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Page) betray the condition of its fidelity. The rebellion already
flaunts its flag at the capital; its solid and desperate hordes swarm across the
Potomac; there is no man so blind as not to see that every nerve must be
strained and every effort tried to secure the victory of the Government; and
here would be a party which says, coldly, "Yes, we'll help probably, provided
that you don't use rifled cannon or grape shot."
Whose party would that be? The
party of those whose homes are wasted, whose hearts bleed and break under the
loss of their brave heroes? Would it be the party of those whose kindred lie in
the unhallowed and treason-tainted soil of Virginia? of those who have freely
given of all their treasures, who have seen their work stopped, their prospects
blighted, and the prosperity of their nation checked, for no other reason than
that some political leaders thought their power to be in danger? Would it be the
party of the true-hearted and generous who, rather than see the glory of their
country dimmed by a compromise of hopeless injustice, or by a disintegration
breeding endless wars hereafter, would see the loyal citizens of the land struck
down at their own doors?—the party of all who love their country more than a
party, who hate rebellion more than they love party tradition?
No. A party which at this moment
makes terms in its loyalty is one whose aims are perfectly evident. It wishes to
show both the rebel and the loyal part of the country that loyal men are
divided. Its flag is a white flag. Its cry, if it dared to utter it, is "Peace
any how," It stands and beckons to
Jeff Davis to push on. It says to loyal men at
home, " 'Tis no use." It believes in defeat. It wishes to dishearten. It says
"Union," and means what he meant who said "My brother, how is it with thee?" It
accepts disgrace, and calls it an understanding. It grovels in dishonor, and
calls it fraternity. It slays the country, and with it all future hope of free
institutions and of popular civil Liberty, and calls it peace. It surrenders the
essential principle of the Government and submits to anarchy, then calls it
It is the party of the rebellion
working in our own camp. Let us hope that there is none such. But should it
appear, let every faithful man help to crush it.
AN ABOLITION WAR.
"BUT this is not a war for the
abolition of slavery, is it?"
No: and the assertion that any
considerable party urges it for that purpose is false, and is made by demagogues
to prevent a vigorous policy by alarming old party prejudices. The amusing
absurdity that any loyal man is making upon the President "outrageous demands to
violate his oath and trample on the Constitution" is simply political gag of the
most melodramatic kind. The intention of repeating it from day to day is to help
the success of the rebellion by dividing the North.
The object of this war is the
restoration of the Union. It is not waged to hurt a single hair upon the head of
any man, loyal or disloyal: nor to seize his property: nor to use his supplies:
nor to occupy his land: nor to destroy his buildings. It is not waged to do any
body or thing the least injury in the world: nor to interfere with any
privilege; nor to touch any right. Its object is simply and only to maintain the
Government, without which no man has the smallest guarantee for any right
But if in maintaining it, a
hundred thousand men are shot upon the field, if property of every kind is
seized and appropriated, if acres and districts are utterly desolated, if cities
are laid in ashes, and slaves are liberated that they may not strengthen the
enemy, all will be done, and done constitutionally, and done rightly, for all
this is infinitely better than that the Government should be overthrown.
Yet the Constitution guarantees
to every man security of life and property by the most solemn pledges. They can
be taken from him only by due course of law—except when he is resisting the law.
Bat to enforce his obedience to the law every thing which strengthens his
resistance may be taken from him, and at last even his life itself. No man has
any right more sacred than that to his life. The Constitution authorizes the
Government, in the name of all the people, to kill any man who resists the laws
after he has been properly summoned to yield.
In precisely the same way, when a
formidable combination resists the laws, and not only resists, but makes war
upon the country, it is to be suppressed by every means known to warfare. And
those means are employed, not for the purpose of hurting the men or of meddling
with their local institutions, but to maintain the law. When citizens arm
themselves against the Government, which represents the sovereignty of the
people, they put all their lives, all their institutions—every thing which they
have and are, and which may aid their resistance—in mortal peril. They do it,
and not the Government; just as a man who forcibly stops you by night upon the
road exposes his life. If you kill him, it is he who has done it.
Neither the liberation of the
slaves, nor the brave soldiers who fight, nor
the stout sailors, nor the seizure of rebel property, nor the occupation of
rebel land, nor the destruction of rebel homes and cities, nor all the means of
warfare combined, may suffice to suppress the rebellion. No man is so foolish as
to suppose that any single means will answer; no man is sure that all means
together will succeed. But every man who wishes his country well, who believes
that the hope of equal human rights falls with our fall, who feels that our
defeat is the victory of Despotism and an Aristocracy, earnestly prays that, if
that defeat must come, it may not be embittered by the thought that we did not
do to save ourselves all that we might have done.
The only question for a man who
looks solely at the salvation of the Government is, Does slavery help the
rebellion? If not, he will not urge
If it does, he will insist that
to help save the Union the slaves shall be freed. Then, if some foolish fellow
says, "You can't do it," we can tell him that we will try.
A BASE INSINUATION.
WHEN any general is exhorted to
overthrow the Government by the bayonet as
General McClellan has been, he is asked to do
Jackson, and Bragg are doing. Can the person,
the paper, or the party that asks him, really be loyal to that Government?
The army, it must be remembered,
is made up of the brothers, sons, and friends of all of us. They are citizens of
the United States. They are in arms to defend its Government. They know why they
are there. To ask a general to lead them against the Government is to invite
them to be traitors. The general who should try it would probably find in a very
summary way that they were not so.
Nor is there any general in the
field who commands that idolatrous admiration which is essential to such an
enterprise. The corps of the different commanders are generally warmly attached
to them. But there is no single general who unites them over all others. This we
all know, because every man has hundreds of friends in the army, and he knows
that being citizens they differ and discuss exactly as we do at home. If,
therefore, any general should be seduced into the fatal movement, he would find
that he had an army to fight him as well as one to follow him. Meanwhile the
enemy would conquer, but that is precisely what those who suggest the plan
There is another point. What
opinion can those hold of a Union general who propose to him to become a
traitor? What would the American people have thought of a man in the Revolution
who should have urged Washington to turn his arms to coerce the Congress of the
Confederation, dilatory and distracted as it was? If it had been an editor who
dared to suggest it they would have kicked him out of his office, and
Washington, if he did not shoot the fellow upon the spot, would have had him
whipped out of camp.
The same voices that call upon
McClellan to take this rash step are those which sneered at Fremont's daring to
attempt it when he was superseded. Such infamy was in their minds only, not in
his. None of our armies has ever been attached to its general as that of the
West was to Fremont. But his serene obedience to the constituted authorities of
the Government was just what it ought to have been; and with a word he repressed
even the slightest manifestation of displeasure upon the part of his men.
Such men, who love their leaders
because they believe in them, such leaders who trust and try the bravery of
their men, are the soul and body of invincible armies.
There have been hard things said
of General McClellan, but there has been no insinuation so base as this, and
this not from his enemies but his professed friends.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
"WE should always provide against
a rainy day," as the member of the — Club said when he stole the umbrella out of
"Prevention is better than cure,"
as the pig said when it ran away with all its might to escape the killing
attentions of the pork-butcher.
"Arrah, Pat, and why did I marry
ye—jist tell me that? for it's myself that's had to maintain ye ever since the
blessed day that Father O'Flannagan sent me home to yer house." "Swate jewel!"
replied Pat, not relishing the charge, "and its myself that hopes I may live to
see the day when ye're a widow, waping over the cold sod that covers me; then,
by St. Patrick, I'll see how you get along without me, honey!"
Colonel Smith's pantry was
somewhat troubled with mice; so the Colonel determined to try a trap. An
inquisitive neighbor, whose curiosity was aroused by seeing a light burning all
one night in the Colonel's house, stationed himself at his window the following
night, and saw the Colonel, in his dressing-gown, bait his trap and go off,
after having placed a lighted candle close to it. The next day, having met the
Colonel, he asked him why he placed the candle by his trap? "So that the mice
may see to go in," was the reply.
"I'll haul you over the coals,"
as the policeman said to the thief when he caught him in the area.
There is a man in Pentonville so
knowing that the men who don't know their own minds come to him for information
on the subject.
Caesar, being asked by Brutus how
many eggs he ate for breakfast, answered, "Et tu, Brute."
Laziness will cover your garden
with weeds. Hard drinking, if you keep it up, will cover your wife with weeds.
"I suspect that petroleum is
explosive, after all; at least, I've known a good many capitalists burst up by
Our stipendiary friend, upon
being asked by a lady, the other day, whether he liked babies, replied that he
did not think them very interesting until they were able to stand a loan.
Tom Hood said that, when a young
man, he couldn't wink at a girl but that she took it for an offer of marriage.
The consequence was, that a good many of the girls got Hood-winked.
There are people who mistake
impertinence for wit, and often get more than a Roland for their Oliver. One of
these persons, seeing a man of learning enjoying the pleasures of the table,
said, "So, Sir, I see philosophers can indulge in the greatest delicacies." "Why
not," replied the other, "do you think Providence intended all good things for
Milton was once asked by a friend
whether he would instruct his daughters in the different languages; to which he
replied, "No, Sir; one tongue is sufficient for a woman."
"Is it not astonishing," said a
wealthy individual, that a large fortune was left me by a person who had only
seen me once?" "It would have been still more astonishing," said a wag, "if he
had left it you after seeing you twice."
Politeness is not always a sign
of wisdom; but the want of it is always a strong symptom of folly.
It would be very imprudent of any
railway company to allow a washer-woman to dry clothes upon their line.
ADVICE GRATIS TO YOUNG MEN.—If
you shoot a duck you may, by jumping into a river after it, get two ducks.
THE REBEL INVASION OF MARYLAND.
FOR details of the rebel invasion
of Maryland we refer the reader to page 618. Here we may briefly say that the
rebels under Jackson, Lee, Longstreet, and other Generals, crossed the lower
fords of the Upper Potomac near
Leesburg on the 4th, 5th, and 6th September,
and moved directly on Frederick, Maryland, which place they occupied in force.
On 7th, General McClellan at the head of a large army, with
Sigel, and other Generals, marched to meet
there. On 8th he reached Rockville; on 10th and 11th he wedged his army between
the rebels and the fords of the Potomac by which they had crossed, thus cutting
them off from retreat in that direction; on the 10th or 11th the invaders,
perceiving his drift, moved on Hagerstown and occupied the place; on 12th
General McClellan's advance, under General Pleasanton, entered Frederick and
drove a portion of the rebel cavalry, who were protecting the rear, from that
city, after a brief skirmish in the streets. Our troops were wildly welcomed;
but when General Burnside passed through on 13th, and when General McClellan
arrived the same day, the enthusiasm of the citizens knew no bounds. They turned
out en masse to greet them, and it was with difficulty that McClellan could
reach his head-quarters through the surging crowd of excited people. General
Burnside at once pushed on after the rebels with his whole force, occupying
every road, and even crossing the fields to come up with them. The three stone
bridges across the Monocacy were found uninjured, though the fine iron railroad
bridge was destroyed. The rebels devoured almost all the provisions in Frederick
before they left, and even robbed the hospital of all the medical stores,
although they left four hundred and fifty of their own sick behind them.
Franklin has captured a rebel train of a hundred ammunition and subsistence
wagons, and sent back one hundred and fifty prisoners to Frederick. On 14th,
early in the morning, our advance, under Hooker and
Reno, attacked the enemy,
who was on the heights near
Hagerstown. The battle lasted all day, and
ended in a Union victory, the rebels being driven from the heights with great
loss. Simultaneously General Franklin, on our left—i.e. near the river—was
engaged, and was equally successful. On the morning of the 15th the enemy
commenced a rein at toward the Potomac, in the direction of
Williamsport, and General McClellan pushed on
toward Hagerstown and Sharpsburg. But General White having surrendered
Harper's Ferry, Jackson's army recrossed the
Potomac into Maryland, effected a junction with Lee, and prepared for it general
battle. Rumor states that it is probably going on now (17th).
HEIGHTS OF HAGERSTOWN STORMED.
HEAD-QUARTERS OF THE ARMY OF THE
POTOMAC, THREE MILES BEYOND MIDDLETOWN,
Sept. 14-9.40 P.M.
H. W. Halleck, General-in-Chief:
After a very severe engagement
the corps of General Hooker and General Reno have carried the heights commanding
the Hagerstown road by storm.
The troops behaved magnificently.
They never fought better.
General Franklin has been hotly
engaged on the extreme left. I do not yet know the result, except that the
firing indicated progress on iris part.
The action continued until after
dark, and terminated leaving us in possession of the entire crest.
It has been a glorious victory.
I can not yet tell whether the
enemy will retreat during the night or appear in increased force during the
morning. I regret to add that the gallant and able
General Reno was killed.
GEORGE B. McCLELLAN,
GENERAL FRANKLIN'S SUCCESS.
HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF THE
Sept 15—3 A.M.
H. W. Halleck, General-in-Chief:
I am happy to inform you that
General Franklin's success on the left was as complete as that on the centre and
right, and resulted in his getting possession of the Gap, after a severe
engagement in all parts of the line.
The troops, old and new, behaved
with the utmost steadiness and gallantry, carrying, with but little assistance
from our own artillery, very strong positions, defended by artillery and
I do not think our loss very
The corps of Generals D. H. Hill
and Longstreet were engaged with our right.
We have taken a considerable
number of prisoners.
The enemy disappeared during the
night. Our troops are now advancing in pursuit. I do not know where he will next
GEORGE B. McCLELLAN,
CONFESSES HIMSELF SHOCKINGLY WHIPPED.
HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF THE
POTOMAC, Sept. 15—8 A.M.
H. W. Halleck, General-in-Chief:
I have just learned from General
Hooker, in the advance, who states that the information is perfectly reliable,
that the enemy is making for the river in a perfect panic, and General Lee
stated last night, publicly, that he must admit they had been shockingly
I am hurrying every thing forward
to endeavor to press their retreat to the utmost.
GEORGE B. McCLELLAN,
STATES HIS LOSS TO BE 17,000 MEN.
HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF THE
POTOMAC, BOLIVAR, Sept. 15—10 A.M.
H. W. Halleck, General-in-Chief:
Information this moment received
completely confirms the rout and demoralization of the rebel army.
General Lee is reported wounded, and Garland
General Hooker alone has over a
thousand more prisoners, seven hundred having been sent to Frederick.
It is stated that Lee gives his
loss as seventeen thousand.
We are following as rapidly as
the men can move.
GEORGE B. M'CLELLAN,
SURRENDER OF HARPER'S FERRY.
Harper's Ferry was gallantly held
by Colonel Miles and General White against an overwhelming force for two days or
more, but was compelled to surrender at ten o'clock on Monday morning, The
rebels are said to have abandoned it on 16th, in such haste that they had not
time to parole more than half the prisoners, the rest being discharged,
unconditionally, of course. Colonel Miles was wounded in the action by a shell
in the leg, and is said to have since died of his wound.
WAR IN KENTUCKY.
The news from Kentucky is
somewhat confused; the reader will find some scraps of intelligence on page 615.
On 9th the rebel army under Kirby Smith advanced to within 5 miles of Covington,
and the large army collected for the
defense of Cincinnati felt confident of a
battle. Some picket skirmishing actually took place. But on 11th the rebels
began to retreat, and our latest dates report that they have fallen back as far
as Florence, whether from natural anxiety about their lines of retreat, which
are said to be menaced by Buell, or from a desire to draw our troops out of
their intrenchrnents, is matter of conjecture. The Governor of Ohio has called
his militia home, as a large force of volunteers, comprising many veteran
regiments, have already arrived at Cincinnati. Respecting the movements of Buell
and Bragg every thing is enveloped in mystery.
Buell seems to have moved from Alabama across
Nashville, where part of his force now is,
another column having been dispatched to assail Kirby Smith's rear. Whether
Bragg is still at Chattanooga, or elsewhere in Tennessee, we have no means of
FRIGHT IN PENNSYLVANIA.
The State Treasurer of
Pennsylvania has arrived here, bringing important archives and much treasure
with him for safe keeping, and many Philadelphia capitalists have sent
quantities of specie here also for the same purpose.
THE SPIDER TO THE FLY.
General Lee has issued the
LEE'S HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF
NORTHERN VIRGINIA, NEAR FREDERICKTOWN, Sept. 8, 1862.
TO THE PEOPLE OF MARYLAND:
It is right that you should know
the purpose that has brought the army under my command within the limits of your
State so far as that purpose concerns yourselves.
The people of the Confederate
States have long watched with the deepest sympathy the wrongs and outrages that
have been inflicted upon the citizens of a Commonwealth allied to the States of
the South by the strongest social, political, and commercial ties, and reduced
to the condition of a conquered province.
Under the pretense of supporting
the Constitution, but in violation of its most valuable provisions, your
citizens have been arrested and imprisoned upon no charge, and contrary to all
the form of law.
A faithful and manly protest
against this outrage, made by a venerable and illustrious Marylander, to whom in
better days no citizen appealed for right in vain, was treated with scorn and
The government of your chief city
has been usurped by armed strangers; your Legislature has been dissolved by the
unlawful arrest of its members; freedom of the press and of speech has been
suppressed; words have been declared offenses by an arbitrary decree of the
Federal executive, and citizens ordered to be tried by military commissions for
what they may dare to speak.
Believing that the people of
Maryland possess a spirit too lofty to submit to such a Government, the people
of the South have long wished to aid you in throwing off this foreign yoke, to
enable you again to enjoy the inalienable rights of freemen, and restore the
independence and sovereignty of our State.
In obedience to this wish our
army has come among you, and is prepared to assist you with the power of its
arms in regaining the rights of which you have been so unjustly despoiled.
This, citizens of Maryland, is
our mission so far as you are concerned. No restraint upon your free-will is
intended—no intimidation will be allowed within the limits of this army at
least. Marylanders shall once more enjoy their ancient freedom of thought and
speech. We know no enemies among you, and will protect all of you in every
It is for you to decide your
destiny, freely and without constraint. This army will respect your choice,
whatever it may be; and, while the Southern people will rejoice to welcome you
to your natural position among them, they will only welcome you when you come of
your own free-will. R. E. LEE, General Commanding.
A SKIRMISH AT WILLIAMSBURG.
A rebel force of cavalry, with
three pieces of artillery, under Colonel Shingles, made an attack on
Williamsburg on 9th inst. about eight o'clock. After having captured our pickets
they marched into the town, taking our troops by surprise. An engagement ensued,
which lasted about thirty minutes, leaving us in possession. Our force consisted
of the Fifth Pennsylvania cavalry, Colonel Campbell, who was taken prisoner,
together with five captains, four lieutenants, and a few privates. The rebel
commander, Colonel Shingles, with eight of his officers and men were killed.
FIGHT AT WASHINGTON, NORTH CAROLINA.
The rebels, twelve hundred
strong, made an attack on Washington, North Carolina, on the morning of the 6th
inst., and were repulsed and pursued seven miles. Our force engaged numbered
only four hundred, and the battle lasted two hours. The First Regiment of North
Carolina Union Volunteers was engaged, and is said to have behaved with the
greatest bravery. A large number of the rebels were killed and wounded; our loss
was seven killed and forty-seven wounded. The gun-boat Louisiana rendered
essential service in shelling the rebels out of a strong position. The gun-boat
Picket was blown up by the accidental explosion of her magazine, and Captain
Nichols and nineteen men were killed, and six wounded.
THE WAR IN WESTERN VIRGINIA.
A brisk succession of fights took
place last week in Western Virginia, commencing on 9th. The Union forces under
Colonel Siber, were attacked by the rebels, five thousand strong, between
Fayette, and Gauley, and fought till dark. Our men cut their way through
gallantly to Gauley, with a loss of one hundred killed and wounded. Another
rebel force, meantime, attacked Colonel Lightburn at Gauley Bridge, compelling
him to retire down the Kanawha— fighting every inch of ground—and still farther
to the Elk River, where he made a grand stand on Friday. At last accounts—13th,
6 P.M.—he was holding his ground, and had shelled the town of Charleston and
destroyed all the salt-works in the vicinity. This news reaches us by telegraph
from Gallipolis, Ohio.
THE PRIVATEER "FLORIDA."
The rebel steamer Oreto—now named
the Florida—arrived at Havana from Nassau, N. P., by way of Cardenas. When at
Green Key she mounded her guns. She was permitted to remain at Cardenas to the
31st ultimo, having a Spanish war vessel on each side of her. She has lost many
men by yellow fever and desertion. Among the dead is the son of her commander,
John N. Maffit. The Florida mounts eight very heavy guns, and carries the iron
plates for covering her with armor in her hold. Captain Maffit was still ill.
Her first officer is — Stribling, formerly of the Sumter. On the 1st instant the
Florida was ordered to sea from Havana, and steamed out in the midst of a severe
Appleton Oaksmith, who has been
confined in Suffolk (Massachusetts) jail since December last, and was convicted
in June of fitting out a vessel for the slave-trade, made his escape from the
jail on 11th inst., and it is supposed had been gone four hours before he was
missed. A ladder having been found standing against the yard wall, there is no
doubt he gained the rear of the jail by that means, His escape was not known
until 10 o'clock. A reward of $300 is offered for his arrest and return. A
motion for a new trial was pending, to be argued in October.
General Jim Lane's recruiting
operations in Kansas have been most successful. He has raised five white
regiments, and organized 1200 colored loyalists.
Major-General Cassius M. Clay has
been ordered to report in person to Major-General
Butler, at New Orleans, for duty in the Department of the Gulf.
THE Peace Society of London has
issued an address to the people of the United States advising a settlement of
the war by means of foreign mediation.
ANOTHER PRIVATEER FITTED OUT IN ENGLAND.
steamer Alabama, alias the Eurica, alias "No.
290," has been spoken by the British West India mail steamer, steering west, and
fully armed and manned, under command of
Captain Semmes, late of the
GARIBALDI WAS TAKEN.
The European journals are
occupied in publishing the details of the battle between Garibaldi's volunteers
and the troops of Victor Emanuel. The Italian General had an interview with
Garibaldi, and called on him to surrender. The Liberator refused, and the fight
commenced. The contest was prolonged, sanguinary, and fought with courage on
both sides. Garibaldi and his son Menotte, with three hundred men of both
armies, were wounded. The killed were not numerous in proportion. It is said
that Garibaldi will be tried for treason, convicted, sentenced, and then
pardoned, on giving his parole to leave Europe for an indefinite period.