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Page) The history of the past lies open
to us all. And the charm of the fast-day sermons was the expression of the
various views which honest thinkers will naturally entertain.
Not the least of the benefits of
the war will be that true freedom of speech which for a long time this country
has not known. Our condition shows the danger of' endeavoring to suppress any
discussion in times of peace. Did this swift nation think to avoid danger by
plunging its head into the sand? They only are safe whose eyes are wide open. In
a free country whatever can not be discussed ought not to be endured.
The fall of Lexington gave
doubtless a deeper gravity to the day. Public feeling had unreasonably exalted
itself for a few weeks before, as if, because we had sustained no very signal
defeat, the rebellion must crumble away of its own rottenness. In fact our
public feeling is, as a friend aptly described it, like the hammer of a
pile-driving machine. It goes up, up, up, by rapid jerks, until suddenly some
little thing touches a spring, and down it comes in one headlong, heavy,
hopeless fall. Why be dismayed by the loss of Lexington? It was unavoidable that
we should be beaten at first, and upon almost every point. It ought not to be
disheartening, and it would not be if we carried steadily in mind just what we
are doing. We are building a navy, we are collecting an army, to resist and
destroy a rebellion which has been carefully organizing itself for years. When
it crosses the Potomac or the Ohio—when the black flag of the mad assassins of
the nation floats unchallenged or unremoved upon a single rood of land beyond
the section in which this rebellion sprung—then we may justly feel as if we were
a little guilty of delay.
Meantime, while unrelaxing in
effort, let us all be patient of inevitable waiting, of some inevitable
mismanagement, and of many an inevitable disaster. But patient only so long as
we feel that all that can be done to avoid waiting, mismanagement, and disaster,
has been done.
WE had some hard words from
friends in Kentucky, a few months since, for suggesting that she was trying to
hold an impossible position. But the history of that time in that State shows
clearly enough that there is no resting-point between the doctrine of absolute
State independence and that of absolute national supremacy. If a State has the
right to nullify the command of the Government for a national necessity, she has
the right to secede at her pleasure. She takes the position of an entirely
independent sovereign power ; and that position is no more consistent with
national supremacy than the total independence of a county is compatible with
the supremacy of a State. The county has certain rights with which the State may
not lawfully interfere ; but in all that concerns the welfare of the State, the
State is herself the judge and the subordination of the county must be
If this, which is the simple and
fundamental principle of the American system, had been adequately understood by
the Union men in Kentucky, that State would be to-day either occupied and
defended by national troops, or by her own citizens. But the loyalty of the
border States has been a conditional loyalty. Their nationality has been a
modified patriotism. They have celebrated their own individual and limited glory
much more than the splendor of the nation, from which all their separate
distinction proceeds. Kentucky as a constituent part of this nation is an
important and dignified State. Kentucky as a single independent power is utterly
unimportant. And when the question was, Are we a nation or are we not ? and when
the question was to be decided by arms, Kentucky held aloof and said, " I must
be counted out." But when the corn is between the mill-stones, when it is a
question of meal or grain, of grinding or not grinding, you can not be counted
out ; you must be meal or corn.
Now the old State sees the
necessity of the case, and she is rising and running to the rescue of the
nation, in whose life is the blood of her own strength. The prayers and hopes of
all loyal citizens go with her, but unless the citizens themselves go too.
Kentucky will pay the sad penalty of her toying with treason. Breckinridge and
Burnett, Magoffin and James B. Clay, have done treason all the service they
could by wearing a thin mask of technical legality until this time. It was
doubtless better for the rebels that the State should be paralyzed with
"neutrality" until they were fully prepared to seize and hold her. They think
they are so now, and the mask is dropped. Like Virginia, Kentucky is to be again
a dark and bloody ground. The immediate result is perhaps hardly doubtful. No
thoughtful man can doubt that the real sympathy of Kentucky is with the
rebellion, while he will not be unjust toward the noble, patriotic hearts in the
State that beat for the
great united fatherland of America.
But whatever the present fate of
the State may be, it will share in the regeneration of the country.— Public
sentiment there as elsewhere will be purged by the purifying fire. And when the
war is over, and the
national honor is vindicated,
that feeling of entire nationality which is to guide us in future, as it is to
save us now, will inspire no State more fully than Kentucky.
THE welcome which we hoped for
Hermann has been heartier than any conjuror received here. Why the vast Academy
of Music has been thronged every evening and every morning when he has
performed, is a question easy enough to answer if you regard only the surprising
excellence of the performance, but very difficult if you reflect that Mr.
Hermann was a mere name to us, and that the title, Prestidigitator, seemed such
clap-trap as to be very unpromising. Think of it ; Grisi, world-renowned, never
fairly filled the building when she came with Mario in the fullness of her fame.
Hermann, a magician, unknown to us a month ago, begins with a crowd, and
continues with an incessant crush. What is public opinion? What is the secret of
public favor ? If Robert Houdin had come we could understand it. Doubtless
Hermann is better than Houdin ; but why was it taken for granted ?
Certainly nothing can surpass the
elegance and the perfection of Hermann's conjuring. This particular Lounger has
not seen him yet, but all the other Loungers in town have, and they tell the
same story. So unanimous and unquestionable is the report, that it is no more
permitted to doubt that Hermann is the greatest of living conjurors, than that
Dickens is the greatest of living novelists. We have all seen the same kind of
thing, probably, but not this thing. We have all seen men draw ribbons from
their mouths and pound watches in mortars and then take them untouched out of
lovely woman's pocket handerchief. Oh yes, we have all heard Miss Pretty Dolly
warble Ah non credea! at all the musical evenings. But when we hear Jenny Lind
or Alboni pour out that limpid, tender, heart-breaking strain—do we believe that
we ever have heard it before ?
If now we recur to the question,
Why this popularity, whence these crowds, that even famous artists have not
attracted, would it not be a curious answer to say Ullman? Let us suppose a
case. There is an experienced manager of opera and other public amusements. The
times demand a new and sharp sensation. The ingenious manager slips across the
sea to Europe, and finds a magician. Presto! the walls of New York are covered
with brilliant placards, the windows glow with portraits, the newspapers sparkle
with paragraphs, all foretelling the advent of a Prestidigitator. The opening
night arrives. The great theatre is crowded to see a conjuror hitherto unknown.
Let us suppose that the ingenious manager knows by experience the mercantile
value of a great crowd to a conjuror's success ; that he consequently calls in
the highly respectable class known as dead-heads, and fills up his house ; and
that he takes care every night that the crowd does not fall off. The result
inevitably is that you and all other loungers immediately ask, " Who is this
magician that four thousand people go to see every night ?" We shall all go to
see. And all other people will go to see ; and the audience, under such
circumstances, is not likely to diminish. If you add that the performance is
marvelous and masterly, will you be longer surprised at the crowd which is so
suddenly evoked by Prestidigitation ?
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
MISERIES OF AN AUTHOR'S WIFE.—"
James ! James ! (in a louder key) I have been calling you this last half hour,
and dinner is getting quite cold." " Oh, is it ? Well, you know I have just
killed the cruel old uncle; his property, of course, comes to his nephew,
Charles, and I am marrying him to Emily. Keep the mutton hot until the ceremony
is over—there's a dear."
In a back township of Upper
Canada, a magistrate, who kept a tavern, sold liquor to the people till they got
drunk and fought in his house. He then issued a warrant, apprehended them, and
tried them on the spot, and, besides fining them, made them treat each other to
make up the quarrel.
" Was Mr. Brown a very popular
man when he lived in your town ?" inquired a busy-body of his friend. " I should
think he was," replied the gentleman, " as many persons endeavored to prevent
his leaving; and several of them, including the sheriff's deputy, followed him
for some distance."
The recent marriage of a Mr. Day
with a Miss Field presents this singular anomaly, that although he gained the
field she won the day.
A man the other day, on being
asked his age, replied that in case there was no war he was forty-one—but if
war, he was forty-six.
The latest Yankee invention is a
new-fashioned traveling-bag, in which a man can stow himself upon a journey, and
travel without the knowledge of such sponges as dun a man for his fare. He
places himself in the bag, and, taking it in his hand, passes for baggage.
When the celebrated Beau Nash was
ill, Dr. Cheyne wrote a prescription for him. The next day the Doctor coming to
his patient, inquired if he had followed his prescription. "No, truly, Doctor,"
said Nash, "if I had I should have broken my neck, for I threw it out of a
two-pair of stairs window."
"Mr. Timothy," said a learned
lady, who had been showing off her wit at the expense of a dangler, "you remind
me of a barometer, that is filled with nothing in the upper story." "Divine
Almira," meekly replied her adorer, "in thanking you for this flattering
compliment, let me remind you that you occupy my upper story entirely."
A Boston editor, alluding to the
long nose of Julius Caesar, the Duke of Wellington, and other dignitaries, says
that he recently saw a nose that beats them all. It was thin and straight, and
snubbed at the end, and a foot long. In concluding, however, it occurs to him
that " it may be as well to state that it belonged to a pair of bellows."
Marivaux, a celebrated French
writer of romances, having one day met with a sturdy beggar, who asked charity
of him, he replied, "My good friend, strong and stout as you are, it is a shame
that you do not go to work." " Ah, master," said the beggar, " if you did but
know how lazy I am!" " Well," replied Marivaux, " I see you are a candid
scoundrel; here is half-a-crown for you."
A traveler who has just returned
says there is a race of men at the extremity of South America of such enormous
proportions that they mix their lather in a wash-tub, and shave with a scythe.
We wonder what they curl their hair with—a signal-pole, in all likelihood.
In a story of the courtship of a
loving couple, after all had been arranged and matters "fixed up," the narrator
says: "Here their lips came together, and the report which followed was like
pulling a horse's hoof out of the mire."
DO YOU GIVE IT UP?
How many weeks are in the year?
Forty-six; the other six are only
If you were my first, and I were
my whole, My second might go where it pleased;
For you'd be caressed, and I
should be blessed, And the rest of my life would be pleased. Bridegroom.
What religion would a woman be if
she changed her sex to man?
Heathen (He then).
Why are creditors like careful
Because they are always on the
look-out Why is a piano like an onion ?
Because it smell odious (it's
Safe on a fair one's arm my first
may rest, And raise no tumult in a husband's breast; To those who neither creep,
nor run, nor fly, The want of legs my second can supply; My whole's a rival of
the fairest toast, And when I'm liked the best I suffer most.
THE REBEL ARMY FALLING BACK.
THE whole line of the rebel army
immediately in front of
Washington has fallen back, nor could their exact
position be ascertained on 30th. Munson's and Upton's Hills and Fall's Church
have been abandoned, and are now occupied by the Union troops. The position of
the rebels at these points appears to have been not very formidable. There were
no signs found of guns having been mounted; their defenses were simply
rifle-pits, nor were there any evidence of tents having been there, or any other
protection except rudely-constructed sheds.
ANOTHER AWKWARD ACCIDENT.
Another unfortunate error on the
part of two divisions of the Union troops occurred on the advance of General
Smith's force from
Chain Bridge to
Fall's Church. During the darkness of the
night the Philadelphia regiment of Colonel Owens, mistaking Captain Mott's
battery, General Baker's California regiment, and two other regiments for a body
of the rebels, opened a tremendous volley upon them, killing and wounding
several. The California regiment returned the fire with terrible effect. The
guns of Mott's battery were then ordered to load with canister, and were about
to pour a deadly volley upon Colonel Owens's men, when the mistake was
discovered in time to avert a terrible slaughter.
THE BATTERIES ON THE POTOMAC.
Recent observations down
Potomac have just resulted in the information that no rebel batteries are
visible except those at Freestone Point, but the officers employed in the reconnoissance are convinced that the rebels have erected batteries all along
the river, though they are at present concealed by trees.
Another important reconnoissance
took place on 25th across the Potomac. In the morning, at eight o'clock, 5000
infantry, three companies of cavalry, and three batteries, left Chain Bridge,
under the command of General Smith, for the neighborhood of Lewinsville. About
two o'clock in the afternoon, while our troops were at Lewinsville, a large
party of rebels, consisting of about five regiments of infantry, a regiment of
cavalry, and six pieces of artillery, approached from the direction of Fall's
Church. They opened on our men with their battery, and their firing was
immediately responded to by Captains Griffin's and Mott's guns. Thirty shots,
both of shell and solid, were fired from our batteries, which silenced. the
rebel cannon, and the enemy immediately retired to Fall's Church. It is not
known what damage was sustained on their side. One man of ours was slightly
wounded by the explosion of a shell. The object of the expedition having been
accomplished, our troops fell back to their original position at the Chain
Bridge, bearing with them a man representing himself as an Aid-de-Camp to
Colonel Stewart, of the Virginia rebel cavalry.
FREMONT TAKES THE FIELD.
General Fremont and his staff
left St. Louis for Jefferson City on Friday.
General Price was said to be making
preparations to receive him warmly at Lexington. General Lane, with a body of
Union troops, made a forced march on Osceola, and succeeded in capturing a heavy
train of supplies destined for the armies of Generals Rains and Price, together
with $100,000 in money. He was pushing on to make a junction with Sturgis's
command at Kansas City. Some of the officers captured at Lexington arrived at
Jefferson City, having been released on parole, and they state that General
Price has a force there of 42,000 men. The exact whereabouts of
General McCulloch appears to be a mystery.
OPERATIONS IN THE GULF.
A physician belonging to
Cincinnati, who has just returned from the South, states that Mississippi City
has been taken possession of by our war vessels, and that all communication
New Orleans and Mobile by water is, consequently, cut off. This is a
movement which the Louisiana and Alabama rebels have been anticipating and
fearing for some time, and it was understood that vigorous measures had been
taken to prevent it, under the supervision of the traitor
Twiggs. All the
important points on the Texas coast are also stated to have fallen into our
possession. The details of these operations will be looked for with unusual
STATE OF AFFAIRS AT PENSACOLA.
A letter from Captain Vogdes, one of the officers at Fort Pickens, to Captain Baily, of the Colorado, states that a "contraband" deserter from
Pensacola brings information
that the utmost discontent exists among the rebels there;
that they are pining for peace at any price, and that over
two hundred of the troops have deserted within a few days
past. Captain Vogdes expresses the opinion—and it is
curious as coming from that
isolated quarter—that the rebels around Washington do not mean to attack
McClellan's army, and that they have only a curtain of troops along the line
there to conceal the withdrawal of their material and the main body of their
army to Richmond. He states further that the Colorado expedition killed thirty
of the rebels on the morning of the 14th.
THE SECOND FIFTY MILLION LOAN.
The Associated Banks of New York,
Boston, and Philadelphia met, through their respective Committees, on Saturday,
at the Bank of Commerce in this city, and accepted from
Mr. Secretary Chase, who
was present, the second option of $50,000,000 of the National Loan, to date from
15th of October
DRAFTING NOT TO BE RESORTED TO.
Secretary Cameron has addressed a paper to the Governor of Iowa forbidding the
drafting of men, and expressing the opinion that the patriotism of the people
can safely be relied on for the raising of men.
Colonel F. P. Blair has been
released from arrest by General Fremont and restored to his command.
Thurlow Weed promises, if a
regiment or brigade of printers can be raised, that he will shoulder his musket
and march away to the war along with his brethren of the craft.
Professor La Mountain, of Troy,
has been ordered to report, with his
balloon, to General McClellan at
Washington. It is thought that he will be attached to the Commanding General's
James B. Clay, who has been
arrested for treason, is the oldest son of the late Henry Clay. He is the
present owner of Ashland, the former residence of his father. About four years
ago he tore down the old house, and sold the beams and rafters of the
time-honored mansion to be manufactured into walking canes. He represented the
eighth district of Kentucky in the Thirty-fifth Congress.
Ulysses C. Vannosdoff and Isaac
Wilcox have been tried by court-martial in St. Louis on the charge of taking
arms against the Government, and found guilty. They were sentenced to be
confined at hard labor during the war, and to have their property confiscated
for the benefit of the Government. The sentences were subsequently confirmed and
carried into effect.
Governor Sprague, of Rhode
Island, is raising three more batteries in that State, which will make eight in
all. A battalion of cavalry is also to be raised.
Ross Winans has at last come to
the conclusion that it is not good to be the open enemy of the Government, and
has determined, if not to be its friend, at least not to do any thing which can
be construed as treason, or misprision of treason. He has accordingly, as we
hear from Fortress Monroe, taken the oath of allegiance, and on Monday night
left the fortress for his home in Baltimore.
Three more persons have been
released from their confinement in
Fort Lafayette—James W. Wall, of New Jersey;
George L. Bowne, of Florida; and Pierce Butler, of Pennsylvania. The first two
took the regular oath of allegiance prescribed by the last Congress, and the
latter pledged himself to do no act hostile to the United States, and not to
visit South Carolina without a passport from the Secretary of State.
Ex-Governor Henry A. Wise and his
son, Oliver Jennings Wise, have been indicted for treason by the Grand Jury of
the United States District Court, at Wheeling, Virginia.
THE ATTITUDE OF THE BRITISH
GOVERNMENT. WE read in the London Star of Sept. 11 : " We are able to
contradict, in the most positive manner, the statement made by some of the New
York journals, and repeated by some of the correspondents of English newspapers,
Mr. Adams, the United States Minister to this country, had written home,
expressing his belief that the British Government would recognize the
independence of the rebels, and that it was only a question of time and
PRIVATEERS FITTING OUT IN
ENGLAND. Intelligence has reached us that the rebel commissioners in England are
endeavoring to procure privateers in that quarter. It is said that a new screw
propeller had been built in Hartlepool and sailed for Plymouth, armed with six
heavy guns, and fully manned. It was also reported that Mr. Yancey had purchased
two steamers, with lifting screws, which are now lying in the Victoria dock at
THE ACCIDENT TO THE "GREAT
Mr. Howard Paul, one of the passengers on board of the Persia,
furnishes us with the following items concerning the Leviathan :
The steamship Persia, which left
Liverpool on Saturday, September 11, met the Great Eastern on Monday, September
16, at eleven o'clock A.M., two hundred and twelve miles from Queenstown. On
approaching her the passengers of the Persia observed that she was rolling very
much, but had no idea of her condition, which a nearer view afforded. It was
found that she had lost both of her paddle-wheels ; the whole of the boats (with
the exception of two) on her port side were stove in or disabled; and, the
rudder-head being carried away, she was steering for home with the
rudder-chains. Large ropes were stretched from bulwark to bulwark for the
passengers to cling to, and the rolling was so fearful that one moment the great
ship revealed the whole of her decks at a most distressing angle, and the next
the bilge was plainly visible. On discovering the plight of the vessel Captain
Judkins hoisted a signal—"Do you require aid?" which was only replied to by a
large board being displayed on the paddle-box ; but the characters thereon being
so small the writing could not be deciphered. The Great Eastern still kept on
her course, working with her screw, and for twenty minutes the Persia followed
her in order to get an answer to her signal. The passengers of the Great Eastern
were scattered over the decks (there were reported to be about four hundred on
board of her), all of whom seemed straining anxiously forward to catch a view of
the Persia. The ladies waved their handkerchiefs, the men their hats, and,
notwithstanding the extraordinary roll of the vessel, the utmost enthusiasm
seemed to be manifested by her passengers. Up to this time no answer had been
given to the signal of the Persia, and as she dipped her ensign and turned her
head away, another board written on was elevated from the paddle-box of the
Great Eastern, with no better result. Even with the aid of the glasses of the
officers the characters could not be distinguished. During this time the Great
Eastern had not slackened her pace, and when the Persia got some distance from
her she hoisted the signal "Come within hail;" but as Captain Judkins justly
said, he had followed her for half an hour, asked her if she required aid, and
receiving no reply in the usual manner, he could lose no further time by again
OUR PASSPORT SYSTEM IN EUROPE.
The announcement of the
establishment of a passport system by the State Department, Paris correspondents
inform us, created the greatest consternation among the Secessionists in Paris
and London; but the modification determined upon by
Mr. Seward, excepting the
Canadian frontier from its provisions, reassured them, and travel from the South
to Europe and back proceeds almost as uninterruptedly as before the stoppage of
intercourse between the North and the South.
IS GARIBALDI COMING HERE?
The Italie, of the 11th ult.,
says : At the moment of going to press we received the following from Genoa:
"The American Minister at Brussels started from this place for Caprera the day
before yesterday, and has not yet returned. The Dante steamer was engaged for
the voyage at the price of 2500 francs. Menoth and his brother are now here, and
leave to-morrow for Caprera. The health of the General is good. No one knows
what his intentions are with respect to time application said to be made to him
to aid the Federal Government in America."