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Page) has recently stated very clearly the position which England
truly occupies in the rebel ram question.
That they are building for a
belligerent government he thinks will hardly be questioned. But the main object
of their building, he agrees with Mr. Dayton, is not their direct use as
weapons, but the indirect mischief which their sailing will produce between
England and America. In other words, it is an effort to do exactly what the
Foreign Enlistment Act declares that it was drawn to prevent—namely, to entangle
neutral England with a belligerent. But, he says, if Great Britain found France
conspiring with smugglers to defraud the British revenue laws, she would know
how to deal with the case very suddenly and summarily. So in this case the
British Government should say to the rebel belligerent: "You know our laws, and
if you seek to violate them, no matter whether directly or indirectly, openly or
by fraudulent contrivances, we will hold you responsible and make you answerable
for the offense."
And this should be said to it, he
argues, not as a Government but as a recognized belligerent. Its guilt would be
established by the passing of the rams into its hands by any "colorable
transfers." The measures of redress would be acts of reprisal and of hostility.
Nothing can be simpler or more
conclusive than this view. But Britain has no wish to be impartial. She affects
impartiality hoping that such a position will produce the catastrophe she
desires. We say affects, deliberately, because while her ministers and most of
her leading papers were continually exclaiming that British laws should not be
changed at the will of a belligerent, they quietly winked at the breaking of
those laws by the other belligerent. Now that it is palpably dangerous to
continue this game, Britannia ruefully abandons it. She revokes, but not until
she has revealed the full value of her honor, friendship, and impartiality.
"ELEANOR'S VICTORY," by M. E.
Braddon, author of "Aurora Floyd," etc. (Harpers), is the last novel, just
issued, of the most popular novelist of the moment. She is, we believe, usually
writing two novels at a time, all of which are read, and some are dramatized
simultaneously in England, France, and America. It is an astonishing popularity,
for the secret of which the books are explored in vain. A startling plot, and
continuous movement, developed with no remarkable constructive or literary
skill, but with more than ordinary interest, characterize these stories. Yet
their great and undoubted popularity awakens a curiosity which can only be
satisfied by reading.
"A French Reading Book," by
William I. Knapp, Professor of Modern Languages, in Madison University
(Harpers), is unquestionably the best work of its kind. It is divided into two
parts, with a vocabulary at the end, and it introduces the student to the best
French literature and its masters. The first part consists of a variety of brief
and characteristic selections from the most eminent older and modern authors;
and the second part contains what the editor calls "the most perfect specimens
of French composition." These are the Phedra of Racine, the ninth satire and
epistle of Boileau, the Bourgeois Gentilhomme of Moliere, and the Zaire of
Voltaire. It is a most excellent and convenient class-book, legibly printed and
SWORD AND A GOWN.
ALL England is laughing at Mr.
Guy Livingston Lawrence. This worthy came over here, bringing a large pair of
riding-boots, and a solemn resolve to offer his sword to the gallant, etc.,
etc., traitors. He has written a novel called "Sword and Gown;" and failing to
be impressed by his noble intention, the London wags said, "H-m-m—yes—offer his
sword; and what will he do with his gown?" The very silly young gentleman
arrived, ate canvas-back duck in Baltimore, flirted with the lovely ladies of
that city, and astonished them by his equestrian performances in the celebrated
boots, which, he assures us, had been paid for. When he was tired of singing
with the Maryland belles of the despot's heel which was on their shore, he tried
to pass into the lines of the enemy of this country, and, having escaped the
gowns, to draw his sword against American citizens fighting for their country
and government against a horde of slave-drivers. The Government contemptuously
took him by the nape of the neck, locked him up, and then told him to run home
and keep out of mischief. Spite of his formidable boots and biceps, the pitiful
amateur rebel hastened to swear, and running home, now turns about and
blackguards us, while England laughs still more heartily at his return than it
did at his going forth.
Mr. Guy Livingston, having
ludicrously failed with the "Sword," should at once betake himself to the
"Gown," and a very long one—long enough to hide the boots. "I like not when
a'oman has a great peard. I spy a great peard under her muffler."
DEAR LOUNGER,—Shall we whip or be
whipped? That is the question for all of us nowadays. But behind that, giving
significance to victory or defeat, is another. Shall principle or prejudice be
our standard? Here are some millions of persons of a peculiar class, who, for a
few centuries past, have held peculiar relations to our peculiar class, and the
relations have now to be readjusted either on the old basis or a new.
The old relation has been that of
a subject to a dominant race—the lower hated and oppressed by the upper with an
intensity and activity that have seldom been equaled. The relation has been
maintained by all the force of statute and compact, political intrigue, and
social ostracism. In the South oppression has gone as far as it could go, and
made property of its victims. In the North it has been still more atrocious. The
North has recognized and co-operated with the Southern dictum, and has
added to it the bitterness of
malignant and unreasoning prejudice.
This old relation, like most
others among us, has now its foundations unsettled, and the question is, Shall
we settle them back in their old positions and re-establish the old matters upon
them with new strength, or shall we clean them out utterly and establish a new
relation securely founded in justice and equity and redeemed honor? In other
words, shall we perjure ourselves, or shall we keep our faith?
The initial act of our national
existence pledged us to accept equality of rights for all innocent men as the
fundamental principle of our national existence. The machinery which was adopted
to carry the nation forward had this principle for its motive power. We have
accepted the principle as our fathers declared it, and have reiterated it on our
own responsibility, in every tone, to every quarter of earth and heaven. We are
sworn in ever way, save by our history to faithfully embody it. Shall we keep
"Why," says Seyless, "do you know
what you are doing? You're running into abolitionism and niXXer equality. These
men are niXXers!"
"That has nothing to do with the
case. These men are men, and our oath applies to men, not Caucasians."
"But these men are niXXers, I
tell yoy! Shall we have the niXXers running around here loose, putting on style,
living among us, voting against us, and working with us? I don't want the
niXXers cutting up in any such way."
"That's it. You state your side
of the question fairly. Your likes and dislikes are on one side, and our oath
and national principle are on the other. Which shall rule? Prejudice? Whose? I
don't know why yours should have more authority than mine. You dislike negroes;
I dislike red-headed people. You don't want a negro for a neighbor; I don't want
a member of the brass band. You don't want a negro working beside you, I don't
want a man who chews tobacco. Suppose you and I enforce our prejudices. Then
suppose every other man enforces his prejudices, what will become of us? The
fact is, Seyless, this matter is not to be decided by your likes or my dislikes.
We have no resource left, in honor or righteousness out to decide on principle.
We have sworn always by the Declaration of Independence, and we must redeem
ourselves, If at all, by honoring it practically."
"niXXer equality. There it is,
Yes, there it is. It must be
manhood, not color, that shall adjust the scale of relations among us. We must
treat men as men, not as blacks or whites. If a man, whatever his color, proves
himself unworthy to exercise the rights of a man he must forfeit them. Till that
is the case, every man, whatever his color, must be allowed to use his
prerogatives. The test must be character, not features. Grant that all Seyless
can say against the negro is true; what then? He (the negro, not Seyless) is a
man, and as such must be disposed of. He is entitled to a man's chances and a
man's responsibilities, a man's rewards and a man's punishments.
What other adjustment is worthy
of Americans, save an adjustment on the Declaration of Independence? We prate in
every speech and every newspaper of possessing the only land on God's earth
where principle is the policy; where true ideas are the true interests of the
Commonwealth; where the national grandeur is only the aggregate of individual
prosperities, and the national glory is but the radiance of universal equality.
How long shall we heap up shame by keeping all this a lie? Is it worth while to
make ourselves utterly false in the sight of God and man that we may indulge a
cowardly, paltry, imbecile dislike to the fibre of certain hair, or the color of
certain skins, or the shape of certain feet?
It will cost us all many an
unpleasant qualm and many an inconvenient effort to submit to the arrangement of
matters on the basis of right instead of prejudice, but so it does to submit to
the enforcement of principle in any shape. We will have to put up with our
inconveniences. We suffer terribly in every vital part now, that our principles
may not be dishonored by others. Shall we not suffer trivially in our prejudices
that our principles may not be dishonored by ourselves?
DOUGLAS, CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
NEW THING FOR SMOKERS.
WHAT my Uncle Toby would have
said to the "Ridgewood Pipe and Tobacco Case," which he would have found at 429
Broadway, it is not easy to imagine. But King James I., who hated tobacco and
Puritans, would have blown a "counter-blast" against it as a vile Yankee
invention by which the sinful smoker carries his pouch and pipe and matches all
together in one convenient case, and fills his pipe by pulling a wire before
opening the case, and cleans it thoroughly by the simplest contrivance, so that
at last he is tempted to declare, as he clasps the case and slips it away in his
pocket, that smoking is now made easier and pleasanter than ever before.
AND NAVY ITEMS.
GENERAL HOOKER left
Washington on 28th to enter on active service.
BUTTERFIELD, it is said, will continue to be General HOOKER'S Chief
Major-General SICKLES was
serenaded on 26th at Philadelphia, at the Continental, by Birgfeld's band. The
General appeared on crutches and addressed the crowd, returning thanks for the
compliment, and expressing his determination to remain in the field as long as a
rebel bearing arms remained, as he was enlisted for the war.
General GRANT has recovered sufficiently to be
Vicksburg, and left
New Orleans for that place on 16th, accompanied
THOMAS. It will be some time before he can resume active duty.
ROBERT ANDERSON, U.S.A., has been ordered before the Army Retiring
Board, and it is expected that he will be retired from active service, as, since
the bombardment of Fort Sumter, in 1861, he has not been equal to the fatigue
and excitement incidental to service in the field.
ULRIO DAHLGREN, who was promoted from a
Captaincy for his bravery and for capturing
JEFF DAVIS'S dispatches to
General LEE at the battle of
Gettysburg, has been ordered to report to the
Secretary of War, as his wound will not enable him to take the field at present.
Colonel WASHINGTON SEWALL,
U.S.A., has left for San Francisco, California, where he will report to General
WRIGHT for duty.
SLOCUM is said to have tendered his resignation, and it is rumored
that Major-General HOWARD will do likewise.
It is stated that the resignation
General BURNSIDE has been accepted.
Lieutenant-Colonel POWELL, of the
Twelfth Loyal Virginia Infantry, is now treated as a traitor by the rebels, and
imprisoned in a felon's dungeon at
Richmond. The rebel authorities have been
notified that a rebel prisoner of equal rank will be subjected to similar
treatment unless he be at once put on the same footing with other prisoners of
The sentence of death in the case
of Private JAMES VAUGHAN, Company B, Thirteenth Ohio Volunteers, convicted of
desertion, has been commuted to confinement for three months at hard labor, with
forfeiture of all pay and allowances due or to become due until the expiration
of his sentence.
Dr. ALEXANDER McDONALD and the
Rev. Mr. SCANDLIN, of the
Sanitary Commission, held as prisoners in
Richmond, arrived at Washington last week, state that the report that Captains
FLYNN and SAWYER had been executed is untrue. They were treated with great
inhumanity at first; but when the rebels learned that General W. H. LEE and
Captain WINDER were held as hostages, they were removed from the dungeons in
which they had been placed by the rebels, and now have the same privileges as
other Union officers.
In the ease of Captain WILILIAM
WOODBURY, Second Minnesota Volunteers, convicted of using disloyal language and
insubordination, the sentence of dismissal from the United States service has
been commuted to forfeiture of three months' pay.
First Lieutenant MERRILL HICKE,
Fourth Kentucky Volunteers, and Captain ADAM HARTMAN, Company G, Twelfth
regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, have both been cashiered the service—the
former for being absent without leave and the latter far embezzling public
Private DENNIS McCARTY, Company
B, Twenty-third Illinois Volunteers, having been convicted of a deadly assault
upon a fellow-soldier and violently assailing his Sergeant, has been sentenced
to be shot, and the sentence has been approved by the President.
Captain OLIVER COTTER, Fifth New
York Artillery, convicted of fraud in the matter of musters, has been dismissed
Brigadier-General FRAZIER and one
hundred and sixteen rebel officers, captured at Cumberland Gap by General
BURNSIDE, have arrived at Johnson's Island.
On the 2d of July, General
CHARLES H. GRAHAM was wounded and taken prisoner at the battle of Gettysburg. By
slow and painful stages he was taken to Richmond, where he remained until
recently, when he was exchanged and sent to our lines. His arrival here last
week was made memorable by a party of prominent citizens, who extemporized an
excursion in honor of the event.
The following are among the naval
orders recently issued:
Captain CHARLES S. BOGGS,
detached from the Sacramento, sick and awaiting orders.
Lieutenant-Commander JOSEPH E.
DELHAVEN, detached from the Penobscot and ordered to the command of the Sebago.
Lieutenant-Commander R. B. LOWRY,
detached from the Metacomet and ordered to the command of the Tacony.
Lieutenant-Commander JAMES E.
JEWETT, detached from the Tobago amid ordered to the command of the Metacomet.
Lieutenant-Commander OSCAR F.
STANTON, detached from the Tioga, on her arrival at New Orleans, and ordered to
the command of the Pinola.
Lieutenant-Commander A. E. R.
BENHAM, ordered to the command of the Penobscot.
TRUSTEN POLK, formerly United
States Senator from Missouri, and his wife and two daughters, were made
prisoners on the 11th ult., at Bolivar Landing, Arkansas. POLK held the rank of
Colonel in the rebel army, and has been serving as Judge-Advocate-General under
detached from the command of the gun-boat Hunchback, is ordered to the command
of the Kennebec.
Government has received
intelligence that Colonel STREIGHT and all his officers and men have been
removed from Georgia dungeons to Richmond, and are now treated as other
prisoners of war. This change in their condition has been wrought by retaliatory
measures adopted by our Government. JOHN MORGAN will be held for exchange for
General NEAL DOW.
General McCLELLAN arrived at Philadelphia on
29th ult., and was serenaded at the residence of his mother, on Spruce Street,
above Nineteenth, in the presence of a large crowd of his admirers and friends.
He returned thanks for the compliment in a neat address.
Colonel Loomis, of the celebrated
"Loomis Battery," has received a dispatch from Chattanooga stating that the five
guns of his battery, which were captured by the enemy in the early part of the
battle of Chattanooga, were recaptured before the battle was over.
The War Department has ordered a
Court of Inquiry to investigate the conduct of Generals M'COOK and CRITTENDEN in
the late battles near Chattanooga.
The fleet of foreign naval
vessels in our harbor was reinforced on 29th by the arrival of three English and
two French steam-ships of war. The English vessels are the Nile, line-of-battle
ship, from Halifax; Immortalite, frigate, from Bermuda; Nimble, dispatch boat,
from Halifax. The French vessels are the Guerriere, frigate, from Halifax; and
the steam-frigate Bellone.
ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND.
DISPATCHES have been received
General Rosecrans which state that he is all
right in a natural strong-hold, from which he can not be removed. Also, that the
enemy has made no attack since the 21st ult.
arrived at Rosecrans's head-quarters on 26th ult., and upon invitation examined
the position of the army. He declared that it can not be taken short of a
regular siege, which Bragg does not seem to be attempting.
LATEST REBEL ACCOUNTS.
A dispatch, dated Atlanta,
Georgia, Saturday, September 26, says:
Several trains with wounded and
prisoners have arrived.
Reports of the condition of
affairs above are conflicting. We are inclined to believe that the enemy are
fortifying Chattanooga. Our lines are within four miles of that place. There was
no fighting yesterday.
General Rosecrans has sent in two
flags of truce, asking permission to bury their dead and relieve their wounded.
General Bragg rejected both of them.
WOUNDED AND PRISONERS.
Nashville dispatch says. Trains from the front
are bringing in wounded men and Confederate prisoners. Up to date about 1300
rebels have arrived here, among them Colonel J. J. Scales, Thirtieth Mississippi
regiment; Major J. C. Davis, Eleventh Tennessee and Major W. D. C. Floyd, of
M'Nair's brigade; together with five Captains and eighteen Lieutenants. Among
the Captains is E. D. Sayres, Chief Engineer of Polk's corps.
Over 5000 wounded have reached
here since Wednesday. The churches and halls, vacated some weeks since by our
sick and wounded, are again taken for the same purpose.
Communication by telegraph has
not yet been opened with Chattanooga. Guerrillas are very numerous near
Major Fitzgibbon, of the
Fourteenth Michigan, arrived here to-night with thirty-eight prisoners—among
them one Captain and two Lieutenants of Wheeler's staff. He reports all quiet in
front. Our forces were still fortifying.
CHICKAMAUGA RIVER. Sept 20 via
RINGGOLD, Sept. 21.
To General S. Cooper, A. and I.
After two days' hard fighting we
have driven the enemy, after a desperate resistance, from several positions, and
now hold the field, but he still confronts us.
The losses are heavy on both
sides, especially so in our officers.
We have taken over twenty pieces
of artillery, and some twenty-five hundred prisoners.
BRAXTON BRAGG, General
TEN MILES SOUTH OF CHATTANOOGA.
Via RINGGOLD, Sept. 21, 1863.
To General Cooper:
The enemy retreated on
Chattanooga last night, leaving his dead and wounded in our hands. His loss is
very large in men, artillery, small-arms, and colors. Ours is heavy, but not yet
The victory is complete and our
cavalry is pursuing.
With the blessing of God our
troops have accomplished great results against largely superior numbers,
We have to mourn the loss of many
gallant men and officers. Brigadier-Generals Preston Smith, Helm, and Deshler
are killed; Major-General Hood and Brigadier-Generals Adams, Gregg, and Brown
LATEST FROM CHARLESTON.
Charleston advices to the 26th have come to
General Gilmore was still engaged getting siege
guns into position. Stormy weather had prevented operations on the part of the
THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
All was quiet in front of the
Army of the Potomac at latest dates.
CAVALRY AFFAIRS IN VIRGINIA.
There have been several cavalry
encounters during the past few days between the advance forces of the armies in
Virginia. On 22d a very spirited affair occurred three miles beyond Madison
Court House, where General Buford encountered a strong force of the enemy's
troopers, driving them across the Rapidan, after killing several and taking 45
prisoners. Another affair occurred also on the same day near Rockville, Upper
Maryland, between a body of rebel cavalry and a portion of Scott's Nine Hundred
and some infantry, in which the rebel loss was 34 killed and wounded. Our
casualties in these affairs were trifling. The guerrillas seem to have been
extraordinarily alert in their operations.
AFFAIRS IN EAST TENNESSEE.
General Burnside has appointed
General Carter Provost Marshal of East Tennessee, and the latter outlines his
policy in an order under date of Sept. 12. He says that it is not the intention
of the Government to punish persons who have been guilty of no offense but a
tacit acquiescence in the state of affairs which has existed in that region for
the last two years. Persons against whom no crime is charged that would subject
them to a criminal prosecution or civil suit for damages will be allowed to take
the oath of allegiance. General Burnside now holds the East Tennessee and
Virginia Road from Knoxville to Henderson, seventy-five miles east. The other
road to Chattanooga we also have practical possession of to that place, but the
bridges are burned at London and Charleston. The Tennessee River at London has
been pontooned. When last heard of, Burnside was at Knoxville.
CAMPAIGN IN TEXAS.
The expedition to Texas has not
been abandoned in consequence of the late disaster at
We learn from New Orleans that the movement will now be made overland, and the
large force to be engaged in the undertaking were going forward as rapidly as
the transportation facilities would admit by way of Brashear City and Berwick
Bay. The occupation of Texas may be regarded as a fixed fact. A dispatch, via
Cairo, states that the expedition to the Red
River region, under General Herron, had been perfectly successful in clearing
out the guerrillas that have infested the banks of the Mississippi, between
WAR IN ARKANSAS.
Colonel Cloud, of General Blunt's
command, arrived at Little Rock on the 19th ult. with a small force of cavalry.
Colonel Cloud with a battalion of the Second Kansas Cavalry, five hundred
strong, attacked General Cabell's rebel forces, two thousand strong, in the
defenses between Perryville and Fort Smith,
Indian Territory, and succeeded in routing them
with considerable loss. He also defeated a rebel force at Dardonelle on the 9th
ult., capturing their camp and commissary stores. Over two thousand Union
Arkansans had joined his command, and deserters from the rebel forces were
arriving at Little Rock daily.
Fifteen thousand of the Corps
d'Afrique, under General Banks, have been mustered in, and recruiting is active.
The maximum strength is 25,000.
ANOTHER BREAD RIOT.
Another female bread riot is
reported to have taken place in Mobile on September 4, on which occasion the
Seventeenth Alabama troops were ordered out to put down the disturbance, but
refused to do their duty. The Mobile Cadets were driven from the field, or
rather streets, by the infuriated women. The rioters openly declared that "if
some means were not rapidly devised to relieve their suffering or to stop the
war they would burn the city." The suffering in Mobile is said to be very great.
LEGAL TENDERS CONSTITUTIONAL.
The Court of Appeals at
Albany has decided that the legal tender notes
issued by the Government are constitutional, and by its decision confirms that
made in the Seventh Judicial district, while it overrules one made in this
district. This settles a serious question, that has heretofore caused some
unpleasant doubts to be felt by many people.
EARL RUSSEL alluded pointedly to the American
question in the course of a public speech in Dundee, Scotland. He stated that
England could not be forced to depart from her neutrality, and that the rebel
chances of intervention by the Palmerston Cabinet may be regarded as ended.
One of the rebel iron rams has
been removed from Laird's yard to another anchorage, preparatory to making her
trial trip. Mr. Laird, Jun., assured the Liverpool Post that the firm had not
been notified of any intention on the part of the Government to detain the rams.
All the newspapers say that Laird has been notified he must not send the ships
The confidence in the success of
the new plan for laying the Atlantic telegraph cable in the summer of 1864 is so
firm that Messrs. Glass, Elliott, & Co. have not only contracted to make the
cable, but to successfully submerge it.
"FLORIDA" AT BREST.
Captain Maffit, of the pirate
Florida, ran his vessel into difficulty by taking her to Brest. She was at first
provisionally seized at the suit of a Frenchman named Meiner, who claims an
indemnity of 100,000 francs for a vessel which the Florida had taken; but the
French Government would not permit the seizure of the Florida to satisfy the
indemnity claims against her so long as she remained in the dock-yard of the
It is rumored that the wily
Captain Maffit intends to abandon his famous vessel at Brest and take command of
another pirate at Liverpool, whither it is rumored the new craft has already
been joined by the greater part of the Florida's crew.
THE POLISH QUESTION.
The Russian Government have
replied to the last French note concerning the Polish question in a very
conciliatory tone—Prince Gortschakoff confining himself simply to a discussion
of the expediency of applying the measures claimed on behalf of Poland by the
three great Powers.
THE BRITISH WHIPPED.
Japanese accounts reached
Hakodadi on the 30th of August that the British fleet, which had been dispatched
to Kagosinia to demand the surrender of the murderers of Mr. Richardson,
encountered a heavy fire from the masked batteries of the Japanese, which
riddled the greater portion of the fleet, and caused the balance to retire from