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Page) in advance to hold Washington intermeddling, stupidity, and
treachery responsible. Washington influences had spoiled every thing. They had
demoralized the army. They had caused the defeat of
McClellan on the Peninsula,
Fredericksburg. They were the ruin of the cause,
and nothing was to be hoped until they were expelled.
The battle of Gettysburg was
fought and won. Now if that bugbear, and paralysis, and incarnate blunder, the
"Washington authorities," were responsible for all the Virginia campaigns, they
are not less responsible for the campaign in Pennsylvania under their very
noses. If the disaster is their fault in the one case, the success is their
glory in the other. If they are to be the scape-goats of McClellan's failure,
they must likewise be crowned with
The truth is that it is idle to
hold any man or influence solely responsible for the event of a campaign.
Certainly no battle has been more splendidly fought, and no success is more
vital than that fought and won at
Gettysburg. It has brought to shame the
proverb that the further from Washington the surer the victory. It ought to
bring to shame all of us, of any party, who, for want of successes in the field,
have fallen to unlimited abuse of the Administration. Is General Meade any less
General Grant? Does any body believe that either have been
seriously thwarted by the authorities? Yet the authorities were abused just as
fiercely as ever down to the 4th of July, and we shall always hear that
Washington interference defeated us in Virginia. But if it saved us in
Pennsylvania, is it worth while to call it such hard names?
IT is said by the
Richmond Despatch that "Vice-President Stephens" was going to Washington to inform the
Government of his country that if the private property of rebels was not
respected the rebels would retaliate. Now, considering that "Vice-President
Stephens" is a ringleader of rebels who stop, seize, and burn defenseless ships
upon the high seas, which, in every code, is pure piracy—and considering that
the same rebels have announced their intention to hang without delay the
officers of certain national regiments because they don't like the color of the
soldiers, it is tolerably cool for them to talk of the retaliation to which they
will be forced by our cruelty.
But this assumption of dignity
and scrupulous regard for the rights of war is part of the game of the rebels
and their Northern Copperhead allies. These gentry, who have outraged all public
and private honor, and have plunged their country into civil war for the purpose
of securing immunity in their cruel outrage of the simplest human rights, are
peculiarly fond of invoking the Divine name, and of endeavoring to give a
religious lustre to the tragical crime in which they are engaged. But now and
then the pious veneer is worn away for a little while, as when that eminently
religious personage, Jefferson Davis, whose dignity and gravity enchant John
Bull, forgets that his cue is calm superiority, and raves fiercely about
preferring hyenas to Yankees.
When you remember that these men
were so firmly persuaded that there could be no higher motive for public or
private action than the sheerest selfishness, and that they relied exclusively
upon the utmost meanness of human nature for success in a bloody and desolating
war, waged for the purpose of hopelessly oppressing the unfortunate, their
snivels of piety and affectation of regard for decencies and rights become as
ludicrous and contemptible as the object for which they are a cloak is inhuman
SIMULTANEOUSLY with the news of
our successes the Copperhead papers of every hue broke into a cry for
"magnanimity," and expatiated upon the "noble opportunity" of offering terms and
making peace forthwith. Last week the conduct of the war, in their opinion, was
imbecile and treacherous, leading only to disunion and anarchy; while the rebels
were strong, able, desperate, and following the greatest of generals. Horror,
blackness, and death were all that this nation had to expect from the contest.
Every disaster was magnified by the amiable Copperheads; every weakness jeered,
Governor Seymour jeered at the Academy the taking of Vicksburg, which, he
said, "had been promised us" for the 4th of July. The ruin of public credit,
general prostration, desolation by invading armies, conquering marches, as of
Caesar in Gaul, as of Alexander in Persia—these were the pleasing pictures that
gushed profusely from the Copperhead pencil.
A battle was fought and won by
the loyal soldiers of the country. Presto! Instead of the most forlorn, abject,
and conquered of people, we were at once so superior and invincible that
conscience and honor compelled us immediately to tell the enemy that he was
overwhelmingly subdued, that he could not hope to struggle with us, and that
therefore, with sentiments of the most distinguished consideration for the
bravery of men who tried to overthrow their government when they thought it
utterly unable to resist, and for no cause but to establish a gallant nation of
gentlemen who could whip women at their leisure, we begged them to take command
of us in future as they had always had it in the past.
This is the logical and natural
counsel of the statesmanship of
Vallandigham and his friends. The key of their
position, in all they say or do, is the status quo ante bellum; the
party of the free States serving the slaveholding oligarchy of the South, doing
the bidding and thankfully receiving the cold pieces of their masters. These
gentlemen want last year's strawberries. They want the earth before the deluge.
They gravely expect an intelligent, honest, and resolved people, whose eyes have
been opened to an abyss from which they have barely escaped, to shut their
eyes tight again and play that
there is nothing there. When those people do shut their eyes and open their
mouths, Copperhead statesmanship may give them something to make them wise—but
STATUE BY JOHN BULL.
THE rebel organ in London
announces that a statue of
Stonewall Jackson, seven feet high, is to be made, by
Foley, and presented to Virginia, to be placed in the capitol at
Committee who have it in charge is composed of ten "distinguished
gentlemen"—five of whom are not unknown to us in this country. Sir James
Fergusson is a Scotch baronet who ran through the slave States in the first
weeks of the rebellion, and being an extreme British Tory, was delighted to see,
as he supposed, that we were undone—a fact upon which he has patiently insisted
ever since. Mr. Beresford Hope is also of the most antiquated school of British toryism, which would hail Jackson as a human benefactor, merely because he did
what he could to destroy the hope of free popular government. Mr. Gregory is the
young Irish gentleman who periodically moves in Parliament for the recognition
of the rebels. Mr. Lindsay is largely interested in Southern trade; and Mr. J.
Spence—the inevitable Mr. Spence—is the Liverpool commercial agent of the
These gentlemen are sufficient to
indicate the character of the Committee. The object of agitating for the statue
is to secure the British interests involved, by prolonging sympathy for the
rebellion. Of course it is the sublime character of the great hero which impels
them in the advertisement; but, bitter as the grief may be, and profound the
admiration, the disconsolate widow still continues the business at the old
We miss, however, one illustrious
name from the list. Where is Hartington? He, too, has seen the greatness of the
new nation; and he has actually done something to serve it, as none of the
others have. He wore the rebel colors in the chief city of the Government the
rebels are striving to destroy, and in the very presence of some of the highest
military officers of that Government; and although he was called to account by a
brave and honorable youth, who burned with the insult offered to his country, he
was unrebuked by his host, who warmly reproved the youth for making a fuss in
his house. Here was a service of daring and sagacity: first, in wearing a rebel
badge within the loyal lines; and, second, in exposing the fact that it could be
worn there without rebuke from the person who should have been the first to
resent the insult and expel the offender. The excellent Hartington should
certainly be honorary chairman of the Committee, and who knows that he might not
give another triumph to the rebel cause by securing a subscription from his
"HARPER'S European Guide-Book,"
by W. Pembroke Fetridge, is an indispensable companion for every American
traveling in Europe. It is the only one published in the United States, and the
only complete one in a single volume in the language. It is truly valuable not
only for its general information, but for its minute directions even to the
details of fees, etc., which are always so annoying to the traveler.
"Eastman's White Mountain Guide"
(E. C. Eastman, Concord, New Hampshire) is issued this year in a completer form.
It is a full and accurate hand-book of the various approaches to the White
Mountains from New York, and detailed and picturesque descriptions of the
scenery from various hands, with the most ample directions as to routes, tours,
excursions, and "sights." It is neatly and conveniently bound in flexible
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A SPORTSMAN, less expert than
extravagant, was seated with his servant on a rock, consoling themselves under
the fatigue and disappointment of unsuccessful pursuit. The master says, "Well,
Pat, this is expensive work. I've been calculating that every one of those birds
cost me about $2." "Faith, your Honor," says Pat, throwing a dash of humor into
the sympathizing simplicity of his tone, "I'm sorry for that, but it's lucky
there's no more of them."
A modest-looking young lady
coming one day into the Rooms at Bath, when Nash was master of the ceremonies,
he attempted to confuse and put her to the blush by his effrontery. "Well,
miss," said he, "you have just come from school, I suppose, and I dare say you
have read your Bible; pray can you tell me what was Tobit's dog's name?" "Nash,
Sir," replied she, "and a saucy dog he was."
Friends of the day are like a
Because you may a dozen melons
Before you can find one that's
fit to eat;
And a true friend is just as rare
"Facts are stubborn things,''
said a lawyer to a female witness under examination, "Yes, Sir," said the
witness, "and so are women; and if' you get any thing out of me, just let me
know it." "You'll be committed for contempt," said the lawyer. "Very well," said
the witness; "I shall suffer justly, for I feel the utmost contempt for every
"I'm afraid you'll forget me,
while I'm away," said a brave officer. "Never fear, my dear, the longer you are
away in your country's service the better I shall like you."
"They tell me wine gives
strength," said Fox, one day; "and yet I, who have just drunk three bottles, can
not keep myself on my legs!"
A little girl showed her cousin,
about four years old, a star, saying, "That star you see up there is bigger than
this world," "No, it ain't," said he. "Yes, it is." "Then why don't it keep the
rain off?" replied he.
It is far easier to see small
faults than large virtues.
Innocence is no security against
temptation; it is exactly what temptation conquers.
ARITHMETIC OF CONSUMPTION.—Two
thin shoes make one cold, two colds one attack of bronchitis, two attacks of
bronchitis one coffin.
There is a good deal of hop in a
gallon of ale, but there is more stagger in a pint of whisky.
A REFLECTION BY A SCHOOL-BOY.—The
man who plants a birch-tree near a school-house little knows what he is
conferring on posterity.
"Rents are enormous," as the poor
fellow said when he looked at his coat.
Many a man's tongue is a
two-edged sword—one of the edges cutting his friends and the other himself.
When a ship makes port does the
crew get any?
At what point do armies generally
enter hostile cities? —At the point of the bayonet.
Why are sailors in a leaky vessel
like a dancing-master?—Because they depend on their pumps.
Why is a female who sells her
trinkets like a fish-woman?—Because she vends her-rings.
Why is an old dog like
shipwrecked mariner?—Because he has lost his bark.
"This is dangerous ground," as
the fly observed of the treacle.
"Coming," as the rheumatism said
to the traveler.
The greatest difficulty that an
artist has in drawing crowds is to get them to sit.
Why is an attorney like a
clergyman?—Because he studies the law and profits.
"If you beat me I will call out
the soldiers," says the drum.
What tables are most used through
It is easy enough to tell a hard
drinker—his offense is always brandied on the end of his nose.
DO YOU GIVE IT UP?
Lose my first, and all fiddling
is not worth a straw;
My second gives importance to
physic and law:
Not to mention divines; but my
whole cares for neither,
Eats fruit, and scares ladies in
fine summer weather.
Why are ladies like churches?
There is no living without them;
There is many a spire (aspire) to
They ey are objects of adoration;
And they have a loud clapper in
their upper story.
What small animal is turned into
a large one by being beheaded?
By well employing my second,
You will never regret my first.
When is a pointer like a
When he is used to part ridges
What word of one syllable, if you
take two letters from it, remains a word of two syllables?
How would a witch's servant
announce her carriage? "our brougham (broom) is at the door.
Why are fond mothers like
Because they are attached to
their buoys (boys).
My first is a carriage of war;
In my second great treasures are
My whole's used by many a fair,
Though it don't to their credit
RIOTS IN NEW YORK.
A FEARFUL riot commenced in this
city on the morning of Monday, July 13. At first it was merely a demonstration
the draft, which had been commenced on Saturday in the Ninth District.
The drawing of names was here resumed an Monday morning. A crowd, gradually
increasing, gathered around the office, but the drawing went on until about 60
additional names had been drawn, when a sudden attack was made by the mob. The
wheel was destroyed, the papers scattered, and the building set on fire. The
excitement spread through the city; crowds assembled every where, at first with
no apparent common object. But in a short time the aim of the leaders in the
riot movement appeared to be an indiscriminate attack upon the colored people,
and upon those who were supposed to be in any way connected with the draft or
with the Republican party. Several buildings were sacked and burned. The Tribune
was attacked, and only saved by the vigorous efforts of the police; negroes were
hunted down, several were murdered under the most revolting circumstances. The
house of the Mayor was sacked, that of the Postmaster burned to the ground;
railroad tracks were torn up, and for a while it seemed that the city was under
control of the mob. Their most dastardly performance was the destruction of the
Colored Orphan Asylum, in which some hundreds of children were provided for.
This was sacked, and finally burnt to the ground. The riot raged throughout the
whole of Monday and Tuesday. The movement, which was at first one in opposition
to the draft, has developed into a scheme of plunder and robbery. As we write on
Wednesday noon it appears that the riot is quelled. It is too early to attempt
to give the results, or to speak of the conduct of the public authorities. We
can only say now that the conduct of the police force appears to have been
ENEMY ACROSS THE POTOMAC.
General Meade telegraphs, July
14, "My cavalry now occupy Falling Waters, having overtaken and captured a
brigade of infantry 1500 strong, two guns, two caissons, two battle flags, and a
large number of small-arms. The enemy are all across the Potomac."
CAPTURE OF PORT HUDSON.
According to accounts, deemed
reliable, this stronghold was surrendered to
General Banks on the 5th of July,
with 18,000 prisoners.
ATTACK UPON CHARLESTON.
Charleston has been again
attacked. The attack commenced on the 10th of July by an assault on Morris
General Beauregard reports on that day: At dark on the 10th, the enemy
obtained possession of the southern portion of Morris Island. Four Monitors
engaged battery Wagner, and the battery at Cummings's Point all day without
damage or casualties, but the losses in opposing the landing was severe. Three
hundred were killed and wounded, including sixteen officers. The enemy's loss is
GENERAL LEE'S ACCOUNT OF GETTYSBURG.
THE following general order of
General R. E. Lee to the rebel army, issued from
Hagerstown on Saturday, was
found when General Kilpatrick entered the town on Sunday morning:
GENERAL ORDER—No. 16.
HEAD QUARTERS, ARMY OF NORTHERN
July 11, 1863.
After the long and trying
marches, endured with the fortitude that has ever characterized the soldiers of
the Army of Northern Virginia, you have penetrated to the country of our
enemies, and recalled to the defenses of their own soil those who were engaged
in the invasion of ours. You have fought a fierce and sanguinary battle, which,
if not attended with the success that has hitherto crowned your efforts, was
marked by the same heroic spirit that has commanded the respect of your enemies,
the gratitude of your country, and the admiration of mankind.
Once more you are called upon to
meet the enemy from
whom you have won on so many
fields a name that will never die. Once more the eyes of your countrymen are
turned upon you, and again do wives and sisters, fathers and mothers, and
helpless children, lean for defense on your strong arms and brave hearts. Let
every soldier remember that on his courage and fidelity depends all that makes
life worth having—the freedom of his country, the honor of his people, and the
security of his home. Let each heart grow strong in the remembrance of our
glorious past, and in the thought of the inestimable blessings for which we
contend; and, invoking the assistance of that benign Power which has so signally
blessed our former efforts, let us go forth in confidence to secure the peace
and safety of our country. Soldiers, your old enemy is before you. Win from him
honor worthy of your right cause, worthy of your comrades dead on so many
R. E. LEE,
A sharp fight took place on
Wednesday morning at five o'clock, near Boonsboro, between the Union
Buford and Kilpatrick, and the rebel infantry and cavalry in
large force, under Generals Stuart, Hampton, and Jones. Artillery was used on
both sides. Our troops fought gallantly, but were forced to retire to Boonsboro
inch lay inch, which they held to a late hour, and then drove the enemy back
REBEL PRISONERS RECEIVED.
Up to Friday night eight thousand
four hundred rebel prisoners had reached Baltimore from the battle-field of
Gettysburg, and one thousand five hundred had been received at
making a total of nine thousand nine hundred.
WE TOOK AT VICKSBURG.
The papers publish in full the
official dispatch of
Admiral Porter, recounting the
fall of Vicksburg. While
admitting that the army under General Grant had the heaviest work to do, he
claims a full participation in the victory for the gun-boats. The extent of the
siege operations may be gathered from the fact, which he states, that the
mortars fired seven thousand mortar shells, and the gun-boats four thousand five
hundred. Four thousand five hundred shots were fired from naval guns on shore,
and over six thousand were supplied to the different army corps. We have taken
over twenty-seven thousand prisoners, besides about four thousand
non-combatants, one hundred and two field-pieces, thirty siege guns, fifty
thousand stand of arms, ammunition, locomotives, cars, a few stores, and
fifty-seven stand of colors. Two thousand five hundred rebels have been killed
within the works since the siege began. Among the prisoners are
Lieutenant-General Pemberton, Major Generals S. Stevenson, Smith, Forney, and
Bowen; fourteen Brigadier Generals, and about one hundred and thirty Colonels.
There were five thousand six hundred men in the hospital, half of whom are
wounded The stock of provisions was almost exhausted, and for days numbers had
been eating mule flesh. Of ammunition for heavy guns they had a fair supply; but
for field-guns and musketry they were short.
RETREAT OF BRAGG.
Dispatches from Tullahoma
represent the rebel army of General Bragg retreating across the Tennessee River,
completely demoralized and falling to piece. They burned the splendid bridge at
Bridgeport in their retreat toward
STEPHENS'S PEACE MISSION.
The following is the
correspondence relating to the mission of Alexander H. Stephens and Robert Ould
ADMIRAL LEE'S DISPATCH TO THE
SECRETARY OF THE NAVY.
FORTRESS MONROE, July 4, 1863.
UNITED STATES STEAMER
"MINNESOTA"—2 P. M.
Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of
The following communication is
just received from Mr. Stephens, who is in the flag-of-truce boat anchored
above. I shall inform Mr. Stephens that I await your instructions before giving
him an answer.
S. H. LEE, Admiral, etc.
THE REBEL APPLICATION FOR LEAVE
TO PROCEED TO WASHINGTON.
CONFEDERATE STATES STEAMER
"TORPEDO," IN JAMES RIVER, July 4, 1863.
SIR,—As military commissioner, I
am the bearer of a communication in writing from Jefferson Davis,
Commander-in-Chief of the land and naval forces of the Confederate States, to
Abraham Lincoln, Commander-in-Chief of the land and naval forces of the United
States. Hon. Robert Ould, Confederate States Agent of Exchange, accompanies me
as Secretary, for the purpose of delivering the communication in person, and
conferring upon the subject to which it relates. I desire to proceed directly to
Washington in the steamer Torpedo, commanded by Lieutenant Hunter Davidson, of
the Confederate States Navy, no person being on board but the Hon. Mr. Ould,
myself, and the boat's officers and crew.
Yours, most respectfully,
ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS.
To S. H. LEE, Admiral, etc.
THE APPLICATION DENIED.
NAVY DEPARTMENT, July 4, 1863.
Acting Rear-Admiral S. H. Lee,
The request of Alexander H.
Stephens is inadmissible. The customary agents and channels are adequate for all
needful military communication and conference between the United States forces
and the insurgents.
Secretary of the Navy
The raid of the
rebel Morgan into
Indiana, which he seems to be pursuing with great boldness, has thoroughly
aroused the people of that State and of Ohio to a sense of their danger. On 13th
General Burnside declared martial law in Cincinnati, and in Covington and
Newport on the
Kentucky side. All business is suspended until further orders,
and all citizens are required to organize in accordance with the direction of
the State and municipal authorities. There is nothing definite as to Morgan's
whereabouts; but it is supposed that he will endeavor to move around the city of
Cincinnati and cross the river between there and Maysville. The militia is
concentrating, in obedience to the order of Governor Tod.
RECOGNITION OF THE SOUTH.
MR. ROEBUCK moved his resolution
in favor of the recognition of the South on the 30th of June. Lord R. Montagu
moved an amendment for continued neutrality. Mr. Gladstone, Chancellor of the
Exchequer, opposed the motion. He favored continued non-intervention, but
believed the restoration of the Union impossible. Mr. Bright attacked Mr.
Roebuck, and reiterated his former arguments in favor of the North. Sir George
Grey, on the part of the Cabinet, condemned Mr. Roebuck's embassy to France.
Earl Russell announced in
Parliament that Baron Gros had assured him that France had not any intention of
proposing measures to England for mediation in the United States.
From British sources we have the
very important intelligence that three powerful iron rams, destined for the
service of the rebels, were nearly ready for launching in English ship-yards.
The steamer Gibraltar, lately
Sumter, would soon leave Liverpool, although detained for the moment by the
A grand banquet to rebels and
Anglo-rebel sympathizers was given on board the new steamer Southerner at
Liverpool. Jeff Davis's health was toasted after that of Queen Victoria.