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Page) fend the national domain? These are the only questions that
ought now to be entertained by the American people.
And upon these questions there
can not properly be any mere party division. The election of November 8 has
destroyed all existing parties.
Mr. LINCOLN is not elected because he was a
General McCLELLAN defeated because he was a
Democrat. The election is the expression of the
overpowering determination of the people that there shall be no parties during a
war for the life of the nation. We have but one duty before us, and that is to
defend the nation against foreign and domestic foes. A vigorous and unyielding
war is now heartily accepted by the people as the only way to peace.
THE ARTISTS' FUND SOCIETY.
THIS Society, now in its fifth
year, is designed for the relief of suffering artists. It is in fact a Mutual
Insurance Company, the source of its receipts being an annual sale of pictures
contributed by the members. Among the piles of political and purely commercial
pamphlets it is a pleasure to come upon the simple, modest statement of the
operations of this Society for its fourth year. It has a fund of thirteen
thousand dollars in the treasury, yielding an income of about, one thousand
dollars. The required value of contributions is fifty dollars each. They are
collected in a gallery, and after proper exhibition are sold. The results of the
last sale showed an average of seventy-six dollars for each contributor, against
seventy-three in the previous year, Mr. CASILEAR was the retiring President---we
intend no pun, although the pun would be equally true—and the management is
entirely in the hands of the artists. Friendly, genial botherhood ! the heart is
drawn to their peaceful labors all the more warmly in the stormy times upon when
we are cast. And, like their brethren the authors, never do they appear in a
lovelier light than that of charity to each other—and to their critics.
A NEW VOLUME OF " HARPER."
WITH the December Number of
Harper's Magazine begins the Thirtieth Volume, and it begins with unabated
energy and interest. The hold which this monthly has upon the popular heart is
unrelaxing, as it ought to be; for there is no magazine published which is more
skillfully adapted to the popular sympathy and taste. The facilities of the
Publishers enable them to secure the earliest publication of the best stories of
the best English authors, as well as the contributions of the most attractive
American writers. DICKENS'S tale, " Our Mutual Friend" — one of his most
characteristic works—was begun in June, and is regularly continued every month,
Ross BROWNE'S " Tour through Arizona," illustrated by his own drawings, give the
freshest and most amusing passages of American travel and adventure; while the
popular historian of NAPOLEON, JOHN S. C. ABBOTT, begins, in the December
Number, "Heroic Deeds of Heroic Men," being the most interesting and brilliant
passages in the history of the war for the Union.
In this Number also begins the
new novel of WILKIE COLLINS, author of " The Woman in White," " No Name," etc.
It is called " Armadale," and it opens with commanding interest and
maturer power. The first number
thoroughly arouses the reader's interest and expectation, and is superior in its
characteristic way to any opening chapters of his previous works. These, with
the usual miscellany, compose a monthly feast which we heartily commend to all
our readers. WILKIE COLLINS has fairly on his laurels. He is now showing that he
can justly wear them.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
Two fast young men, just
returning home after a night's carousal, saw the sun rising. One of them
insisted it was the sun, the other that it was the moon: They agreed to leave it
to the first man they met. He also had been out on a lark, "Excuse me, Sir, but
my friend and I have made a little bet whether that's the sun or the moon that's
now rising, and we've agreed to have you decide the matter." "Fact is,
gentlemen, I should be very happy; but you see I'm a stranger in the city, and
been out all night !"
"THE GOOD OLD TIMES."--The old
times were not good times, at least for servants. Here is a deed which,
nowadays, would be deemed most brutal and unmanly, recorded in Pepys' Diary as
rather commendable than other wise "December 2, 1680. This morning, observing
some things to be laid up not as they should be by my girl, I took a broom and
basted her till she cried exceedingly."
A DISCOVERY.—How many feet has a
horse?--Six; fore-feet in front and two behind.
"Paddy," said a wag, " your ears
are too long." "Divil a hit my thrubble does that give me; but yours are too
short altogither for the braying baste that yees be."
THE HIGHEST KIND OF
ARCHITECTURE--Building castles in the air.
THE LIGHT OF OTHER DAYS--Oil
Why is a vain young lady like a
confirmed drunkard?—Because neither of them are satisfied with the moderate use
of the glass.
This is worth noting: wit's
controll'd by dullness; The deepest thought can scarce be said in fullness;
Elixir to the blood of two or three,
Poison to lives of common men 'twould
" Who is he?" said a passer-by to
a policeman, who was endeavoring to raise an intoxicated individual that had
fallen into a gutter. " Can't say, Sir," replied the policeman ; "he can't give
any account of himself." "Of course not," replied the other ; "how are you to
expect an account from a man who has lost his balance ?"
" A word in your privat-eer," as
Captain Winslow said to Semmes when he fired his 11-inch shell into the Alabama
NO DORG TO LOVE.
No dorg to love, none to karess,
How can I ever mi sadness
Chunck is defunct, dead as a nale;
Hushed is his barkin, and still
is his tale. O such a tale, white on the end,
Opht did he chase it with wiggle
and bend; Chase it with nose twisting around,
Till overcum he reposed on the
Now he's ekstinct, dead as a
Where is the bark and the wag of
his tale. In dreams alone, poor Chunck I see,
Swigging his milk, or else
skratching a flea, 'Tis but a dream, waking I weep,
For under 2 feet of ground does
O blissful pup, onst full of pia,
Hav'n't I fed you day after day?
Given you milk, given you bread,
Given you maul a pat on the head?
Now you're ekstinct, dead as a
Where is the bark and the wag of
What is the difference between a
cat and a document? --One has claws at the end of its paws, and the other has
pauses at the end of its clauses.
The first time Jerrold saw a
celebrated song-writer, the latter said to him "Youngster, have you sufficient
confidence in me to lend me a guinea?" " Oh yes," said Jerrold, "I've all the
confidence, but I haven't the guinea."
Vegetable life is more vigorous
than animal life. A tree can stand a great deal more hacking than a man.
"Mother," said a little square-built urchin about five years old, "why don't the
teacher make me a monitor sometimes? I can lick every boy in my class but one
WANTED--By an attorney, a clerk to engross other people's attention.
To hear a declaration of love a
young lady will give her ears.
If all swallows had wings and
bills, what a fluttering and twittering there would be in some stomachs. The
following is ingenious as a specimen of two mean-
ings in the some words, after the
manner of the old revolutionary quibble in which King George was at once
denounced and applauded. The one sense is found in reading the two columns, the
other in reading across as if there was but one;
I always did intend To take to
me a wife
Single my life to spend, Would
grieve my very life.
It much delighteth me To think
upon a bride,
To live from women free, I
can't be satisfied.
It's sure a happy life 'Tis
woman is the thing
To live without a wife Such
troubles on us bring
A female to my mind The joy I
I ne'er expect to find So great
A bachelor to live I never
My mind I freely give A married
man to be.
"Grammar class, stand up and
recite. Tom, parse girls."
PUPIL. " GirIs is a particular
noun, of the lovely gender, lively person, and double number, kissing mood, in
the immediate tense, and in the expectation ease to matrimony, according to
CONSOLATION STAKES.—Those you get
at a city tavern the day after you have tried to eat the article at home.
CAUTION.--The other day a lady, while stooping over
her sewing-machine, suddenly got
a most painful stitch in her side.
Matches, like every thing else,
have " gone up." Young ladies and parsons greatly fear that the upward tendency
will be detrimental to "match-making."
The son who recently had a
fifty-acre lot left him by his father is said to be " contented with his lot."
"FAST" AND "SLOW" WRITERS—Swift
A celebrated divine in the west
of Scotland, while one day taking his usual walk, happened to come on a little
boy busily engaged in forming a miniature building of clay. Always fond of
conversation with children, he at once began his interrogatories as follows: "
Well, my little man, what's this you're doing?" "Making a hoose, Sir." " What
kind o' a hoose ?" " A kirk, Sir." "Where's the door?" "There it's," replied the
boy, pointing with his finger. "Where's the pulpit?" " There," said the boy. The
doctor, now thinking he would fix the sharp eyed boy, again asked, " Ay, but
where's the minister?" The youngster, with a knowing look to his querist, and
with a scratch of his head, replied, " Oh, I hav'na enough o' dirt to make
Dr, Tomkins showed one of his
friends a surgical instrument ornamented with a handle carved in bone.
"By-the-by," said he " do you know what that handle is made of?" " Of ivory ?" '
No, you are wrong there," said the doctor, with tears in his eyes; " that handle
is the thigh-bone of my poor aunt."
A person lately inquired how
often fresh meat could be supplied to a family residing for the summer season in
a village not many miles from Brechin. "Weel, weel, Sir,' replied a woman
apparently well acquainted with the capabilities of the district, " ye maun gie
yer orders aforehand, as our butcher only kills half a beast at a time."
At the Winchester sessions four
men were indicted for stealing beaus. A gentleman present asked another, "What
have they been doing?" "Bean stealing," was the reply.
An Irish witness in a court of
justice, being asked what kind of "ear-marks" the hog in question had,
replied—"He had no particular ear-marks except a very short tail."
A FORENSIC SWORDSMAN.—Mr.
Sergeant Parry is retained on behalf of Hillier. Certainly Parry is a promising
name for a defense.
A traveler who was detained an
hour by some mischance, shortened his stay by "making a ' minute' of
it." There's philosophy for you.
One of the Pill-grims Fathers—Brandreth.
DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION.
ON Tuesday, the 8th of November,
the people of the twenty-five loyal States voted for the President and
Vice-President of the United States. On the same day in seven of these States,
namely, New York, Massachusetts, Michigan, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, and
Nevada, there were also held elections of State officers. The election was
proceeded with quietly, without even the ordinary commotion. Every possible and
expedient measure was adopted to secure this end both by the General and State
Governments. There had been rumors of a meditated invasion of States on the
Northern border, and of violent schemes involving the release of rebel prisoners
and the destruction of the principal Northern cities. The indications that such
violence was contemplated were considered sufficient to justify the Government
in sending troops North in such numbers, and so disposed, as to render these
attempts, if made, utterly useless. Every precaution, however, was taken that
these armed men should not even appear, unless absolutely necessary.
Major-General Butler was sent to New York City to take command of the troops
which were arriving here to meet the existing emergencies.
As we go to press the returns of
the election are incomplete ;
but it is certain that
ABRAHAM LINCOLN has been re-elected President and ANDREW JOHNSON elected
Vice-President of the United States by overwhelming majorities.
THE CAMPAIGN IN VIRGINIA.
Since the movement of October 27
nothing important has occurred in the armies of the James and of the Potomac. On
the night of the 30th (Sunday) the rebels effected an entrance into the picket
line at the point of connection of the Second and Fifth Corps, and passing from
one post to another took all the pickets prisoners. The number captured was
nearly 400. It was intended to follow up this adroitly-executed scheme by an
assault at the same point, but this was frustrated by the escape of one of the
pickets, who gave prompt information of the enemy's movement. Some time previous
to this event the same trick had been as successfully played upon the enemy. The
point where the Second and Fifth Corps connect appears to be an inviting goal,
at which all rebel assaults on the Army of the Potomac are specially directed.
Nothing more than the usual
guerrilla warfare affords a topic of news in the Valley since the
Cedar Creek. On the 26th General Duffle was captured by guerrillas between
Winchester. On the 22d General Early issued an address to his
army. He said that he had hoped to congratulate them on a splendid victory won
by them at Belle Grove, on Cedar Creek, where they had surprised and routed two
Sheridan's army, capturing 18 pieces of artillery and 1500 prisoners;
but that he had the mortification of announcing to them that by their subsequent
misconduct they lost all the benefits of their victory, and incurred a serious
disaster. He attributed the defeat of October 19 wholly to the disorderly
conduct of his men. He said that if any considerable number of them had made a
stand, even at the last, the disaster would have been averted, " but under the
insane dread of being flanked, and a panic-stricken terror of the enemy's
cavalry," they would listen to no appeal, and had allowed a small body of
cavalry to take their trains and artillery.
On the 19th and 20th of October
an Important correspondence occurred between Lieutenant-General Grant and
General Lee in regard to the treatment of prisoners.
General Lee opened the
correspondence. He stated that all negroes taken by the Confederates were
treated by them as prisoners of war unless they were identified as property of
citizens or residents of the Confederate States. From these no labor was
exacted. Those who were identified as slaves occupied a different position. He
referred to the policy of the American States in the wars of the Revolution and
of 1812, and said that they had returned to their owners all slaves captured in
war who had been abducted from those owners by the British armies. He said that
the negroes who had been employed on the rebel lines of fortification were
slaves, but they had been thus employed through an error of his engineer
officer, and were meant to be sent into the interior. General Grant replied that
all Federal soldiers when captured by the Confederates must be treated as
prisoners of war; if they were treated otherwise he must resort to the policy of
THE WESTERN CAMPAIGN.
A dispatch from General Blunt,
dated Neosho, Missouri, October 30, says that on the 28th he came up with Price
at Newtown, and after a severe fight of three or four hours, drove the enemy
from the field in confusion, with the loss of over 200, including two Colonels.
Our total loss was about 120. The Federal troops consisted of Ford's and
Jennison's brigades of Blunt's Division. The enemy was fully 10,000 strong.
Price is retreating toward Cassville, and will be vigorously pursued. Price has
been utterly defeated in his Missouri campaign, and chiefly by the co-operation
of Kansas troops and by Pleasanton's prompt movements. The rebel General was
exactly repeating his original campaign in the State in 1861. He was then
outgeneraled by Halleck, and after his forced retreat from the State was hard
pushed, and at Pea Ridge suffered a terrible defeat. Will
Rosecrans give us a
second Pea Ridge?
General Sherman, two days after
the battle of Allatoona, issued the following congratulatory order:
" IN THE FIELD, KENESAW MOUNTAIN,
OCT. 7, 1864. a SPECIAL FIELD ORDERS No. 86.--The General Commanding avails
himself of the opportunity in the handsome defense made of 'Allatoona,' to
illustrate the most important principle in war, that fortified posts should be
defended to the last, regardless of the relative numbers of the party attacking
"Allatoona was garrisoned by
three regiments, commanded by Colonel Tourtelotte, and reinforced by a
detachment from a division at Rome, under command of Brigadier-General J. M.
Corse, on the morning of the 5th, and a few hours after was attacked by French's
Division of Stewart's corps, two other divisions being near at hand, and in
support. Gem French demanded a surrender, in a letter, to avoid a useless
effusion of blood,' and gave but five minutes for answer Gen. Corse's answer was
emphatic and strong, that he and his command were ready for the 'useless
effusion of blood' as soon as it was agreeable to General French.
"This was followed by an attack
which was prolonged for five hours, resulting in the complete repulse of the
enemy, who left his dead on the ground, amounting to more than two hundred, and
four hundred prisoners, well and wounded. The 'effusion of blood' was not
'useless,' as the position at Allatoona was and is very important to our present
and future operations.
" The thanks of this army are
due, and are hereby accorded, to General Corse, Colonel Tourtelotte, officers
and men, for their determined and gallant defense of Allatoona, and it is made
an example to illustrate the importance of preparing in time, and meeting the
danger, when present, boldly, manfully, and well.
"This army, though unseen to the
garrison, was co-operating by moving toward the road by which the enemy could
alone escape, but unfortunately were delayed by the rain and mud ; but this fact
hastened the retreat of the enemy.
"Commanders and garrisons of the
posts along our rail roads are hereby instructed that they must hold their posts
till the last minute. sure that the time gained is valuable and necessary to
their comrades at the front.
" By order of Major-General
CAPTURE OF THE " FLORIDA."
We are able this week to record
another naval triumph which blots from the sea the most powerful privateer of
the Confederacy. On the 7th of October the pirate steamer Florida was captured
by the United States steamer Wachussett in the Bay of Salvador, Brazil.
Fifty-eight of the crew and twelve officers of the pirate were taken with out
the loss of a man. Eight of the crew and the surgeon arrived on the Kearsarge at
Boston November 7. The details of the capture are as follows :
The Florida arrived at Bahia, Bay
of San Salvador, on the night of October 7. The Wachusett was in the same port,
and Captain Collins, commanding the vessel, after consultation with his
officers, determined to sink the Florida. The privateer was attacked at three
o'clock in the morning, and completely surprised. The Florida was compelled to
surrender. Captain Morris, commanding the privateer, and a portion of his crew,
were on shore at the time, and were not captured. The capture of this vessel in
a measure compensates us for the report that the Tallahassee is again at work,
and that two new privateers are afloat, namely, the Chickamauga and the Olustee.
The Chickamauga is commanded by
Lieutenant John Wilkinson, an old officer of the United States Navy, who
resigned at the beginning of the war. The vessel is a screw steamer, and carries
an armament of three guns—one 32-pounder and two 24's. She is manned by 150 men,
and ran out of Wilmington on the night of October 27.
The Olustee is an iron screw
steamer, 1100 tons burden, 220 feet long, and very fast. She ran out of
Wilmington on the night of the 30th, and is commanded by Lieutenant William H.
Ward, of Virginia, who was also an old officer of the United States Navy.
A REBEL PLOT.
The rebels have been scheming to
liberate the prisoners confined at
Camp Douglas, Chicago, on the day of
election. The plot, however, was discovered in time to prevent its execution,
and the conspirators were arrested. In nearly every case arms and ammunition
were found in the possession of the suspected persons. One of those arrested is
Colonel Marmaduke, brother of the rebel General.
SOUTHERN CONSCRIPTION OF SLAVES.
The Richmond Examiner says that
the extension of the Conscript law to slaves is daily growing in favor, and will
be adopted by the next Confederate Congress. The Montgomery Appeal regards the
proposition as unwise if not dangerous, and objects to it as a fatal blow to the
institution of slavery, and as an indication that all other resources have been
exhausted. The Mobile Tribune says that every thing must be sacrificed to the
independence of the Confederacy. As to the effects of the proposition on
subsistence the Richmond Examiner says : The production of supplies is not our
present difficulty, but their transportation and distribution. Negroes now do
not aid in the transportation of supplies, but when in the army they may be used
to further that great military end as well as to fight."
All, however, do not agree with
the Examiner ; at least one of its correspondents, who signs himself A. B. does
not. This correspondent says that the negro, if conscripted, would, he believes,
desert to the Yankees ; and calls attention to the fact that the negroes in the
Federal army never desert to the rebels. The Examiner answers that the negro
fears to desert to the Confederates, but would not have this apprehension if he
should see negroes in their army, and understand that these negroes were
rewarded with freedom and a home in the South. "But," says A. B., " the negroes
won't fight." The Examiner replies: ' We confess that at one time we entertained
the same opinion. A distinguished general officer, writing to us privately upon
this subject (we wish we could give the public the weight and influence of his
name), answers this objection. He says : 'Fort Gilmer, the other day, showed
they would fight. They raised each other over the parapet, to be shot as they
appeared above.' But fighting is not the only duty demanded of soldiers. In the
Crimean war 'over one hundred thousand men' were employed outside of the army.
The' Work Party corps' of the British army, employed on roads, was over ten
thousand. The negroes are wanted, not only as soldiers, but as laborers and
working men, to relieve the soldiers."
In conclusion, the Examiner says
"We are not prepared to say that this measure is demanded by our present
exhaustion. We do not believe it is. Eat the future must be provided for ; and
it must be apparent to every sensible man that the drain upon the population of
the Confederate States which this war has made must eventually exhaust those
States, unless something is done to supply this drain from other sources than
the white population. The Conscription law can not be extended to any greater
age, and its execution, however much improved, can not find the men to supply
the losses as fast as the campaigns create them. Shall we permit the enemy to
use the negroes against us, or shall we make use of them for our defense !"
FOREIGN NEWS. EUROPE.
IT appears now to be a settled
policy of the English Government to allow its colonial dependencies the
privilege of a separate government whenever they may choose, or feel prepared to
release themselves from their former obligations. For this reason the project of
a Canadian Confederation is now being considered. In case of war between England
and the United States the latter would strike the former through an attack on
Canada, which would compel England to transport a large military and naval force
across the Atlantic. It would be impossible in this situation for England to
escape utter defeat. The inhabitants of Australia are now at issue with the
Mother Country. There is much angry dissatisfaction among them on account of the
transportation of convicts to the western part of Australia. This had become a
just cause of alarm and a reasonable occasion for a protest. The protest having
been disregarded, the Australians have quite saucily hinted that the Crown may
choose between an accession to their demands or their independence. It is
probable that the matter will be compromised.
Lord Stanley has been making a
speech in England which has excited great attention. The only complaint made
against it is that it has too much coolness and common sense in its composition.
He first expressed his opinion in regard to the American war. He, like General
Sherman, thinks that the war is only just begun. He believes that the Federals
will finally succeed for all the purposes of conquest, but that then will come
the greater difficulty, namely, the maintenance of this conquest. He does not
believe that we shall be exhausted by the drain on our resources in men or
money, and he hints that among our resources may be that of repudiation. Passing
from the American to the Italian question, Stanley thinks that the solution of
the latter will be promoted by the arrangement made by France. In regard to
Germany, Lord Stanley expects that the petty sovereignties will soon disappear,
the Confederation having broken down. He says that the breaking up of the
Turkish Empire is only a question of time. He disapproves of forcing convicts
upon Australia. In regard to the franchise he says ; " It is not now the upper,
it is the middle class--the owners of the greater part of the property of the
country, and by far the most powerful class in it—that exercises political
supremacy at the present day. They are not likely to part with it—that is, of
their own free will (at least, if they do, it will he a fact new in the history
of this country) ; and I see no such movement on the part of the working classes
which would be likely to over bear the resistance which might be expected."
The United States steamer
Sacramento was lately refused a supply of coals at the British ports, because
that three months had not elapsed since the last supply. This is all very well
if the neutrality laws are as rigidly applied to rebel pirates.
Mr. Benjamin, the rebel Secretary
of Treasury, has been issuing a manifesto to the foreign agents of the
Confederacy for the purpose of discouraging Europeans from any investment in
United States bonds. The alacrity with which the Germans lately seized these
bonds irritated the too excitable Secretary., and he forthwith sat down to prove
that the United States debt is half as large as that of England, while the
annual interest is in both cases nearly equal.
Lord Palmerston was aged eighty
years on the 20th of October. Already Englishmen begin to talk of his sucsessor.
A grand bazar was established
October 13 at St. George's Hall in Liverpool for the purpose of affording
pecuniary aid to Confederate prisoners of war. It was inaugurated under the most
aristocratic auspices. Among the visitors we notice the name of Henry de
Houghton, who lately exerted himself so strenuously for the benefit of the Peace
party at the North. During the first day £3170 was realized from the sales, and
nearly as much on the second. Madame Erlanger, formerly Miss Slidell, has
announced her intention of getting up a similar bazar in Paris.
The commercial failures in
England continue to excite apprehension.
There is no longer any formidable
armed opposition to the imperial government in Mexico. The war continues, but it
is now reduced to a series of guerrilla operations. Ortega has fled, and nearly
all of his late forces have either been captured or have joined the
imperialists. Juarez has also disappeared. Cortinas, on the 26th of October,
surrendered Matamoras to General Mejia in the following terms :
"MOST EXCELLENT SIR,--I and the
Mexican troops which, until today, I have had the honor to command, submit
ourselves loyally to the imperial government, conformably to the tenor of your
Excellency's esteemed communication, which I have just received.
" We rely on the personal and
official protection of your Excellency ; in the magnanimity of the new
government, which from this day forth we recognize, and in the conscientiousness
of our good faith, to receive a treatment worthy of the good name of the country
to which we belong. And your Excellency, as our new chief, will be pleased to
command as as you see fit, in the understanding that the town and all it
contains are completely at your disposal.
"Independence and liberty.
"JUAN N. CORTINA. "HEROIC
MATAMORAS, Sept. 26,1864."