Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) people like Mr. Sedgwick could be
hung before the end of the war.
It is high time that Mr. Mallory
and the gentlemen who find nothing worth saving in the country but slavery
should understand that the time has passed in the Congress of the United States
when a profession of faith in the fundamental idea of this Government is to be
received by ruffianism either in words or deeds. They should be taught by public
opinion to know that Mr. Preston Brooks no longer sits in that House, and that
his principles and practices are no longer the Congressional rule of conduct;
and that if Mr. Mallory or any body else attempts to revive them, he will find
that his only reward is the disgust and contempt of every loyal American
HARPER'S HAND-BOOK OF FOREIGN
IN a neat and convenient form the
author of this volume, Mr. Fetridge, has condensed the necessary information for
travelers in the great European and Eastern tour. He understands perfectly that
such a book ought to contain what the traveler must otherwise "pick out of some
twenty-five different guide-books, at a cost of nearly seventy dollars, besides
the inconvenience of carrying some twenty-five pounds of extra baggage." This
little work teems with valuable directions. It puts the traveler in the way of
seeing and hearing and knowing all that is most interesting and delightful in
his tour: and for the American traveler especially it contains a score of
invaluable hints in regard to the details of traveling and expenses. The author
has consulted all the proper books, and has himself made many of the tours for
which he gives ample instructions. He has made an indispensable vade mecum of
travel—and furnishes blank pages at the end that the notes of future travelers
may enable his book to keep up with the times.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
THE WREATH FOR WRINKLES.—"If
flowers are worn as ornaments for the dress, those in the hair should, of
course, be of the same kind; for elderly ladies they can be intermixed with lace
or feathers." Very well. If elderly ladies must wear flowers in their hair, and
would choose appropriate flowers, they should decorate it with elder-flowers.
The lace with which those flowers are intermixed should be antique, and the only
feathers to match are those of a goose.
THE HEIGHT OF
LIBERALITY.—Professor Holloway takes a box of Morison's Pills, and believing
that he has been cured by them, sends a testimonial to the proprietors.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Maniac.—Teeth can not be
extracted from the gums of trees.
Hoopoo.—Orchard is a place where
apples are grown. You may call it a Poniatowski Squash; but this term, though
endearing, conveys no definite idea to the mind.
Bobby.—How many times may I ask
for potatoes at dinner? Twice, taking care to gasp between each application.
Observe, no charge for booking.
Cabbage.—Burns was a Scorchman.
Peach.—The quotation about
potatoes is in Shakspeare's Timon the Tartar.
Greeneye asks, "Do ganders lay
eggs?" No, gooseberries, of course.
Daisy.—The masculine of cowslip
is bulrush. Doddles.—The best peaches are found at the sea-side at Peachy Head.
A LUXURY.—A traveler was lately
boasting of the luxury of arriving at night, after a hard day's journey, to
partake of the enjoyment of a well-cut ham and the left leg of a goose. "Pray,
Sir, what is the peculiar luxury of a left leg?" "Sir, to conceive its luxury,
you must find that it is the only leg that is left!"
"All maidens are good," says one
moralist; "but where do the bad wives come from?"
"Then I'll bring a suit for my
bill!" said an enraged tailor to a dandy, who refused to pay him. "Do, my dear
fellow," replied the imperturbable swell, pointing to his threadbare clothes,
"that's just what I want."
Follow the laws of nature and you
will never be poor. Your wants will be but few. Follow the laws of the world and
you will never be rich. You will want more than you can acquire.
A DECIDED MISTAKE.—A friend who
is in the habit of breakfasting at a coffee-house has made the discovery that
the old adage of "Nothing like leather" is a great mistake. He says that the
steaks he gets every morning are very much like it.
An advertiser in a daily paper,
who rejoices in the various occupations of doctor, lawyer, justice of the peace,
and dry-goods merchant, adds the following to his list of pursuits and
qualifications: "N. B. Auctioneering of the loudest kind, interwoven with
"I say, Dick, don't you think
that if the women had to do the fighting instead of the men they would make sad
work of it?" "No; why do you ask?" "Because I think they would, they have such
an engaging way with them." "That's very true; but they have also such a
captivating way that there would be doubtless more prisoners than killed."
Two boys going home one day,
found a box in the road, and disputed who was the finder. They fought the whole
afternoon without coming to a decision. At last they agreed to divide the
contents equally, but on opening the box, lo, and behold! it was empty. Few wars
have been more profitable than this to the parties concerned.
An Irish barrister lately
addressed a full court in Bankruptcy as "gentlemen" instead of "your honors."
After he had concluded, a brother barrister reminded him of his error. He
immediately arose to apologize thus: "May it please your honors, I find I called
yer honors gentlemen. I made a mistake, yer honors." He then sat down, and we
hope the court was satisfied.
We never knew one who was in the
habit of scolding able to govern a family. What makes people scold? The want of
self-government. How then can they govern others? Those who govern well are
generally calm. They are prompt and resolute, but steady and mild.
ADVICE TO HUSBANDS.—If your wife
happens to be of opinion that absolute monarchy is better than constitutional
government, be resigned. You can not say your sovereign was not of your own
ESSAYS AND REMARKS.
BANTER.—Mutual banter is the
ordinary conversation of people who justly despise one another. If you are a
sensible fellow you will take banter in good part, and gratify your banterer by
laughing at the fun which he makes of you, which you will be enabled to do with
natural ease by considering what a ridiculous opinion of his own superiority to
yourself he must entertain to have the impudence of presuming to make you his
Banter may irritate a rational
man if it take him unawares, as when he is talking in earnest, so as to confuse
and balk him, and thus, like the zany's foolscap when it stopped the
philosopher's telescope, put him into a rage. You will be subject to be ruffled
by banter if you want sufficient presence of mind always, when attacked with it,
to think how stupid you must be to suffer your serenity to be disturbed by an
ass. Still, when banter flurries a man and puts him out, it is a considerable
bore, and. therefore he might well be vexed with his acquaintance for mocking
him to his face, although he would not care a button how much they chose to
deride him behind his back.
Banter among the lowest class of
cabmen, omnibus conductors, and touters, and the inferior order of thieves,
becomes chaff. Chaff is unbridled banter; insolence worded without scruple or
restraint; scorn venting itself in a guffaw. As in banter smiling gentlemen
pleasantly twit one another with follies and foibles, so grinning ruffians,
interchanging chaff, bandy imputations of depravity. It is good for a gentleman
to accustom himself to stand chaff, for that will enable him to sustain banter
"That's my business!" as the
butcher said to the dog that was killing his sheep.
An Irish footman, who got a
situation at the west end of London, on entering a room where there was a vase
of golden fish, exclaimed, "Well, by J—, this is the first time I ever saw red
A lot of fellows bantering a
large and fat companion, remarked that if all flesh was grass, he must be a load
of hay. "I suspect I am," said the man, from the way the asses are nibbling at
"If you children quarrel so about
that doll, I'll break it; there's no peace where you are." "Oh do, mamma,"
screamed the young hopefuls; "then we all shall have a little piece."
The facetious Mr. Bearcroft told
his friend Mr. Vansittart, "Your name is such a long one, I shall drop the
sittart and call you Van for the future." "With all my heart," said he; "by the
same rule I shall drop the croft and call you Bear."
Douglas Jerrold was subjected to
a series of long interviews with an old lady, a friend of the family, who was in
the habit of talking to him in a very gloomy and depressing manner, presenting
to him only the sad side of life. "Hang it," said Jerrold, "she wouldn't allow
there was a bright side to the moon!"
HAVING A REST.—"Why do you walk,
Bob, when you've got a donkey to ride?" said a gentleman to an Irish lad, who
was walking by the side of his donkey. "Sure, then," replied the boy, "I'm just
walking to rest my legs."
It is beauty's privilege to kill
time, and time's privilege to kill beauty.
SAMBO TO A VENDOR.—De tater is
inevitably bad or inwerably good. Dare am no mediocrity in de combination oh de
tater. De exterior may appear remarkably exemplary and butesome, while de
interior is totally negative; but, Sir, if you wends de article 'pon your own
responsibility, knowing you to be a man of sagacity in all your translations,
why, Sir, widout further circumlocution, I take a bushel.
What description of fowl did Lord
Elgin's carriage resemble when he entered Pekin?—A coach in China.
Which travels at the greatest
speed, heat or cold?—Heat; because you can easily catch cold.
A MICHAELMAS GOOSE.—A person
invited an acquaintance to dinner on the twenty-ninth of September, saying he
always had a goose at dinner on Michaelmas-day.
A NEGRO'S NOTION.—It is
peculiarly the duty of the white race to be cleanly—they show dirt so easily.
LADIES IN THE MIDDLE AGES.—In a
"Book of Courtesy" published in the Middle Ages, ladies are recommended to keep
their hands clean and to cut their nails often, and never to swear or get drunk!
ON Tuesday, June 24, in the
Senate, a resolution directing inquiry as to what legislation is necessary to
punish Congressmen who lend their official influence to procure government
contracts was adopted, A Message was received from the President vetoing the
bill repealing the act prohibiting the issue of small bank-notes in the District
of Columbia. An executive session was held, and the Senate adjourned.—In the
House, the bills authorizing an additional issue of $150,000,000 of Treasury
notes, and appropriating $5,000,000 for the payment of volunteers' bounties,
were passed. The Senate's amendments to the Pacific Railroad bill, and also the
House bill prohibiting polygamy in the Territories, were concurred in. After the
transaction of considerable business of a miscellaneous character the House
On Wednesday, June 25, in the
Senate, the Judiciary Committee reported back the Bankrupt bill, with a
recommendation that it be postponed till December next. The bill to prevent
Congressmen and Government officers taking compensation for procuring contracts
was reported back by the Judiciary Committee. The discussion of the Confiscation
bill was then resumed, and continued till the adjournment.—In the House,
resolutions of the Missouri State Convention on the subject of
presented, and ordered to be printed. A bill for the admission of Western
Virginia into the Union was referred to the Committee on Territories. The bill
providing for the adjustment of the claims of loyal citizens for damages caused
by the Union troops was taken up, and discussed at considerable length. The
House then took up the Tariff bill, and, after the adoption of a number of
On Thursday, June 26, in the
Senate, the bill granting the proceeds of certain public lands in aid of the
construction of the Northern Pacific Railroad was passed. The bill for the
admission of Western Virginia into the Union as a State was taken up, and
discussed by Senator Sumner. The bill recognizes slavery till the end of the
year 1863; but Senator Sumner moved an amendment prohibiting slavery in the
State. Pending the question, the Senate resolved itself into a High Court of
Impeachment, and proceeded with the trial of Judge West H. Humphreys, of
Tennessee, charged with high crimes and misdemeanors against the Government.
After the hearing of testimony, the President of the Senate pronounced the
judgment of the Court, as follows: "It is hereby ordered and decreed that West
H. Humphreys, Judge of the District Court for the Western, Middle, and Eastern
Districts of Tennessee, be, and is hereby, removed from said office, and that he
be and is disqualified from holding or enjoying any office of honor, trust, or
profit under the United States." The Court and the Senate then adjourned. —In
the House, Mr. Walton, of Vermont, offered a preamble and resolution declaring,
in effect, that the reporter of the New York Tribune, who sent to that paper an
article relative to the purchase by Congress of Gales & Seaton's compilation of
the proceedings of Congress, is guilty of a breach of the privileges accorded to
reporters by the House, and directing the Judiciary Committee to inquire into
the facts. The preamble and resolution were adopted by a vote of 102 against 8.
The Senate bill increasing the army medical corps was passed. No other business
was transacted, the members of the House being in attendance upon the High Court
of Impeachment for the trial of Judge Humphreys.
On Friday, June 27, in the
Senate, the bill punishing Congressmen and other public officers, and
disqualifying them from holding office, on conviction of their having taken any
consideration for procuring government contracts, office, or place from the
government, was passed. The report of the conference committee on the bill
reorganizing the navy was agreed to. The debate on the Confiscation bill was
then resumed, and continued till the adjournment.—In the House, the morning hour
was occupied in discussing the bill providing indemnity to loyal citizens for
losses of property through United States troops. A bill was reported making good
the amount of the Indian trust bonds stolen from the Interior Department through
the connivance of the traitor Floyd. In Committee of the Whole the discussion of
the Tariff bill was resumed, and all the sections of the bill were acted on
except the last two, when the committee rose. A resolution was adopted ordering
the arrest of Michael C. Murphy, of New York, to answer for contempt, he having
refused to appear before the Judiciary Committee in the case of Hon. Benjamin
Wood. The House then adjourned till Monday.
On Saturday, June 28, in the
Senate, a communication was received from the War Department transmitting
official reports of the
battle of Pittsburg Landing, one hundred and sixty in
number. The consideration of the Confiscation bill was resumed; and, after some
debate, the motion of Senator Clark, of New Hampshire, to substitute the bill
reported by the Senate committee for the House bill, was adopted by a vote of
twenty-one against seventeen; and afterward the bill was passed by a vote of
twenty-eight against thirteen. An executive session was then held, and the
Another terrible battle took
place before Richmond on 26th and 27th. It appears that
General McClellan had
become convinced by 25th that
General Fitz John Porter's corps, which was on the
north side of
the Chickahominy, should be moved across the river so as to be on
the same side as the rest of the army, and the movement of commissary stores and
tents had already begun. This movement will eventually necessitate the
abandonment of the railroad to the Pamunky and of our depot at White House; and
orders were sent to White House to embark our stores and send them to
Monroe, with a view to the establishment of a new depot on the James or
On 26th the enemy attacked
simultaneously General Porter's corps near Mechanicsville (the rebels having
crossed the Chickahominy near the Virginia Central), and our forces near Hanover
Court House. They took nothing by the attack,
General McCall's division, which
was in the advance, being thoroughly able to hold their ground.
Early on the morning of 27th
McCall received orders to fall back slowly in the direction of Gainer's Mills.
The order was obeyed. The retreat was so slow that the troops took six hours to
march less than six miles. After passing Gaines's Mills they reached the ground
had been directed to make a
stand—a large plain lying some distance east of Gaines's Mills, southeast of
Coal Harbor and north of the Chickahominy. There they awaited the attack of the
enemy, who came on in great force at about 3 P.M. on 27th. The battle raged
fiercely till night, without change of position. At one time General Porter was
so hard pressed—the enemy having received reinforcements—that he sent across the
Chickahominy to McClellan for help. It came at once. A few thousand men, under
Slocum, Palmer, French, and Meagher, were hurried across the river, and
with this reinforcement General Porter held his ground firmly, and holds it
still. Night put an end to the conflict.
The effect of these battles is to
change somewhat the line of our army before Richmond. Instead of stretching from
Mechanicsville, on the north side of the Chickahominy to Bear and White Oak
Swamp, on the south bank of the river, a distance of some twenty miles, our
forces are now concentrated on the Chickahominy, at what was till recently our
left flank. As soon as a new depot and base of operations are established, the
whole army will move forward without delay upon the rebel right and
Richmond —probably along the bank of the
General Jackson is said to have
reinforced the rebels with his army from the Shenandoah Valley.
THE ARMY OF VIRGINIA.
General Pope has received the supreme command of affairs in the Shenandoah
Valley, and will now be pitted against the rebel
Stonewall Jackson. The forces under Major-Generals
McDowell have been consolidated into one army, called "the Army of Virginia,"
and Major-General Pope has been especially assigned by
the President to the chief command. The forces under
General Fremont constitute the first army corps, to be
commanded by General Fremont. The forces under General Banks constitute the
second army corps, and are to be
commanded by him. The forces under General McDowell constitute the third army corps, to be commanded by him.
CARVING A HEAD-STONE.
The following is published:
WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON, June
I.—Major-General John C. Fremont
having requested to be relieved from the command of the first army corps of the
Army of Virginia, because, as he says, the petition assigned him by the
appointment of Major-General Pope as Commander-in-chief of the Army of Virginia
is subordinate and inferior to that heretofore held by him, and to remain in the
subordinate command now assigned would, as he says, largely reduce his rank and
consideration in the service, it is ordered that Major-General John C. Fremont
be relieved from command.
II.—That Brigadier-General Rufus
King he and he is hereby assigned to the command of the first army corps of the
Army of Virginia, in place of General Fremont, relieved. By order of
EDWIN M. STANTON, Secretary of
ROSECRANS IN THE FIELD.
General Rosecrans, who has
hitherto proved himself an able officer in his career in Western Virginia, is to
take General Pope's command.
A SKIRMISH BEFORE RICHMOND.
On 25th June, our pickets on the
left were advanced considerably, under sharp resistance on the part of the
enemy. The movement commenced about noon. At 3 1/4 o'clock General McClellan
telegraphed that the picket lines of
General Kearney and one half those of
General Hooker were where he desired them to be, and that he hoped soon to
accomplish all he aimed at for the day. At 5 o'clock he telegraphed that the
affair was over, and that he had gained his point fully, and with but little
loss, notwithstanding the strong opposition. The enemy was driven out of his
camps in front, and all was quiet. While this important movement was being made
on the left,
General Fitz-John Porter, further to the right, succeeded in
silencing the enemy's batteries in his front.
The ground fought for was a
swamp, with thick underbrush, beyond which is an open space, the command of
which is extremely important. But little more ground is now to be gained to
place our troops entirely beyond the swamps fringing the
of the first moment as regards the health of the troops, as well as facility of
The troops under command of
General Benham made an attack on Secessionville, on James Island, S. C., at four
o'clock on the morning of the 16th, and after four hours' hard fighting against
the rebel batteries, were repulsed, with heavy loss. The Seventy-ninth New York
Volunteers (Highland Regiment) behaved with the most determined valor, and
suffered fearfully. The Eighth Michigan sustained with them the hottest portion
of the fight, and suffered equally. The attack was made on the Tower Battery,
which, for some time past, had been annoying our troops with shells, and General Benham resolved to make a reconnoissance in force to discover the strength of
the enemy at that point. The result proved that his command was not large enough
for the operation he undertook to accomplish; and although the troops retreated
in good order after a terrific combat, their sacrifice was heavy, and their
repulse, under the circumstances, was rendered inevitable. That General Benham
had not force enough to effect what he attempted is unquestionable; and the
blame of failure is put upon him, and he has been sent here to New York under
arrest. This affair cost us six hundred and sixty-eight brave soldiers killed,
wounded, and missing.
RAILROAD ATTACKED NEAR MEMPHIS.
An attack was made by a body of
cavalry on Wednesday upon a train bound for
Corinth, on the Charleston and
Memphis Railroad, twelve miles from the latter city, containing a company of the
Fifty-sixth Ohio regiment, a number of officers, and several teams and wagons.
The rebels destroyed the locomotive, burned the cars, killed ten of our men, and
captured several officers including Colonel Kenny, Majors Pride and Sharp.
REBEL CLERGYMEN IN LIMBO.
Many of the clergy of Tennessee
are obstinately rebellious, with the exception of the priesthood of the Catholic
Church, who are devotedly loyal to the Union. The leading clergymen of the
Methodist and Baptist persuasions refused to take the oath of allegiance at the
Nashville, and many of them were sent to the Penitentiary as
OUR ARMY IN ARIZONA.
General Carleton's brigade of
Union troops has entered Arizona. The advance-guard, under Colonel West, reached
Tucson about the 17th ult., the rebels having previously abandoned the place.
Stars and Stripes were again hoisted over the ruins of Fort Breckinridge.
THE MORMON LEGISLATURE.
The Deseret Legislature met for
the first time at Salt Lake City on the 14th of April, and Brigham Young sent in
his Message as Executive of the State. The Governor is sound on the Union, and
strongly urges the immediate recognition of the State authority of Deseret by
Congress. He says the government will save, by her admission into the Union,
thirty-four thousand dollars now paid for Territorial expenses, and receive her
annual quota of the governmental tax. He recommends the Legislature, when Deseret is taken to exact that it
be done with all the laws that are now in operation in the Territory of Utah,
including, of course, the law recognizing polygamy.
MORE TALK OF INERVENTION.
THE Patrie of the 11th ultimo
circulated the following paragraph in larger type than usual: "We are assured
that negotiations are about to commence in London to arrive at an understanding
which may enable proposals to be made for a mediation in American affairs. If
the negotiations in question succeed, the mediation of England and France will
be tendered simultaneously, and in identical terms, to the belligerent parties."
THE REBEL FLEA.
put your Finger
on him, and he