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Page) of your enemy upon his passage."
To the objection that, as rebellious agents, they are not embassadors, Mr.
Everett says : "But on this supposition, the emissaries of a rebellious
province, going abroad in quest of foreign succor, the very case and the very
circumstance on which the law of nations is founded that authorizes the arrest
of the enemy's embassadors—could never be seized."
Both these gentlemen, relying
upon Vattel and Sir William Scott, hold that rebel emissaries are embassadors of
the enemy ; therefore contraband: therefore liable to seizure. The lawful method
of seizure we do not here discuss.
Upon this point of the contraband
of persons the great French authority, De Hautefeuille, entirely differs from
the views advanced by
Mr. Seward and Mr. Everett. He states the case broadly in
this way: "Any ship freighted expressly for the transport of land or sea troops,
of recruits for the service of a belligerent, would not be carrying contraband
of war. It would be guilty of a direct participation in the hostilities : it
would lose its neutral character : it would be a belligerent, and if it fell
into the hands of the adversary it would share the fate reserved for belligerent
vessels—it would be confiscated with all its cargo." By all the treaties, he
says, the only isolated persons who can be removed from a neutral vessel are
those who are in the military service of the enemy, and then not as contraband,
for persons can not become so." And he sums up the French position upon this
point as follows : "First, that in no case can there exist contraband of war on
a neutral vessel sailing between two neutral ports. Second, that even if there
were contraband of war, the sole right of the cruiser would be to seize the
vessel and to carry it into one of the ports of his own country to have it
legally sentenced. Third, that persons can not, in any case, be considered as
contraband of war. Fourth, that Messrs.
Slidell and Mason, not being in the
military service of the Southern Confederation at the moment of their arrest,
could not be carried off from the neutral vessel in which they were sailing."
There is evidently "not an entire
agreement" in these views. They can be harmonized only by an international
Congress. But it is clear that France and the United States will not seriously
differ; for Mr. Marcy's improvement upon the Treaty of Paris, that free ships
make free goods, and that neutrals between neutral ports are to be visited only
to determine that they are such, will in time doubtless become the maritime law
of the world. Mr. Seward justly bases his recent action upon the generally
acknowledged doctrine of to-day—namely, that the neutral flag covers what is not
contraband of war. That is the doctrine of the Treaty of Paris, and that is the
latest general law.
A FRIEND long resident in Paris
writes to the Lounger under date of December 14:
" We have allowed ourselves to
speak very contemptuously of them (the English) sometimes; they will have a
chance now to retaliate. At the Guildford Agricultural Society dinner (see
Galignani's Messenger of this morning) the Rev. G. Portal (rector of Alburv),
after having urged an effective extermination of the hybrid Germano-Anglo, etc.,
etc., etc. mixture, gave as a sufficient reason for his sanguinary and Christian
counsels that 'a Yankee was as great a parody upon an Englishman as a monkey was
upon the human race.' Think of it, my dear fellow, after all you are nothing but
a parody !
"Well, if you are a parody, you
can retaliate and tell t'other that he is a pretext. It is well understood here
that they were trying to make a pretext * * * of the Nashville and Harvey Birch
affair when the
Trent turned up. The Admiralty lawyers were sent for. Their
report was that in face of the Queen's proclamation nothing could be said. '
But,' cried out Palmerston, ' by-, you must cook up something.' They could not;
so the common law lawyers tried their skill. ' Why don't you publish their
report ?' I said to my English friend. 'Oh! d- it, it was so weak that we could
do nothing but make a report of their report. All we wanted was a pretext.'
"My dear friend—I mean my
unfortunate parody—if you have any country left at the end of the English
crusade, do not call it Anglo-Saxon, or say that liberty is the mission of that
race again. * * * The 'pretexts' are the veriest hypocrites and blood-thirsty
slaves of Mammon that God's sun has shone upon. Why, this same day's paper
contains a nice calculation : when embarrassed by prisoners, one Enfield bullet
was enough for eight Sepoys; now one Whitfield ditto will finish eleven and a
half 'parodies.' If you are in the line, pray put yourself at the tail of it!
"I don't know what our movements
will be. The pretexts have more that 4000 guns out with us, or on their way (at
least by the 8th of January). They count on Baltimore and
Annapolis, and a
combined movement with the rebels on
Washington. Also on Portland, Maine ; and
the ' indemnity,' of which their official journal talks, is that port and so
much of Maine as they consider necessary for Canada. This information is
accurate." * * * * *
The Rev. G. Portal, rector of
Albury, may be a very amiable rural British saint, but his amusing talk is
significant only as indicating a public state of mind which could tolerate it.
That Great Britain would gladly have accepted a war upon the Trent issue is
beyond question. That the British nation—partly through willfulness, partly
through ignorance and the falsehoods of rebel agents—is sorely inflamed against
us, is equally indisputable. But it becomes us, as a nation of superior general
intelligence, and resolved upon justice, not to retort by losing our temper ;
but by calm reply, and incessant and ample preparation, to avoid any collision
which may be honorably avoided; and if it can not be, to accept the struggle
with the determination that it shall be the last in which these two nations
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
THE rudeness of Dr. Parr to
ladies was sometimes extreme. To a lady who had ventured to oppose him with more
warmth of temper than cogency of reasoning, and who afterward apologized for
herself by saying "that it was the privilege of women to talk nonsense." " No,
Madam," he replied, "it is not their privilege, but their infirmity. Ducks would
walk if they could ; but nature suffers them only to waddle !"
A man who cheats in short measure
is a measureless rogue. If in whisky, then he is a rogue in spirit. If by
falsifying his accounts, then he is an unaccountable rogue. If he gives a bad
title to land, then he is a rogue in deed. If he gives short measure in wheat,
then he is a rogue in grain.
A lady, suspecting that her
female servant was regaling her young man upon the cold mutton of the larder,
called Betty and inquired whether she had not heard some one speaking to her
down stairs. "Oh no,ma'am," replied the girl, "it was only me singing a psalm."
" Well, Betty," replied the lady, "I have no objection to your singing psalms;
but let us have no HIMS, Betty—I have a great objection to HIMS."
An Irishman had been sick for a
long time, and while in this state would occasionally cease breathing, and life
be apparently extinct for some time, when he would again come to. On one of
these occasions, when he had just awakened from his sleep, Patrick asked him:
"An' how'll we know, Jemmy, when you're dead—you're afther wakin' up ivery
time?" "Bring me a glass o' grog, an' say to me, ' Here's till ye, Jemmy!' an'
if I don't rise up an' dhrink, then bury me!"
A bickering pair of
lately heard in high controversy, the husband exclaiming, "I am determined to
have one quiet week with thee!" " But how wilt thou be able to get it?" said the
taunting spouse, in "reiteration," which married ladies so provokingly indulge
in. "I will keep thee a week after thou are dead!" was the Quaker's rejoinder.
A good story is told of St.
Kevin, a religious gentleman, who lived by the fish he caught in the Irish
lakes, which shows he was subjected to a severe temptation during one of his
piscatorial excursions, but whether he fell into the snare laid for him or not,
we do not remember. It seems that a belle of that ilk, named Kate, put the
following leading questions to him:
"You're a rare hand at fishing,"
"It's yourself, dear, that knows
how to hook 'em; But when you have caught 'em, agrah!
Don't you want a young woman to
A young lady at Notting Hill is
so refined in her language that she never uses the word "blackguard," but
substitutes "Ethiopian Sentinel."
At the examination of a boy of
nine years of age for admission to one of the public schools in a suburban town,
the teacher, after a satisfactory result in reading and spelling, asked, "What
do you know about the United States?" The youngster promptly replied, "Don't
know nothing: nobody does—all gone!"
A countryman in the depths of
dyspeptic despair called on a physician. The doctor gave him some plain advice
as to his food, making a thorough change, and ended by writing a prescription
for some tonic, saying, " Take that, and come back in a fortnight." In ten days
Giles returned, blooming and happy, the picture of health. The doctor was
delighted, and proud of his skill. He asked to see what he had given him. Giles
said he had not got it. " Where was it ?" " I took it, Sir." "Took it ! What
have you done with it ?" "I ate it, Sir ! You told me to take it!"
An English judge being asked what
contributed most to success at the bar, replied: "Some succeed by great talent,
some by a miracle, but the majority by commencing without a shilling."
An old bachelor, seeing the words
"Families Supplied" over time door of a shop, stepped in and said he would take
a wife and two children.
"I say, Bill, what have you done
with that horse of your'n?" "Sold him." "What did you sell him for?" "Why, he
moved so slow at the last of it, that I got prosecuted half a dozen times for
violating the law against standing in the street. The policeman at one time
sighted him by a building five minutes, and couldn't see him move."
Not long since a premium was
offered by an agricultural society for the best mode of irrigation; and the
latter word, by mistake of the printer, having been changed to "irritation," a
farmer sent his wife to gain the prize.
A fashionable baronet has said,
with no less feeling than high moral sense, " Happy, thrice happy the man who
has time means to keep a servant to stretch the tight boots before he wears them
"Anyt'ing pite you dare?"
inquired one Dutchman of another, while engaged in angling. "No, not'ing at
all." "Vell!" returned the other, "not'ing pite me too."
"Your hand annoys me
exceedingly," said a French nobleman in Paris to a talkative person who was
sitting near him at a dinner, and who was constantly suiting the action to the
word. "Indeed, my lord," replied the gabbler, "we are so crowded at the table
that I do not know where to put my hand." "Put it in your mouth," said the
If the cat had wings, no birds
would be left in the air. If every one had what he is wishing, who would have
"What is the difference between a
good soldier and a. fashionable young lady?" "One faces the powder, and the
other powders the face."
"Wife, I thought you said you
were going to have a goose for dinner?" "So I did? and I've kept my word."
"Where is it?" "Why, my dear, ain't you here for dinner?" Smithers couldn't see
the point of that joke.
Frederick the Great, after a very
terrible engagement, asked his officers, "Who behaved the most intrepidly during
the engagement ?" The preference was given to himself. "You are all mistaken,"
replied the King ; "the boldest fellow was a fifer, whom I passed twenty times
during the contest, and he did not vary a note during the whole time."
ON Tuesday, 7th January, in the
Senate, petitions for the
emancipation of slaves, and for the exchange of
prisoners of war, were presented and referred. A resolution was adopted,
instructing the Naval Committee to inquire how the practice has prevailed ln the
navy of making purchases through other than recognized agents, and if such have
been made, whether larger prices have been paid. The bill to increase the number
of cadets at time West Point Military Academy was then taken up, discussed, and
rejected by a vote of twelve yeas against twenty-five nays. Senator Wilson's
bill providing for the punishment of army officers, by dismissal from the
service, who shall detain fugitive slaves, was taken up. A motion by Senator
Saulsbury, of Delaware, to indefinitely postpone the subject, was defeated—yeas
thirteen, nays twenty-three. The further consideration of the bill was then, on
notion of Senator Carlile, of Virginia, postponed for the present.-In the House, the documents relative to the settlement of the
Treat affair were
received from the President. Mr. Vallandigham, of Ohio, expressed his
dissatisfaction at the
surrender of Mason and Slidell, and predicted that in
less than three months we shall be involved in war with Great Britain, or else
submit to the recognition of the Southern Confederacy and the breaking up of the
blockade. Mr. Thomas, of Massachusetts, justified the capture of the rebel
envoys, and said that England did us grievous wrong in demanding their
surrender. A lengthy, lively, and interesting discussion ensued, and finally the
documents were referred to time Committee on Foreign Affairs.
On Wednesday, 8th, in the Senate,
resolutions of the Kentucky Legislature, in favor of constructing a railroad to
connect Kentucky with loyal East Tennessee and Western North Carolina, were
presented by Senator Powell and referred. A series of resolutions adopted by the
Kentucky Legislature, assuming the State's quota of the direct national
tax, pledging the State to be
true and loyal to the Constitution and the Union, protesting against
Congressional interference with slavery, and approving the
modification of General Fremont's proclamation, were also presented by Senator
Powell. The Naval Committee reported the House bill providing for the
construction of twenty iron-clad steam gun-boats, with an amendment authorizing
the President to have the work done, instead of the Secretary of the Navy. This
implied censure on the head of the Navy Department created a lively discussion,
which continued till the expiration of the morning hour, when the subject was
laid aside.-In the House, the Judiciary Committee were authorized to send for
persons and examine witnesses relative to the telegraphic censorship of the
press; also to compel the production of papers and dispatches sent or proposed
to be sent. The Ways and Means Committee was instructed to consider the
expediency of reporting a bill at their earliest convenience amending the eighth
section of the act of August last, so as to provide for raising $100,000,000
instead of $20,000,000 by direct taxation, and that in this connection they
consider the expediency of telegraph and stamp duties, and excise duties upon
cotton, tobacco, and all malt and distilled liquors. On motion of Mr. Colfax, a
resolution was adopted instructing the Committee on Ways and Means to inquire
into the expediency of taxation for the support of the Government, as follows:
One mill per mile on all railroad passenger travel; one-eighth per cent. on all
transfers of stock, notes discounted, and bills of exchange; and five dollars
docket fee on all suits commenced in any court of record. The Judiciary
Committee were instructed to inquire and report as to the Constitutional power
of Congress to make Treasury Notes payable on demand a legal tender. Mr. Blair
offered a preamble setting forth the action of the French Government relative to
Trent affair, and concluding with a joint resolution declaring that the
people of the United States are not insensible to the kindness which animated
the French Government in its prompt and wise interposition, and for reasserting
the principles of international law and neutral rights which have been held by
both France and the United Stated. Mr. Vallandigham, regarding the dispatch of
M. Thouvenel as hostile to the United States, called for the yeas and nays on
the passage of the resolution. Mr. Lovejoy expressed a desire to debate the
resolution, and it was laid over under the rule. Mr. Lovejoy offered a
resolution, which was adopted, instructing the Committee on Public Lauds to
inquire into the expediency of reporting a bill for the consideration of the
House empowering the generals in command of the army who may take possession of
any inhabited portion of the rebellious States to appoint commissioners of
sequestration, whose duty it shall be: First—To take possession, for the use of
the United States, of all property, real and personal, found without owners.
Second—To convert all such personal property into money, to be paid into the
Treasury of the United States. Third—To sell at auction all homesteads
sequestrated. Fourth—To give homesteads not exceeding one hundred and fifty
acres to such settlers as shall occupy the same for three years. Fifth—The
remainder of the lands to be surveyed and disposed of as other such property of
the United States.
On Thursday, 9th, in the Senate,
the House resolution in regard to bonded sugar and coffee was passed, by a vote
of twenty-three to fifteen. Senator Hale introduced a bill to punish fraud, on
the Treasury by a fine to the amount of money fraudulently obtained, and
imprisonment, at hard labor, for. not more than ten years; also, that any
officer of the Government convicted of fraud be discharged and punished, and
ever after held ineligible for any office. Referred. Bills providing for a
Signal Department of the army; to regulate the pay of army officers : organizing
the staffs of the divisions of the army; regulating the appointment of chaplains
and to allow Jewish chaplains, and to increase the clerical force of the
Adjutant-General's office, were presented by the Committee on Military Affairs.
The communication from the Secretary of State in regard to the Trent affair was
then taken up, and Senator Sumner, Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs,
delivered an elaborate exposition of the policy of the Government as regards the
settlement of the recent difficulty with Great Britain. At the conclusion of
Senator Sumner's remarks the Iron-Clad War Steamer bill was taken up, and the
proposed amendment of the Naval Committee, that the ships be built under the
direction of the President, instead of the Secretary of the Navy, gave rise to a
discussion. The debate was closed by Senator Wilson's offering a resolution,
which was adopted, requesting the Secretary of the Navy to report to the Senate
the facts in regard to the employment of George B. Morgan to purchase vessels,
and the amount of compensation paid him, and the Senate adjourned.-In the House,
bills to establish an arsenal at
Springfield, Illinois; to punish frauds on the Government, and providing for
the payment of interest, in certain cases, on claims against the Government,
were presented and referred. The bill abolishing the franking privilege was then
taken up. After debate, a motion was made to lay the subject on time table, and
on this test vote time opponents of the bill were defeated by a vote of
fifty-one against seventy-eight. Without further action the House adjourned.
On Friday, 10th, in the Senate,
the report of the Judiciary Committee in favor of expelling Waldo P. Johnson and
Trusten Polk, Senators from Missouri, who have joined the rebels, was adopted
unanimously, and the Vice-President was instructed to notify the Governor of
Missouri of this action of the Senate. The motion to refer the credentials of
Mr. Stark, the newly-elected member from Oregon, whose loyalty is questioned, to
the Judiciary Committee, was then taken up, discussed at some length, and
finally adopted by a vote of 28 to 11. The bill organizing the signal department
of the army was passed. The bill relative to the appointment of sutlers and
defining their duties was taken up. Senator Lane, of Kansas, offered an
amendment abolishing the sutler system, as it was a nuisance and an injury to
the service. Senator Carlile moved to recommit the bill, with instructions to
abolish sutlers and furnish soldiers tobacco rations; but without any action on
the motion the subject was dropped. In the House, a letter was received from the
Secretary of War, in which he states that measures have been taken to ascertain
who is responsible for the disastrous movement at
Ball's Bluff, but that it is
not compatible with the public interest to make known those measures at the
present time. The paper was referred to the Joint Committee on the Conduct of
the War. In Committee of the Whole, the Civil Appropriation bill was taken up,
and a long discussion ensued on an amendment offered by Mr. Stevens,
appropriating $150,000 to supply the deficiency for printing Treasury Notes, in
which frauds between the officials of the Treasury and the engravers were
On Monday, January 13, in the
Senate, petitions for the emancipation of slaves were presented and referred.
The house bill, appropriating $150,000 for completing the defenses of Washington
was reported by the Military Committee. The Judiciary Committee reported on the
resolution to expel Senator Bright, of Indiana, that, the allegations being
insufficient, the resolution do not pass. A motion to take up the bill
indemnifying the owners of the British ship Perthshire, for damages sustained by
reason of illegal capture by the blockading squadron, was disagreed to. Senator
Carlile offered a resolution, which was laid over, that the Committee on Finance
consider time expediency of providing by direct taxation on all kinds of
property for a revenue of two hundred millions of dollars, and issuing bonds for
that amount; also for the issuing of bonds to the amount of $800,000,000, and to
establish a fiscal agency for New York, etc. Senator King introduced a bill,
which was referred, to authorize the Secretary of time Treasury to issue
Treasury Notes to the amount of $100,000,000, at 7 per cent. interest, and
providing for a direct tax of $10,000,000 for the payment of the interest.-In
the House, the Army Appropriation Bill was reported, and referred to the
Committee of the Whole. Mr. Andrew J. Clements was admitted to a seat as
representative from the Fourth District of Tennessee, and was qualified by
taking the usual oath. Mr. Dawes delivered a speech showing the frauds that have
been perpetrated in the Government contracts, and Mr. Baker, of New York,
advocated the passage of a tax bill to realize one hundred millions of dollars.
With regard to the Treasury Note Printing appropriation, Mr. Dawes offered an
amendment appropriating $150,000 for this service in addition to the former
appropriation, provided no part of it be applied in payment or liquidation of
any sum due on any existing contract for engraving and printing Treasury bonds
or notes. This was agreed to—95 against 44. With regard
to the Treasury note engraving,
Mr. Dawes moved a similar proviso, appropriating $100,000. Adopted.
RETIREMENT OF SECRETARY CAMERON.
Hon. Simon Cameron, Secretary of
War, has resigned, and accepted the mission to Russia, from which Cassius M.
Clay is about to retire, in order, it is said, to take a command in the army.
Mr. Cameron's successor is
Edwin M. Stanton, an eminent lawyer from
Pennsylvania, and formerly a conspicuous member of the Ohio bar. Mr. Stanton, it
will be remembered, was appointed Attorney-General of the United States in
December, 1860, when Judge Black was transferred to the State Department, and
was one of those members of Mr. Buchanan's Cabinet who took the place of the
three traitors, Floyd, Thompson, and Cobb.
DEPARTURE OF BURNSIDE'S
Burnside expedition, upon
which so much of the public interest has been concentrating for some time past,
sailed from Hampton Roads very suddenly on Saturday night and Sunday morning,
leaving a few vessels behind, no doubt to bring on further reinforcements. The
weather there at that time was very pleasant, notwithstanding that it was very
foggy and disagreeable here. It may be that the sudden departure of the
expedition was decided upon because of the favorable weather, or it may have
been the result of some news received by General Burnside.
HUMPHREY MARSHALL'S FORCE
Intelligence is received, from three different sources, that the
second invasion of Eastern Kentucky by the rebels has ended still more
disgracefully for them than the first, and that Humphrey Marshall, from whom the
rebels expected so much, has failed signally in establishing his reputation as a
military leader. On 6th instant Colonel Garfield, in command of the National
forces, had advanced up the Big Sandy River as far as Painesville, seven miles
from the rebel camp, when he was met by a flag of truce from Marshall, who
wished to know if matters could not be arranged without a fight. Colonel
Garfield, however, had no arrangement to offer but a fight or an unconditional
surrender of the rebel forces. Whereupon Marshall addressed his men, and gave
them the choice of scattering or surrendering, and they concluded to scatter,
after burning all their wagons, tents, camp equipage, etc. Nothing was taken
away by the rebels but their cannon, which were expected to be captured by
Colonel Garfield's cavalry, which went immediately in pursuit.
THE MISSISSIPPI EXPEDITION.
The news from
Cairo and Chicago
is to the effect that the advance of the great expedition had commenced a
Southward movement, and the main body of the troops had embarked preparatory to
leaving. The various brigades were to be placed under the command of Generals
McClernand, Smith, and
THE STEAMER "PENSACOLA" GONE TO
The steamer Pensacola succeeded in running the blockade of
the Potomac on
11th as far as Indian Head, where she remained until 12th, at which time she
again started on her way. She was fired at by the rebel butteries, and
twenty-two shots were aimed at her, but none hit the mark. She did not return
the fire, although heavily laden with cannon and other appliances of war, and
fully prepared for hostile service. The safe passage of the vessel is a source
of great satisfaction to all parties concerned.
THE WAR IN WESTERN VIRGINIA.
Our army in Western Virginia
continues active. A brilliant affair is announced to have taken place at Blue's
Gap, east of Romney, at daybreak on 7th, when a detachment of
forces, commanded by Colonel Dunning, of the Fifth Ohio regiment, attacked two
thousand of the enemy, routing them completely. The rebels had fifteen killed,
two pieces of cannon, their wagons, etc., and twenty prisoners, including one
commissioned officer, were captured. None of the Union soldiers were killed. A
force of three hundred Union troops, belonging to the Thirty-second Ohio
regiment, under command of Captain Lacey, dispatched by General Milroy into
Tucker County, dispersed four hundred rebels, and captured a large quantity of
stores, a commissary, a first lieutenant, and a private soldier. Four of the
rebels were found dead on the field, and a large number of wounded. At last
accounts the Union troops were in hot pursuit of the fugitives.
AFFAIRS AT PORT ROYAL.
A dispatch has been received at
the War Department from General Sherman, giving a brief statement of the objects
and results of General Stevens's recent expedition from
Port Royal Island. The
object was to destroy the batteries of the enemy on the Coosaw River, and to
punish him for firing into the steamer Mayflower on her recent passage through
that stream. The expedition was successful in every respect. The rebels were
driven off, their batteries demolished, and the property found there either
destroyed or brought away. General Stevens is on the main land awaiting
GUN-BOAT SKIRMISH ON THE
A gun-boat skirmish took place
last week near Cairo. It appears that three rebel gun-boats attacked the two
Union boats, Essex and St. Louis, lying off
Fort Jefferson; but the fire being
returned, the rebel boats retreated, the others following in hot pursuit until
the former were sheltered by the guns of the batteries at Columbus. It is
believed one of the rebel boats was disabled during the engagement.
GOVERNMENT SALE OF COTTON.
The Government sale of sea-island
Cotton, confiscated by the National forces in South Carolina, was made last
week. There were, in all, seventy-three bales sold, weighing about 25,700
pounds. The prices paid varied front 63 1/2 cents for the ginned down to 18
cents for unginned. The total proceeds of the sale were $14,231.12.
DISTRESSES OF THE REBELS.
The Richmond journals are putting
forth the most heart-rending appeals to the rebel volunteers, whose time is
about expiring, to re-enlist; and proclaiming that the North is about to
slaughter and devour the whole South. In the Kanawha region the rebels say they
are in a terrible plight; and that if Rosecrans crosses to "Pock's," it will be
about up with them. This is a valuable hint for
General Rosecrans, now in this
town. In East Tennessee, the rebels say the people are rapidly renouncing the
Lincoln Government; but it seems they are not entering the rebel service, its a
writer from Knox County, which has 3500 voters, says it is "unrepresented in the
armies of the South."
LIBERALITY OF VERMONT.
The State of Vermont has opened a
bank account for each one of the volunteers from that State, and regularly
passes to his credit seven dollars a month. If the money remains undrawn for six
months, six per cent. interest is allowed. This makes the pay of the Vermont
soldiers twenty dollars a month.
JOHN BULL COOLING DOWN.
THE hot-blooded rush to arms in
England has cooled down, and the dread of the horrors of war and dangers to
commerce are making themselves manifest, while some are considering the chances
of "no war at all," and begin to count the cost of their hostile demonstration.
It is asserted that the money expended would have relaid the Atlantic cable, by
which means so vast a waste of cash would have been saved. Deputations front
several religious bodies, peace societies, and other corporations have waited on
the Premier, and memorials have been presented to induce him, if possible, to
refrain from war; and arbitration, if not recommended, is broadly hinted at.
PRUSSIA AGAINST US.
The Government of Prussia has
addressed a dispatch to the Minister of Prussia at
Washington in reference to
the arrest of Messrs.
Mason and Slidell, condemning the proceeding of the
commander of the