General Averill's Expedition


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, January 9, 1864

Harper's Weekly was the most popular newspaper published during the Civil War. These newspapers were read by many Americans hungry for news of the war, and perhaps a glimpse at the outcome of battles fought by their loved ones. Today, these papers are an invaluable tool for students and researchers wanting more insight into the war.

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Rebel Sharpshooters

McClellan Nomination

McClellan  Presidential Nomination

Averill Expedition

General Averill's Expedition


Battle of Ringgold

Fort Saunders

Fort Saunders

Prisoner's Poem


Bombardment of Charleston

Remington Revolver



Fort Saunders

Battle Fort Saunders







JANUARY 9, 1864.]



(previous Page) Captain Cabot Russel of the colored regiment. Had he fallen, the space was so small and the struggle so brief that the death of an officer of his rank would have been surely known and reported. But to General Gilmore's request to know if he were taken Beauregard returned answer that there was no such prisoner.

If the resolution of the rebels has been carried into effect, and any of these men have been sold into slavery or put to death, the duty of the Government is plain enough. But can it do nothing to solve the terrible doubt?


IT will be remembered that a young English gentleman, known as Lord Hartington, was in this country last winter, and signalized his visit by insulting all faithful American citizens by wearing a rebel badge in the drawing-rooms of Mr. August Belmont, for which he was not reproved by his host, but was called to account by a young Union officer. The fact is not a private one, for it was the subject of universal public comment at the time.

This promising sprig of the British aristocracy does not seem to have learned from experience the danger of meddling with edged tools. He has lately been making a speech abusing this country, and especially New England. He also referred to Mr. Cobden's late speech at Rochdale. Upon which his lordship received the following letter:

MIDHURST, 9th Dec., 1863.

MY LORD,—You will, perhaps, be good enough to take an early opportunity of correcting, publicly, your recent—I had almost said reckless—perversion of the remarks which fell from me on American affairs at Rochdale.

While with my pen in hand, permit me to add, that, with better opportunities than your lordship of studying the system of popular education and the state of society in the New England States, I did not recognize much greater accuracy in what you stated to the Haslingden meeting on those subjects than in what you said of myself. I have the honor to be, etc.   R. COBDEN.


There is a punishment known in infant schools as sitting down hard. Perhaps the Marquis of Hartington knows something about it.


THE University of Michigan, the leading college of the West, has some eight hundred students. Thirty-five of them—the fair general proportion of Copperheads to true men in the free States—lately went to see Vallandigham, and were regaled with rebel sympathy. They put their performance in the papers. It echoed through the country. The young men, then, are traitors, and accept Valiandigham as a leader, and abuse of their country and Government as their doctrine? So many a man wondered, but the students of the University have answered the question for themselves. They held a meeting and passed this resolution, with others of the truest tone:

Resolved, That we feel deeply concerned and justly indignant that the University of Michigan, whose unflinching support of the Union has been so proudly attested by its long "army list" and the untimely sacrifice of many of its noblest and most promising sons, should be brought under the unmerited censure of the press of other States by the ill-concerted holiday freak of thirty-five adventurers, seeking notoriety through such disloyal demonstrations; and who represent neither the honor, intelligence, nor patriotism of the eight hundred men who constitute its membership.



SENATE.—December 22. Petitions presented for exemption of clergymen from draft. Mr. Sumner gave notice of bill for codifying the statutes, and submitted resolution requesting the Postmaster-General to report whether legislation is necessary for new railroad line between Washington and New York.—Select Committee on Pacific Railroad appointed.—Mr. Wilson introduced bill prohibiting Members of Congress from acting as counsel where the United States are concerned.—Mr. Howe submitted resolution granting to Wisconsin five per cent. of the amount of sales of public lands in that State.—The Enrollment bill then came up; various amendments proposed by the Committee were adopted; that exempting clergymen from draft was rejected by a vote of 33 to 8. Mr. Hendricks proposed amendment that the national forces be divided into two classes, the first to include unmarried persons between the ages of twenty and forty-five; the second class, to include all others, not to be called into service until the first class had been called: lost.—The joint resolution from the House appropriating $20,000,000 for bounties, advance pay, etc., of enlisted men, was taken up. On motion of Mr. Fessenden a proviso was adopted that no part of this be paid to men enlisted after the 5th of January, and that after that date no bounty be paid except such as is now provided by laws the proviso adopted by 25 to 9, the resolution then passed unanimously. —Joint resolution from the Houses offering thanks to Captain John Rodgers, of the Weehawken, was passed.—Mr. Trumbull offered resolution directing the Secretary of War to furnish the Senate with information as to the number of generals now without commands equal to a brigade, etc., and whether it is necessary that officers of this rank be employed in subordinate posts.—December 23. Various petitions presented and referred.—Mr. Wilson introduced bill for uniform system of ambulances in the army.—Mr. Wade introduced bill prohibiting, under penalty of fine, imprisonment, and disqualification for office, any member of Congress from acting as counsel or agent in any case, before any tribunal, in which the United States is directly or indirectly a party, or from receiving any compensation for services, in any such case, before any department, bureau, office, or Naval or Military Commission: referred to Committee on the Judiciary.—Mr. Sumner introduced his Codification bill.—Mr. Wilson offered resolution directing the Secretary of War to inform the Senate whether persons held to service or labor in Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri have been enrolled in the army, according to the law of March 3, 1863; and if not, why such enrollment has not been made: adopted.—Mr. Trumbull's resolution of inquiry as to generals without a command equal to a brigade, etc., was taken up and adopted.—After going into executive session the Senate adjourned till January 5.

HOUSE.—December 22. After minor business bill appropriating $700,000 for payment of men called out for home defense in the Missouri Department was passed.—The bill making appropriation for the Military Academy was passed.—Mr. Johnson offered resolution that as the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania had decided the conscription to be unconstitutional, it is the duty of the Executive either to acquiesce or to bring the question before the Supreme Court of the United States: laid on the table by 80 to 43.—The Senate amendments to the $20,000,000 bounty bill were concurred with: bill passed.—December 23. Select

Committee on National Bankrupt Law appointed, Mr. Spaulding Chairman.—The Secretary of War sent in General McClellan's repot of his operations while General-in-Chief and commander of the Army of the Potomac.—Mr. Fenton, from Committee on Military Affairs, reported bill to facilitate the payment of bounties and arrears due to deceased soldiers.—Mr. Schenck, from the same committee, reported bill to create a Bureau of Military Justice; and also bill repealing part of the Enrollment bill, designed to unite the two classes of enrolled men; debate ensued, in the course of which Mr. Ancona offered a preamble and resolution declaring the Enrollment act unjust and unconstitutional, because it takes from the States the control of their own militia, and instructing the committee to bring in a bill for the repeal of the act, and the substitution of some constitutional and just bill for immediately filling up our armies; Mr. Schenck said that the committee would not report a repealing bill, but were considering amendments to make it more effective.—Mr. Myers introduced is bill reducing the excise tax on coal oil, repealing the clause which permits its exportation free of duty, and classifying coal oil distilled: referred.—Mr. Morehead introduced resolution requiring inquiry into the improvement of the navigation of the Ohio River.—The House adjourned to January 5.


No important movements by either of the Armies of the Potomac are reported. General Meade has issued an order granting a furlough of 35 days to soldiers who have re-enlisted, and also directing that when three-fourths of a company or regiment re-enlists that portion may go home in a body, taking its arms and equipments. Appearances indicate that the two armies will remain in winter-quarters near their old positions—ours upon the north side of the Rappahannock and Rapidan, the enemy upon the south.


A brilliant cavalry expedition, planned by General Kelley, who commands in Western Virginia, has been executed, the object of which was to cut the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, the chief line of communication between the Confederate armies in Virginia and Tennessee. Several feigned movements were made, with the object of misleading the enemy, all of which were successfully executed. The command of the real expedition was given to General Averill. On the 8th of December he started from New Creek, near the Maryland border, with four mounted regiments and a battery, marching almost due south, which brought him almost directly between the Confederate armies in Virginia and Tennessee. On the 16th he struck the line of the railroad at Salem, and begun the work of destruction. The telegraphic wire was cut, three depots with a large amount of stores destroyed, and the track torn up, bridges and culverts destroyed for a space of 15 miles; this was the work of a few hours. The enemy in the mean time had learned of his position and operations, and sent out six separate commands, under their ablest generals, to intercept him on his return. They took possession of every road through the mountains which was thought passable. One road, which crossed the tops of the Alleghanies, and was thought impracticable, remained. By this Averill made his escape, carrying off all his material with the exception of four caissons, which were burned in order to increase the teams of the pieces. His entire loss in this raid was 6 men drowned in crossing a river, 4 wounded, and about 90 missing. He captured about 200 prisoners, but released all but 84, on account of their inability to walk. In his report General Averill says, "My march was retarded occasionally by the tempest in the icy mountains and the icy roads. I was obliged to swim my command and drag my artillery with ropes across Crog's Creek seven times in twenty-four hours.....My horses have subsisted entirely upon a very poor country, and the officers and men have suffered cold, hunger, and fatigue with remarkable fortitude. My command has marched, climbed, slid, and swam 355 miles in 14 days."—General Kelley says of this expedition that it is "one of the most hazardous, important, and successful raids since the commencement of the war." Its importance is not to be measured by the loss actually sustained in accomplishing it, but by the fact that it has severed the direct communication between the armies of Lee and Longstreet.


Nothing of definite importance is reported from the armies in Tennessee. General Joseph E. Johnston has been appointed to the command of the rebel army formerly commanded by Bragg, and temporarily by Hardee, which is reported to be in the neighborhood of Dalton, Georgia. Longstreet, in his retreat, was come up with on the 14th of December by a portion of our troops in pursuit at Bean's Station, he turned, and after a sharp fight, as reported through Southern sources, our troops fell back. The Confederate report says: "After a stubborn resistance the enemy retreated toward Knoxville; we captured seventy wagon-loads of stores and some prisoners. Our loss in killed and wounded was 800; 275 prisoners have come in." The Union loss in this affair is not given.


The report of disaster to the Ironsides and "Monitors" proves to be without foundation. The siege of Charleston continues to be carried on. A fire took place in Fort Sumter, in which ten or a dozen lives were lost. Sharp firing is exchanged between the batteries; and General Gilmore at intervals sends shells into Charleston, inflicting considerable damage. The latest accounts, coming down to December 27, are from Southern sources. On the 25th and 26th 130 shells were thrown into the city. On the 25th a fire broke out, whether caused by our shells is not stated, destroying ten or twelve buildings, and killing and injuring several persons. The firing was from three guns at Fort Gregg, one at Cumming's Point, and one from a mortar battery. There was an engagement on the 25th between our gun-boats and the Confederate batteries on Johnson's Island. The Southern accounts represent it to have been a drawn battle; they lost, they say, one killed and five wounded. On the night of the 26th four shells were thrown into the city. General Gilmore is erecting new batteries on Cumming's Point, which the enemy are trying to prevent by a heavy fire from their batteries.


A strong Union feeling is being developed in Arkansas. Seven thousand persons have taken the oath of allegiance. The reports of the abandonment of the rebel cause by the Indians in Arkansas are fully confirmed by dispatches from Fort Smith, stating that the Choctaw chieftain, McCurtain, with other rebel leaders, came into our lines and surrendered themselves to General McNeil. They have abandoned the rebel allegiance, and profess a desire to avail themselves of the Presidents Amnesty Proclamation. The question of modifying the Amnesty Proclamation, so as to embrace the case of these Indians, is now being mooted in Washington.


The Alabama has turned up in the Eastern seas. In October she left the Cape of Good Hope, and at the close of the month made her appearance at the port of Madras, but did not enter. At latest intelligence, date not given, but apparently early in November, she had captured and burned two American merchantmen off the Island of Java. One was the Amanda, bound from Manilla to Cork, the other the Winged Racer, bound from Manilla to New York.


It was supposed that arrangements had been made to secure an exchange of prisoners, man for man. General Butler, to whom the matter has been committed, sent 500 Southern prisoners, and an equal number of ours were sent back. The rebel Government then refused any further exchange, unless all the questions are given up about which our Government has been contending, and their laws in regard to officers and soldiers in negro regiments are recognized. They also refiesed to receive a flag of truce from General Butler, or to negotiate with him on the subject of exchange, because of Jeff Davis's proclamation outlawing General Butler last year. They have also refused to receive any further supplies for our suffering prisoners.


An order has been issued by Government prohibiting any vessels from putting to sea from the port of New York until they, their crews, and passengers, have been examined

by the authorities; all suspicious persons will be arrested, and the transmission of arms and munitions of war will be prevented. It is said that the existence of a considerable trade with the enemy in these articles has been discovered, and several arrests of prominent merchants on this account have been made. The general plan has been to send revolvers, percussion caps, and similar articles, in barrels purporting to contain provisions, apparently to California. Arriving at Panama, the goods are taken off, by orders from the shippers, and sent through Mexico to the Confederate States.


The Confederate Congress has passed a new Military bill, which enacts that "All musicians, privates, and non-commissioned officers now in the armies of the Confederate States, by virtue of volunteering, enlistment, or conscription into the military service of the Confederate States, be, and the same are hereby retained in the said service for and during the existing war with the United States, and no longer."—A bill has been passed imposing a tax of ten per cent. upon all the crop of sweet-potatoes in the entire South.—A resolution has been adopted confiscating the notes of all the banks in the Confederate States held by alien enemies; the same principle is to be applied to all cotton and other paper negotiable by delivery.

The Richmond papers contain statistics from which they argue that the State of Virginia within the Confederate lines contains provisions sufficient to support the whole army of the South, besides the population of the State.

Governor Clarke, of Mississippi, has issued a proclamation notifying all aliens between 18 and 45 to enlist or leave the State before the 1st of March. Those below or above the military age are liable to do militia duty the same as citizens.

Wilmington, North Carolina, has for some time been the only Confederate port with any considerable trade; this port, as is shown by dispatches in captured vessels, may now be considered effectively blockaded. According to the Journal, published in that city, the whole amount of cotton shipped thence during the year is less than 50,000 bales; less than this has been shipped by blockade-runners from all other ports east of the Mississippi; the whole sent abroad by all means is put down at less than 150,000 bales, against more that 4,000,000 exported the year before the rebellion.

General Forrest, commanding at Atlanta, has issued an order threatening arrest and confiscation of property against all who refuse to take Confederate money.

The Legislature of Texas has refused to pass a resolution requesting Congress to declare Confederate Treasury notes a legal tender.

The Richmond Inquirer says that in case colored soldiers are "sent to the field and put in battle none will be taken prisoners—our troops understand what to do in such cases. If any negroes have been captured during the war as soldiers in the enemy's ranks we have not heard of them. We do not think such a case has been reported."



A PRIZE fight between Heenan, an American, and King, an Englishman, which came off on the 8th of December, absorbed attention for a time, to the exclusion of politics. The fight was for £2000. King was victorious, after a terrible contest, which lasted about half an hour.

The British Government seem to be determined to prevent the building of war vessels in Great Britain for the Confederates. Besides the rams heretofore seized, the steamer Pampero was seized at Glasgow on the 10th of December, by order of the Lord Advocate of Scotland.

Hostilities, apparently of no very serious character, have broken out in India. Some of the Hill Tribes attacked an English position, drove in a picket, but were repulsed. Two British officers were killed and five wounded; 128 British and native troops were killed and wounded.—Lord Elgin, the Governor-General of India, died on the 20th of November. He is to be succeeded by Sir John Lawrence.


Several of the European Powers have replied formally to the proposal of the French Emperor for a general Congress. As noted in our last number, Great Britain definitely declined to take part.

The reply of the Czar is cordial in terms, and professes a readiness to join in the scheme on certain conditions. "I should be happy," he writes, "if your Majesty's proposition lead to a loyal understanding between the sovereigns; but for this to be practically realized it can only proceed from the consent of the other Great Powers. It is indispensable for your Majesty to define the questions upon which an understanding should be arrived at, and the basis upon which it would be established." Now, as the Polish question is the leading one, it is assumed that the reply of Russia amounts to a refusal.

The King of Prussia is quite ready to take part in a Congress, but thinks that the Ministers of the different States should prepare the proposals to be submitted for consideration; but declares that the Treaties of Vienna must continue to form the foundation of the European political edifice. The reply is thoroughly non-committal.

The Emperor of Austria, in his reply, wished to know the programme of the deliberations. To this the Minister added a dispatch, insisting that the French Government should define its position with more distinctness; then the Austrian Government could decide upon the advantage of joining the Congress.

The Pope assents to the proposal, and declares that he shall "specially demand the re-establishment in Catholic countries of the real pre-eminence naturally appertaining to the Catholic religion as being the true faith." Spain, Italy, Denmark, and Greece assent to the proposal in the most unhesitating terms.

The King of the Belgians answers dubiously. "It would be desirable," he says, if by the effect of a pacific agreement the existing causes of anxiety in Europe could be settled;" but gives no definite answer beyond declaring that his Government "would be quite inclined to join in it, so far as it could do so." The Germanic Confederation, in its reply, lays down certain conditions precedent, and says that "it will be disposed," as a body, to respond to the invitation, and take part in the Congress, by sending a special Plenipotentiary, who would be there with the members of the Confederation who had received individual invitations.


In Mexico every thing appears to be in utter confusion. The French are reported to have met with some reverses. General Comonfort was killed on the 13th of November, whether by a party of imperialists, or by a band of robbers, is a matter of doubt.


For many months a war has been going on between the States of Guatemala and Salvador, the advantages being on the side of the former, until General Barrios of Salvador was, about the close of September, shut up in the capital, and closely besieged. The siege had lasted about a month, when Barrios resolved to cut his way through the beleaguering troops. The attempt was made with the small forces capable of action. Most of these were killed or captured during a long march through a hostile country; but the General with a few followers at last succeeded in reaching the coast, where he was received on board an American vessel, which conveyed him to Panama, whence he took passage for New York.

Troubles have broken out between Ecuador and the United States of Colombia, the precise grounds of which are obscure. The Ecuadorian General Flores has marched into New Granada, and a naval expedition from Guayaquil has seized the small port of Tumaco. Mosquera, the President of Colombia, has gathered forces to oppose Flores. Unless there is a revolution at home it would appear that the forces of Colombia are far superior to those of Ecuador.

Honduras is likely to be agitated by a dispute as to the Presidency, It seems that when Guardiola was assassinated, a couple of years ago, the Presidency was assumed for the remainder of his term by the Senator Medina. At the recent election Medina was defeated by General Xatrach. Medina then summoned the Congress to meet in February, expecting that this body would declare him

elected, upon what grounds we do not know.—Nicaragua is in some way involved in the quarrel between Salvador and Guatemala. Costa Rica seems to be the only Central American state which remains tranquil.


BRIGADIER-GENERAL MICHAEL CORCORAN died on Tuesday, the 22d of December, at Fairfax Court House, Virginia, from injuries received by a fall from his horse. General CORCORAN was born in Curronkeel, Sligo County, Ireland, on the 21st of September, 1827, and emigrated to this city in 1849. In the summer of 1859 he became Colonel of the Sixty-ninth Regiment. He was being court-martialed for his refusal to take part in the reception given to the Prince of Wales when the rebellion broke out. His regiment was needed, and he was allowed to take command of it. At the first battle of Ball Run he was wounded and taken prisoner, and remained in confinement for thirteen months. He was released in August, 1862, when he returned to this city, upon which occasion he was honored with one of the most brilliant ovations which New York ever gave. He then received his rank as Brigadier-General and commenced the organization of the "Corcoran Legion," which he has since led on the battle-field.

A few days ago JOSEPH LUME, alias JOHN KENDALL, a conscript or substitute in the Third New Hampshire Volunteers, was shot at Morris Island for desertion.

Major-General BUTLER has been to Point Lookout on a tour of inspection among hospitals and prisons. There had been some rumor of an intention on the part of some rebels to release the prisoners confined at that point, and of a tendency to revolt among the prisoners themselves. This was doubtless the occasion of his mission.

On Christmas-day the Russian fleet arrived in Hampton Roads at noon, saluting our flag. The Minnesota replied.

The steamer New York left City Point on the 25th with five hundred prisoners for exchange.

A few days ago the New Orleans steam-ship George Cromwell was seized by Marshal MURRAY, and a large quantity of powder and percussion caps were found on board. Several passengers who presented a suspicious appearance were arrested. The shipment of the materials of war—which were supposed to be intended for the rebels —was traced to a certain prominent house in Cortlandt Street. The main facts of the case have been concealed by the authorities—no doubt for good reasons—and it is therefore enveloped in come mystery for the present.

The famous prize Peterhoff has been put in commission at the Brooklyn Navy-yard as a thorough man-of-war, having gone through the process of "conversion" in the most successful manner. She will in a few days be ready for active service.

Captain WILLIAM W. BADGER, who was dismissed from the One Hundred and Forty-fifth New York Volunteers in August last, for an alleged insult to his colonel and lieutenant-colonel, has been honorably reinstated by President LINCOLN, and has been appointed a captain in the Ironsides Regiment (the One Hundred and Seventy-sixth), now in Louisiana. In the mean time the offended colonel and lieutenant-colonel have been dismissed from the service on dishonorable charges. Captain BADGER leaves for New Orleans quite vindicated.

It is stated that the Confederacy has sent Commissioners to Ireland to recruit clandestinely for the rebel army. At least so says a Captain in the United States army lately returned from Richmond. The plan is said to be as follows: Advertisements will be inserted in country journals stating that 200 or 300 laborers, 100 mechanics, 50 clerks, etc., are required for immediate and lucrative employments. The applicants are told that their passage will be paid free to America, and that the employment promised will be guaranteed there. Blockade-running steamers are to call at Cork for orders, and take the entrapped recruits to their destination.

Four hundred and eighteen rebels have, within the last few days, been released from the Old Capitol and allowed to go North upon taking the oath of allegiance. Over a hundred remain who have expressed a desire to do likewise.

The Senate have postponed the period at which the three hundred dollar bounties are to cease from the 5th of January to the 1st of February; and the draft will probably be put off for the same length of time.

Private JOHN TEAGUE, Company A, Fifth Vermont, and Private — BLOWER, Company B, Third Vermont Regiment, having been tried before a general court-martial for desertion and found guilty were executed on December 19.

Commodore MONTGOMERY will relieve Commodore HARWOOD of the command. of the Washington Navy-yard on the 1st of January. At the same time the popular executive officer of the yard, Commander F. A. PARKER, will assume the command of the Potomac flotilla.

After the 1st of January the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron will be relieved from duty in the Chesapeake Bay, north of York River, by the gun-boats of the Potomac flotilla.

On Wednesday evening, December 23, General BURNSIDE arrived at his home in Providence. Governor SMITH met him at the depot, and a Major-General's salute was fired.

In the skirmish which took place a short time ago at Bean's Station, the enemy admit a loss of 800 in killed and wounded.

All the officers, soldiers, and sailors, captured at Galveston in January last have been paroled, and are on the way to New Orleans.

The probable number of re-enlistments into the Veteran corps from the Army of the Potomac is estimated at ten thousand.

The Soldiers' Relief Bazar of Boston will pay over one hundred and forty thousand dollars to the Sanitary Commission.

The United States steamer Massachusetts arrived at Fortress Monroe on the 27th ult. She had on board sixteen rebel prisoners, and also a portion of the obstructions in Charleston harbor, forwarded to Washington by Admiral DAHLGREN.

Private WILLEY, Company B, Second Cavalry, was accidentally killed by the discharge of his own revolver while lying in his bunk.

The first New York regiment which has re-enlisted is the Sixth New York Cavalry, Colonel DEVINS. It has left for home on furlough.

Brigadier-General ROBERT O. TYLER has been relieved of his command and put at the head of the Irish Legion, lately commanded by CORCORAN.

The duty of superintending the exchange of prisoners has been transferred from General MEREDITH to General BUTLER, and a new regime will be at once established.

Several officers and soldiers of the rebel army have come into the Union lines at Newbern, North Carolina, and taken the new oath of allegiance, and accepted the pardon offered by Mr. LINCOLN'S recent Proclamation. They report that a number of others are about to do the same thing.

On December 28 COLLINS and M'KENNA, two of the Chesapeake pirates, were arrested and brought before the police magistrate at St. John.

Lieutenant-Commander McCUNN, of the gun-boat Kennebec, has captured a rebel schooner, the Marshal J. Smith, laden with cotton and turpentine, and bound from Mobile to Havana. Her cargo, it is supposed, includes two hundred and sixty bales of cotton.

The Richmond papers are despondent over the effects of General AVERILL'S late raid.

A new cemetery, called the Chattanooga United States Cemetery, has been established in order that every soldier who has fallen in the vicinity of Chattanooga may not only be properly interred but in such a manner as to secure most readily his identification by his friends.

The frauds in the Quarter-master's Department at Alexandria will foot up millions. The Secretary of War has taken the matter in hand. These frauds have been in progress seven months.




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