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Civil War Harper's Weekly, November 30, 1861

For your research and study, we have posted online versions of our collection of Civil War Harper's Weekly newspapers. These papers give you unique insight into the key events and people of the Civil War. We hope you enjoy this extensive archive of Civil War material.

(Scroll Down to see entire page, or Newspaper Thumbnails will take you to the page of interest.)


General Halleck

General Halleck

Halleck Biography

General Halleck Biography

Confederate Elections

Davis & Stephens Reelected

Making Artillery Shells

Artillery Shells

Map of South Carolina Coast


Capture of Beaufort, South Carolina


Samuel F. Dupont

Slidell and Mason

Capture of Slidell and Mason


Springfield, Missouri

Hilton Head

Hilton Head, South Carolina

Beaufort, South Carolina

The Beaufort Naval Expedition

Fort Walker

Attack on Fort Walker and Beauregard

Runyon and Albany

Forts Runyon and Albany

Beaufort Cartoon

Last Man in Beaufort



NOVEMBER 30, 1861.]




(Previous Page) by the history of the summer and of the year. The more sagacious members will see that the wording of the law is vague. What is " aiding or promoting an insurrection ?" If a man gives a rebel a gun, isn't that "aiding?" If he stays at home to do the rebel's work while the rebel creeps to the Potomac to use the rifle upon Baker — perchance upon McClellan—isn't that " promoting ?" When Congress has meditated this question with "forbearance, patience, confidence," there are few loyal Representatives or Senators of any party who will not say, " Let the law say exactly what justice and common-sense require and the people wish."

And we shall not be surprised if the present section fourth of the Act of Confiscation is not amended to read : "The property, real and personal, of all persons who shall take up arms against the United States, or who shall be directly proven to have taken active part with their enemies in the field, is declared to be confiscated to the public use ; and their slaves, if any they have, are hereby declared free men."

The necessity of this step may not yet plainly appear to all sincerely loyal citizens. Then until it does, or until it is substantially the public conviction, as Colonel Cochrane thinks it already is, let us remember McClellan's golden motto: "Forbearance, patience, confidence." The perception of the justice, the sense, and the necessity of the measure is sure to come. The permanent peace of the country and the manly honor of every citizen are sure to be saved. We have only to await the inevitable course of events, while we solicit the most searching and sincere discussion. Think how we have educated ourselves in a year ! "Forbearance," says our wise young General, " patience, confidence," and all will be well.


CAUTION TO WOOL-GATHERERS.—To those English steamers who are attempting to run the blockade of South America we beg to repeat the Spanish proverb: Take care, in going in search of wool, that you do not return home fleeced.

THE PERFECTION OF NEEDLE-WORK.—It is quite a prize pattern, if a lady can "hem" a refusal without there being a single cross-stitch in it.

A BEND SINISTER.-A bow from a dun.

Flowers have their language, why not their religion? Of course it would be Buddhism.

Can a man who is charged with not having a right to a work because he has copied it, justifiably plead that he has a copyright?

Can a man who has been fined by the magistrates again and again be considered a refined man?

Why does a confectioner resemble one of the West India Islands?—Because he's a jam-maker (Jamaica).

FLOWER GARDEN FOR NOVEMBER,.—NOW is the time for forcing. If you are not a good whist-player, the simplest plan will be to make good use of your best spade and a little art.

FANCY GARDENING.—Damp a postage-stamp and sow mustard and cress; it has a very pretty effect on a writing-desk. Plant your foot firmly somewhere ready for a good spring into your neighbor's garden—you may look for a speedy return.

KITCHEN GARDEN FOR NOVEMBER.—Dig deep into the vegetable and fruit rows to see how every thing is getting on. If not satisfied, say so. To save expense, transplant your neighbor's available shrubs to your own garden. Select good dry soil for Greek roots.

TO SAVE A PERSON FROM DROWNING.—Run to him at once. Throw your great-coat over him, roll the patient in it until quite dry, at the rate of two shillings an hour. Stamp on his hands and face to restore animation, and drink his health in several glasses of stiff brandy-and-water.

ASK BARON BRAMWELL.—When a judge retires from the bench may he be said to "lay down the law?"

CHROMATIC AMPUTATION.—We recently read a dramatic criticism which, in speaking of the omission of the music of an operetta, said that " it suffered from the injudicious application of the harmonic pruning-knife!" Harmonic pruning-knife is good; but did not the critic mean to say harmonic tuning-fork?

EASILY PLEASED.—The individual who told his physician, the other day, that he was perfectly satisfied he had consumption, is the same who, a few years ago, was transported with delight.

THE PANGS OF ABSENCE.—The French say with great truth, "The Absent are always in the wrong; and more especially are they, when they forget to send you a Money-Order to console one for their absence.—A Poor PENELOPE

of a wife, abandoned by her wretch of a ULYSSES at the Sea-side.

ADVICE TO BACKBITERS.—The Hunchback does not see his own hunch, but he sees clearly the hunch of another hunchback. Therefore, it is as well to know what there is at our own back before we venture to laugh behind the backs of others.

A bankrupt was condoled with the other day for his embarrassment. "Oh, I'm not embarrassed at all," said he; "it's may creditors that are embarrassed."

An Irish guide told Dr. James Johnson, who wished for a reason why Echo was always of the feminine gender, that "Maybe was because she always had the last word."

"Johnny," said a mother to a son nine years old, "go and wash your face. I am ashamed to see you coming to dinner with so dirty a mouth." "I did wash it mamma;" and feeling his upper lip, he added, gravely, "I think it must be a mustache coming!"

A Glasgow antiquary recently visited Cathcart Castle, and asked one of the villagers "if he knew any thing of an old story about the building?" "Ay," said the rustic, "there was anither auld storey, but it fell down lang since."

Harry Turn recently married his cousin, of the same name. When interrogated as to why he did so, he replied that it had always been a maxim of his, that " one good Turn deserves another."

Every household has its pet names. Mr. Jones enchants his helpmate by calling her his "idol." Jones, however, privately spells it i-d-l-e. Mrs. Jones is a nice woman—an affectionate woman—but she has a constitutional aversion to working.

" Julius, was you ever in business ?" "In course I vas." "What business?" "A sugar planter." "When was that, my colored friend?" "Der day I buried dat old sweet-heart of mine."

"Mr. D-, if you will get my coat done by next Saturday I shall be forever indebted to you." "It won't be done," said the tailor, "upon such terms."

Miss Tucker says it's with old bachelors as with old wood; it is hard to get them started, but when they do take flame they burn prodigiously.

An old woman met in the street a friend whom she had not seen for a long time. "Oh, my friend!" she cried, "how are you since I saw you last ? Was it you or your sister that died some months ago ? I saw it in the paper." "It was my sister," replied simplicity. "We were both sick; she died, but I was the worst."

Soon after the death of the poet Wordsworth, a gentleman met a farmer of the neighborhood, and said to him, "You have had a great loss." "What loss?" "Why, you have lost the great poet." "Oh ay," said the farmer, "he is dead; but ah hev ne doubt t'wife 'll carry on t' business, and mak' it as profitable as ivver it was."


Why is it reasonable to suppose that tight-rope dancers are in general great favorites with the public ?

Because their performance is always encored (on cord). If you have a son going up for a competitive examination, why should he study the letter P?

Because it can make an ass pass (P-ass)

The beginning of eternity,

The end of time and space,

The beginning of every end,

And the end of every race.

Letter E.

Why does a duck put its head under water?

For divers reasons (divers).

Why does he take it out ?

For sundry reasons (sun dry).

Why is an oyster a practical anomaly?

Because it has a beard without a chin, and you take him from his bed before you tuck him in.

WANTED. — A lifeboat that will float on a "sea of troubles."

KEEPING THE LAW. —There was an old Quaker who had an unfortunate reputation of non-resistance. It was said that any one could jostle him, tread on his toes, or tweak his nose with impunity; until one market-day a blustering fellow, being told that yonder was a man who, if he was smitten on one cheek would turn the other also, thought it would be sport to try him. Stepping up

to the sturdy, good-natured Friend, he slapped his face. The old man looked at him sorrowfully for a moment, then slow1y turned his other cheek, and received another buffet. Upon that, he coolly pulled off his coat. " I have cleared the law," said he, "and now thee must take it." And he gave the cowardly fellow a tremendous thrashing. Parr was severe on Scotchmen. Jordan, in his "Reminiscences," preserves this specimen of his brutality: "I do not like Mackintosh; he is a Scotch dog. I hate Scotch diode; they prowl like lurchers, they fawn like spaniels, they thieve like greyhounds; they're sad dogs, and they're mangy into the bargain, and they stink like pigs."

"I have very little respect for the ties of this world," as the rogue said when the rope was put round his neck.

Cooke, the tragedian, was in the habit of giving passes to a widow lady, who was once sitting in the pit with her little girl, when their friend, the performer, was about to be stabbed by his stage rival. Roused by the supposed imminence of his danger, the girl started up, exclaiming, "Oh, don't kill him!—don't kill him! For if you do, he won't give us any more pit orders!"

"Husband, do you believe in special judgments of Providence upon individuals in this life?"

" Yes, my dear."

"Do you, indeed? Did one of the judgments ever happen to you?"

"Yes, love."

"When was it, husband?"

"When I married you, my dear."

Two Irishmen were recently looking at people stretching a rope across the street from one house-top to another, for the purpose of suspending a banner.

PAT. "Shure and what will they be after a doing at the tops of them houses there?"

MICH. "Faith an' it's a submarine telegraph they're afther putting up, I suppose."


FOR a full account of the Bombardment of the Forts at Port Royal, South Carolina, and the performance of the great Expedition generally, see page 762; for an account of the capture of the rebels Mason and Slidell see page 765.


The panic in Savannah, consequent upon the success of our naval expedition at Beaufort, is said to be terrific. The desertion of the city was so rapid and extensive that the papers were calling upon the authorities to arrest the flight of able-bodied men under sixty years of age. Great consternation is said to exist all along the Southern coast. The people are represented as fleeing from all the towns and villages on the sea-board. A dispatch to the Richmond Enquirer, however, dated front Charleston on the 14th, says that General Sherman, had taken possession of Pinckney Islands.


Our advices from Kentucky are of the highest importance. General Albert S. Johnston, lately appointed to the command of the rebel army of the Mississippi, is reported to he advancing into the State at the head of forty thousand men, for the purpose of making a descent upon Louisville, Lexington, or perhaps Cincinnati, and General Thomas has ordered the National troops at Camp Calvert to fall back to Danville, where the National forces will concentrate to oppose the progress of the rebels. Zollicoffer is understood to have united his forces with those of Johnston, leaving only a few hundred men at Cumberland Gap, while Cumberland Ford is entirely deserted.


The Unionists of East Tennessee appear to be terribly in earnest in their hostility to the rebel rule which has recently been forced upon them ; and their operations in cutting off the communications of the rebel armies, by destroying the railroad bridges and the telegraph lines, are creating the greatest trepidation in the rebel camps in Southern Kentucky. The long and costly bridge near Nashville, over the Cumberland River, has recently been burned, and the position of the rebel army at Bowling Green is thus rendered doubly dangerous. A dispatch from Nashville in the Norfolk Day Book, announces the burning of six other bridges—two on the Georgia State Road over Chicamange Creek; one on the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad, over the Hiawassee River; two on the Tennessee and Georgia Railroad over Sick Creek, and one over the Holstein River. Matters in East Tennessee, the dispatch states, are in a critical condition, and " much anxiety is felt for Zollicoffer."


The divisions of Generals Hunter, Pope, and Sturgis have taken the route by way of Warsaw, and those of General Siegel and Asboth, after moving a short distance south as a feint to cover the retirement of the main body, have returned to Springfield, and are to proceed to St. Louis, via Rolla. Springfield, it is announced, is to be entirely evacuated, and the Union men of that city and the surrounding country have already left or are preparing to leave, not caring to trust themselves again to the tender mercies of the rebels.

General Halleck arrived in St. Louis on 18th, and will immediately assume command of the Western Department.


A dispatch from St. Louis announces positively that the rebel armies of Price and Ben McCulloch have retreated into Arkansas, with the intention of going into winter-quarters at Fort Smith, where accommodations have been built. Before leaving Missouri they burned all the hay-stacks and corn-cribs in the vicinity, to prevent our forces from obtaining forage in case of pursuit.


The St. Louis Evening News states that while General Fremont's train was on its way from Springfield to that city, it was met between Warsaw and Springfield by Captain James A. Swain, of the Quarter-master's Department, with the United States mail for Springfield. One of the officers in the train of the returning General took two of the bags from Captain Swain, in spite of his protestations, cut them open and overhauled their contents. When Captain

Swain remonstrated against this outrage the perpetrator threatened him with arrest. The desecrated mail bags have been brought back to St. Louis and deposited at the Post-office.


General Dix has ordered 4000 of his troops from Baltimore to march into and locate themselves in Accomac and Northampton Counties, Virginia. It is said that Accomac County is loyal, and will receive the troops, but that Northampton County is disposed to resist them. General Dix has issued a most important proclamation, stating that the object of the advance of his troops is to maintain the authority of the Government, to protect the people and restore commerce to its original channel; that no one held to service under the laws of the State shall be interfered with, and that unless resistance is offered no fireside will be molested.


The reports from General Rosecrans in Western Virginia are very cheering. They state that General Cox's brigade crossed the Kanawha and New rivers on the 10th inst., and drove the rebels back three miles from all their positions. General Benham also had a skirmish with the rebels, and after compelling them to retreat, he followed them for twenty-five miles, and failing to come up with them, he fell back. Colonel Grogan, of the rebel cavalry, and a few others were killed. General Benham lost only two men in the engagement.


The rebels recently made another attempt to capture Billy Wilson's Zouaves, on Santa Rosa Island, but their failure was even more humiliating than on the first occasion. It appears that Colonel Wilson's patrols discovered some fifteen hundred rebel troops about twenty miles from Fort Pickens, and immediately informed the commander of the National fleet, who sent a force and shelled the rebels off the island with great loss.


The only item of news from the army of the Potomac relates to the capture of a portion of a foraging party by rebel cavalry near Fall's Church. Thirty-five out of fifty of our men, including the two officers in command, were taken prisoners and carried off.


The election for President and Vice-President of the Southern Confederacy has resulted in the almost unanimous return of Jeff Davis and Alexander H. Stephens, the present incumbents.


The New Orleans Bulletin says there is cotton enough in that port to load all vessels that choose to run the blockade and come up to the city.


The Pacific mail steamer which arrived here last week from California brought Senator Gwin, Calhoun Benham, and another rebel as prisoners, on charge of treasonable practices. General Sumner, who was on board the steamer, made the arrests, and brought the three parties with him to this city. Gwin and Benham have since been sent to Fort Lafayette.


The Norfolk papers contain an advertisement from S. R. Mallory, the rebel Secretary of the Navy, asking for proposals for the construction of four sea-going iron-clad and ball-proof steam ram-ships, to carry at, least four guns each.


A letter from W. L. Yancey to his son in Alabama has been found on the person of a Mr. James Brown, arrested as a secessionist in Boston last week. Mr. Yancey speaks very discouragingly of the prospects of either England or France recognizing the independence of the Southern Confederacy.




THE Emperor of Austria has addressed an autograph letter to the Chancellor of Hungary, directing a suspension of the civil offices.



The Cuban Government is exerting its full power in aid of the expedition for the invasion of Mexico. The Spanish troops, to the number of 8000 men, and a number of transports, are ready to leave, and only await additional war vessels from Spain and the French contingent. The Mexicans are in a high state of excitement at the news. Threats have been made that on the firing of the first gun by the Spaniards the Mexicans will fall upon and murder every Spaniard in the country. The Spanish commander, it is said, also threatens, in case any Spaniards are injured, to lay Vera Cruz in ashes. The country is most thoroughly disorganized, and Marquez has again been defeated.



The accounts given in the Canadian papers regarding the loss of the North Briton are exceedingly meagre. The following is the substance of the details given: From the time that the vessel left Quebec until she ran ashore the weather was extremely rough, strong easterly gales prevailing. When the ship grounded it was pitch dark, with a strong wind blowing; and she labored so that fears were entertained that she would go to pieces every minute. The boats were got out as soon as possible, and this is all that is said concerning the wreck. Sixteen of the officers and crew were in two boats, which went adrift shortly after the North Briton struck. Both boats were knocked about in a fearful sea for two days, when one of them, to which the eight men on board the other had been transferred, was picked up, on the 7th instant, by the J. G. Deshler, a brigantine bound from Liverpool to Cleveland. This was 350 miles below Quebec. The only additional fact concerning the wreck is that the North Briton ran straight on the rocks at Mingan, and is grounded by the bow in twelve feet of water.

STOUT PRIVATE. " Oh Jem, I wish I'd your LEGS!"

LEAN PRIVATE. " Why so, Bill ?"

STOUT PRIVATE. " Because I could RUN from the first battle, and then they'd be sure to elect me SHERIFF or Alderman or maybe Mayor of New York."

Fernadina Florida



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