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Page) slums, and of the "chivalry" that
whipped women, was doubtless sincere. These "gentlemen" and this "chivalry" were
composed of the most ignorant, prejudiced, and brutal people upon the continent.
They honestly despised those whom they supposed to be sniveling peddlers, who
would sell their souls for a copper. They are now, and forever, undeceived.
Henceforth they will understand that men are not cowards even though they do not
whip defenseless women; nor sordidly mean even though they do not force other
people to work for them without wages.
This war, in a very grim and
ghastly way, but very effectually, is destroying the ignorance of the real
character of the Northern people in which the mass of Southerners have wallowed,
and is making men of all parts of the country more truly acquainted. If the
Southern "poor whites" learn that to be idle is not to be a gentleman, and that
real worth of every kind comes from work, their descendants will not seriously
regret the schooling of this war.
A FIRM in England, which owns a
great deal of property in this city, wrote to its agent very minute details of
the disposition he was to make of the property during the time that the mob held
the city. The amused agent answered by the next mail that the city was never
more quiet, and that the mob was a pure fiction. Upon which Messrs. John Bull &
Co. answered with great dignity and indignation, severely reprimanding their
agent, calling his attention to the previous instructions, to which he would
instantly conform, and adding that they were amazed and grieved to find that he
was so swept away by the sophistries of Northern demagogues as to be unable to
perceive that the mob ruled in New York, and that the late Government of the
country merely prolonged the appearance of existence by a reign of terror.
The French, according to Hood's
John Bull, are a foolish nation, who call their mothers mares, and all
their daughters fillies. But there is no absurdity of fiction which English
humorists can invent that John Bull does not eclipse by his actual absurdities.
A WORD WITH PENDENNIS.
IN a recent "Roundabout Paper"
Mr. Thackeray has his say about us. He is a personal friend of many in this
country, and a friend also of many thousands who have never seen him, but who
have read and who read every word he writes, and thank him for his racy, simple,
manly way of talking about the sins that so easily beset us all. Like Dickens,
Thackeray has never said, nor could he say, half such hard things about other
nations as he says of his own. No blue-book, no report, no statistics of any
kind, however appalling their story of the misery and want and despair of the
slums of London and the large towns of England could sicken and dishearten a
human being more than his tragical revelations of the heartlessness and criminal
frivolity of the salons. His books are the most tragic comedies in literature.
When the future historian of this age consults them, as he must to know the very
form and pressure of the time, do you think he will be any less aghast than we
are over the earlier chronicles?
In his talk about us, he says
what he feels, doubtless, that whoever has been in America "knows what good
people are to be found there; how polished, how generous, how gentle, how
courteous;" and then he speaks of the universal gloom of the opening year in
England when war with the United States was imminent—"a hundred thousand homes
in England saddened by the thought of the coming calamity."
This is fair and friendly. There
were plenty of saddened hearts and homes this side the sea by reason of the same
prospect. Let us not recriminate here, but pass on.
The author of the "Roundabout
Paper," No. 19, devotes the remainder of his article to the threat of
confiscation of British property in this country in case of war. The British
nation is threatened, he says, that if they take up arms to avenge an insult of
their flag their property in the United States shall be forfeited! He goes on to
say that not one British gentleman has been influenced for a moment by the
publication of this threat.
Softly, my dear Sir, softly. You
go rushing on in the raciest vein of your sarcasm, asserting that we have always
had the reputation of swindlers, and have had to pay a great deal more for our
loans for that reason; that the "stone ship business is Indian warfare;" that we
are "puling" because John Bull preferred to stand off—and a freshet of other
stuff of the same kind. Softly, I say; and before you sing out so lustily, and
cry drab and thief, let us see if you are hurt. Is the British nation threatened
with confiscation of British property held here in case of war ? Is it a rod
held in terrorem over those brave Britons who never, never, never will be
slaves—but who, as you have so often graphically and gayly shown us, lick the
very dust from the shoes of any noodle who happens to be called my lord?
Not at all; nothing of the kind.
It is a simple suggestion of a single newspaper—a suggestion not echoed any
where—not in the least regarded—a suggestion futile and foolish upon its face;
because we all perfectly well know, that if there is any thing for which an
Englishman will willingly give his money as well as his life it is the honor of
his flag. My dear author of the "Roundabout," you have been firing your heaviest
guns at a man of straw. They make a great noise, for your guns are Columbiads,
but really there's nothing there. A mosquito hummed by your ears, perhaps: but a
shrieking horde of savages, brandishing the tomahawk, and bent upon your scalp—!
Why, you droll Roundabout! put your feet in hot water, and take some cooling
Meanwhile, as you call us that
naughty name of swindler, have you ever reflected who especially gave us that
reputation? It was no other than
Mr. Jefferson Davis, whose
efforts upon a larger scale of crime your country, so sensitive to honor, has
sedulously favored. You find the "stone ship business" Indian warfare, do you?
What do you find blowing living men from the mouths of cannon? We are "puling,"
because we are surprised that you have stood as aloof from our contest as you
did from the war of Troy? Well, we own the surprise, as you would have owned it
if we had declared Smith O'Brien and Nena Sahib equal belligerents with Great
Yes, this is recrimination; but
do you not invite it? Yet let it pass. It is in the air. Hatred, or contempt, or
indifference, or what that impartial sheet the London Times calls Christian
forbearance toward us, is epidemic in England just now. We shall survive to show
you that you ought to have understood us and sympathized with us; and we shall
show it not by
iron-clad Monitors and rifled guns, but by the confirmation of
constitutional liberty and personal rights which, beyond all the absurdities of
Englishmen, is the cause of England.
WHY not mail men as well as
ships? If a suit of iron makes wood invincible, why should not the same material
make men invulnerable? If a man can buy for a reasonable price a light,
bullet-proof armor, and, as it were, go about the battle-field in a casemate,
why should he lose his life?
This is the question which is
sought to be practically answered by the bullet-proof vest, of which Messrs.
Elliott, at 292 Broadway, are the agents. It is light in weight and in price,
The former is from three to five pounds, the latter is five dollars for a
private and seven for an officer.
Whatever saves precious lives in
war incalculably strengthens the force of the army. Here is a simple sheath
which can be slipped within the waistcoat upon going into action. Think of it,
soldiers, who wish to fight as long as the rebels do. Think of it, wives and
mothers, who wish those soldiers to return.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A NECKLACE OF PEARLS.
FOR MORNING AND EVENING WEAR.
DANCING is all important to a
girl entering life. Ce n'est que le premier pew (de danse) qui coute!
Give with discretion. It is not
because it is less valuable than pure gold that women have a strong dislike to
imitation jewelry, but rather because their highly sensitive nature abhors a
At sixteen a woman prefers the
best dancer in the room; at two-and-twenty the best talker; at thirty the
"Love me, love my dog," is old
and exploded. Love me, love my milliner, is the modern version.
Accomplishments are more useful
in married life than domestic qualities. The wife who sings divinely feeds the
pride of her husband; whereas she who is only a hand at a light crust merely
contributes to his comfort. There are wretches who ask why the hand that rattles
off The Shower of Pearls should be a stranger to pastry. Conceive Norma dabbling
The honey-moon is sober marriage
tricked out in peacock feathers.
To slave, and toil, and fret is
wretched woman's lot. She is ever dressing, lunching, receiving visitors, paying
visits—at ball, theatre, or rout—or, hapless creature! doomed to spend an
evening with her husband.
A gentleman who is courting a
lady is paying his respectful addresses to her. Let the grocer's man fall in
love with Betty at the area-gate and he merely "follows" her.
"Interesting events" are
occasions when a nurse takes absolute possession of the house, and the husband
sleeps on the sofa.
Babies are the tyrants of the
world. The Emperor must tread softly—baby sleeps. Mozart must hush his nascent
requiem—baby sleeps. Phidias must drop his hammer and chisel—baby sleeps.
Demosthenes, be dumb—baby sleeps!
The woman who tickles a man's
palate has a stronger hold on him than the sentimental creature who merely
touches his heart.
The latest advertisements of an
air-tight coffin is, that it protects the form from decomposition, "and can be
retained in the parlor as an elegant piece of furniture without any annoyance
Men who endeavor to look fierce
by cultivating profuse whiskers must be hair-em-scare-em fellows.
A soldier was sentenced to have
his ears cut oft for deserting, and after undergoing the ordeal he was escorted
out of the barrack-yard to the tune of the Rogue's March. When clear of the
boundary he turned round, and in mock dignity addressed the band as follows:
"Gentlemen, I thank you for your polite attentions, but unfortunately I have 'no
ear' for music."
When Ellen Jane, the modest miss,
Declares 'tis very wrong to kiss,
I really think that I see through
The lady, rightly understood,
Feels just as any Christian
She'd rather suffer wrong than do
A superintendent of police once
made an entry in his register, from which the following is an extract: "The
prisoner set upon me, called me an ass, a precious dolt, a scarecrow, a
ragamuffin, and an idiot—all of which I certify to be true."
Why is a palm-tree like a
chronologer?—Because it furnishes dates.
FOR a report of the victory at
Newbern, and the battle at Island No. 10, see page 213. For an account of the
capture of Beaufort, North Carolina, see page 210.
On Tuesday, March 18, in the Senate, a resolution was
offered asking of the Secretary of the Navy information
with regard to the Stevens battery. Senator Sumner introduced a bill to
permit colored men to carry the mails.
The joint resolution authorizing the President to assign
military officers to command without regard to seniority
was passed, with an amendment depriving him of the power to dismiss from the
service. A proposition was introduced to furnish clothing and supplies to the
rescued sailors and men of the sloop of war Cumberland. The bill for abolishing
slavery in the District of Columbia was then taken up, and Senator Hale spoke in
favor of it, when its further consideration was postponed til next day. The
Senate then held an executive session, and afterward adjourned.—In the House,
the bill to increase the efficiency of the medical department of the army was
taken up, and considerable discussion ensued. It was finally laid over, and the
House went into Committee of the Whole on the Tax bill. The proceeding, on this
subject were confined to discussing and amending the general features of the
bill, after which the Committee rose and the House adjourned.
On Wednesday, March 19, in the
Senate, petitions in favor of
emancipation were presented. The bill securing
pay, bounty, and pensions to soldiers of the Western Department was passed. A
bill to provide for the public defense, and accepting loans for that object from
States, was introduced and referred. A resolution was reported from the Naval
Committee authorizing the President to place in active service naval officers
now on the retired list. The bill for the organization of army corps was debated
and passed. The bill for the
abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia
was taken up, and Senator Doolittle proceeded to speak on the subject. The
Senate held an executive session and then adjourned.—In the House, the entire
day's session was taken up in considering the Tax bill. All the general
provisions—forty in number—were acted upon, but no important amendments were
made. A proposition was made to exempt slaves from taxation, and on this a short
debate sprung up as to the question of property in slaves. The tax on spirituous
liquors, ales, etc., was considered, but no progress was made on this branch of
the bill, and the House adjourned.
On Thursday, March 20, a
communication was received front the Secretary of the Navy replying to the
resolution asking why the Naval Academy was removed from
Annapolis to Newport,
Rhode Island. The Judiciary Committee reported back the resolution of
co-operation with the President's late special Message recommending assistance
to States desiring to
abolish slavery, with the recommendation that it pass. The
bill for the reorganization of the Navy Department was passed. The bill to
abolish slavery in the District of Columbia then came up, when Senator Willey,
of Virginia, spoke at length in opposition to it. At the conclusion of his
remarks the Senate held an executive session, and then adjourned.—In the House,
a report on the press censorship was made, the consideration of which was
postponed till the first Monday in April. The Judiciary Committee reported back
the several bills and resolutions in reference to confiscation of rebel
property, with a recommendation adverse thereto. The Tax bill was taken up,
which consumed the remainder of the session—the tax on ales and liquors being
principally discussed, and several amendments being made, after which the
subject was laid over, and the House adjourned.
On Friday, March 21, in the
Senate, a bill was introduced to provide for a fair settlement of the accounts
of the officers and men of the frigate Congress and other naval vessels. The
bill for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia was taken up; but
the smoke from the army bakeries in the basement of the Capitol becoming
offensive to the Senators the debate branched off from the legitimate subject to
that of smoke, and in that element the debate ended for the day on the bill
under consideration, A Message was received from the President recommending a
vote of thanks to
Commodore Dupont for his eminent services. The Senate then
held an executive session, and on its conclusion adjourned.—In the House; the
bill to secure pensions to all persons employed on board of gun-boats was
passed. A joint resolution was adopted authorizing the Secretary of the Navy to
have the steam-frigate Roanoke iron-clad and otherwise strengthened. Some debate
ensued on a proposition to adjourn over till Monday, but the subject was
dropped, and the Senate's amendments to the prize law were taken up and
concurred in. The House then went into Committee of the Whole on the Tax bill,
the range of discussion on which, though somewhat wide, did not extend beyond
the spirituous liquors and ales sections. Some amendments were adopted when the
Committee rose, and the House adjourned.
Both Houses adjourned over till
On Monday, March 24, in the
Senate, a memorial from the Philadelphia Board of Trade, urging a reduction of
taxes on manufactures, was presented; also resolutions of the Kentucky
Legislature, asking a reduction of the tax on tobacco. Both were referred. The
joint resolution in favor of affording pecuniary aid for the
slaves was taken up, and opposed by Senator Saulsbury, of Delaware. Senator
Davis, of Kentucky, offered a substitute, declaring slavery to be exclusively
within the jurisdiction of the people of the several States, yet that when any
State determines to emancipate its slaves, the Federal Government shall pay a
reasonable price for the slaves and the cost of colonizing them. The subject was
then laid aside, and the bill to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia was
taken up. The question was taken on Senator Davis's amendment, to colonize the
slaves, and resulted in a tie vote. The Vice-President voted in the negative,
and the amendment was rejected. A debate on the merits of the bill then ensued
until the adjournment.—In the House, a resolution was offered asking why the
Colonel Corcoran has been delayed, and urging that no further
prisoners of war be made until the Colonel is set at liberty. The
resolution was laid over. A bill providing for the payment of the public debt
was introduced. Resolutions tendering the thanks of Congress to Lieutenant
Morris, the commander of the Cumberland during the
action with the Merrimac,
also to General Burnside, Commodore Rowan, and the officers and men under them,
for the skill with which they carried. out the instructions of
McClellan, were referred. A bill to organize the Territory of Arizona, with the
Wilmot Proviso applicable to all Territories, was reported by the Territorial
Committee. A motion to lay it on the table was lost by a vote of 49 yeas to 76
nays. The Tax bill was taken up in Committee of the Whole, and several
amendments were agreed to.
A VICTORY NEAR WINCHESTER.
General Shields had a conflict
with the rebels, commanded by
Generals Jackson, Smith, and Longstreet, four
miles below Winchester, on 23d, completely routing them, and capturing numbers
of prisoners, several cannon, and a large quantity of small-arms thrown away in
the flight. At last accounts our cavalry was in pursuit of the flying rebels. It
appears that General Jackson was under the impression that our troops had left
Winchester, and were advancing on the road from Strasburg. When within shout a
mile and a half of Winchester a skirmish occurred between the advance-guard of
both armies, in which General Shields was wounded in the arm by the bursting of
a shell. The enemy immediately commenced a retreat; but were followed tip by the
main body of General Shields's army, and an engagement took place, commencing at
half past ten on the morning of 23d, and ending in the entire defeat of the
rebels at dusk. The rebels had fifteen thousand men in the field, while the
force of General Shields was only eight thousand. The loss on both sides was
heavy—that of the rebels, however, nearly doubling that on our side.
ANOTHER IN THE CUMBERLAND
We have the news of a brilliant
little fight in the Cumberland Mountains, about 41 miles from Piketon, or
Pikeville. Five thousand of the rebels were flogged by General Garfield, with a
comparatively small force, in twenty minutes. The enemy fled with precipitation;
General Garfield passed the night in the hostile camp, and then destroyed the
tents and carried off the stores. The rebels lost seven killed; we lost none.
ANOTHER IN ARKANSAS.
Our troops have had another brisk
fight, and obtained another success in Arkansas. Colonel Wood, with six
companies of infantry and two steel six-pounders, made an advance on Salem, in
Fulton County, Arkansas, where he met with a vastly superior force of the rebels
under Colonels Woodside, Coleman, and McFarland, whom he defeated, killing a
hundred, including Colonel Woodside, and taking a large number of prisoners.
Colonel Wood's loss was only twenty-five killed and wounded.
The whole State of Florida is
restored to the Union. The capture of St. Augustine, with its defenses, at old
Fort Marion, and of Jacksonville, by Commodore Dupont, brings back Florida under
the folds of the
Stars and Stripes. Both places were surrendered without
fighting, and in the case of St. Augustine the authorities of the place raised
the Union banner on the Town hall with their own hands. The official report of
Commodore Dupont, detailing the whole affair, says: "The
American flag is flying
once more over the old city, raised by the hands of its own people, who resisted
the appeals, threats, and falsehoods of their leaders, though compelled to
witness the carrying off of their sons in the ranks of the flying enemy. This
gives us possession of a second National fort of strength and importance." The
Commodore gives full credit to the officers and men of his command for the
faithful performance of their duty.
OUR DEFEAT AT FORT CRAIG.
Advices from Santa Fe to the 3d
inst., confirm the recent unfavorable news concerning the
battle of Fort Craig,
on the 21st ult. The Union loss was 62 killed and 140 wounded.
command was concentrated at Fort Craig. Since the 25th ult., nothing has been
heard from them, communication being cut off. As it was supposed that the
rebels, after their victory at Fort Craig, would push on to Santa Fe and Fort
Union, all the valuable property of the department and the whole available force
were to be removed to the latter place. The fort is a strong one, and 1000 men
can easily hold it against a great number. The reinforcements are going from
Missouri, and we shall have more encouraging news next time.
OUR ARMY IN SOUTHERN TENNESSEE.
There is nothing new to report
from Savannah, Tennessee. Our troops are scouring the country all round, driving
off small scouting parties of the enemy, and occasionally capturing leading
General Grant commands our forces. We have three gun-boats and 100
General Beauregard is said to be at
Corinth, Mississippi, with an
UNION SENTIMENT IN TENNESSEE.
The Union sentiment in Tennessee
is manifesting itself in a very potent fashion since the recent successes have
convinced the inhabitants of that State that the United States Government is
their best friend and surest safeguard. A large body of the citizens of Gallatin
(a town notoriously disloyal heretofore) met in public meeting recently, and
adopted a platform for the establishment of a post-office in that place. A
general feeling to return cheerfully to their allegiance pervades the people of
Tennessee. The papers publish an honest and manly address of Andrew Johnson, the
recently appointed Provisional Governor of the State, to his fellow-citizens of
TWO MORE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS.
Two new military departments have
been constituted by the President, the first to be called the Department of the
Gulf, which will comprise all the coast of the Gulf of Mexico west of Pensacola
harbor, and so much of the Gulf States as may be occupied by the forces under
Major-General B. F. Butler, United States Volunters. The head-quarters for the
present will be movable, wherever the General Commanding may be. The other is
denominated the Department of the South, comprising the States of South
Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, with the expedition and forces now under.
Brigadier-General T. W. Sherman, to be under the command of General David
GLORY TO WHOM GLORY.
General Burnside, in his official
report of the Newbern victory, says: "I beg to say to the General commanding the
army that I have endeavored to carry out the very minute instructions given me
by him before leaving
Annapolis, and thus far events have been singularly
coincident with his anticipations; I only hope that we may in future be able to
carry out in detail the remaining plans of the campaign. The only thing I have
to regret is the delay caused by the elements."
HOW THE REBELS FLED AFTER
As an evidence of the demoralized
condition of the rebel army, we have the fact that after the battle Colonel
Rector, of the Arkansas militia, retreated with his regiment fourteen miles from
the scene of action, and there ordered his men to stack arms and return to their
horses, he being utterly disheartened and disgusted with the cause of rebellion,
and his men evidently being equally to, judging from the fidelity with which
they carried out his orders, for their guns, two hundred in number, were found
by our troops carefully stacked and unguarded in a narrow ravine.
On 21st March Messrs. Bushnell,
Griswold, Winslow, & Co., capitalists, whose funds built
the Monitor, received a
contract from the Government for building six additional iron-cased vessels, on
the same plan as governed them in the construction of the Monitor. The new
vessels are to be each thirty-five feet longer than the present Monitor, end are
to carry two 15-inch
Dahlgren guns. The largest proportion of the iron casing
will be done at Troy.
Jeff Davis, according to reports
from the South, is on his way to "the West." The Memphis Appeal announces the
fact through the medium of a dispatch from Richmond, which urges the people to
rally to his standard.
The Secretary of the Navy has
returned thanks to Lieutenant Morris and the surviving crew of the Cumberland
for their bravery in action with
the Merrimac in Hampton Roads.
OUR BLOCKADE IN PARLIAMENT.
THE question of the efficiency or
inefficiency of the Union blockade of the
Southern ports has been debated in the
British House of Commons on the motion of Mr. Gregory for the production of the
correspondence of the Cabinet on that subject.
The speech of the
Solicitor-General of England, in the Commons, was exceedingly emphatic as to the
acknowledgment of the efficiency of that measure by the Cabinet, as well as of
his opinion of the illegality and danger from public disapproval at home of any
interference with the operations of our Government toward keeping the rebel
ports closed. He stated that the present blockade was more effectual than that
instituted by England against America in a former war, when five hundred
American privateers went to sea in the face of it, and that it was better
maintained than the British blockade of Havre in 1798.
Mr. Gregory's motion was
negatived without a division.
IN THE LORDS.
In the House of Lords, on the
10th inst., Lord Stratheden called the attention of the peers to the blockade of
the ports of the
Confederate States, and moved an address for a copy of any
correspondence on the subject subsequent to the papers presented to the House.
He brought forward his motion, he said, for the purpose of affording Lord
Russell an opportunity of explaining the policy pursued by the Government on the
question of the blockade.
Lord Russell expressed his
conviction that the policy pursued by the Government had obtained the approval
of the country, and said that from the first the blockade of the Southern ports
had occupied the attention of ministers, who had had two questions to
consider—first, whether the proclamation of a blockade had been made by
sufficient authority; and, secondly, whether the means employed had been
sufficient to blockade so large an extent of coast.
In regard to the first point, the
proclamation had been issued, as laid down by Lord Stowell, by the sovereign
authority in the person of the President of the United States; and in respect to
the extent of coast, England had formerly proclaimed a blockade of a coast not
much inferior in extent. As to the number and size of the vessels which had
eluded the blockading squadrons, much exaggeration existed, many of these
vessels being only coasters of small draught running from creek to creek. He
could not give the papers moved for, for the simple reason that none such
existed. He hoped the North would consent to a peaceful separation of the South,
which would be followed by the gradual
abolition of slavery.
All the English at
with the exception of about a hundred men, have embarked, and were ready to
start for England via Havana and Bermuda. In connection with the expedition to
Mexico, the Epoca of Madrid, of March 1, has the following: "We say it once for
all, the three Powers have taken no resolution relative to the internal affairs
of Mexico, and there exists no difference of opinion. If it suits the Mexicans
to abandon the republican form of government, and to raise to the throne either
the sister of the Queen, Prince Maximilian, the Count de Flandre, or any other
prince, there will be no hindrance on the part of the governments."