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SOME years since Judge Daly
earned a most enviable fame by the energy and ability with which he conducted
the trial of the Macready rioters. Recorder Hoffman has been doing a similar
good work in the matter of the July riots. The force and clearness of his
introductory charge were not more admirable than the candor and incisiveness of
his direction of each case. The question is perfectly simple, and he has not for
a moment suffered it to be complicated. The pleas for the convicted prisoners
were merely harangues in which the speakers sought to inflame the prejudices and
passions of the jury, precisely as their clients had excited those of the mob.
Thus in the case of the man
indicted for leading the attack upon the Tribune office, after the attorney for
the defense had rung the usual changes upon the views and conduct of the editor,
Mr. Greeley, the Recorder very trenchantly disabused the minds of the jury,
reminding them that they were not trying the views of Mr. Greeley, or of the
prisoner, or of any body else; that they were not settling the origin of the
war, nor the character of
General McClellan; but they were deciding upon the
evidence whether the prisoner had incited a mob against the peace of the
community. The conclusion was inevitable. The prisoner was convicted.
To commend a judge for
uprightness should be an insult to the bench. But when a magistrate sits in the
city of New York, where M'Cunn is called Judge, such commendation simply
indicates that he is one who wears the unsoiled ermine. By his impartial conduct
of the late trials Recorder Hoffman has won honor and troops of friends. Nor
does his just praise lessen that of the prosecuting officers and juries who have
shared with him the labor of the court.
IMMEDIATELY upon the election of
Fernando Wood to the Speakership of the House of Representatives
it is understood that the policy of the Sing Sing conservatives will be further
illustrated by the appointment of Mr. Isaiah Rynders as Chaplain of the House,
of Mr. M'Cunn as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, and of
Mr. Andrews, now of
Fort Lafayette, as Chief of the Metropolitan Police. When
Mr. Wood is elected Speaker his "conservative" friend Mr. John B. Floyd will be
called to the head of the United States Treasury in place of
Meade will be superseded in Virginia by the "conservative"
General Robert E.
Lee; and Mr. Vallandigham will be made Secretary of War.
These will be but the first steps
of the Sing Sing programme for the restoration of peace to the country, and of
dignity, unity, and perpetuity to the national Government.
NOTE FROM JANUS.
DEAR LOUNGER,—You are a howling
Abolition fanatic, and one of old Abe's most caitiff minions; but it is good
policy to make use of enemies, so I send you the following resolutions which I
have prepared for all
Democratic Conventions that wish to ride on two horses or
sit on two stools. You can print them, and so I shall save postage. I merely
wish to add that I spit in advance upon all Abolition vermin who dare to impugn
my patriotism. Here are the resolutions:
1st. Resolved, That we are in
favor of the war.
2d. Resolved, That we are opposed
to all measures for carrying it on. Your obedient servant,
THE letter of James Buchanan to
Jefferson Davis, dated March 16, 1850, and lately made public, is a striking
illustration of the servile obsequiousness of the Northern political allies of
the slaveholders who governed this country until two years ago. The cringing,
fawning, supplicating, shivering, slobbering tone of this letter is that of an
eastern slave addressing a despot. It makes the disdain of the master
respectable. How could Jefferson Davis and his fellow-conspirators possibly
persuade themselves that a country which, at their bidding, could elect as
President such a craven tool as they knew Buchanan to be, would even try to
resist the fate which they, with his connivance, had prepared for the country?
The sole aim of this man was to
propitiate the slaveholding class. His only desire was to impress a scornful
Southern leader with the conviction that he was "more Southern than the South."
He knew no country but "the South." He knew nothing to be served but slavery. He
was grateful if he might pander to it, and he thanked his masters humbly for the
wages of a pimp. "Don't chastise me," he cries; "I have always worked for you; I
went to Congress in December, 1821, and I have always done more for you than any
other man. To be sure when I was very young I was once so excited as not to be
responsible, and I did happen to be put upon a committee to do something that
was honorable. But I humbly beg your pardon. On my knees I swear to you that I
didn't mean it. Cameron is a scamp for betraying me. Just see how consistently
base I have been ever since! Please honor me by reading the speech I send,
which, being utterly mean, wholly pleases me." And what Buchanan said in 1850
the Copperheads say now, in the same spirit and for the same purpose.
This was the man who succeeded
Franklin Pierce as President. After the two civil war or national death were
Morgan has been arrested
and sent to the Ohio Penitentiary, is it not almost time for the Copperheads to
announce that the
Lincoln Despotism has again destroyed the constitutional
rights of the citizen; and for Jefferson Davis to write one of those letters
which impress Copperheads and
Britons with so profound a sense
of his ability, dignity, and piety, remonstrating against our inhuman and
uncivilized system of warfare?
HERE is a soldier's letter, from
Camp Douglas, near Chicago. The Lounger heartily commends it to its readers:
"LOUNGER FRIEND,—May a soldier
lounge and talk a little while by your easy-chair?
"This is a time of most
imperative necessities, and the most urgent of all our needs is the need of men.
Not only men who will rally to the flag with rifle and knapsack, but men to stay
at home as well. We must have more men every where, or we are lost—men with
hearts and souls, and the earnest will to use them. Institutions, constitutions,
charters, statutes all are good, if they are of the right kind; but they don't
amount to any thing unless they are in the right kind of hands. If we put the
scales of justice into the hands of a thief what becomes of their virtue? Grand
ideas, like royal robes, must have kingly men to fit them, or they will not be
"We must have a great, deep
reservoir of strong manhood, to give force and volume to our rushing torrent of
destiny, or it will be no river, only a brawling brook. These are day, to try
men's souls, and it is soul that tells. We have pinned ourselves too much to the
past. We seem to think our fathers were good enough for two or three
generations. We have wrapped ourselves in the folds of the patriarchs' robes,
and seemed to suppose that we should be borne with the ascending patriarchs to
heaven. It is time we found out that it was not the garments, but the Fathers,
who went to heaven; and that if we go there we must wear our own clothes, and
work our own passage.
"We must have men, and to have
them we must be men. We forget the fact that history has the unit Man for its
base. Let's keep that fact in view, and each of us see to it that his account
with God and the next generation is well adjusted.
"'Humph!' says Gradgrind; 'what's
the use of such Utopian schemes of redemption as that? Look at the facts of the
case, and see what likelihood you think there is of converting politicians, and
business men, and the lower rabble into a commonwealth of transcendental
"Gradgrind thy name is a good
many, and thou art practical. I will be practical also. Let every man who is
reasonably clear-headed and decently honest—let him act up to the honest
promptings of his conscience, or even of common decency, and we shall have
purity enough in action to at least save us from the plottings of political
demagogues and home traitors. Let every man who acknowledges within him a soul
use it as a soul ought to be used, and we are saved. There is nothing
impracticable or visionary about that, is there? It there is, God pity us, for
we are past praying for indeed.
"Nobody supposes that the 1st of
January, 1865, or 6, or 9, will find this country warmed and lighted with the
Millennium. We are not going to come out of this war serene and placid, with our
passions pleasantly subdued, and our prejudices chained and under foot, and with
nothing noticeable about us except our extraordinary development of all the
moral and political virtues. However good our luck may be, it is going to take
us a long time to make the seething elements of these times homogeneous, and to
get our boiling black tides into the smooth, vigorous flow of progress. If the
last days of our generation shall see the principles which the present days are
working into shadowy shape, in a fair way for embodiment, and the wheels of our
history set toward the front with the commencing movement forward, we shall have
"We shall always have—every great
nation will always have—a good deal of filth and foulness that boils up in draft
riots and froths over in Vallandigham addresses. But if we can't develop among
us currents of pure manliness strong enough and broad enough to flow through and
over these stinking dregs, and set the machinery of our progress in vigorous and
successful motion, then truly the nations may ask each other the gibing
question—all the more bitter that we shall know the answer our history has
furnished it—'Are the American people fit to embody the American Idea?'
'Camp Douglas Chicago."
AND NAVY ITEMS.
THE court of inquiry to
investigate the facts and circumstances of the evacuation of
Martinsburg was organized at
Washington on 15th. The court consists of
Brigadier-General BARRY, President, and Brigadier-Generals ABERCROMBIE and DE RUSSY, members, and Captain R. N. SCOTT, Judge-Advocate. The court commenced to
hear evidence on Monday morning, 17th.
Acting-Master FREDERICK D.
STEWART, formerly of New York, has been ordered to the command of the gun-boat
General OSTERHAUS left St. Louis
on August 17 to join his command in Mississippi.
The body of Colonel CORNYN
reached St. Louis on 16th. His funeral took place on 17th with appropriate
First Lieutenant D. L.
MONTGOMERY, of the Seventeenth United States Infantry, has relieved Captain DE
RUSSY, of General HEINTZELMAN'S staff as Commissary of Musters for the
Twenty-second Corps. Captain DE RUSSY asked to be relieved.
The order dismissing Captain
GUSTAV MEISER from the service has been revoked, and he has been granted an
The death of Commodore MORRIS
took place in this city on Friday, August 14, in the fifty-eighth year of his
age, after a protracted and painful illness. He had recently returned from
Orleans, where he had been second in command to Admiral FARRAGUT since the
possession of that city by the Union authorities.
General LOGAN made a speech at
Cairo on 14th to the largest outdoor audience ever assembled there.
Rear-Admiral PORTER returned on
14th with the flag-ship Black Hawk. A salute was fired in his honor by the
gun-boats off the levee.
General ASBOTH, at Columbus,
Kentucky, has been relieved by order of
General GRANT, and General A. J. SMITH
takes command there.
Brigadier-General JAMES M. TUTTLE
has received the Democratic nomination for Governor of Iowa, in place of MATURIN
L. FISHER, who declined. Mr. TUTTLE was nominated by the State Central
Committee. He is now in active service in the field, and in that position we do
not see how he can be popular with the Copperheads.
Colonel Sir PEROY WYNDHAM was in
town last week en route for Saratoga.
The United States steamer
Albatross arrived at New Orleans lately from
Galveston, bringing as passenger
Commodore BELL, who relieves Admiral FARRAGUT in that department. The Commodore
enters at once upon the discharge of his duties. Admiral FARRAGUT was relieved
at his own request.
General BLUNT and his staff, with
a small escort, have just returned from Tah-lah-quah, about twenty-six miles
from Fort Blunt.
Intelligence has been received at
St. Louis that the rebel General HOLMES died recently of delirium tremens.
General DODGE is still quite low,
but improving. No danger is apprehended from his sickness.
Brigadier-General JOSEPH W.
REVERE, who was tried by court-martial at Falmouth, on May 12, Major-General W.
S. HANCOCK, president, and found guilty of misbehavior before the enemy, and of
conduct prejudicial to good order and military discipline, was sentenced to be
dismissed from the military service of the United States. The President has
approved the finding, and ordered the sentence to be carried into effect August
Second Lieutenant ALPHEUS SCOTT,
of Company L, Sixth Iowa cavalry, has also been dismissed the service by order
of the President, for conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman, he having
appeared before the regiment in a beastly state of intoxication while on the
Surgeon ALFRED WYNKOOP, United
States Volunteers, court-martialed for giving Virginia secession sympathizers
information of important movements of our troops, has been convicted and
sentenced to be dismissed the service.
Last week Major-General Joe. J.
PECK and staff left Fortress Monroe on the steamer C. W. Thomas, Captain EGBERT
CARY, for Newbern, having been assigned by General FOSTER to the command of the
Eighteenth Army Corps.
Commander MURRAY has been
detached from special duty at the Navy Department, and has been ordered to the
On 15th, screw steamer Western
World took on board the Admiral of the fleet, S. P. LEE, from his flag-ship,
screw frigate Minnesota, 49, off New Inlet, and conveyed him to Beaufort, whence
he went by rail to Newbern.
Colonel GREEN, Chief
Quarter-master of the Department of Washington, has prepared an admirable plan
for the erection of a permanent contraband village on Arlington Heights, and the
work is to be commenced at once.
General GIBBON is rapidly
recovering from the severe wound he received at Gettysburg.
Major HAZZARD of the 16th New
York Cavalry is to be given the command of a brigade.
General WILLIAM HARRON,
commanding the second division if the Second Corps, in place of General GIBBON,
wounded, left Washington last week for Indiana on a leave of absence.
CHARLES H. GREEN, Quarter-master
Sergeant at Fort Columbus, Governor's Island, has been promoted to a Second
Lieutenancy in the 5th United States Artillery.
Brigadier-General THOMAS WELCH,
commanding the First Division of the Ninth Army Corps, died at Cincinnati on
14th of congestive fever, caught during the campaign in Mississippi.
Second Lieutenant VALENTINE
HITCHCOCK, Company G, One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, for
cowardice in the presence of the enemy, has been cashiered, and his name, crime,
and place of abode have been ordered to be published in the newspapers in and
about the camp, and in the particular State from whence he came.
Second Lieutenant JAMES H. VAN
NOSTRAND, Company K, First Long Island Volunteers, for drunkenness on duty, has
been cashiered; and, for the same offense, Second Lieutenant W. H. TANNER,
Company B, Sixty-fifth regiment New Yolk Volunteers, has received the same
Second Lieutenant E. B. GREGORY,
Company I, Sixty-fifth regiment New York Volunteers, for disobedience of orders
and disrespect toward his superior officers, has been dismissed the United
THOMAS JEWETT, Company D, Fifth
Maine Volunteers, for desertion, was sentenced to be shot to death. General
MEADE approved the sentence, and ordered that it be carried into effect in
presence of the division on Friday, the 14th inst., between the hours of 12 M.
and 4 o'clock P.M.
The Miantonomah, the first
iron-clad built entirety by the Government, was launched at the Brooklyn
Navy-yard on 8th. Her dimensions are—between perpendiculars, 250 feet; extreme
length, 259 feet 3 inches; width of beam, 52 feet 10 inches; depth of hold, 14
feet 9 inches; 1800 tons.
The charges against Colonel DE
FOREST, of the Fifth Regiment, Harris Cavalry, are for defrauding the Government
of upward of sixty thousand dollars, which, it is alleged, he did by false bills
of articles which were never purchased for his regiment. The Colonel is now in
this city under arrest, and will soon be tried, the Government having turned him
over to the care of the United States District-Attorney.
Colonel B. L. BELL, of the
Regular Army, died in Baltimore on August 12, at his residence in M'Cullough
Street, after five months' illness, from old age and an enfeebled constitution,
caused by hard services. He was the oldest cavalry Colonel in the service,
having been through the Florida and Mexican wars, and was twice brevetted for
gallant services. He built all the forts from the western border of Texas to the
Pacific, and was in command as General in California after its annexation to the
On 19th the United States Steamer
Fort Jackson was formally put in commission as a regular man-of-war of the
United States Navy. She is armed and equipped after the fashion of a first-class
corvette, and has a crew of picked sailors. A few months since this vessel was
purchased from Mr. VANDERBILT by the Government. She was called the Union when
in the service of the "Commodore," and had just attained a reputation of
excellence which made the Government purchase her.
A commission was issued on 15th,
in Boston, appointing Lieutenant-Colonel EDWARD N. HALLOWELL as Colonel of the
Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Regiment, in place of Colonel SHAW, recently killed
in action in the last assault on Fort Wagner. Colonel HALLOWELL was wounded in
the assault where Colonel SHAW fell, but, it is stated, has nearly recovered
from his injuries. This appointment is a deserved compliment to a brave and
accomplished gentleman. Colonel HALLOWELL is a Pennsylvanian, and one of the
recently in command of the district of Helena, Arkansas, is at present on a
visit to his friends at Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Lieutenant L. C. HODGES has been
assigned to the Chief Quarter-mastership of the Department of the Cumberland.
The order heretofore issued
dismissing Captain R. H. S. HYDE, One Hundred and Ninth New York Volunteers, on
the ground of disloyalty, has been revoked by the President. The evidence
submitted on behalf of Captain HYDE proved the charge utterly groundless.
Colonel HANNIBAL DAY, of the
Sixth Infantry, and Lieutenant-Colonel GEORGE NAUMAN, of the First Artillery,
have been put on the retired list at their own request.
The New Orleans Era announces the
death, August 5, of Dr. D. W. WAINWRIGHT, Surgeon United States Army, who died
on board the ship Black Hawk at that port, of typhoid fever, after an illness of
ten days. His remains are to be sent North.
Brigadier-General STEDMAN has
been relieved of the command of the Second Brigade of BRANNAN'S Division, and
ordered to report to General GRANGER. It is hinted that he will soon have
command of a division.
OUR advices from
to the 16th instant (Sunday) from
Fortress Monroe, relating the state of affairs
up to Friday morning. At that time the batteries on
Morris Island opened fire
for a few hours, during which the walls of
Fort Sumter were made to scatter
bricks and mortar extensively. The
Monitors did not fire a shot, however. It was
confidently stated that the great fight was to come off on Sunday, the 16th, and
the fullest expectations of a triumphant result were entertained by the
officers in command. Our heavy
guns are making sad havoc on Sumter, and have breached the walls exposed to the
fire of the batteries.
Rebel news from Charleston to the
16th inst., two days later than received from our own side, reaches us by way of
Chattanooga. The Rebel, printed in that city, on the 16th published dispatches
announcing that a general bombardment by Gilmore's batteries and the iron-clads
was commenced on the day previous—Saturday—and was awful in its character; that
the fire was chiefly directed against Sumter, and that the fight was still going
on when the Rebel was put to press. The officer who communicates to the
Government the contents of the Rebel, says that the editor, instead of making
any boast about the result or manifesting the least jubilant feeling over the
situation of affairs at Charleston, exhibits the most positive evidence of
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
There are signs of motion in the
Army of the Potomac. A demonstration was made by the enemy on 17th on the left
of our army, and heavy cannonading was heard for a long time. The impression at
head-quarters was that a battle was going on in the direction of United States
Ford, or probably toward
Fredericksburg, but no intelligence of that kind having
reached Washington last night it is most likely that it was merely a reconnoissance.
General Grant has forwarded
dispatches to the Government recommending that trade be opened to all loyal
citizens, with certain restrictions—a measure which it is said will bring into
market thousands of bales of the staple now hidden,
THE REBEL ARMIES IN THE
The latest report of Bragg
locates him at Chattanooga, in command of only 25,000 men—he having lost some
10,000 by desertion during and succeeding his recent retreat.
Joe Johnston is
still reported at Enterprise and Brandon, Mississippi, also with 25,000 men.
One-third of his force is said to have deserted. West Tennessee is now reported
clear of guerrillas. Our latest dispatches from the Southwest state that
Governor Foster, of Alabama, has issued an address to the citizens of that State
urging the impressment of slaves into the rebel service.
It is reported that within the
past few days no less than seventeen large steamers, loaded with stores,
consisting of blankets, shoes, and uniforms, eleven locomotives, 96,000 English
rifles, etc., ran the blockade at Wilmington, North Carolina.
WAR IN THE NORTHWEST.
General Pope telegraphs:
MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN, August 15,
To Major-General Halleck,
The following dispatch from
General Sibley, dated August 7, is just received:
We had three desperate
engagements with 2200
Sioux warriors, in each of which they were routed and
finally driven across the Missouri with the loss of all their subsistence, etc.
Our loss was small, while at least one hundred and fifty of the savages were
killed and wounded. Forty-six bodies have been. found.
H. SIBLEY, Brigadier-General.
General Sully marched from Fort
Pierre for the big bend of the Missouri on the 20th of July with 1200 cavalry,
and will doubtless intercept the flying Sioux.
Little Crow, the principal chief
and instigator of the Indian hostilities, has been killed and his son captured.
Indian hostilities east of the Missouri River may be considered at an end.
JOHN POPE, Major-General.
A diplomatic party set out from
Washington last week on an excursion among the lakes and rivers of New York. The
party consists, as we understand, as follows:
Mr. Seward, Secretary of State;
Baron Gerolt, the Minister of Prussia; Mr. Molina, the Minister of Nicaragua;
Mr. Tassara, the Minister of Spain; Lord Lyons, the British Minister; Baron
Stoeckl, the Russian Minister; M. Mercier, the French Minister; M. Schleiden,
the Hanseatic Minister; M. Bernatti, the Italian Minister, Count Piper, the
Swedish Minister; M. Astaburaga, the Chilean Minister; and several secretaries
and attaches of the different legations. The first place they stopped at was
MORE COTTON TO BE BURNED.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, C. S. A.,
RICHMOND, July 15, 1863.
Hon. J. A. Seddon, Secretary of
fall of Vicksburg and
Port Hudson exposes to the enemy the cotton purchased by the Government in
Mississippi and Louisiana. I learn that many of the planters, in whose care this
cotton was, will probably leave their plantations, so that there will be no
person to whom the duty can be intrusted of preserving the cotton, if it can be
preserved, or of destroying it where it is likely to fall into the hands of the
enemy. Under these circumstances I would respectfully submit that the subject be
placed under the control of the commanding Generals, and that they be instructed
to destroy all such cotton as can not be preserved from the hands of the enemy.
With much respect, your obedient servant,
C. G. MEMMINGER, Secretary of the
We learn something of the doings
of the pirates Alabama, Florida, and Georgia, by late news from Brazil to the
8th ult. Three American vessels were captured by the pirates off that coast, two
of which were ransomed on heavy bonds—namely, the ships Sunrise and the City of
Bath—and the other, the Conrad, was armed and converted into a pirate.
IT is said that
has written a letter to Archduke Maximilian, urging him to accept the Mexican
throne. The Archduke felt inclined to consent, and had consulted the Pope on the
It is generally agreed to that
instead of a collective note to Russia, each of the three Cabinets will forward
a separate note, identical in idea, to St. Petersburg. It is stated that Austria
declines going beyond diplomatic action.
The Emperor of Austria has called
a conference at Frankfort, at which the German sovereigns have signified their
intention to be present—the King of Prussia, however, declining. The object of
the conference is to elicit the feeling of Germany and the empire in regard to
OPENING OF PARLIAMENT.
The first session of he eighth
Parliament of United Canada was opened by the Governor-General on August 13. The
Government carried their Speakership candidates in both Houses—in the Council by
acclamation, and in the Assembly by 8 majority. The Ministerial candidate in the
Assembly received 43 Upper Canadian votes and 23 Lower Canada, while the
Opposition cast 40 Lower Canadian votes and 18 Upper Canadian. The speech of the
Governor-General, delivered from the throne on the next day, recommended an
improvement of the Militia Law, and the taking into consideration of telegraphic
and postal communication between Lake Superior and the Pacific coast.