want to know a woman's
true character, linger after the guests have gone, and listen to what she has to
say about them.
A woman wins an old man by
listening to him, and a young man by talking to him.
Enjoy today, for tomorrow the
first gray hair may come.
Hymen is only Cupid in curl
Women confess little faults, that
their candor may cover great ones.
There are no reasons which
explain love; but a thousand which explain marriage.
Age is venerable in man—and would
be in woman--if she ever became old.
When a woman vows that she never
flirts—she is flirting.
MATERNAL ADVICE.—A daughter is
almost always right when she endeavors to imitate her mother; but we do not
think the mother is equally right, when, at a certain period of life, she tries
all she can to imitate her daughter.
ONE TO THE DOSE.--When a Holloway
omnibus "goes down," may not the mishap be described as a Holloway spill?
ASTRONOMICAL INSECTS.—At one of
the late Meetings of the British Association, a philosopher read a paper "On
Geometrical Nets in Space." Another delivered a lecture on the habits of
Spiders, of which insects a well-known variety is accustomed to make geometric
nets in any convenient space between twigs or in palings. Are the geometrical
nets which exist in absolute space constructed by any spiders which exist there,
and are those spiders as big as the Scorpion in the Zodiac?
RATHER DOWN IN THE MOUTH.--We see
that a cheap advertising Dentist offers to "stop teeth at a shilling apiece."
The force of cheapness can scarcely go much lower. There is a class of
purchasers so ravenous after cheapness that it is only necessary to offer a
thing cheaply for them instantly to avail themselves of it. Let one of those
peripatetic merchants, whose shop consists of a tray slung round his neck, offer
them a sovereign for a penny, and they will eagerly snatch at it. The above
remedy, however, is so unusually cheap and proportionately nasty, that we should
say that it must almost be " too filling" at the price.
NON-INTERVENTION.—There is a talk
of the Salt Lake joining the Confederates. We think the Mormon Capital is wrong.
Let it secede, if it will; but it is not fair to join either party. It should be
true to its own name, and consistently prove that it only wishes to remain,
equally on both sides, an Utah (a neuter).
A DANGEROUS PRACTICE.—The young
gentleman who took an overdose of conceit has experienced no ill effects from
it. On the contrary, he says he never felt better in all his life. It is very
strange, for decidedly the dose was strong enough for any six pet parsons.
Still, we should not advise this young gentleman to repeat the dose too often,
or else his friends will be distressed some day by having to resort to some very
cruel experiments for the purpose of taking the conceit out of him. The cure,
let us tell him, is often a trying and very distressing one. We know of one poor
young man who had to be sent on the Stock Exchange before he was completely
IMPROVISED BY A GENTLEMAN WITH A
GOOD MEMORY. 'Twere vain to tell thee all I feel, Indeed, 'twere vain to tell, I
would not, if I could, conceal, Oh! yes, yet, 'tis a spell; Oh, lullaby, poor
Lucy Neal, That sleeps in convent cell.
I'll not beguile thee from thy
home, Take back those gems you gave; I've heard it said some love to roam All by
the sad sea wave;
The Wolf! or, better, Pope of
Rome, Dog Tray, Dunois the brave.
In this old chair my father sat,
He was a man of might;
The owl sits by the tree, the bat
In happy moments quite,
Sings tra, la, la, all round my
hat, My native land, good-night.
Oh, maid of Athens, ere we part
A hunting we will go;
Upon the hill he turned,—so smart
Are girls of Buffalo;
Take now this ring, 'tis thine;
the heart Bow'd down :—Row, brothers, row.
THE DEFUNCT DRAMMER.—The disease
which generally carries off dram-drinkers is half-quartern ague.
What musical house should
exclusively publish Bacchanalian ditties?—Boosey.
THE LIGHTEST FISH DINNER
POSSIBLE.--A pair of Cork Soles.
Why do refugee foreign noblemen,
who dispense with linen but can not do without cheap cigars and garlic, prefer a
small weekly bill to a large one ?—Because it's less to square.
THE RING.—On his next visit to
the metropolis, Mr. T. Sayers intends, we hear, to put up at Mawley's Hotel.
are not made of watered silk.
CONUNDRUM FOR WARM WEATHER.—Jones
tried very hard to obtain forty winks, but failed, in consequence of an
irritating fly. Why was that fly Jones's deadliest enemy?—Because it was his bit
o' rest foe.
HIBERNIAN CONUNDRUM.—Why is the
Daily News like a black eye?—Because it is a mourning peeper.
DO YOU GIVE IT UP?
Why are two young ladies kissing
each other an emblem of Christianity?
Because they are doing unto each
other as they would men should do unto them.
Why is a man writing a play-bill
like a water-fowl? Because he's a puffin (puffing).
When my first is broken
It stands in need of my second:
My third makes part of every
lady's dress. Rib-band.
Why is the letter N like a pig?
Because it makes a sty nasty.
AFFAIRS IN MISSOURI.
LEXINGTON, Missouri, has been
evacuated by the rebels, and additional intelligence reaches us to the effect
that General Sturgis has probably occupied the place. It appears that the rebels
left Lexington on Monday afternoon, the intention of Price being, as it is
supposed, to march on Georgetown, where a part of the national force is
stationed. Just as they left Lexington,
General Sturgis appeared on the other
side of the river, firing shells upon them, and the report came to them that
General Siegel, with 40,000 men, was advancing. Price, on receipt of this
intelligence, changed his plan, and moved westward toward Independence. It is
stated that his effective force numbered 25,000 men. The national troops are
mostly stationed at Otteville, Sedalia, and Georgetown, the distance from
Otteville to Sedalia being twelve miles, and from Sedalia to Georgetown four
miles; General Pope, at Boonville, twenty-five miles northeast of Sedalia, has
also a force of some strength, though the numbers are in no case definitely
General Fremont and his army are between
Jefferson City and
AFFAIRS IN KENTUCKY.
General Buckner is reported to have passed through
Hopkinsville, Greenville, and other places, with a part of
his troops, collecting arms on his route. The troops at
Bowling Green say that 30,000 more men are ready at an
hour's notice to enter Kentucky. About 1000 rebels are
reported to have taken possession of Hopkinsville, Christian County, on
Monday. Four hundred Union troops, under Captain Jackson, were falling back on
Henderson. Reports were current that Buckner, with 5000 men, would attack
Spottsviile, Henderson County, on Thursday.
Zollicoffer was reported to be
retreating toward Barboursville.
NEW ORDERS OF THE DAY.
General McClellan has issued some important orders.
Among others is one referring to the late depredations committed by the
Union troops at the village of
Fall's Church. These excesses he denounces as
atrocious, and feels convinced that they have been the work of a few bad men,
and that the officers and soldiers of the army generally will unite in the
suppression of practices which disgrace the
whole army. He orders that in
future the penalty of death shall be enforced upon all parties convicted of such
outrages. In another order General McClellan designates all the forts and works
in the vicinity of
Washington, to the number of thirty-two, by special names, by
which they shall be known hereafter.
THE BATTERIES ON THE POTOMAC.
A gun-boat reconnoissance down
the Potomac results in the report that the whole line of the river from Occoquan
to Matthias Point is defended by rebel batteries, which completely command the
FIGHT IN WESTERN VIRGINIA.
We have a report via Cincinnati
of a fight in Western Virginia, in which the Union troops, consisting of four
companies of the Thirty-fourth Ohio and five companies of the First Kentucky
regiments, and one company of the Fifth Virginia, under Lieutenant-Colonel
Enyart, surrounded and defeated the rebels at Chapmansville, killing sixty and
taking seventy prisoners. On endeavoring to escape the rebels were intercepted
by Colonel Platt, who killed forty of them and took a large number prisoners.
GENERAL LEE DEFEATED.
The authorities at Washington
received information on 4th that General Reynolds had made a reconnoissance in
force from his position at Cheat Mountain and met the rebels under
that he scattered them and drove them from the ground, with a very small loss on
our side, but it was supposed with considerable damage to the enemy.
FATE OF THE MUTINEERS.
The fate of the mutinous
prisoners condemned by General M'Clellan to hard labor at Tortugas has been
generously mitigated upon their arrival at the Rip Raps.
General Wool had them
drawn up in line, and addressed them on the serious dereliction of duty for
which they had been condemned. He stated that General McClellan would have been
justified in shooting them for mutiny in face of the enemy, but he had a
merciful proposition to make to them, If they would place themselves in his
hands, all those who were willing might step forward three paces. Those who were
not content to do so would be sent to Tortugas to expiate their crime. The
entire number, 150, at once stepped forward with shouts and some with tears of
joy. They were then taken to
Newport News and drafted into a New York regiment.
The privateer steamer Sumter left
Surinam on the 5th ult. for Brazil. Some short distance from Surinam she met a
vessel laden with coal, took 150 tons from her, and continued on her way. The
Powhatan was in pursuit.
The Southern papers continue
their complaints against the shinplaster currency, and the Richmond Dispatch
says if prompt measures are not immediately taken to suppress the circulation of
such illegal issues the whole South will be flooded with them, as every
individual who chooses will force his worthless due bills on the community.
REPORTED ATTACK UPON NEW ORLEANS.
A startling report reaches us
New Orleans by way of St. Louis—published in the Republican of the latter
city. It states that a letter has been received from New Orleans—the date of
which, however, is not given—announcing that a fleet of seventy National vessels
was coming up the Balize to capture the place.
THE CHEROKEES JOIN THE REBELS.
John Ross, the Chief of the
Cherokee Nation, has finally succumbed to rebel pressure. On the 20th of August,
as we learn from Rev. Mr. Robinson, late a missionary teacher among the
Cherokees, who has recently arrived in St. Louis, Ross called a Council, and
sent in a message recommending a severance from the United States and an
alliance with the Southern Confederacy. The Council adopted the recommendation,
and Commissioners were appointed to make a treaty of alliance with the
General Wool has gone to
Washington for consultation with the
General Mansfield has taken
his place at Fortress Monroe.
Gustavus W. Smith, formerly
Superintendent of Streets in this City, has been appointed a General in the
rebel army. He has been appointed to command the army heretofore led by General
Johnston, who assumes general command of both that and the column commanded by
Beauregard. Smith is a graduate of West Point, and was in the same class with
General M'Clellan. Colonel Van Dorn, of Texas, has also been appointed a
Major-General in the rebel service.
Colonel Taylor, late Assistant
Commissary-General, was last week appointed Commissary-General, in place of
General Gibson, deceased. The appointment is in the regular line of promotion,
and Colonel Taylor has shown by his ability and energy while Acting
Commissary-General an eminent fitness for the office.
The Hon. Charles Sumner delivered
a speech at the Republican Convention at Worcester, Massachusetts. He took the
ground that the overthrow of Slavery will at once make an end of the war, and
justified that policy by many historic examples.
THE COTTON QUESTION.
MR. LAING, Financial Secretary of
India, made a stirring appeal to the Manchester spinners and capitalists to
continue their exertions to obtain a supply of cotton independent of the
Southern rebel States, declaring that the question was of a range of importance
more elevated than those requiring a merely commercial consideration.
THE ACCIDENT TO THE "GREAT
The Great Eastern reached
Queenstown on the 17th ultimo, having sustained very great damage, during a
terrific gale, when on her passage to New York. The storm overtook the leviathan
when she was two days out, and standing two hundred and twenty miles west of
Cape Clear. She broke her rudder pin, and for a time it was expected she would
go down. The scene on board was fearful in the extreme. All her boats were
washed away, all the furniture which could be broken was destroyed, twenty-five
of the passengers sustained fractures of bones, and the cuts and bruises
inflicted are reported as "innumerable." The paddle heels were carried away, and
the ship made port by means of a temporarily rigged steering gear. The luggage
of the passengers was reduced, according to the reports from London, to a heap
of rags and wood splinters left floating in water in the luggage hold.
FRENCH OFFICERS NOT ALLOWED TO
IN FOREIGN ARMIES.
It is reported that a number of
French army officers, particularly in the artillerist arm of the service, were
anxious to enter the United States Army, and had reason to hope that an Imperial
permission to do so would have been accorded; but on making application at the
War Office in Paris, their request was refused by the Minister in the name of
the Emperor, who had forbidden his officers from accepting commissions in the
AN EXPEDITION AGAINST MEXICO.
It is currently reported and
believed that a Spanish expedition against Mexico is being organized in Cuba;
and it is alleged that five thousand of the Queen's soldiers, supported by a
strong naval force, will soon be landed at
Vera Cruz and commence a direct march
on the city of Mexico.
THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY IN THE
The Queen of Spain has proclaimed
in Porto Rico that whenever a slave touched the Spanish soil he was free,
despite any claim of his former master or owner.