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Page) remember that he is probably reading the grossest falsehoods.
The stories that are usually told
of the revolt in St. Domingo are of this latter kind. They are the most
stupendous and malicious falsehoods. And as the question is one in which we are
all practically interested, it is quite worth while for us to know the facts,
which are not accessible except to special study, for the reason that the
subject is the occasion of such strong partisan views.
After the French Revolution of
1789 began, St. Domingo was convulsed by civil wars between the whites and the
mulattoes, in which the slaves, which belonged to both parties, had for a long
time no share, and in which the atrocities committed by the whites, and
officially recorded, are beyond belief.
At length the slaves, who saw the
whites and mulattoes ferociously fighting, the one party for equal rights, the
other for exclusive privilege, revolted and rose. The rising was terrible, but
it was not the result of
emancipation, for they were not freed; it was the
consequence of slavery.
During this anarchy upon the
island Spain and England began to contest its possession with France. France was
in danger of losing it altogether, when the French Commissioners, in August,
1793, liberated the slaves. In the following June the French Convention
confirmed the emancipation. Immediately there was method in the action of the
blacks and comparative order. Touissant l'Overture at once raised the French
standard. The treaty of Basle, in 1795, secured the Spanish part of the island
to France. In 1798 Touissant, appointed Commander-in-Chief, drove out the
English, recalled the fugitive planters, gave them their old slaves for hired
laborers, and the island became once more peaceful, prosperous, and happy, as
every state must be where justice is the fundamental law.
In 1802 Napoleon sent a great
army to St. Domingo, seized Touissant by treachery, carried him to Europe, where
he died in prison among the Jura Mountains, re-established slavery in all the
French colonies except St. Domingo, which he wished first to subdue, then to
enslave, and in which the "horrors" again broke forth, consequent upon the
effort to re-enslave. In 1804, however, the French were finally expelled from
Let it be constantly remembered,
then, that "the horrors of St. Domingo" began three years before the
slaves were emancipated, and began because they
were not liberated. They ceased with freedom, and they revived with the attempt
to restore slavery. The truth is precisely the reverse of the common statement.
The trouble of insurrection springs from slavery, and not from liberty. This
fact is recognized by the laws of all slave communities, which imply that the
slaves are natural and probable enemies. In Sparta, long ago, there was a
periodical slaughter of the slaves. In all our
Slave States to-day the laws respecting colored
persons, free or slave, are shocking to humanity but essential to the system.
The point for us all to remember,
as men and citizens, is that it is always more dangerous to the public peace to
treat men as brutes than as human beings. And although it is perfectly true
that, politically speaking, the citizens of one State in this Union have nothing
to do with the domestic institutions of the others, yet when those others,
instead of confining their institutions to themselves, seek at the point of the
sword to impose them upon the nation, the nation, with a commendable and natural
regard to its own existence, will certainly take care that henceforth those
institutions shall be limited to the States, and that every falsehood told to
prevent or perplex that result shall be exposed, and the motives of the utterers
of falsehood made plain to the simplest mind.
THERE are persons whom no
temptation should persuade to emerge from the obscurity into which, by the
consent of their country, they have recently or long since fallen; persons whose
hopeless fate it is to be pilloried in history; since history must name them,
and can only name with scorn. They are persons who for no merit, but from the
very obscurity of mediocrity, have been raised to high public positions,
despised by those whose tools they were, and shunned by those who resisted their
bad designs. They stand conspicuous, as a man upon the gallows stands; but they
have no love, no respect, no sympathy. No man would be glad to welcome them in
his home, nor to call his children by their name. For a few years they may have
dazzled the public eye by an inexplicable success; but their career, ended
before their lives, deludes no ingenuous youth and allures no noble ambition.
Their names become gradually the synonyms of dishonor and contempt. Theirs is a
fate so pitiful that whenever they stir obscurity, and remind living men that
they are not dead, those men do not willingly mention them, but leave them to
the charitable forgetfulness of their contemporaries and the tragical fidelity
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
SOMETHING "IN NUBIBUS."
A SHORT time ago we were
distressed to read that Saturn had lost his rings! Whether that steady-going old
star had dropped them at one of his periodical Saturnalias, or whether he was
obliged to part with them under a temporary financial pressure, our telescopic
mind is at a loss to say: but we are sure our readers will rejoice with us at
learning that Saturn has got his rings back again. They shine as brilliantly as
ever (in fact, many of the diamonds are to the full as big as stars, and sparkle
not less lustrously), and from their increased brilliancy we draw the bright
reflection that Saturn may probably have only sent his rings to be cleaned; or
it may be, since Saturn is the wearer of the belt, and consequently is the
Champion of the Celestial Ring, that his love of fair play made him take his
rings off, insomuch as he had been challenged to have a round or two with some
refractory star, who was out sky-larking. We wish Professor Airey would throw a
light on this misty subject, for we are forced to confess that at present it is
terribly clouded in obscurity.
SECOND SIGHT. —A pair of
A FIGURATIVE POLICEMAN.—A
policeman giving evidence at Bow Street against a woman accused of rubbing a
pawnbroker, assured the magistrate that, on telling the prisoner the nature of
the charge on which he captured her, she "turned away from him and swallowed a
bed-tick, a pair of stays, two brass candlesticks, a smoothing-iron, and a
MAGISTRATE. "Nonsense! Have you
lost your senses?" CONSTABLE. "Your Worship, 'tis the tickets of them, I mane,
The following recipes are said
never to fail:
To Destroy Rats.—Catch them, one
by one, and flatten their heads in a lemon-squeezer.
To Kill Cockroaches.—Get a pair
of heavy boots, then catch your roaches, put them in a barrel, and get in
yourself and dance.
To Catch Mice.—On going to bed
put crumbs of cheese in your mouth, and lie with it open, and when a mouse's
whiskers tickle your mouth, bite.
"This is a grate country," as the
poor debtor said when he looked through the bars of his prison.
An exciseman calling at the house
of a good-humored landlady at Shrewsbury, she consulted him about some liquor
that had been deposited in her cellar without a permit. At the words "without a
permit," the exciseman rushed below, and found himself up to the middle in
water, which the flooding of the Severn had forced into the cellar.
FRANCE AND MUMBO JUMBO.
Mumbo Jumbo reigns in Rome,
Feared beyond the salt-sea foam,
By his subjects scorned at home:
They laugh at Mumbo Jumbo.
Mumbo Jumbo governs there,
Guarded in St. Peter's Chair,
Romans France compels to bear
The yoke of Mumbo Jumbo.
Mumbo Jumbo Frenchmen rules
By the help of priestly tools,
For in France too many fools
Believe in Mumbo Jumbo.
Mumbo Jumbo frightens France,
Or Napoleon would advance,
And withdraw his countenance
Away from Mumbo Jumbo.
Mumbo Jumbo then would flee,
Or in Rome but own a See,
Capital of Italy
Exempt from Mumbo Jumbo.
Miss Jones says that the reason
why she preferred the Sewing Machine that she bought is that the best feller in
the world is attached to it.
At a representation of Mozart's
"Don Giovanni," a young coxcomb hummed so loud certain airs of the opera as to
annoy all his neighbors. An amateur, who sat beside him, unable to bear it any
longer, said aloud, "What a fool!" "Do you mean me?" said the troublesome fellow
to him. "No, Sir, I complain of Mario, who prevents my hearing you."
Hooke had a recipe of his own to
prevent being exposed to the night air. "I was very ill," he said, "some months
ago, and my doctor gave me particular orders not to expose myself to it; so I
come up every day to Crockford's, or some other place, to dinner, and I make it
a rule on no account to go home again till about four or five o'clock in the
"What is the difference, lovey,
between export and transport?" "Well, my duckey, if you were aboard of yonder
outward-bound craft, you would be exported—I, transported."
Time is money. How willingly
would some exchange it for cash!
ON Tuesday, April 1, in the
Senate, a resolution was adopted instructing the Committee on the Conduct of the
War to collect evidence in regard to the barbarous treatment of the Union
officers and soldiers by the rebels after the
battle of Bull Run, and whether the rebels have
enlisted Indians in their service. Senator Sumner said it was evident we were in
conflict with a people lower in the scale of civilization than ourselves, and he
wanted record made for history. The debate on the bill providing for the
abolition of slavery
in the District of Columbia was then resumed. Senator
Wright spoke in opposition, and Senator Fessenden in favor of the
proposition.—In the House, a memorial from the Illinois Constitutional
Convention, in favor of the early enlargement of the Illinois and Michigan
Canal, was referred to the Military Committee. Mr. Hutchins asked leave to
introduce a preamble and resolution setting forth that
General Hooker, commanding on the Lower
Potomac, had issued an order permitting certain slave-owners of Maryland to
enter his camp and search for fugitive slaves, and requesting the Committee on
the Conduct of the War to inquire whether such order is not a violation of the
Article of War recently passed by Congress, forbidding any officers to return
fugitive slaves to their masters. Mr. Wickliffe, of Kentucky, objected to the
reception of the resolution, and it was therefore not received. The remainder of
the session was devoted to discussing the Tax bill in Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Colfax moved to strike out the section levying a tax on advertisements; but
the committee refused. The section was, however, modified so as to assess the
advertisement tax on the amount received for the same instead of the amount
charged, while the tax is reduced from five to three per cent.
On Wednesday, April 2, in the
Senate, Senator Latham read the correspondence between the Secretary of State
and Ex-President Pierce relative to the treasonable designs of the
the Golden Circle. A resolution was adopted calling on the Secretary of War for
information as to what fraudulent drafts had been accepted by Floyd while at the
head of the War Department, and what amount is now outstanding. The House
resolution in favor of extending pecuniary aid to States desirous of
emancipating their slaves was then taken up, and, after a brief discussion,
adopted by a vote of 32 to 10. The debate on the bill providing for the
abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia was then resumed, and continued
till the adjournment.—In the House, most of the session was spent in Committee
of the Whole on the Tax bill, the clauses relative to stamp duties, expresses,
and goods entered at custom-houses being under consideration.
On Thursday, April 3, in the
Senate, a bill giving twelve months' extra pay to the widow, child, or nearest
relative of the officers and seamen of the ships-of-war Cumberland and Congress
was passed. Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, offered a resolution, which lies
over, instructing the Military Committee to repel what further legislation is
necessary to prevent army officers from aiding the return or having control over
fugitive slaves, and to punish them therefor. Senator Davis, of Kentucky,
offered a resolution declaring "that the war shall not be prosecuted in any
spirit of conquest or subjugation, but to defend the Constitution and preserve
the rights of the several Sates unimpaired, and that the United States will
prosecute the war until this is secured." This resolution was also laid over.
The bill abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia was then taken up. The
substitutes of Senators Clark and Dwight were rejected. A substitute, providing
for the gradual emancipation of the slaves, with compensation to their owners,
and the submission of the question to the people of the District, was also
rejected by a vote of ten yeas to twenty-five nays. The original bill coming up,
Senator Collamer, of Vermont, offered an amendment that the owners of persons
held to service shall put upon file the name and a description of the person
liberated by the bill within twenty days after making a claim for payment, or
within such time as the
commissioners may limit, under the penalty of forfeiture of the claim, and that
the clerks of the Court shall issue certificates of manumission to the persons
liberated. The amendment was adopted. Senator Doolittle, of Wisconsin, offered
an amendment appropriating $100,000 to aid in the voluntary emigration of the
persons liberated by the bill. and other persons of color in the District of
Columbia, to Hayti, Liberia, or other country. This was agreed to by a vote of
twenty-seven to ten, and the main question being taken, the bill passed by
a vote of twenty-nine yeas to fourteen nays. The announcement of the result was
received with applause front the galleries.—In the House, the President was
requested, if in his opinion not incompatible with the public interests, to
communicate any information which may be received at the Department of State
showing the system of revenue or finance now existing in any foreign country.
The consideration of the Tax bill was then resumed in Committee of the Whole,
the clauses relative to inland insurance, mortgages, stamp duties, the tax on
railroad passengers, medicines, and incomes being under consideration. All the
sections of the bill have been acted on excepting the two relating to
appropriations and allowances and drawbacks.
On Friday, April 4, in the
Senate, Senator Hale gave notice of a new rule which he proposed to offer—that
during the existing rebellion the majority of the Senate may fix the time when
debate on any subject shall cease, and the Senate shall then vote on the
question without further discussion. The remainder of the session was devoted to
District of Columbia business.—In the House, the consideration of the Tax bill
was resumed in Committee of the Whole. An amendment, offered by Mr. Blair, of
Missouri, proposing to tax slaves two dollars per head gave rise to an animated
discussion; but it was rejected by a vote of 47 to 62. The bill was then
reported to the House by the Committee. The amendments were ordered to be
Both Houses adjourned till
On Monday, April 7, in the
Senate, the Chairman of the Military Committee made a report authorizing the
transfer of the appropriation for fortifications to the building of iron-clad
gun-boats. The bill providing for the confiscation of the property of rebels was
taken up, and Senator Trumbull made a long speech in its favor. Senator Harris
gave notice that he should offer a substitute for the bill, and made some
remarks thereon.—In the House, Mr. White offered a resolution providing for the
appointment of a committee of nine members to inquire, and report as early as
practicable, whether any plan can be proposed and recommended for the gradual
emancipation of all the African slaves, and the
extinction of slavery in Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and
Missouri by the people or local authorities thereof, and whether such an object
is expedient and desirable; and that they further inquire and report whether the
colonization of such emancipated slaves on this continent or elsewhere is
necessarily a concomitant of their freedom, and how and what provision should be
made therefor; also, that they inquire how far, and in what way, the Government
can and ought equitably to facilitate this object; and that they further be
authorized, if in their judgment expedient, to extend their inquiries as to the
other slaveholding States, and report thereon. The resolution was adopted by a
vote of 67 to 59. A resolution instructing the Ways and Means Committee to
report a new Tariff bill was, on motion of Mr. Stevens, laid on the table by a
vote of 88 to 35. A bill establishing a uniform bankrupt law was reported by the
Judiciary Committee. The Internal Tax bill was then taken up, and 73 sections
passed upon by the House.
GENERAL McCLELLAN'S ADVANCE.
General McClellan advanced with his army from
Hampton on 4th April in the direction of Yorktown. On 6th he made a careful
examination of the rebel works at Yorktown, and found them to be very strong and
the approaches difficult. The water batteries at Yorktown and Gloucester have
been considerably increased. It is evident that siege trains and mortars will
have to be employed before assaulting the place, and although its capture is
certain, a siege of two or three days may be necessary. All the important works
before Yorktown have been already taken by our troops, and the greatest
enthusiasm prevails among them. Supplies are being rapidly received from
Shipping Point, which was taken possession of by our army on Sunday. A dispatch
from General Wool states that the rebel General Magruder has 30,000 men at
THE BATTLE OF PITTSBURG.
A terrible battle has taken place
in the Southwest. A dispatch dated Pittsburg, via Fort Henry, April 9, 3.20 A.M.
One of the greatest and bloodiest
battles of modern days has just closed, resulting in the complete rout of the
enemy, who attacked us at daybreak Sunday morning. The battle lasted without
intermission during the entire day and was again renewed on Monday morning, and
continued undecided until four o'clock in the afternoon, when the enemy
commenced their retreat, and are still flying toward Corinth, pursued by a large
force of our cavalry. The slaughter on both sides is immense. We have lost in
killed and wounded and missing from eighteen to twenty thousand; that of the
enemy is estimated at from thirty-five to forty thousand.
This statement of the loss is
probably exaggerated. On Sunday the advantage seems to have been undetermined;
but on that evening
General Buell arrived with fresh troops, and
attacked the enemy at daybreak on Monday 7th. The battle raged fiercely all day.
The dispatch above quoted thus describes the victory:
About three o'clock in the
General Grant rode to the left, where the fresh
regiments had been ordered, and, finding the rebels wavering, sent a portion of
his body guard to the head of each of five regiments, and then ordered a charge
across the field, himself leading, as he brandished his sword and waved them on
to the crowning victory, while cannon-balls were falling like hail around him.
The men followed with a shout
that sounded above the roar and din of the artillery, and the rebels fled in
dismay, as from a destroying avalanche, and never made another stand.
General Buell followed the
retreating rebels, driving them in splendid style, and by half past five o'clock
the whole rebel army was in full retreat to Corinth, with our cavalry in hot
pursuit, with what further result is not known, not having returned up to this
We have taken a large amount of
their artillery, and also a number of prisoners. We lost a number of our forces
(prisoners) yesterday, among whom is General Prentiss. The number of our force
taken has not been ascertained yet. It is reported at several hundred. General
Prentiss was also reported as being wounded. Among the killed on the rebel side
was their General-in-Chief,
Albert Sydney Johnston, who was struck by a
cannon-ball on the afternoon of Sunday. Of this there is no doubt, as the report
is corroborated by several rebel officers taken to-day. It is further reported
General Beauregard had his arm shot off.
The latest intelligence of the
the Merrimac is that she was still taking in
coal at the
Norfolk Navy-yard on 5th. It was reported that
the renowned Captain Hollins was to take command of her. Other reports say that
she will be commanded by Commodore Pegram. She has two new guns on board. She
will be accompanied by the Yorktown, Teaser, Jamestown, and four other
gun-boats. The correspondent of the Charleston Mercury says of her:
"The Merrimac is new in the
dry-dock for repairs. Her iron plates are said to have withstood, with the most
complete success, the effects of the terrific cannonading of the enemy, some of
the sections only being riven. Her smokestack and ventilators were riddled by
the energy's balls so as to give them the appearance, as our informant describes
them, of huge nutmeg graters. We are glad to learn from the Norfolk Day-Book
that the large gun recently cast in Richmond for the Merrimac has been placed in
its position on board of that vessel. It throws a solid shot weighing 360
"The shot is of wrought iron,
long, and has a steel point. This point is not conical, as in the common rifle
cannonball, but shaped like that of the ordinary instrument for punching iron.
Recent experiments show this to be a very ugly weapon, even against thick iron
plates. The gun for this new projectile, with the two Armstrong guns,
put aboard the Merrimac since she
Newport News, gives her one of the most
formidable batteries in the world, in addition to her being perfectly shot and
GENERAL BANKS DRIVING THE REBELS.
On 1st April
General Banks's forces advanced upon the rebels
in the neighborhood of Woodstock, drove them through it, they meanwhile fighting
as they retreated. The rear-guard of the latter was constantly engaged with the
advanced-guard of the former; and during their retreat the rebels set fire to
the bridges and succeeded in destroying several of them. At Edenburg they made a
stand, but our forces gaining the best of the contest the rebels again
ISLAND NUMBER TEN.
The rebels at
Island No. 10 surrendered on the night of 7th
Commodore Foote, with all the men, guns, and
other property at the position.
General Halleck telegraphs as follows:
General Pope has captured three
generals, six thousand prisoners of war, one hundred siege-pieces and several
field batteries, with immense quantities of small-arms, tents, wagons, and
horses. Our victory is complete and overwhelming. We have not lost a single man.
BURNSIDE IN NORTH CAROLINA.
A report reached Fortress Monroe
on 5th that the rebels had warned
General Burnside to abandon
Newbern within six days or take the
consequences, and that the General replied that he would soon meet the enemy at
Goldsboro' and at Raleigh, and there settle the question of evacuation. The
latest from Beaufort states that Fort Macon still holds out, but that formidable
preparations are being made by our troops to shell it within a few days, in
which event its reduction will become inevitable.
AFFAIRS IN FLORIDA.
Our forces at Jacksonville,
Florida, are momentarily expecting an attack from the rebels, consisting of two
Mississippi regiments and one of Florida guerrillas, with it troop of horse and
a battery of artillery. Brigadier-General Wright, commanding our troops at that
place, is confident of being able to sustain himself and protect the town and
the inhabitants, the majority of whom are Northern men and loyal citizens.
Deserters represent the condition of the rebel forces as desperate, being
entirely out of food and relying upon foraging for subsistence.
IN NEW MEXICO.
The news from New Mexico, dated
the 18th ult., represents
Colonel Canby still shut up at Fort Craig, and
Fort Union, the strongest defense on the Western frontier, occupied by a force
of fourteen hundred men. The rebels, twenty-four hundred strong, were at
Albuquerque, about half-way between Forts Union and Craig. It was reported that
the rebel Generals Baylor and Steele were advancing with eighteen hundred Texans
on Fort Union. If possible the garrison at the latter fort would attempt to
relieve Colonel Canby, and repossess Albuquerque and Santa Fe, now held by the
AFFAIRS NEAR FORT PULASKI.
Commodore Dupont and Commander Gillis report
officially the abandonment by the rebels of the formidable batteries on Skidaway
and Green Islands. They succeeded, however, in removing their artillery before
leaving the fortifications. The works were taken possession of by our troops.
The evacuation of the Thunderbolt fort, which is only five miles from Savannah,
would almost indicate that a very strong defense would not be made to the Union
advance upon that city. Skidaway battery was situated on the island of the same
name, and commanded the approach by the Augustine River. The island is about
twelve miles from the city, and was connected with the main bud by' bridges.
Fort Pulaski is now surrounded by our forces,
and the rebels have offered to evacuate, if allowed to march out with this
honors of war. This proposition has been peremptorily refused by General
Sherman, who demands an unconditional surrender.
GENERAL FREMONT'S DEPARTMENT.
From Western Virginia we learn
that the rebels are retreating before our forces under General Milroy, who has
advanced from Cheat Mountain, and now holds Camp Alleghany, lately evacuated by
the rebels. The rebels have also fallen back from Monterey and Huntersville, and
seem to be moving toward Staunton, where they will have a chance of escape by
ROUT OF REBELS AT UNION CITY.
On 31st March, Colonel Buford
made a descent upon Union City, with the Twenty-seventh and Forty-second
Illinois regiments and a part of the Fifteenth Wisconsin, accompanied by a
detachment of cavalry and artillery from Hickman, commanded by Colonel Hey, and,
after a forced march of thirty miles, fell upon the rebel encampments at seven
o'clock in the morning, dispersing the entire force stationed there, under the
rebel commanders Clay and King, consisting of both cavalry and infantry. The
enemy fled in every direction. Several of them were killed and a number taken
prisoners. A large amount of spoils was captured, including 150 wagons, filled
with commissary and quarter-master's stores. The rebel force were supposed to
number 700 infantry and between 700 and 800 cavalry.
MORE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS.
Two new military departments have
been created. The first comprises that portion of Virginia and Maryland lying
between the Mountain Department (General Fremont's) and the Blue Ridge, which is
to be called the Department of the Shenandoah, to be under command of General
Banks. The other is to be designated the Department of the Rappahannock, and
will comprise the portion of Virginia east of the Blue Ridge and west of the
Potomac and the
Fredericksburg and Richmond railroad, including the District of
Columbia and the Patuxant. General McDowell is placed in command of this
NO MORE TROOPS WANTED.
Orders have been issued by the
War Department recalling all officers now on recruiting service to their
regiments at once, and notifying all Governors of States that no new enlistments
or levies will be received until further orders from the Department, the force
now in the field being considered sufficient to put down the rebellion and bring
the war to a speedy termination.
ELECTION IN RHODE ISLAND.
Governor Sprague and the present
incumbents of the State offices in Rhode Island were re-elected on 2d without
opposition. In the Legislature its grand Committee, the Democrats and
Constitutional Union Party will have a majority of about 36.
RECEPTION OF THE PRESIDENT'S
THE London journals uniformly
sneer at or abuse
President Lincoln's emancipation message. The
Morning Post treats it as a puerile and vain scheme. It says it can only be
accounted for as being the last resource of a Government which feels it is
engaged in a struggle which, if continued, must involve it in ruin, and which it
would make any sacrifice short of submission to arrest.
THE ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH.
The United States Minister in
London has received a letter from
Secretary Seward, advising him to announce to
the British Cabinet the approval of our Government of
the project of an Atlantic telegraph to Newfoundland. Lord Palmerston's
reception of the deputation from the Atlantic Telegraph Company is regarded as
THE MEXICAN INTERVENTION.
The Spanish Government has
ordered General Prim not to treat with the Mexicans till the allied troops are
in Mexico City.