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Robert E. Lee
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Robert E. Lee Portrait
BOMBARDMENT OF FORT
WE give on
page 596 an
illustration representing the commencement of the BOMBARDMENT OF FORT MORGAN by
the army under GRANGER, and by
FARRAGUT'S fleet. The action commenced at
daylight, August 22. The practice was excellent, almost every shell bursting in
the fort. The Richmond,
Brooklyn, Lackawanna, Octorora, and Monitors commenced
the bombardment on the part of the navy, shortly after the shore batteries
opened. All the vessels except the Octorora and the Monitors lay off and used
only their Parrott rifles. The action continued all day on the 22d. A
conflagration raged in the fort all night, and at 2 P.M. on the 23d the fort
surrendered. Next to Fortress Monroe Fort Morgan was considered the strongest
work on the Southern coast.
GEORGE B. McCLELLAN.
GEORGE BRINTON McCLELLAN, the
Democratic candidate for President, whose portrait we give on pages 600 and 601,
was born in Philadelphia December 3, 1826, and is now thirty-eight years of age.
His father was an eminent physician and surgeon, and was professor in a medical
institute of that city. Hardly had the infant been born before the distinguished
surgeon announced the event to his pupils. Scales, it is said, were brought from
the neighboring grocer to weigh the child. All the weights were placed in one
dish and the infant in the other, but the child moved not. The doctor threw in
his watch, keys, lancets, etc. ; but GEORGE B. McCLELLAN still outweighed them
all. More weights were added, but the string broke, leaving the opposite balance
At the age of thirteen he entered
the University of Pennsylvania. Three years later he entered the Military
Academy at West Point. From this institution he graduated with high honors in
the class of 1840 ; was assigned to duty with a company of engineers, and before
the close of the year was ordered into actual service on the line of the Rio
Grande. We were then at war with Mexico, and the
battle of Monterey had just
been fought when Lieutenant McCLELLAN reached his post. In January, 1847, he was
ordered to Tampico to help in the organization of
SCOTT'S army. In this campaign McCLELLAN and
BEAUREGARD, HEINTZELMAN and MAGRUDER, KEARNEY and PILLOW,
STONEWALL JACKSON and RENO,
ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON and
LEE fought side by side and for a common cause. Now these couples stand
separated, meeting in the stern and bitter antagonism of civil war.
battle of Contreras McCLELLAN was brevetted First Lieutenant of Engineers for gallant and
meritorious conduct ; for similar conduct at
Molino del Rey he was offered the
brevet of Captain, but declined it on the ground that it was not due to him ;
but he earned the distinction in the storming of Chapultepec.
In June, 1848, Captain McCLELLAN
was ordered to West Point, where he remained three years in command of a company
of sappers and miners ; then he was removed to Fort Delaware to superintend the
construction of the works, and the next year he joined the expedition, which was
then proceeding to explore the territory of the Red River under the command of
Colonel MARCY, whose daughter McCLELLAN afterward married. Promoted to a full
Captaincy in the First Cavalry in 1855, McCLELLAN, together with Major DELAFIELD
and Major MORDECAI, constituted a committee appointed by JEFFERSON DAVIS, then
Secretary of War, to proceed to Europe for the purpose of studying the war of
the Crimea.. In 1857, as the result of his researches, he published a report of
the armies of Europe, and then resigned his commission in the army.
Having previously occupied the
situation of Engineer and Vice-President of the Illinois Central Railroad, he
was, in 1862, elected President of the Eastern division of the Ohio and
Mississippi Railroad, when he removed to Cincinnati. Shortly afterward the civil
war broke out, and Governor DENNISON, of Ohio, appointed M'CLELLAN a
Major-General of Volunteers to command the contingent of that State, then
consisting of thirteen regiments.
McCLELLAN'S subsequent military
history is familiar to the country. His rapid and successful campaign in West
Virginia ; his labors after the dispiriting reverse at
Bull Run, in the
organization and discipline of a great and efficient army; his appointment to
the chief command in November, 1861 ; his disastrous Peninsular campaign—which
has elicited more discussion, political and military, than any other topic of
the war ; his deposition from command ; his restoration to the command after
POPE'S defeat, and his important victories at
South Mountain and
then, six weeks afterward, his second deposition ;—these successive stages of
General McCLELLAN'S military career. though many of them enshrouded in a great
deal of mystery, are before the people.
General McCLELLAN'S next
appearance is as the candidate of the
Democratic party for the Presidency. The
platform of the party which nominated him is only too evidently a
peace-on-any-condition platform. It declares explicitly in favor of an immediate
armistice, which will restore to the rebels all which they have lost, and
whether the Convention of States which it advocates results in Union or not it
still declares for peace. It says distinctly : " The experiment of restoring the
Union by war has proved a failure." McCLELLAN'S exposition of his own views in
his West Point speech is just as explicit in the opposite direction. He says :
"To efface the insult offered to
our flag, to secure ourselves from the fate of the divided Republics of Italy
and South America, to preserve our Government from destruction, to enforce its
just power and laws, to maintain our very existence as a nation, these were the
causes which impelled us to draw the sword. Rebellion against a Government like
ours, which contains the means of self-adjustment and a pacific remedy for
evils, should never be confounded with a revolution against despotic power which
refuses redress of wrongs. Such a rebellion can not be justified upon ethical
grounds, and the only alternatives for our choice are its suppression or the
destruction of our
nationality. At such a time as
this, and in such a struggle, political partisanship should be merged in a true
and brave patriotism, which thinks only of the good of the whole country. It was
in this cause and with these motives that so many of our comrades have given
their lives, and to this we are all personally pledged in all honor and
fidelity. Shall such devotion as that of our dead comrades be of no avail ?
Shall it be said in after ages that we lacked the vigor to complete the work
thus begun? That after all these noble lives freely given we hesitated and
failed to keep straight on until our land was saved? Forbid it, Heaven, and give
us firmer, true hearts than that !
Holding these views, it can not
be doubted that GEORGE B. McCLELLAN has it in his power today, by a bold and
Jacksonian announcement of them, and by a complete repudiation of the Chicago
platform, to wield a larger influence in favor of the Union and of a lasting
peace than is in the power of any other single man. That this position would,
without much doubt, insure his succession to the Presidency is a minor matter;
but it is of infinite consequence that the country be assured that whether
GEORGE B. McCLELLAN or
ABRAHAM LINCOLN be President of the United States there
shall be no concessions made to armed rebels until they shall have laid down
their arms and sued for peace.
GENERAL GRANT'S CAMPAIGN.
WE give on pages 604 and 605
sketches illustrating General GRANT'S campaign. The view of
JAMES RIVER given on
page 604 is located just above
Dutch Gap at the bend of the river. This bend is
commanded by the rebel batteries at the Howlett House, and it is to avoid these
that BUTLER has been cutting a canal across Farrar's Island, around which the
river bends. Admiral LEE has sunk obstructions at this point to prevent the
approach of the rebel fleet down the river.
On the same page we give a sketch
of GENERAL WARREN'S HEAD-QUARTERS AT THE SIX-MILE HOUSE, on the Weldon Railroad,
August 27. The sketch was made by a soldier of the Fifth Corps. Another sketch
on page 605 gives a view of FORT HELL, on WARREN'S old line before he
transferred his corps to the Weldon Road.
A SILVER thread among the hills,
Gleaming down the hollows :
A babbling brook among the fells,
In sunny pools and shallows:
A broad stream flowing through
the plain, In the land of the fruitful West :
A river rolling to the main,
Bearing navies on its breast :
And the great broad sea with its
An infant, with a tinkling toy,
In its mother's bosom fondled:
A chubby, bright-eyed, radiant
On his father's proud knees
dandled: A youth in learning's eager chase,
While Truth's broad scroll's
unfurl'd: A. man with anxious care-worn face,
Bent 'neath the load of the
And Death's great sea with its
A PIONEER settler in the woods of
Canada has need to be a man of brave heart and strong hand. We had been five
years on our Canadian farm, and we had "a frame house" as fairly fitted for two
families as two flats in Paris one above the other, or two dwellings joining in
a semi-detached villa. My eldest brother had the wife of his choice and two fine
boys. We had thirty acres in corn, grass, fruit, and kitchen garden. This
conquest of the woods made the two brothers next to the eldest very uneasy. They
wanted a world to conquer, and I re-member when Walter, the eldest, now
eighteen, said to my father, " Give John and me ten shillings each to buy axes,
and we will never ask any more of you. We will give you a receipt in full for
"And may well do so, if you have
your health and can fetch your food from home for a while," said my mother.
The result was, that the two boys
started, each with an axe and a knapsack, for a place called "Thug's Hollow,"
ten miles into the dense forest east of our home. The tract of land, comprising
a fine waterfall, had been bought by a man named Sugge, and he intended that his
claim should bear his own name ; but he lisped and called himself Thugge, and
ether folks called him what he called himself, and hence the ugly name was
fastened on a very lovely valley which is now a beautiful and prosperous
village, long ago emancipated from forest trees, beavers, blackened stumps, and
its bad name.
On the mill-stream, where now
stand the mills of my victorious brothers, Ben's beaver was caught in a
box-trap. He was a baby heaver, or he might have known better than to intrude
into the small room that became his prison for the bribe of a sweet-apple. The
colony of beavers that had built near where the corn-mill now stands had been
fastened out of their house, and all shot, by my brothers, while they were
trying to get in at their own doors. It was a cruel and profitable job, for
beaver skins then brought a very high price. Not one was left alive except baby
Brownie, who was given to Ben by reason of his great love of four-footed pets. I
went over to see the beavers' house, built of small trees, or saplings, which
they cut down with their chisel-like front teeth, and floated into position in
the water. The dam, as well formed as if men had built it, the warm dry rooms of
the dwelling with their soft lining, the treasures of bark and bulbous roots for
food in winter, all were wonderful to me. The boys had watched them at .cork for
some days before they commenced destroying them. They had seen them cut down
saplings to repair damage purposely done to their dam. They had floated
these to the place where they
were wanted, and then, lifting the stick upon the fore-leg, as a man takes a
burden on his arm, they had put it in its place, very much after the manner of a
monkey. Many have said that the beaver carries burdens on his tail, and that he
uses it as a trowel. My brothers were not able to verify these assertions. They
were of opinion that though the tail may be used sometimes to brace the animal,
like a fifth leg, or to hammer their work into place, yet that it is not used as
a trowel or a raft. Perhaps the time they allowed themselves for observation was
I took notes of Brownie for a
long time, and he soon grew to be a big beaver and very tame. He was one of the
most cheerful and affectionate pets in the world, and, though he ate bark and
bulbous roots readily, his favorite food was bread and milk; if it was sweetened
it was a special and delightful treat.
One of our neighbors was
remarkably fortunate in finding horses that had gone astray. On being asked for
the secret of his sagacity and luck, he said : " I always fancy myself a horse,
and think of what I would want if I was one, and where I would go to get it." If
I could fancy myself a beaver, I might hope to explain some of the singular
doings of Ben's. He loved my brother so dearly, that Alice (my brother's wife)
was almost jealous of him. It was impossible for Ben to separate or hide from
him. On one occasion Ben left home to go to Plattsburg and Whitehall, on Lake
Champlain. This lake is nearly one hundred miles long, and has many steam-boat
landings on both sides : being at its widest not above six miles across. The
beaver was left at home, but when Ben went up to his room at the St. Alban's
Hotel, he was met by Brownie, who showed no signs of fatigue, and indulged in
the most extravagant expressions of joy. Ben rewarded his attention with a dish
of bread and milk, of which he ate about one half, and then laid himself to
sleep on his master's valise, He changed to his master's feet when my brother
was in bed. In the morning Ben missed him, and the remaining portion of the
bread and milk. " Brownie has gone home," said Ben to himself, That night he
staid at Plattsburg, on the other side of the lake ; when he retired to his
room, after taking supper in the ordinary dining-room, there he found Brownie on
his valise again. Again there was a joyful meeting, and an eager consumption of
bread and milk and sweet-apples. This time there was none left for breakfast.
Still Brownie disappeared early, and not until Ben reached White-hall was he
again visible. It is to be noted that in all the distance traveled by this
beaver, from our home, there was water. Brooks and a small river took him to St.
Alban's, and after that he had the lake. The beaver is a poor traveler on land,
and does better by night than by day. Much of the work of beaver colonies is
done in the night. But Brownie followed his master by day, and made the same
speed as the boat, and always knew where to land. The animal has powerful means
of water locomotion in the hind feet : his tail he uses as a rudder.
Who or what told Brownie that Ben
was to land at Whitehall I can not know, but there he was, ready to pay his
ardent respects to his master's pocket for the sake of a sweet-apple.
My sister Alice had hoped when
she married Ben to reform him of his passion for four-footed pets by furnishing
substitutes; but he went on the principle of " the more angels in the heart the
more room," only he read babies and beavers instead of celestial beings. I
remember Mrs. Ben's rueful expression of face as she exclaimed, "Oh dear !
Brownie is a nuisance. He has built a dam in the parlor, of the fire-irons and
fender and a music-stool. He has made a double-roomed house at the back of it
with two ottomans, and lined them with the leaves of my last music-book. And
then he has stolen my dried sweet-apples, and laid them up for his winter's
pro-vision. But he is welcome to them now, for who would eat them after he has
messed them over ! In-deed, Ben, he is a nuisance."
"We are all nuisances sometimes,"
said Ben, "beavers, babies, and grown men and women."
" I. wish you would speak for
yourself and Brownie, and not for me and the babies, Ben," said Alice, laughing.
" Look at him !" said my brother,
as Brownie combed himself with the claws of his hind foot, making his toilet as
carefully as a cat or a lady. We all did look at him, and we all forgave his
mischief, and admired his neatness, sagacity, and affection. All the world
forgives the pets and favorites when they serve or amuse sufficiently to pay
The end of poor Brownie was
tragic, and no settler in Canada has been more sincerely mourned. To this day a
tender sadness fills my heart when I think of him. He was mistaken by a hunter
for a wild beaver, when the hunter was on an excursion with my brother in the
backwoods. He was shot. Ben got his skin and had it stuffed, and to this day it
is kept as a parlor ornament in my brother's Canadian house.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A YANKEE has invented a new and
cheap plan for lodging. One of his lodgers mesmerizes the rest, and then eats a
hearty meal—the mesmerized being satisfied from sym pathy.
An old gentleman who has paid
some attention to small matters, says he always watches with much interest the
ingress and egress of husbands and wives to and from the dining and drawing
rooms of the hotels at the sea-side at this season of the year. "If," says he, "
the wives enter and depart a little in advance of their husbands, be sure they
wear the Oh-no-we-never-mention-'ems. If, on the contrary, the husbands take the
lead, you may rest assured they take the lead in every thing else."
A young minister, in a highly
elaborate sermon which he preached, said several times, "The commentators do not
agree with me here." Next morning a poor woman came to see him, with something
in her apron. She said her husband heard his sermon, and thought it was a very
fine one; and as he said "the common tatters did net agree with him," he had
sent hint some of the very best kidneys.
Hope is the dream of those who
The Dayton Journal states that
Fernando Wood in a fine frenzy, during his speech made recently in that city,
said that if by offering up his own life he could stop the bloodshed that is now
afflicting the country, he would cheerfully do so. An appreciative Irishman in
the crowd earnestly responded—" It wud be mighty shape."
A Dutchman was relating his
marvelous escape from drowning when thirteen of his companions were lost by the
upsetting of a boat, and he alone saved. "And how did you escape their fate?"
asked one of his hearers. "1 tid not go in the pote," was the Dutchman's placid
A Gascon nobleman had been
reproaching his son for impatience. "I owe you nothing," said the unfilial young
man. "So far from having served me, you have ever stood in my way; for if you
had never been born, I should at this moment be the next heir of my rich
"How far is it to Taunton ?"
asked a countryman, who was walking exactly the wrong way to reach that town.
"'Bout twenty-four thousand miles," said the lad he asked, "if you go the way
you are going now; about a mile, if you turn round."
"I was never on intimate terms
with the prisoner," said a burglar who was used as Queen's evidence against it
"pal." " He was no gentleman. I've known him when he was robbing a house to
drink a gentleman's Champagne and go off with his silver, without leaving a card
of thanks on the dining-room table. He brought discredit on the perfesshun."
When is the mother of a large
family like a ship at sea? —When she's upset by a squall.
Why is there no occasion for a
flute-player to go to Germany for his health?—Because he can stay at home and
breathe a German air.
The clergyman who " came to a
head" in his discourse was much disappointed to find no brains in it.
" I can't say I admire your style
of acting," said a land-lady to a strolling player when she caught him stealing
Boys on land often play the game
of pitch and toss. When at sea, still oftener.
NAUTICAL CONJURING.-- keep a
Sailor's Log-Book properly is considered to be the Art of Ledger-de-Hain.
"Is my wife out of spirit?" said
John, with a sigh, As her voice of a tempest gave warning.
"Quite out, Sir, indeed," said
her maid in reply,
" For she finished the bottle this morning."
An Irish gentleman, parting with
a lazy servant-woman, was asked, with respect to her industry, whether she was
what is termed afraid of work. "Oh ! not at ail," said he, "not at all; she'll
frequently lie down and fail asleep by the very side of it." ,
"Sir," said a barber to an
attorney who was passing his door, "will you tell me if this is a good half
sovereign?" The lawyer, pronouncing the piece good, deposited it in his pocket,
adding, with gravity, "If you'll send your lad to my office I'll return the
three and fonrpence,"
A mechanic his labor will often
If the rate of his pay he
But a clock—and its case is
uncommonly hard—Will continue to work though it strikes!
A certain young clergyman, modest
almost to bashfulness, was once asked by a country apothecary, of it contrary
character, in a public and crowded assembly, and in a tone of voice sufficient
to catch the attention of the whole company, "How it happened that the
patriarchs lived to such extreme old age?" To which question the clergyman
replied, "Perhaps they took no physic."
Franklin was once asked, "What is
the use of your discovery of atmospheric electricity?" The philosopher answered
the question by another, " What is the use of a new-born infant ?"
A painter who was well acquainted
with the dire effects of law had to represent two men—one who had gained a
lawsuit, and another who had lost one. He painted the former with a shirt on,
and the latter naked.
Coleman, the dramatist, was asked
Ube knew Theodore Hook. "Yes," replied the wit; "Hook and Eye are old
A gentleman asked a friend, in a
very knowing manner, " Pray, did you ever see a cat-fish ?" "No," was the
response, " but I've seen a rope-walk."
"Well, neighbor, what's the news
this morning?" said a gentleman to a friend. "I have just bought a sack of flour
for a poor woman." "Just like you! Whom have you made so happy by your charity
this time?" "My wife."
" What's in your mind et no one
Nor to a friend a secret show :
For when your friend becomes your
Then all the world your secrets
" The British Empire, Sir,"
exclaimed an orator, "is one on which the sun never sets." "And one," replied an
auditor, "in which the tax-gatherer never goes to bed."
Some persons can neither stir
hand nor foot without making it clear they are thinking of themselves, and
laying little traps for approbation.
A scholar having fallen into the
hands of robbers was fastened to a tree, and left so nearly a whole day, till
one came and unloosed him. " Now," says he, "the old adege must be false, which
saith that the tide tarrieth for no man."
A lady, whose fondness for
generous living had given her a flushed face and rubicund nose, t mite ml Dr.
Cheyne. Upon surveying herself in the grass she exclaimed, "Where, in the name
of wonder, Doctor, did I get such a nose as this?" "Out of the decanter, madam,"
replied the Doctor.
A traveler, when asked whether in
his youth le had gone through Euclid, was not quite sure, but he thought it was
a small village between Wigan and Preston.
A gentleman at a musical party
asked a friend, in a whisper, "How he should stir the fire without interrupting
the music." "Between the bars," replied the friend.
A traveler relating his
adventures, told the company that he and his servants had made fifty will Arabs
run; which startling them, he observed, that there was no great -matter in it; "
For,” says he, "we ran, and they ran after us."
Mrs. Bray relates the following
of a Devonshire physician, happily named Vial, who was a desperate lover of
whist : One evening, in the midst of a deal, t he doctor fell off his chair in a
fit. Consternation seized on the company. Was he alive or dead? At length he
showed signs of life, and, retaining the last fond idea which had possessed him
at the moment he fell into the fit, he exclaimed, " What is trumps ?
Mr. Smith passed a pork-shop the
other day—Mr. Smith whistled. The moment he did this every sausage wagged its
tail." As a note to this, we would mention that the day before he lost a
Newfoundland dog that weighed sixty-eight pounds.
An Irishman once ordered a
painter to draw his picture, and to represent him standina behind is tree.