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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) was a perfectly legitimate matter of political argument and
action. But there was no need of going into a dark closet to talk about it. And
the moment you invited people into the closet, they said, instinctively, "Either
this is a mean object, or else you wish to excite me, by the mystery of the
closet, so that I shall not fairly judge. If you've any thing to say, speak out.
Don't mumble and wink and make signs."
The novelty and the adroit
management gave the party an apparent success. But when it was found that
Americanism, minus the revision of the naturalization laws, was only opposition
to foreigners, selfishness, private disappointment, ambition, and humbug, it
disappeared as suddenly as it arose. It had a success of curiosity, as the
French say. A great many of the worthiest citizens, who laughed at the lantern,
for various reasons voted with the party. The extinction of such a party was
natural, both because it evaded the real question upon which the country was
divided, and because its machinery was cumbrous and repulsive. It inevitably had
an air of being ashamed of itself. And so must any secret political organization
Knights of the Golden Circle
was also a secret political society. Its intention was the ascendancy of the
aristocratic principle in the Government, and its methods were peaceable so long
as Privilege held the power. It cherished designs upon Mexico and Cuba, hoping
to get by piracy and massacre the increased territory which it could not secure
by lawful means. Then it prepared the revolution at home which it could not
That this society was secret was
presumptive proof that it was treasonable and the enemy of every honest man. The
form under which it survives is an association in favor of aristocracy, and the
advantage of a few. It is essentially un-American, and necessarily dangerous to
the peace and prosperity of the land. Its means are lawless violence: its end
the ruin of the country.
THE loyal, honorable,
self-respecting citizens of the stanch little State of Delaware must contemplate
with profound humiliation the performances of their Senator, Saulsbury. The
members for slavery in the old times were sagacious and skillful, as well as
insolent and truculent, but Senator Saulsbury is only childish. It is a public
shame, for the Senate is a national body. In the beginning of this session he
introduced a proposition for an armistice between the rebels and the Government,
which was lost in the laughter of the Senate and the derision of the nation. A
few days since, when the bill for
emancipation in the District was under
consideration, Mr. Senator Saulsbury proposed an amendment that the liberated
slaves should be divided among the Northern and Western States. There is
something so silly in the suggestion that it is hard to believe that it was
gravely offered in the Senate of the United States. But it was offered, and it
came to a vote: and to complete the puerile and pitiful business every Senator
voted against it, including Mr. Saulsbury!
We used to pity Texas when
Wigfall performed. But he was at least an amusing clown. When the gravest
question comes to debate, as it does now, how little Delaware must chafe when
she sees who is speaking for her and putting her upon record!
DEAR MR. LOUNGER,—I read my paper
faithfully every morning to know what to believe and say, but this morning I am
plunged in perplexity. I want to know whether to be alarmed by the prospect of
Merrimac's coming out, and I opened my paper,
but it leaves me entirely in the lurch. Please tell me what to do. I send you
the extracts from my newspaper. In one column I read
"The Merrimac is about to run out
of Norfolk again; and though the Navy Department assures us with a solemn nod
that every thing is in readiness for her, it must be said that the previous
utterances of that Department have not been so strictly verified as to afford
any great confidence in its present assurances."
In the parallel column I read:
"Whatever mischief the monster is
to do will be done in Hampton Roads, where, warned at last, the Navy Department
has made proper arrangements to receive and handle her. There is not the most
trifling ground for misapprehension."
If you will send me word whether
to be frightened or not you will greatly oblige your friend and admirer,
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
IN pulling down an old wash-house
in the garden of Mr. Smith, the workmen discovered the remains of a decayed
waistcoat marked W. C. It is supposed to have belonged to William the Conqueror.
Mrs. Blobbins has arrived in
town, and is residing at the Green Pig Hotel until she can suit herself with a
We are authorized to contradict
the rumor that Mr. Glugg has met with a serious accident. He merely fell over
the door-mat and dislocated his spectacles.
A project is on foot for
presenting a testimonial to M. Blondin, on the part of the visitors to the
Crystal Palace, in proof of their admiration of his noble conduct in not
tumbling off the rope and breaking his neck, as an inferior artist might have
By the recent census it appears
that the majority of the inhabitants of Poppleby-in-the-Mire are idiots. There
was reason for believing this, some years ago, when they petitioned Congress to
A wealthy inhabitant of
Kensington has offered a prize of £5 for the worst poem upon the Great
Exhibition of 1862. Betting is strongly in favor of the author of Proverbial
Philosophy, but the author of the Victories of Love has many friends—on this
A new comedy, by the writer of As
Fresh as Paint, has been read. Green Room report states that it is worse than
his last piece, but this we believe to be impossible.
As Mr. Bumble, the respected
landlord of the Cucumber's Arms, Wapping, was crossing the street near his own
residence the other night, he was
run up against by a fiend in human form and knocked into the gutter. The police
are upon the traces of the miscreant; but that such a thing could happen is a
comment upon the boasted civilization of the nineteenth century.
We deeply regret to hear that the
incautious use of firearms has again resulted in a melancholy catastrophe. On
Tuesday night last, Mr. Timothy O'Leary, of Ireland, but lately residing at No.
3 1/2 Snitch Court, St. Giles's, hastily and in a fit of impecuniosity shot the
moon, and the landlord is not likely to recover.
"Pray, Madam, what do you charge
for recovering an umbrella?" said Michael O'Flaherty, from Tipperary, the other
day, walking into an umbrella shop. "Let me see it," was the reply. "Ah, faith!
and that's just what I want to do, for I've lost one, and I see you offer to
recover them at a very small charge, so I was just thinking I would get you to
recover mine." The shopkeeper was instantly immersed in a fit of the deepest
Men dying make their wills—but
wives Escape a work so sad;
Why should they make what all
their lives The gentle dames have had?
A debtor severely questioned as
to the reason of his not paying a just debt replied, "Solomon was a very wise
man, and Samson a very strong one, but neither of 'em could pay their debts
A long-ago discarded lover
consoles himself with the reflection that his loved one is married to a lawyer,
has ten children, and the measles.
At the commencement of the
sporting season the following important information was exhibited at Lord
Camden's seat, near Sevenoaks: "This is to give notice that Lord Camden does not
mean to shoot himself or any of his tenants till the 14th of September."
"How far is it from here to Ryde?"
demanded a gentleman of a poor tired pedestrian. "I don't know how far it is to
ride," answered the poor man, "but it is a precious long way to walk!"
Don't join in the rush to hold
office, for generally holding office is not worth a rush.
When the purse is empty, and the
kitchen cold, then is the voice of flattery no longer heard.
If sleep flies from you, don't go
in hot pursuit of it; lie still, and it will probably come and kiss you.
Wanted, by an attorney, a clerk
to engross other people's attention.
Barry Cornwall says, "Come, let
me dive into thine eyes." If his love had "swimming eyes," very good; but, at
all events, our advice to the young woman is, for divers reasons, don't let him
do it. He night go over a "cataract."
We have artificial teeth,
artificial hair, eyes, calves, hips, noses, and artificial morality. We believe
that some young ladies must wear artificial heads, as we read of a young lady
whose "head was turned" by a young man.
A waggish speculator, one of a
numerous family in the world, recently said, "Five years ago I was not worth a
penny in the world; now see where I am, through my own exertions!" "Well, where
are you?" "Why, a thousand pounds in debt!"
The Irish beggar who, on being
refused alms, swung his crutch on the toes of the gouty gentleman whom his
prayers moved not to charity, exhibited true humor when he said to the enraged
owner of the suffering foot, "Bless your Honor! if your heart was as tender as
your toes, you'd have given me the ten-penny!"
Why is a fool like a needle?—He
has an eye, but he has got no head; and you can't see his point.
THE FALSEST OF FALSE UTTERERS—One
who coins lies. When is a house not a house?—When it is a-fire.
If a "still tongue proves a wise
head," then the wisest of mortals must be dumb persons.
Husbands are probably the most
ill-used of all classes of persons in the world—except wives.
STYLE!—What every coxcomb fancies
he has attached to his gait.
When may a chair be said to
dislike you?—When it can't bear you.
The geological character of the
rock on which drunkards split is said to be quartz.
"Polly, dear," said a loving
husband to his spouse, who was several years his junior, "what do you say to
settling at the Cape?" "Oh, I'm delighted with the idea! You recollect when
Morgan went out there he was as poor as we are, and he died in three years worth
two thousand pounds!"
Any one who has lain all night
upon a shelf, with an irresistible conviction that the house was dancing a
polka, to the imminent danger of pitching him off, can form an idea of a first
"night's rest" in the berth of an ocean steamer.
A man having been told that the
price of bread had been lowered, said, "This is the first time I ever rejoiced
at the fall of my best friend."
"Yes, ma'am, that's a crack
article," said a shopkeeper to a lady purchaser. "Oh, mercy," cried she, "if the
thing is cracked I don't want it."
The young lady who gives herself
away loses her self-possession.
If a lady yawns half a dozen
times in succession, young man, you may get your hat.
A little boy, a few days since,
while coming down stairs was cautioned by his mother not to lose his balance.
His question which followed was a puzzler: "Mother, if I should lose my balance,
where would it go to?"
The man who carries all before
"That was very greedy of you,
Tommy, to eat your little sister's share of cake!" "You told me, ma, I was
always to take her part," said Tommy.
FOR an account of the Battle of
Winchester, see page 235.
On Tuesday, March 25, in the
Senate, the bill in relation to administering the oath of allegiance to American
citizens in foreign countries was reported back by the Committee on Foreign
Affairs. The debate on the bill for the
abolition of slavery in the District of
Columbia was then resumed, and Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, made a speech
in favor of the proposition. Senators Saulsbury, Powell, Kennedy, and Harlan
participated in the debate. Senator Saulsbury introduced an amendment that the
negroes, when freed, shall be divided among the Free States. —In the House, the
Senate bill providing for the settlement of the accounts of the crews of the
ships-of-war Cumberland and Congress was passed. The Pacific Railroad bill was
made the special order for Tuesday next. In Committee of the Whole the
consideration of the Tax bill was resumed.
On Wednesday, March 25, in the
Senate, at the suggestion of ex-President Pierce, Senator Latham offered a
resolution, which was adopted, calling upon the Secretary of State for
Mr. Seward and President Pierce having
reference to the conspiracy organized against the Government by the Knights of
the Golden Circle. Senator Chandler said that to his certain knowledge the
Knights had succeeded in getting a large number of the worst traitors into the
Union army. A resolution of thanks to
General Burnside and Commodore Rowan was
referred. Debate on the resolution relative to the
emancipation of slaves, and
the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, occupied the remainder of
the session.—In the House, the Tax bill was under consideration in Committee of
On Thursday, March 27, in the
Senate, the Naval Committee were instructed to inquire whether there was any
laxity on the part of the officers of the blockading squadron on the coast,
Charleston, and whether there was any
foundation in the statement of the British Consul at that port, that armed troop
ships of the Confederate States have been allowed to go in and out of the port
of Charleston, and no attempts been made to stop them. The joint resolution in
favor of extending pecuniary aid to the States that may emancipate their slaves
was taken up, and Senator Henderson, of Missouri, made a speech in its favor.
The Naval Appropriation bill was then taken up. Senator Hale, from the Naval
Committee, offered an amendment appropriating $783,294 for the completion of the
Stevens floating battery. Debate ensued, but without taking the question the
Senate went into executive session, and subsequently adjourned.—The House was
occupied in discussing the Tax bill in Committee of the Whole. Among the
amendments adopted was one taxing anthracite coal fifteen cents per ton, and
cotton one cent per pound after the first of May next.
On Friday, March 28, in the
Senate, Senator Wright, of Indiana, introduced a bill providing for the
abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia. A motion to take up the
resolution declaring that no more brigadier-generals shall be appointed, unless
for gallantry in action, was disagreed to. The Naval Appropriation bill was then
taken up, the question being on an amendment appropriating $783,294 for the
completion of the Stevens floating battery, which was adopted, with the
condition that Mr. Stevens shall not be repaid the money he has expended on the
battery unless she prove successful, and also that the appropriation is not to
be used unless the Secretary of the Navy is of the opinion that it will secure
to the public service an efficient steam-battery. An amendment appropriating
$13,000,000 for the construction of iron-clad vessels of war was adopted; also
an amendment appropriating $250,000 for casting heavy ordnance at the
Washington Navy-yard. The bill was then passed,
and the Senate adjourned.—In the House, the Naval Committee reported a joint
resolution of thanks to
Captain John Ericsson, for the enterprise,
skill, energy, and tact displayed by him in constructing the
iron-clad steamer Monitor, and the great
service rendered by her to the country recently in Hampton Roads. The resolution
was adopted. The consideration of the Tax bill was then resumed in Committee of
the Whole. Both Houses adjourned till Monday.
On Monday, March 31, in the
Senate, a joint resolution appointing Theodore Woolsey, of Connecticut, Regent
of the Smithsonian Institution, in place of C. C. Felton, deceased, was adopted.
A resolution calling on the Secretary of War to furnish the report of
Brigadier-General Mansfield relative to the engagement between the floating
Merrimac and Monitor was also adopted. A bill
providing a Territorial Government for Arizona was introduced. Senator Fessenden
presented joint resolutions from the Maine Legislature in favor of extending
pecuniary aid to the States for the emancipation of their slaves; also cordially
approving of the President's Message, and declaring that Maine will cheerfully
furnish her quota of the amount; also asking Senators to vote for the abolition
of slavery in the District of Columbia. The bill for the abolition of slavery in
the District at Columbia was then taken up, and Senator Sumner, of
Massachusetts, made a long speech in its favor.—In the House, the Senate bill
remitting duties on arms imported by States or contractors was passed. A
resolution from the Committee on Elections, declaring S. F. Beach not elected to
the House from the Seventh Congressional District of Virginia, was adopted. The
remainder of the session was spent in Committee of the Whole on the Tax bill.
GENERAL SUMNER'S ADVANCE.
A portion of
division drove a large body of rebels from the Warrenton Junction on 28th. A
reconnoissance made beyond the railroad junction at this point was pushed as far
as the Rappahannock River, the enemy's cavalry retreating before them, and
burning the bridge over the river in their flight. Our troops shelled them at
the bridge, but did not prevent them from destroying it. Much more damage could
have been done to the enemy while conveying their sick and wounded across the
river, but humanity forbade it.
GENERAL HEINTZELMAN'S ADVANCE.
A reconnoissance was made on 17th
from Newport News as far as Big Bethel, where the rebels were discovered to be
posted to the number of 1500. Upon the approach of our troops they vacated the
place without showing fight, and Big Bethel is now occupied by the Union
EXPECTED BATTLE. NEAR CORINTH, MISSISSIPPI.
According to intelligence
Memphis, a large force of the rebels are
Corinth, Mississippi, where Generals
Beauregard, Clark, Polk, and Cheatham, are all located. They are said to have
70,000 men there.
General Buell, who has command of his army in
person, had arrived at latest accounts (29th March) within fifteen miles of
The Union troops have possession
of Florence and Tuscumbia, Alabama, and Iuka, Mississippi. The two latter places
are on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, Tuscumbia being about midway between
Chattanooga and Memphis.
General Grant, with a force not far from 40,000
men, is understood to be at Savannah, Tennessee, so that we must have near
100,000 men threatening Corinth.
THE CAMPAIGN IN ARKANSAS.
Van Dorn and
Price, according to the telegraph, have
gathered their shattered forces, and retreated entirely across the Boston
Mountains. They are now at Van Buren and Fort Smith, 35,000 strong, receiving
Little Rock, via the Arkansas River. It is
probable that Van Dorn will act in conjunction with
Beauregard at Corinth to hold the line of the
Cotton States. Reinforcements were slowly joining the rebels. The Union army of
General Curtis had fallen back to Keitsville to secure forage, and were camped
at the head of Cross Hollow, where it is plenty.
BEAUFORT IN OUR HANDS.
Beaufort has been taken by
General Burnside, and no property whatever has been burned. Fort Macon has
neither been blown up nor abandoned, but is still held by the rebels, from 300
to 500 strong; the place is invested, however, and the garrison must soon
FIGHT AT ISLAND NO. 10.
The firing at
Island No. 10 was continued on 28th with great
spirit by the. rebels. It was evident that the guns were of very heavy calibre.
They were observed to be cutting away the trees and mounting fresh guns, showing
every indication of a protracted defense. Several rebel gun-boats, partially
clad with railroad iron, were reported to be advancing down the river, but there
was no expectation that they could pass the powerful batteries of General Pope.
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, RESTORED TO THE UNION.
The citizens of Jacksonville,
Florida, have passed a series of resolutions, strongly repudiating the
rebellion, protesting against the despotism which has crushed them down,
destroyed their property, and deprived them of their rights and liberties. They
hail the occupation of the Union army as a deliverance, proclaim their
allegiance to the Government of the United States, and call for a reconstruction
of the State Government of Florida, under the Constitution. After the capture of
Fernandina by our troops, a body of the rebels went from there to Jacksonville
and wantonly destroyed a number of saw-mills, warehouses, the railroad depot, a
fine hotel, and several other buildings, the property in all valued at half a
million of dollars.
FATAL AFFAIR AT MOSQUITO INLET, FLORIDA.
A dispatch to the Navy Department
Commodore Dupont reports the result of an
expedition from his fleet into Mosquito Inlet, Florida, by the Penguin,
Lieutenant F. A. Budd, and the Henry Andrew, S. W. Mather commanding, in which
both these officers were killed, together with six seamen, and seven others were
wounded. The object of the expedition was to capture any vessels lying there,
which were supposed to contain arms transhipped from British vessels from
Nassau, and to protect from incendiarism large quantities of live-oak timber,
cut and ready for shipment.
After making a survey of the
inlet in their boats, the two commanders, on their return, landed in the
vicinity of some abandoned earth-works near a dense grove, from which a heavy
fire was unexpectedly opened upon their men, killing Lieutenant Budd and Acting
Master Mathers, and the number of men above stated. The rebels who made this
attack were a potion of the garrison who abandoned St. Augustine on the approach
of our troops. On the following morning (the 23d ult.), upon the arrival of
Commander Rodgers, the place was found to be evacuated, but the bodies of the
two officers were delivered up under a flag of truce by a rebel officer, Captain
Bird, who came from a camp at some distance.
NASHVILLE BEING PUT STRAIGHT AGAIN.
A telegram from Chicago, dated
March 25, says: Governor Johnson has put newspapers under military rule, and
suppressed one or two. He has issued a proclamation of a conciliatory character.
He says that he desires to win the people back to the Union, but shall deal
rigorously with treason. Mr. Faheridge has made a speech, in which he said that
would be abolished, if we could not conquer them any other way. The new
government was to go into operation this week. Warning has been given that any
one uttering treason will be arrested. The Union feeling is gaining ground.
Business is pretty much resumed. All the stores are again opened, and prices
have been much reduced.
"MERRIMAC" READY FOR ANOTHER FIGHT.
Information has reached
Fortress Monroe by fugitive negroes, and some
deserters from the rebel army, to the effect that the Merrimac has been brought
off the dry dock at
Norfolk, her crew put on board, and guns of
heavier calibre than she had before have been mounted on her. The rebel steamers
Jamestown and Yorktown are also said to be considerably increased in the
strength of their armament, and are ready to accompany the Merrimac in her next
attack on the Monitor. The former is said to have a fifteen-inch rifled gun on
board, carrying 300 pound conical shot with steel points. Deserters state that
she suffered terribly in the engagement with the Monitor, and returned to
Norfolk in a sinking condition. It is stated as a fact, that the second time she
bored her iron prow in the Cumberland she could not extricate herself, and that,
fortunately for her, the prow broke off, or she would have gone down with the
A dispatch dated Richmond, March
The Cabinet of President Davis has been formed. The Senate confirmed his
appointments this morning, as follows: Secretary of State-—J. P.
Benjamin, of Louisiana. Secretary of War—George W. Randolph, of Virginia.
Secretary of the Navy—S. R. Mallory, of Florida. Secretary of the Treasury—C. G. Memminger, of South Carolina. Attorney-General—Thomas H. Watts.
Postmaster-General—Mr. Reagan, of Texas.
The Secretary of the Navy has
sent a communication to the Senate Naval Committee, in which Mr. Welles goes at
some length into the question of iron-clad ships, and urges on Congress the
necessity of giving close and careful attention to this department of warfare.
He asks for $500,000 to extend the grounds and build furnaces in the Washington
Navy-yard. He also wants $30,000,000 for the construction of iron-clad vessels,
heavy ordnance, plating, etc.
The Spanish Government has
refused to receive the rebel Commissioner, Mr. . Rost.
DEBATE ON THE PIRATES OF THE "SUMTER."
A DISCUSSION took place in the
British Parliament on the 17th inst. relative to the arrest of the Lieutenant of
the rebel steamer Sumter, and an ex-United States Consul, at Cadiz, by the
United States Consul at Tangier. Mr. . Layard, the Under Secretary for Foreign
Affairs, in reply to a question from Mr. Griffith, stated that these parties,
had not been released, as he was before led to believe, and had stated to the
House, but that they were placed on board the United sloop-of-war Ino, by the
American Consul, contrary to the wishes of the Moorish Government and the
British Consul at Tangier, and were now on their way to America as political
prisoners. The British Consul, Mr. Hay, had refused to interfere directly in the
matter, and his course was approved by the Government. Mr. Layard, in concluding
his explanation, said, that, for the sake of justice, of humanity, of the right
of affording asylum to persons accused of political offenses—a claim preferred
by the weakest and recognized by the strongest Powers—he might be permitted to
express an earnest hope that when the circumstances came to the knowledge of the
President of the United States he would order the release of the prisoners.