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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) speech at a Paris breakfast, he made our cause a little
ridiculous. But when, in his speech at Brooklyn, he said that he wished the
President had suspended the writ of habeas corpus by hanging traitors, and that
the lives of thousands of good men would have been saved if Mr. Seymour and
Fernando Wood had been hung, he means, of course, only a rhetorical period, but
the rhetoric does not help the cause.
That traitors duly convicted
shall be executed, the law provides; but the law also decides who traitors are.
That men of treasonable sympathies or patriotic indifference should be hung, no
law provides, and common sense smiles at the suggestion. If
Mr. Seymour still believes what he has
constantly said, he is of opinion that the rebels are really justified and the
Government is imbecile and tyrannical. He would gladly effect a surrender of the
Government under the name of settlement. And he is not known to have helped the
nation with money any more than with sympathy. His election would be the moral
defeat of the Union and the Government. It would be the first step not to a
vigorous or any other prosecution of the war, but to peace upon dishonorable
terms to the country.
But while all this is true, it
does not follow that he ought to be hung; because hostile opinions and
indifference are not treason. If the expression of those opinions in time of war
be so vehement and influential as to be clearly injurious to the Government, it
is Constitutionally competent to the Government to suppress that expression; and
when Mr. Seymour reaches that point, of course he will be silenced, but
certainly not hung. When the Government is engaged in a fierce war to maintain
the fundamental guarantee of Life, Liberty, and Property, it must, by the very
necessity of the case, peremptorily take as much of the Life, Liberty, and
Property of its enemies as it thinks necessary. It is making war, and that is
the condition of war. It takes life to preserve life; liberty to insure liberty;
and property to secure property. No rational man seriously contests its right
and its power to do all this. For if it may make war, it may do all that is
necessary to make war effective.
the fiend.—let history take hold of him, and let the civilized world fling its
scorpion lash upon him! cries the Richmond Enquirer.
Who is it that says this? Who
call aloud for the sympathy of mankind? People who deny to others every human
right, and doom them and their posterity forever to the condition of brute
beasts. Who steal, buy, sell, starve, whip, roast, and hang other perfectly
innocent men and women, if they refuse to work for nothing, and to be degraded
below humanity—who outrage every sentiment of human honor and decent social
relation, profiting by their own lust, and abolishing the sanctity and fidelity
of marriage among those whom they hold in hopeless and helpless submission—who
degrade manhood, dishonor womanhood, and who, to pay their own debts, sell other
people and their children into eternal separation and anguish—who, pursued by
the contempt of Christendom, and stung to madness by fierce hatred of human
liberty and the equal rights of all men, are now seeking to smother in blood a
great nation of which they are a sworn part, and without any other pretense than
that their system of barbarism and infamy can not be infinitely extended.
And who is "Lincoln the fiend?"
He is the man who, speaking for his country, is putting an end to all this
Upon the question of "fiends" the
civilized world is not likely to have two opinions at heart, whatever its lips
Richmond Dispatch of September 27 had two most
instructive articles. They both tell a great deal of truth. One says, "If the
North ultimately fails in this war, she will fall as fast and far as Lucifer in
his descent from heaven." The North, it says, clings to the Union as the mariner
"to the last plank that lies between him and the fathomless depths of eternity."
The rhetoric is bad, but the truth is solid and solemn. Even so, when the North
fails she falls utterly, for she sinks into the slough of a slave-despotism.
The same article says that "there
is scarcely an abolitionist to be found" in the Union armies; but the next one
asserts that "the Federal invasion has thus far been a John Brown raid on a
grand scale. Wherever the Federal armies have advanced the negroes have been
swept off as clean as the Eastern locusts sweep a field of grain."
But if this be the result while,
as the Dispatch declares, the war is carried on "by the conservative classes,"
what would happen if those frightful fellows the abolitionists had any thing to
do with it? If the only "friends of the South" at the North were the
"Conservatives," and they are doing the abolition work, and the war is, in the
nature of things, a war of desperation upon the part of the North, what is the
prospect for the South?
But there is still further
improvement to be derived from the Dispatch. We have been frequently told of the
extreme fitness of the Africans for slavery: they are better off as slaves; they
are happy as slaves; the relation of master and slave is truly touching and
patriarchal; the master is all anxiety for the welfare of his "servant;" and the
slave is all tenderness and fidelity toward the generous being to whom
Providence has committed him, etc., etc., etc. Now steps in the Dispatch, and
says, oh! disillusion, disenchantment! "The neighborhood of a Yankee army
creates as complete a stampede among negroes as the approach of a locomotive
among cattle. There are thousands of masters who continue to believe that their
servants will not run under similar temptations, and foolishly to expose them to
temptation. It is clear, therefore, that there is no security for the negro
property of the State, unless the Legislature
makes the removal of the negroes
from districts exposed to invasion compulsory."
If the faithful and affectionate
chattels behaved in this way before the
President's Proclamation called universal
attention to the law fleeing all
slaves who reached our lines, what will be
their feelings when the hope which, despite our cruel usage of them, the advance
of our armies has always been, is formally confirmed by the promise and
guarantee of the Government? To suppose the Proclamation a brutum fulmen is to
disregard the most essential qualities of human nature.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A WAG upon visiting a medical
museum was shown some dwarfs, and other specimens of mortality, all preserved in
alcohol. "Well," said he, "I never thought the dead could be in such spirits."
In narrating the circumstances of
a recent suicide, the papers say that besides being deaf, dumb, and an old
bachelor, the unfortunate man had exhibited symptoms of insanity.
VERY POETIC.—"What," said
Margarita to Cecilia, "what, dearest, do you think is really the food of Cupid?"
And Cecilia answered, "Arrowroot."
CURIOUS FACT IN NATURAL
HISTORY.—The Hottentots stand heat better than Coolies.
To PRESERVE APPLES FROM
ROTTING.—Put them into a dry cellar, of easy access to a large family or
CAUTIOUS.—"Now, mind you,"
whispered a servant-girl to her neighbor, "I don't say as how missus drinks; but
between you and I the decanter don't keep full all day."
A young doctor, on being asked to
contribute toward inclosing and ornamenting a cemetery, very coolly replied that
in filling it he thought he should do his part.
THE MOST DIRECT METHOD OF
DETERMINING HORSEPOWER. —Stand behind and tickle his hind-legs with a brier.
A man is the healthiest and the
happiest when he thinks the least of either health or happiness.
UNEASY.—"I'm particularly uneasy
on this point," as the fly said when the boy stuck him on the end of a needle.
Why are a pin and a poker like a
blind man?—Because they have a head and no eyes.
AN ABSTRACT DEED.—Having your
A TEASER.—When was beef-tea first
made in England? —When Henry the Eighth dissolved the Pope's bull.
Is a soldier supposed to be raw
until he has been exposed to fire ?
The entire assets of a recent
bankrupt were nine children. The creditors acted magnanimously, and let him keep
One of our country
correspondents, who has read about sailers "heaving up" anchors, wants to know
if it is seasickness that makes 'em do it!
FRESH FROM ERIN.—"Well, Patrick,"
asked the doctor, "how do you feel to-day?" "Och, doctor dear, I enjoy very poor
health intirely. The rumatics are very distressin' indade; when I go to slape I
lay awake all night, and my toes is swiled as big as a goose hen's egg, so whin
I stand up I fall down immediately."
A runaway couple having been
married at Gretna Green, Vulcan demanded five guineas for his services. "How is
this?" said the bridegroom; "the gentleman you last married assured me he only
gave you a guinea." "True," said the smith; "but he was an Irishman, and I have
married him six times. He is a customer, you know; but you I may never see
"Pin not your faith on any man's
sleeve" is a good maxim; but Amoretta says she can't help it when the thing is
round her neck with her lover's arm in it.
Daniel says that he thinks that
boarders who are obliged to eat sausages three times a day during dog-days are
justified in growling at their tare.
Why will Americans have more
cause to remember the letter S than any other in the alphabet? Because it is the
beginning of secession and the end of Jeff Davis.
THE BEST CURE FOR VANITY.—Be
A clergyman being much pressed by
a lady of his acquaintance to preach a sermon the first Sunday after her
marriage, complied, and chose the following passage in the Psalms as his text:
"And there shall be abundance of peace—while the moon endureth."
An eminent conchologist has made
a calculation that it takes sixteen days and fourteen hours for a
"moderately-fast snail" to accomplish a mile.
A general on the point of death,
opening his eyes and seeing a consultation of three physicians who were standing
close by his bedside, faintly exclaimed, "Gentlemen, if you fire by platoons it
is all over with me!" and instantly expired.
"This snow-storm the boys regard
as a joke," said one to Dr. S—, during a late storm. "Yes," replied the doctor,
"and it is a joke that any one can see the drift of."
MEDICAL DOMESTIC ECONOMY.—Stale
dry bread is a very effectual check to juvenile consumption.
Make your son wise, and noble,
and grand, and he will be your grandson.
SHIP-SHAPE.—Why is a fashionable
lady's dress like an iron-clad ship? Because it is heavily plaited.
It isn't enough that men and
women should be of the true metal; they should also be well-tempered.
Of all the vanities and
fopperies, the vanity of high birth is the greatest. True nobility is derived
from virtue, not from birth. Titles, indeed, may be purchased; but virtue is the
only coin that makes the bargain valid.
HAD HIM THERE. — A waggish curate
overheard the schoolmaster giving lessons in grammar. "You can not place a, the
singular article," said the preceptor, "before plural nouns. No one can say a
pigs, a women, a—" "Nonsense," cried the curate, "the Prayer-book knows better
than you, I should think, or it wouldn't teach me to say a-men."
A boy who had stolen some apples
was forgiven for the rather ingenious manner in which he excused himself. The
schoolmaster asking him what he had to say for himself, the urchin replied, "The
apples were Tom's; I don't know how he got them; and now they're mine, and he
don't know how I got them."
"Well, Mary, are you going to the
new place?" "Sure, no, ma'am! the lady couldn't give a satisfactory reference
from her last cook."
Jones (heartless fellow!) says
the only parting that ever troubled him is the parting of his back hair.
BATTLE OF PERRYVILLE.
The following is official:
PERRYVILLE, KENTUCKY, October 9.
VIA BARDSTOWN, Oct. 10, 1862.
I have already advised you of the
movements of the army under my command from
Louisville. More or less skirmishing has
occurred daily with the enemy's cavalry. Since then it was supposed the enemy
would give battle at Bardstown. My troops reached that point on the 4th inst.,
driving out the enemy's rear-guard of cavalry and artillery. The main body
retired toward Springfield, whither the pursuit was continued. The centre corps,
under General Gilbert, moved on the direct road from Springfield to Perryville,
and arrived on the 7th inst. within two miles of the town, where the enemy was
found to be in force. The left column, under
General McCook, came upon the Nashville road
about ten o'clock yesterday (the 8th inst.). It was ordered into position to
attack, and a strong reconnoissance directed. At four o'clock I received a
request from General McCook for reinforcements, and learned that the left had
been severely engaged for several hours, and that the right and left of that
corps were being turned and severely pressed. Reinforcements were immediately
sent forward from the centre. Orders were also sent to the right column, under
General Crittenden, which was advancing by the Lebanon road, to push forward and
attack the enemy's left, but it was impossible for it to get in position in time
to produce any decisive result. The action continued until dark. Some fighting
also occurred on the centre. The enemy were every where repulsed, but not
without some momentary advantage on the left. The several corps were put in
position during the night, and moved to the attack at six o'clock this morning.
Some skirmishing occurred with the enemy's rear-guard. The main body had fallen
back in the direction of Harrodsburg. I have no accurate report of our loss yet.
It is probably pretty heavy, including valuable officers. Generals Jackson and
Terril, I regret to say, are among the killed. D. C.
Another brilliant victory in
Kentucky was reported on 12th. Dispatches
received from Lebanon state that there was a great battle fought on Saturday
11th, between Harrodsburg and Danville, heavier and more severe than that of 8th
at Perryville. Colonel Woolford, of the Kentucky Union cavalry, captured one
hundred and sixty wagons and a thousand prisoners. The rebels, at last accounts,
were retreating to Camp Dick Robinson.
GENERAL McCLELLAN ON EMANCIPATION.
GENERAL ORDERS—NO. 163.
HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF THE
POTOMAC, CAMP NEAR
SHARPSBURG, MARYLAND, Oct. 7, 1862. The
attention of the officers and soldiers of the Army of the Potomac is called to
General Orders No. 139, War Department, September 24, 1862, publishing to the
army the President's proclamation of September 22.
A proclamation of such grave
moment to the nation, officially communicated to the army, affords to the
general commanding an opportunity of defining specifically to the officers and
soldiers under his command the relation borne by all persons in the military
service of the United States toward the civil authorities of the Government. The
Constitution confides to the civil authorities, legislative, judicial, and
executive, the power and duty of making, expounding, and executing the Federal
laws. Armed forces are raised and supported simply to sustain the civil
authorities, and are to be held in strict subordination thereto in all respects.
This fundamental rule of our political system is essential to the security of
our republican institutions, and should be thoroughly understood and observed by
every soldier. The principle upon which, and the objects for which, armies shall
be employed in suppressing the rebellion, must be determined and declared by
time civil authorities, and the chief Executive, who is charged with the
administration of the national affairs, is time proper and only source through
which the views and orders of the Government can be made known to the armies of
Discussion by officers and
soldiers concerning public measures determined upon and declared by the
Government, when carried at all beyond the ordinary temperate and respectful
expression of opinion, tend greatly to impair and destroy the discipline and
efficiency of troops by substituting the spirit of political faction for that
firm, steady, and earnest support of the authority of the Government which is he
highest duty of the American soldier. The remedy for political errors, if any
are committed, is to be found only in the action of the people at the polls.
In thus calling the attention of
this army to time true relation between the soldiers and the Government, the
general commanding merely adverts to an evil against which it has been thought
advisable during our whole history to guard the armies of the republic, and in
so doing he will not be considered by any right-minded person as casting any
reflection upon that loyalty and good conduct which has been so fully
illustrated upon so many battle-fields. In carrying out all measures of public
policy this army will, of course, be guided by the same rules of mercy and
Christianity that have ever controlled its conduct toward the defenseless.
By command of MAJOR-GENERAL
McCLELLAN. JAMES A. HARDEE, Lieutenant-Colonel, Aid-de-Camp and
Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.
BATTLES OF ANTIETAM AND SOUTH MOUNTAIN.
GENERAL ORDERS—NO. 160.
HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF THE
POTOMAC, CAMP NEAR SHARPSBURG, MARYLAND, Oct. 3, 1862. The Commanding General
extends his congratulations to the army under his command for the victories
achieved by their bravery at the passes of the South Mountain and upon the
The brilliant conduct of
Hooker's corps, under
Burnside, at Turner's Gap, and of
Franklin's corps at Crampton's Pass, in which,
in the face of ten enemy strong in position and resisting with obstinacy, they
carried the mountain, and prepared the way for the advance of the army, won for
them the admiration of their brethren in arms.
In the memorable
battle of Antietam we defeated a numerous and
powerful army of the enemy in an action desperately fought and remarkable for
its duration and for the destruction of life which attended it. The obstinate
bravery of the troops of Hooker,
Sumner; the dashing gallantry of those of
Franklin on the right; the steady valor of those of Burnside on the left, and
time vigorous support of Porter and Pleasanton, present a brilliant spectacle to
our countrymen which will swell their hearts with pride and exultation.
Fourteen guns, thirty-nine
colors, fifteen thousand five hundred stand of arms, and nearly six thousand
prisoners, taken from the enemy, are evidences of the completeness of our
A grateful country will thank the
noble army for achievements which have rescued the loyal States of the East from
the ravages of the invader, and have driven him from their borders.
While rejoicing at the victories
which, under God's blessing, have crowned our exertions, let us cherish the
memory of our brave comrades who have laid down their lives upon the
battle-field, martyrs in their country's cause. Their names will be enshrined in
the hearts of the people.
By command of MAJOR-GENERAL
McCLELLAN. S. WILLIAMS, A. A. G.
GENERAL ORDERS—NO. 116.
HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF NORTHERN
October 2, 1862.
In reviewing the achievements of
the army during the present campaign, the Commanding General can not withhold
the expression of his admiration of the indomitable courage it has displayed in
battle, and its cheerful endurance of privation and hardship on the march.
Since your great victories around
Richmond you have defeated the enemy at
Cedar Mountain, expelled him from the
Rappahannock, and, after a conflict of three days, utterly repulsed him on the
plains of Manassas, and forced him to take shelter within the fortifications
around his capital.
Without halting for repose, you
crossed the Potomac, stormed the heights of
Harper's Ferry, made prisoners of more than
eleven thousand men, and captured upward of seventy pieces of artillery, all
their small-arms and other munitions of war.
While one corps of the army was
thus engaged, the other insured its success by arresting at Boonsborough the
combined armies of the enemy, advancing under their favorite General to the
relief of their beleaguered comrades.
On the field of
Sharpsburg, with less than one-third his
numbers, you resisted from daylight until dark the whole army of the enemy, and
repulsed every attack along his entire front of more than four miles in extent.
The whole of the following day
you stood prepared to resume the conflict on the same ground, and retired next
morning without molestation across the Potomac.
Two attempts subsequently made by
the enemy to follow you across the river have resulted in his complete
discomfiture and being driven back with loss.
Achievements such as these
demanded much valor and patriotism. History records few examples of greater
fortitude and endurance than this army has exhibited; and I am commissioned by
the President to thank you in the name of the
Confederate States for the undying fame you
have won for their arms.
Much as you have done, much more
remains to be accomplished. The enemy again threatens us with invasion, and to
your tried valor and patriotism the country looks with confidence for
deliverance and safety; your past exploits give assurance that this confidence
is not misplaced.
R. E. LEE, General Commanding.
REBEL RAID INTO PENNSYLVANIA.
A force of two or three thousand
rebels, under the renowned Stuart, crossed the Potomac at a point far above the
right wing of General McClellan's army, and pushed rapidly on through
Mercersburg to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, reaching there at six o'clock on
Friday evening, 10th. About eight hundred entered the town, the remainder
remaining a mile away. They helped themselves to boots, shoes, and clothing,
giving Confederate paper in some cases for pay. On Saturday morning they burned
the Cumberland Valley Railroad Depot, and two warehouses containing a small
quantity of Government stores. Then they rejoined their main body, and moved off
toward Gettysburg. They borrowed or exchanged horses wherever they could, and
seem to have been entirely successful in getting such articles as they most
needed. No violence was done to individuals, and no resistance was made by the
people, at least not until they had gone from Chambersburg. Near Gettysburg some
farmers entrapped one of the moss-troopers, and that was all the resistance
experienced. There is a rumor that they had a fight when they crossed the
Potomac, on Friday morning, but it is doubtful; indeed, the place of their
crossing is in doubt— some accounts say at Hancock, and others at Dam No. 5,
several miles below. A special dispatch from Monocacy Bridge (on the Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad, about four miles south of Frederick City) says that the rebel
cavalry passed eight miles below Monocacy, on Saturday night, and took breakfast
at Urbanna, four miles from Monocacy, on Sunday morning. Heavy firing had been
heard in the direction of Noland's Ferry (on the Potomac). Seven prisoners,
captured at Urbanna, had just come in. All this indicates that the rebels were
pretty surely safe over the Potomac, and probably in or beyond Leesburg, before
night on Sunday, 12th.
VICTORY AT CORINTH.
JACKSON, TENN., Oct. 6—12.20 P.M.
Generals Ord and Hurlbut, came
upon the enemy yesterday, and General Hurlbut having driven in small bodies of
the rebels the day before, after seven hours' hard fighting drove the enemy five
miles back across the Hatchie toward Corinth, capturing two batteries, about
three hundred prisoners, and many small-arms.
I immediately apprised
General Rosecrans of these facts, and directed
him to urge on the good work. The following dispatch has just been received from
CHEVALLA, Oct. 6, 1862. To
The enemy are totally routed,
throwing every thing away. We are following sharply.
W. S. ROSECRANS, Major-General.
Under previous instructions General Hurlbut is also following.
General McPherson is in the lead of General
The rebel General Martin is said
to be killed.
U. S. GRANT, Major-General
THE ENEMY DISPERSED.
Later news from
Corinth still further confirms the report of a
splendid victory. We captured two thousand prisoners, including one hundred
officers. The rebels lost one thousand killed and a large number wounded Our
loss was only three hundred and fifty killed and one thousand three hundred
wounded The rebels abandoned and spiked eleven guns, destroyed three caissons,
and lost most of their ammunition and trains. General Rosecrans, after pursuing
the enemy until the 9th instant, returned to Corinth at the command of General
Grant. He reports the rebel army dispersed, demoralized, and incapable of
further mischief. He would gladly have followed them up, under the conviction
that this is the acceptable time to destroy them utterly, but for the orders of
his superior to return.
A BATTLE NEAR SUFFOLK.
A battle took place on 3d inst.
in the vicinity of Suffolk at Franklin, on the Blackwater River, which appears
to be of considerable importance. The rebels were at least five thousand strong
at that point, and were commanded by General Gustavus W. Smith (ex-Street
Commissioner). The rebels were pretty badly used by our troops, who were
commanded by Colonel S. P. Spear, of the Eleventh Pennsylvania cavalry, having
lost fully two hundred killed and wounded, while our loss was only three in all.
The attack was planned by
General Dix, to drive back the advancing
pickets of the enemy, and it was intended that the gun-boats should co-operate
with the land forces by way of Chowan Creek, from Albemarle Sound; but owing to
some mistake they did not participate in the action. Our forces numbered about
two thousand. The object of the attack was fully attained.
REBELS WINCING AT NEW ORLEANS.
Our news from
New Orleans relative to the effect of General
Butler's Order No. 76 is very interesting. The demand of
General Butler that all citizens should take
the oath of allegiance and give a return of their property has created quite a
panic among the secession sympathizers, and thousands were flocking to the
places appointed to take the oath, some in terror and many with sullen
ANOTHER PIRATE AT WORK.
WE have important news of the
operations of the
rebel steamer Alabama, known as "No. 290." The
Cairngorm, an English vessel, lately arrived at Gravesend, from Sydney. She
reports that when at Flores, Western Islands, three whale-boats' crews from the
Alabama came alongside and reported that their ship, the Ocmulgee, of Edgartown,
Massachusetts, had been burned by the Alabama, under command of
Captain Semmes, late of the Sumter. The
Ocmulgee had two hundred and fifty barrels of oil, and her crew (thirty-four
men) were made prisoners The Alabama had already burned four whalers. She also
captured an American schooner (name unknown) in sight of the Cairngorm. The
United States sailing sloop of war St. Louis left Lisbon to search, as was
supposed, for the rebel privateer "No. 290" off the Azores, in consequence of
her raid on American whalers.
Distinguished men from almost
every country in Europe, who were lately assembled in a scientific Congress at
Brussels, had prepared and signed a peace address to