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Page) take military possession, for
Nashville. The moment I was established I would order an election.
The ballots should be printed 'Union' and 'Disunion.' The election should be
absolutely free. No coercion should be attempted. Every man's name should be
recorded as he delivered his ballot, and his vote with it. Then I would
carefully examine them all; and every man who voted for disunion should be
Secesh listened with open mouths.
"Then," continued he, " I would
advance to the next city, and pursue the same method. The third city would be
unanimous for the Union before I reached it."
General Butler evidently proposes
to develop Union sentiment in
New Orleans in a somewhat similar manner; not
indeed by indiscriminate hanging, but by showing no fear of resorting to that
extremity upon proof of dangerous guilt.
War is tragical business. Whoever
appeals to it as a remedy must be very sure that his grievance hurts more than
the cure. This is the lesson General Butler is teaching. War, at its best, has
no amenities. What are called so are actions that are not warlike. War is
essentially brutal; it is the appeal to superior physical force. The amenities
of war are the interpolations of humanity, because men can not be altogether
It is a terrible thing that a
criminal should be hung, but it is much more terrible that thousands of brave
and honest men should die of ghastly wounds and frightful pestilence because
that criminal, and men like him, have, without a decent pretext even, drawn the
sword and forced society to defend itself. A man hanging from a window is an
argument such persons can understand. Loss of life, of limb, of property, of
liberty—this is war, this is the tribunal to which these persons appealed. It is
for wisdom to determine how much life, limb, property, and liberty shall be
lost. Human experience shows that a fierce rebellion once subdued by arms is
finally most effectually suppressed by punishing the leaders and pardoning the
followers. Mumford was hung for precisely the same reasons that Davis,
Beauregard, Cobb, Benjamin, Floyd, Walker, Randolph,
Lee, and the rest would be
hung. If they should be pardoned, Mumford should have been.
JOHN BULL BACKING A FRIEND.
THE London Times is confessedly
the peculiar organ of John Bull. It defended and justified this rebellion in
every way so long as it had a chance of success. The rebels were taken at their
own valuation. They were a high-spirited, refined, and generous people,
struggling for liberty against a brutal lust of power. The day of darkness for
the insurrection comes, and behold the value of John Bull's sympathy!
Contemplate the high-spirited, refined, and generous soldiers of liberty (see A.
H. Stephens's speech) as now painted by their great ally the Times:
"Thus have fared the secession
agents in their own chosen field of action—European agitation. Their adversity
is entirely unconnected with the fortunes of war. Their manoeuvres began at
least half a year before any State seceded; and this correspondence bears
earlier dates than that of any Confederate reverse in the war. They are a set of
ignorant, narrow-minded, conceited slaveholders, and agents of
slaveholders—infirm in judgment and reckless about truth, as slaveholders get to
be in all countries and all times. They despised the strength of the Free
States, not understanding the causes of that strength; and they partly blinded
themselves, in the desire to blind others, to the weakness of their own
enterprise. Though their defeats in the field had not begun, they must have been
more or less discouraged by their own failure to obtain support in Europe, even
by such reckless promises and such delusive representations as they did not
scruple to offer; and now the exposure of their correspondence through the press
must crown their mortifications."
Is it wonderful that every nation
in the world so dearly loves John Bull?
THOSE who are so profoundly
troubled at the eternal difficulty in executing the
Fugitive Slave Law would
profitably spend a moment in answering the question, Why is it always so
difficult? There are people who seem to think that no man can possibly have a
real love of his country, of the Union, and of constitutional liberty, if he
does not rush with the utmost glee to the enforcement of this law. A hundred
years ago it was the English law in Ireland that if a son informed against his
father as a papist, his property should be taken from him and given to the son.
It was the law of Herod that all children under two years of age should be
murdered. Don't you think the people of Jerusalem would have shown their good
citizenship by running round and stabbing each other's children?
There is no need of taking leave
of common-sense in any question. A law is not necessarily a good or wise or
honorable regulation because it is law; and wherever it violently contravenes
the moral instincts of the people it will become obsolete, even if it be not
repealed. Cruel or unjust laws—those which the popular heart rejects—can never
be easily enforced. In a despotism or monarchy they will lead to rebellion if
the attempt is persistently made. In a popular government like ours they will
fall into desuetude by common consent, and will at last be repealed.
To return a helpless, hopeless,
innocent man to a worse condition than that which he risks his life in trying to
escape, can not possibly be made decent, honorable, gentlemanly, humane, or
manly. But it may be law—and obedience to law is essential to the peaceful
existence of civil society. What, then, is to be done? How are we to maintain
the authority of law and yet avoid doing a mean injustice? This is the question
that has perplexed many a sincere and candid youth in this country—in Boston,
say, ten years ago, when he shouldered his musket and, with crimson cheek and
accusing heart, escorted Anthony Burns back to the slave-whip. It is a terrible
law, he said; but if law is not enforced where are we?
And yet the solution is easy. Law
is obeyed either by following its behest or suffering its penalty; and in this
country, where discussion is free and the people make the laws, if there be a
bad law—not an inconvenient law, but a wicked one—the duty of a good citizen is,
not to invoke anarchy by violent resistance to it, but while he bears the
penalty of disobedience, to exhort other citizens to do the same, and to show
why the law should be changed. Thus he shows respect for the authority of law,
yet keeps his hands and heart pure.
Take the Fugitive Slave Law as an
illustration. Of course every honorable man would as soon strike his mother
because the law ordered, it as run after a fugitive. If he were summoned he
would say, as Henry Clay did, that he was a man not a blood-hound. If he were
charged in the name of the law to assist, he would say, "I yield to the penalty,
and so acknowledge the authority of law." If he were imprisoned, and the law
were executed by protesting soldiers, how long before a law which honorable men
repudiated, and which only military force could execute, would be repealed or
become obsolete? Washington once sought to recover a fugitive slave, but finding
that the claim produced popular excitement, he begged that it might not be
pressed. Why? Because he knew that this law, unlike other laws which affect only
material interests, touched the moral instincts.
If those people at the North who
slaves, and who think that the eager return of fugitives is the grand
bond of union in this nation, were as wise as Washington, who did own them, and
in this case reclaimed one, they would see why it is so difficult to execute
such a law. It is a matter of feeling which every honorable man understands.
Among an intelligent, prospering, moral, free, and therefore law respecting,
people, the execution of a cruel law is constantly more and more impracticable,
and that fact is an unerring sign of the stability and security of that people.
PARSON BROWNLOW'S BOOK.
THIS book is as remarkable as the
speech of the author at the Academy of Music, of which we have already spoken in
these columns. It is the fiery record of the sufferings of a true-hearted
American citizen guilty of loving his country, and reveals the essential
character of the rebellion. It also shows in its trenchant vituperation, its
deep, bitter craving for retaliation, the influence and consequence of the
social condition in which the writer was born and has lived. No man can read it
without a renewed vow that this unholy insurrection against law, humanity, and
liberty, shall be utterly crushed at any cost. Nor is there any work whose
universal circulation among the mass of Northern and loyal citizens would be
more inspiring and valuable than
Parson Brownlow's book.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
PITTS'S PROPOSAL.—Pitts is a fast
man, a sharp man, and a man of business tact. When Pitts goes to make a
purchase, he always gets the lowest cash price; and then says, "Well, I'll look
about, and if I don't find any thing that suits me better, I'll call and take
this." Pitts, like all fast men, is partial to the ladies, young ones in
particular. Now, lately, Pitts says to himself: "I am getting rather long in
years, and so I'll marry." His business qualities wouldn't let him wait; so off
he travels, calls upon a lady friend, and opens conversation by remarking that
he would like to know what she thought about his getting married. "Oh, Mr.
Pitts, that is an affair in which I am not very greatly interested, and I prefer
to leave it with yourself." "But," says Pitts, you are interested; and, my dear
girl, will you marry me?" The young lady blushed very red, and hesitated;
finally, as Pitts was very well to do in the world, and of good standing in
society, she accepted him. Whereupon the matter-of-fact Pitts responded: "Well,
I'll look about, and if I don't find any body that suits me better, I'll come
Dandies and nanny-goats never
fail to pride themselves upon their kids.
"My wife tells the truth three
times a day," remarked a jocose old fellow, at the same time casting a very
mischievous glance at her. "Before rising in the morning, she says, 'O dear, I
must get up! but I don't want to.' After breakfast site adds, 'Well, I suppose I
must go to work, but I don't want to; and she goes to bed, saying, ''There, I
have been passing all day, and haven't done any thing!
PAT'S MODE OF AVOIDING THE
SOCIETY OF MOSQUITOES. —He hangs a lace net entirely over his bed, gets inside
of it himself, cuts a little hole in it just big enough to admit one "varmint"
at a time, makes believe to be asleep, and when
"The whole troop, pioneers and
get through, Pat stops up the
hole with a piece of putty, creeps carefully out under the bar, and sleeps
undisturbed, for the remainder of the night, upon the floor!"
If your friend goes into a
speculation, don't, because he happens to break, break with him.
FOUR WORDS TO THREE.—A Gascon
officer, who had served under Henry IV without receiving any pay for a
considerable time, came to the king, and confidently said to him, "Sir, three
words with you, money or discharge?" "Four with you," answered his Majesty;
"neither one nor other!"
A BAD SPELL."Thomas, spell
weather," said a school-master to one of his pupils "W-i-e-a-t-h-i-o-u-r,
weather." "Well, Thomas, you may sit down," said the teacher. "I think this is
the worst spell of weather we have had since Christmas."
"Isn't your hat sleepy?" inquired
a little urchin of a gentleman with a "shocking bad one." "No; why?" inquired
the gentleman. "Because I think it's a long time since it had a nap," was the
The crow is a brave bird; he
never shows the white feather.
"All's well that ends well," said
the monkey, contemplating his beautiful tail.
There is a man in Dublin who is
so aristocratic that he has cut his own acquaintance.
THE BEST WEAPON.—One of the
benchers of Lincoln's Inn being often affronted, and at last challenged by a
bully, told him, "I am old, and past fighting, yet I shall meet you, and shall
bring my own weapons." The next morning he accordingly came with his own
weapons, two constables, whom the fellow seeing, ran away, and never troubled
Some women paint their faces, and
then weep because it doesn't make them beautiful. They raise a hue—and cry.
RESOLUTION THE BEST OMEN.—A
general who led out his army against Tigranes, was told it was an unlucky day.
"We shall alter it," said he.
A LADY'S AGE.—A lady observed, "I
am thirty years of age." A gentleman answered, "It must be true, for you have
told me so these twenty years."
The bow of a ship is not evidence
of its politeness.
We have ever found that
blacksmiths, by conversing with them, are more or less given to iron-y, and
somewhat addicted to vice. Carpenters, for the most part, speak plane-ly, but
they will chisel when they get a chance. Not unfrequently they are bores, and
often annoy one with their old saws.
"Nothing is certain," is a common
aphorism; but if nothing is certain, how can it be certain that nothing is
ON Tuesday, June 17, in the
Senate, the Military Committee reported back the bill providing for an increase
of the medical corps of the army. Senator Chandler, of Michigan, offered a
resolution, which was laid over, that the amount of legal tender notes already
authorized by law shall never be increased, but the Secretary of the Treasury
be, and he hereby is, authorized to issue "ten-day certificates," bearing five
per cent. interest, in addition to the fifty millions already authorized by law.
The Pacific Railroad bill was then taken up. After some discussion, an amendment
was agreed to fixing the point of commencement of the road on the one hundredth
parallel of longitude, within the Territory of Nebraska.—In the House, the
Select Committee on Confiscation reported to the House Mr. Potter's bill,
designating what classes of rebels shall forfeit their slaves; but no further
action was taken on the subject. The House then went into Committee of the Whole
on the bill to authorize the issue of additional Treasury notes, and Mr.
Spaulding, of the Committee of Ways and Means, explained its provisions. The
House concurred in the Senate's substitute for Sir. Arnold's bill, which
forever prohibits slavery in the Territories now existing, or which may at any
time hereafter be formed or acquired. The Senate bill donating lands to the
States and Territories for the establishment of colleges of agriculture and the
mechanic arts was passed by a vote of eighty-nine to twenty-five. The House then
On Wednesday, June 18, in the
Senate, the bill for the better government of the navy was reported back by the
Naval Committee. A joint resolution, that Congress finally adjourn on 30th
inst., was laid over. Senator Hale introduced a bill providing that, when
necessary to make further enlistments, the President is authorized, by
proclamation, to call on all persons, without distinction of race, color, or
condition, to enlist in the army. The bill further provides that every slave
enlisted under such proclamation of the President shall be ever thereafter free,
and entitled to all the bounties, privileges, etc., of other soldiers in the
army. Referred. The bill to prevent a further issue of legal tender notes, and
authorizing the issue of one hundred millions of ten-day certificates, bearing
five per cent. interest, was referred to the Finance Committee. The Pacific
Railroad bill was then taken up and discussed until the adjournment.—In the
House, the Senate joint resolution giving a bounty of two dollars each for every
enlisted soldier, and the first month's pay in advance, was adopted. The bill
emancipating the slaves of certain rebels was passed by a vote of eighty-two
against fifty-four. In Committee of the Whole the bill authorizing an additional
issue of Treasury notes was discussed till the adjournment.
On Thursday, June 19, in the
Senate, the House bill to change the port of entry of Brunswick, Georgia, was
passed. A motion to take up the resolution fixing the time for the final
adjournment of Congress was disagreed to by a vote of 14 against 22. The bill
fixing the pay and emoluments of officers of the army was taken up, and the
House amendment, striking out the section deducting ten per cent. from the pay
of all military and civil officers of the government during the war, and
reducing the mileage of Congressmen fifty per cent., was concurred in by a vote
of 29 to 12. The consideration of the Pacific Railroad bill was then resumed,
and continued till the adjournment.—In the House, Mr. Lehman tendered to the
government, as a free gift, on behalf of the city of Philadelphia, League
Island, as a site for a navy-yard. The property cost $310,000. A resolution that
Congress finally adjourn on the 30th inst. was adopted by a vote of 103 against
28. The Select Committee on the Defense of the Northern Lakes reported a bill
establishing a national foundry at Chicago, and naval depots and yards on Lakes
Erie, Michigan, and Ontario. Referred.
On Friday, June 20, in the
Senate, a bill granting the proceeds of certain lands to the Pacific Railroad
Company was referred. The Pacific Railroad bill was taken up. A motion to strike
out the section providing for four branch lines at the eastern terminus was
rejected—15 to 25—and the bill passed by a vote of thirty-five against five. The
Senate then adjourned.—In the House, the Chairman of the Committee of Ways and
Means reported a bill increasing temporarily the duties on imports and for other
purposes. It was referred to the Committee of the Whole, and made the special
order for Wednesday. Several private bills were passed, and the House adjourned
On Saturday, June 21, in the
Senate, several petitions in favor of a bankrupt law were presented and
referred. A bill opening post-offices in the insurrectionary districts was
passed. The House bill prescribing the oath to all persons holding office under
the Government was taken up and dismissed till the adjournment.—The House was
not in session.
On Monday, June 23, in the
Senate, petitions in favor of the passage of a bill confiscating the property of
rebels, and asking Congress to extend the protection of the Government over all
loyal people in the rebel States, without regard to color, were presented and
referred. The Committee on Territories reported a bill for the admission of
Western Virginia into the Union. The bill prescribing an additional oath of
office to all persons in the service of the Government, except Members of
Congress and the Vice-President, was passed. The report of the Conference
Committee on the Tax bill was agreed to. The House Confiscation bill was then
taken up. A motion was made to substitute the Senate bill, as reported by the
select committee on the subject, and pending the question the Senate went into
executive session, and subsequently adjourned. —In the House, Mr. Lovejoy asked
leave to introduce a bill amendatory of the District of Columbia
act; but objection was made, and the subject was laid over. The resolution
declaring Charles Henry Foster not entitled to a seat as representative front
North Carolina was adopted. The House then went into Committee of the Whole, and
resumed the consideration of the Treasury Note bill. An amendment to the first
section, providing for the issue of $150,000,000 of United States notes, not
bearing interest, payable to bearer, $100,000,000 of which may, in the
discretion of the Secretary of the Treasury, be of a lower denomination than
five dollars, was adopted by a vote of fifty-seven against forty-five. The
Committee then rose, and Mr. Stevens presented to the House the report of the
Conference Committee on the Tax bill, and the report was agreed to. The House
THE ATTACK ON CHARLESTON.
From the papers of Richmond and
Charleston we have accounts of a terrible battle fought near Charleston, on
James Island, within four miles of that city, on Monday 16th, in which a body of
Union troops and some gun-boats were engaged. Judging from the statements of
these journals we think that there can be little doubt that the battle at James
Island was a great Union victory, which will result in the capture of Charleston
before long. The Charleston Mercury, in recounting the story of this battle,
represents it as an utter defeat of the Union troops. But it also predicts the
fall of the city, and has sent its own printing-press to Columbia, South
BATTLE ON THE WHITE RIVER.
The expedition which proceeded up
the White River from Memphis, several days since, for the purpose of removing
the obstructions to its
navigation, has been heard from. The expedition consisted of the gun-boats St.
Louis, Lexington, Conestoga, and Mound City, and the Forty-third and Forty-sixth
Indiana regiments, commanded by Colonel Fitch. On the 17th the expedition
reached St. Charles, 85 miles above the mouth of the river, where two rebel
batteries were found, mounting seven gums, and supported by a force of infantry.
The gun-boats engaged the batteries, while Colonel Fitch landed his forces some
two and a half miles below, and advanced to make an attack. During the action a
rifled shot from one of the rebel batteries penetrated the steam draw of the
Mound City, and the escaping steam killed and disabled most of her officers and
crew. Colonel Fitch then signaled the fleet to cease firing while he made an
assault, and the batteries were carried by his troops in the most dashing and
gallant manner, and with no loss of life. The rebel infantry were driven from
the support of the guns, the gunners were shot at their posts, their commanding
officer, Freye (formerly of the navy), was wounded and taken prisoner, and eight
brass and iron guns, with ammunition, were captured. The enemy's loss in killed
and wounded is estimated at 125. Our loss was caused solely by the escaping
steam on board the Mound City. The boat was expected to be repaired and ready to
proceed with the expedition the next day.
CUMBERLAND GAP OCCUPIED.
The Secretary of War received a
dispatch on 19th from General George W. Morgan, dated at camp near Cumberland
Gap, June 18, eight o'clock in the evening, which states that his army commenced
its march at one o'clock that morning to attack the enemy at Cumberland Gap; but
on their arrival it was found he had evacuated that very important position, his
rear-guard having left only about four hours before the arrival of our advance.
General Morgan praises the conduct of his division, in its arduous march through
an extremely difficult country, and says that his cannon were dragged up the
precipitous sides of the Pine and Cumberland mountains by the aid of block and
tackle, two hundred men being employed on the ropes of a single piece. In his
progress considerable skirmishing with the enemy had taken place; but without
any loss on our side. This important position, which has been held by the rebels
since the beginning of the war, is now in possession of our troops.
WHERE IS BEAUREGARD?
The latest reports from the
vicinity of Corinth state that
General Beauregard's army was at Okolona, 80,000
strong. Twenty thousand men, under General Kirby Smith, are at Chattanooga.
Fifteen thousand men, under General Price, are at Fulton; and General Van Dorn,
with a small force of cavalry, is at Grenada.
The Richmond papers of Saturday
publish a dispatch from
Montgomery, Alabama, dated the 17th inst., stating that
General Beauregard and his staff had arrived there on his way to Richmond, and
that a large portion of the army of the Mississippi was to follow him, leaving a
considerable force behind under General Bragg.
ANOTHER SKIRMISH ON THE JAMES
The rebel batteries at City
Point, on the
James River, below
Fort Darling, opened fire on our fleet on 17th;
but the gun-boats returned it so briskly with shell and shrapnel that the
batteries were soon silenced, and the rebels retired.
AFFAIRS AT MEMPHIS.
General Lewis Wallace is in
military command of Memphis, Tennessee, and has taken possession of the Argus
office, a notorious rebel sheet. He has placed two competent men to supervise
its future editorials. The vicinity of the city is infested with guerrillas,
many of whom are engaged in burning cotton in the southern counties of
Mississippi and other points. Trade in Memphis is rapidly improving. Boats going
north are filled to their utmost capacity with passengers and freight.
AT NEW ORLEANS.
A Union meeting was held on the
14th inst. in the Lyceum, City hall building, New Orleans, which was attended by
all that the room could accommodate, and was addressed by old residents of the
city. After the meeting a procession was extemporized, headed by a band of music
and the national flag, and proceeded to the head-quarters of
where three cheers were given, and the General called out to address the crowd.
Stars and Stripes had also been raised at Gretna, on the other side of the
river. Business affairs were gradually improving.
EXECUTION OF MUMFORD.
Letters from New Orleans contain
an account of the execution of William B. Mumford, the man who pulled down the
American flag on the day of the arrival of our fleet before New Orleans, after
it had been run up on one of the Government buildings by some of
Farragut's men. The execution was witnessed by a large concourse of people, who,
at its conclusion, retired quietly to their homes.
GUERRILLAS IN MISSOURI.
General Schofield has taken
stringent measures to repress the guerrillas in Missouri. He has issued an order
holding the rebel sympathizers in that State responsible in their property and
persons for all damage done to citizens by marauding parties. He announces that
$5000 will he exacted for every Union soldier or loyal citizen killed, and from
$1000 to $5000 for every one of either class wounded by any guerrilla party.
The full value of all the property destroyed will be assessed and collected from
the secessionists residing in the locality where the outrage may be committed.
UNIONISM IN NORTH CAROLINA.
Newbern Progress states that
six regiments in the rebel army from North Carolina have been disbanded at
Richmond for their loyalty to the Union, and are at present under guard as
traitors to the Jeff Davis bogus Government. Before being disbanded it appears
that they hung the brigadier-general who commanded them.
A NEW MILITARY DEPARTMENT.
General Halleck, by General Order
No. 33, dated June 12, constitutes the States of Kentucky and Tennessee, east of
the Tennessee River, except Forts Henry and Donelson, and such portions of North
Alabama and Georgia as are, or may be occupied by our troops, into the District
of Ohio, under
General Buell, who is ordered to relieve the troops of
Grant's command at Clarksville. The District of West Tennessee will include all
that portion of the State west of the Tennessee River, and Forts Henry and
In answer to a resolution passed
several days ago by the House of Representatives, inquiring whether General
Hunter had raised a negro regiment,
Secretary Stanton says that the Department
has no official information on the subject. He further says that
has not been authorized to raise such a regiment, and that, in order to
ascertain whether the information is true, a copy of the House resolution has
been transmitted to him to report upon,
PREMIUM TO VOLUNTEERS.
The Secretary of War has issued a
bulletin giving effect to the law recently passed by Congress, granting a
premium for enlisted men, regular or volunteer, and one month's pay in advance
to each recruit.
JACK TAR IN LUCK.
Key West correspondence shows the
the value of the British and "secesh" ships and cargoes captured by the United
States blockading squadron, during the twelve months past, runs up to nearly
$2,000,000, an item which will go some length to counterbalance the cost of
carrying on the war on the coast, and to recompense our gallant tars.
An important change has been made
in the Medical Staff of the Array of the Potomac by the appointment of Surgeon
Litternan, a skillful physician, as Medical Director of
A dispatch from Boston yesterday
announced that Pierre Soule and the late Sheriff of New Orleans had arrived
there, and had been confined in
Fort Warren. Our local columns, however, contain
the account of the incarceration of the two persons in question in
Lafayette, in New York harbor.